Wayne Cowdrey, et al.
Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon?
The Spalding Enigma

St. Louis: Concordia Pub. House, 2005
ISBN: 0758605277

  Title page
  Contents
  Foreword
  Preface
  Introduction
  excerpts

  Comments   Errata   Lit. Index   Index

Copyright © 2005 Wayne L. Cowdrey, Howard A. Davis, & Arthur Vanick
Because of copyright law restrictions, only limited "fair use" excerpts are presented here.



On-line Excerpts   |   Rigdon & Spalding in 1816   |   1977 "Who Really Wrote" precursor
On-line Index   |   2000 CD edition   |   2006 Matthew Roper review   |   Reply to Roper

 



Who  Really  Wrote
THE BOOK OF MORMON?

          .        THE
SPALDING
ENIGMA






WAYNE L. COWDREY  •  HOWARD A. DAVIS  •  ARTHUR VANICK


C O N C O R D I A   P U B L I S H I N G   H O U S E  •  S A I N T   L O U I S





  Because of copyright law restrictions,
only limited "fair use" excerpts are presented here.


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CONTENTS


  List of Frequently Used Terms
  Forword
  Preface
  Introduction
  1. Genesis
  2. Memories
  3. Synchronicities
  4. The Letter
  5. Red Herring
  6. Hat Trick
  7. Questions
  8. Family Plot
  9. The Elusive Oliver
  10. The Gold Bible Business
  11. The Mysterious Stranger
  12. Revelations
  Afterward
  Appendix 1
  Appendix 2
  Appendix 3
  Appendix 4
  Appendix 5
  Appendix 6
  Appendix 7
  Notes



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FOREWORD

By Rev. George Mather 1

As of December 13, 2000, membership in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints was reported to be at 11,068,861 members, with 34 new temples dedicated in the same year. They have well over 60,000 full-time missionaries throughout the world. 2 The Christian church needs to take Mormonism seriously and address its growth in a wise and loving manner.

Over the years, Christians have been trying to evangelize Mormons using a variety of methods. It is not unusual to use apologetics (defense of the faith) in their zeal to reach members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, though these approaches have been used with little success, The apologetic approaches used have often led to what Mormons have dubbed "Mormon Bashing," whether intentional or unintentional. Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon? is not a book that will evangelize the Latter-day Saints. Rather, it presents the historical facts and the reliability of the Spalding Enigma. However, it is one thing to know the facts, and another to know what to do with the facts.

Like Mormonism as a whole, the origin of The Book of Mormon has mystified many people over the years. Like many religions, one of their authoritative books claims to be of divine origin. Therefore, it is only reasonable to study the historical circumstances surrounding such claims of divinity. One would be wise to do what the Bible invites us: "Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, for many false prophets have gone out into the world" (1 John 4:1). We should examine just what it is that we believe (2 Corinthians 13:5).

 



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PREFACE

by Dale R. Broadhurst 1


According to a story that is probably more apocryphal than factual, on January 27, 1840, Mormon prophet Joseph Smith reportedly appeared before a large audience of prominent persons in Washington D. C. and delivered a prophecy concerning an eminent Protestant minister who had been preaching sermons in the nation's capital against the Mormons and their self-proclaimed sacred writings. Dr. Robert D. Foster, physician to the Mormon leaders then visiting Washington, recalled that President Martin Van Buren, Senator Henry Clay, Senator Thomas H. Benton, Representative John Quincy Adams and "many other celebrated characters" were present when Joseph Smith prophesied utter doom and destruction against the Rev. George Grimston Cookman, Chaplain of the United States Senate.

Among the disputed opinions that Rev. Cookman is alleged to have preached to his Washington parishioners that winter were his condemnation of Joseph Smith as an "arch impostor" whose practices and doctrines "were very irreligious and inconsistent with Bible truth." 2 The Senate Chaplain also reportedly stated that Joseph Smith "did not believe in the Bible, but had got a new one, dug up in Palmyra, New York; and that it was nothing but an irreligious romance, and that Smith had obtained it from the widow of one Spaulding, who wrote it for his own amusement." 3 In his rebuttal to Rev. Cookman, Joseph Smith is said to have stood before that distinguished Washington audience and "uttered a prophecy, one of the most wonderful predictions of his life." The Mormon Prophet declared Chaplain Cookman's preaching against the Mormons to be "willfully and wickedly false, and that if he, Cookman, did not take it back and acknowledge that he had dealt falsely of
 



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him, his people, and his own congregation, also that he must turn and preach the truth and quit deceiving the people with fables, he should be cut off from the face of the earth, both he and his posterity... this should be so plainly manifest that all should know it." 5 Smith closed this startling LDS prophecy by declaring to his incredulous auditors: "Write it on your tablets; write it in a book; write it in your memory; for as sure as God ever spoke by my mouth, all these things shall come to pass." 6 According to Dr. Foster, not long thereafter Rev. Cookman made ready to sail to England, and, "Both he, his wife, and all his children went on board the steamship President, and neither the ship nor a soul is left to tell what was their sad end. But the prophecy is fulfilled to the letter, and the words uttered on that occasion have never been forgotten by me, nor I presume by hundreds of others. Had Cookman gone alone, it might be charged to chance, but why was it that his whole family were suddenly cut off, both root and branch?" 7

As a sixth generation descendent of some of the earliest Latter Day Saint converts, I look upon Dr. Foster's extraordinary report with a measure of dismay and apprehension. If Divine Providence deals thusly with those people who assert that The Book of Mormon is "nothing but an irreligious romance," written long ago by a certain Solomon Spalding, perhaps I should abandon my own investigations along those lines altogether and completely disassociate myself with those researchers and scholars who continue to advance such authorship claims at this late date. On the other hand, I am intrigued that the Solomon Spalding claims for Book of Mormon authorship have survived into the twenty-first century and that this troublesome authorship question appears to remain unresolved. In his recent Master's thesis, prepared at Louisville's Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, Rev. Bryan Ready, a student of American Protestant theology, remarks:

The purpose of this thesis was to examine critically William Whitsitt's claim that Sidney Rigdon was the 'real founder of Mormonism,' and to argue that Whitsitt's research is an extremely valuable contribution to the understanding of the origins of Mormonism. I went on to identify his most significant contributions... Whitsitt demonstrated that Rigdon likely had a connection with Smith prior to his "conversion" in 1830.... that Campbellite theology can be found in the Book of Mormon.... as a result of Whitsitt's findings, Rigdon's role in early Mormonism needs to be reevaluated, and the Spalding-Rigdon theory needs to be reexamined.... Whitsitt's most significant contribution is that Mormonism was founded

 


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by sincere, albeit extremely misguided, individuals who believed they were restoring authentic Christianity.
If the celebrated Rev. Dr. William H. Whitsitt thought that people like Solomon Spalding and Sidney Rigdon had a hand in writing The Book of Mormon and thus furnished a basis for the early "sincere, albeit extremely misguided" Mormon faith, then perhaps there is an important story here, still waiting to be told, after all. In several different ways the work of the writers of this book and the generally overlooked nineteenth century scholarship of Dr. Whitsitt appear to supplement and complement each other. If Rev. Ready (who has carefully read nearly everything written by Whitsitt and much by the Enigma authors), feels that the time has come to admit that Sidney Rigdon "likely had a connection with Smith prior to his 'conversion' in 1830" and that "Rigdon's role in early Mormonism needs to be reevaluated, and the Spalding-Rigdon theory needs to be reexamined," why should any honest seeker of the truth wish to stand in the way of such research and investigation?

In 1945 a would-be biographer of Joseph Smith published a seminal work on the Mormon Prophet which has ever since colored the imaginations of practically everybody who has written on the subject of Mormon origins. I am of course referring to Fawn MacKay Brodie's thoroughly readable No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith.8 Mrs. Brodie was a Latter-day Saint in good standing when she researched and wrote her well-known book. No doubt she truly believed that Sidney Rigdon and Solomon Spalding could not possibly have had anything to do with the writing of The Book of Mormon; at least, that is the message she has conveyed to the world so well. If Mrs. Brodie is correct in rejecting the "Rigdon-Spalding theory," then I suppose that the authors of this book must be fundamentally wrong in what they have to report. If, on the other hand, those same authors are substantially correct, Mrs. Brodie's volume and practically every other book ever published mentioning Joseph Smith and early Mormon history needs to be re-examined or re-written.

It also follows that if the authors of Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon? (as well as numerous past investigators like William H. Whitsitt) are basically correct in what they have to say about Mormon origins, then the Mormons themselves are faced with a crucial challenge regarding their identity as a people and their proper place within the Judeo-Christian tradition. So long as the Mormons remain a relatively small group within that tradition, not openly attempting to establish a pre-millennial theocracy, then perhaps Christians and the secular public can afford to ignore them and thought-provoking books like this one. However, should they continue their rapid
 



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expansion as a very wealthy, tightly cohesive, and politically influential movement comprising many millions of members, still professing a supposedly divine mandate to establish a world-wide theocracy, then we all might do well to take a second, scrutinizing look at reports like this book. In a day an age when the Mormons are actively seeking to adopt a mainstream Christian face and social credentials, perhaps it is useful to re-examine their beginnings. By understanding the Latter-day Saints, their origins within and alongside American Protestantism, and the methods they have used to become an extensive modern institution, we all can better determine whether they pose a threat to contemporary communities of faith, or perhaps provide, instead, potentially valuable resources in a world whose religious future is yet unfolding.





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INTRODUCTION


So long as a mystery hangs over the origin of The Book of Mormon, so long will the name of Solomon Spalding be associated with a creed which was formulated years after his death, and with a church of which he had never heard.
James Harrison Kennedy (1888) 1       
One of the richest, most influential, and fastest growing religious organizations in the world is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah. Also known as the Mormons, the Church is renowned for its aggressive missionary activities, its virtual stranglehold on Utah politics, and its long history of shrewd financial dealings that have made it a force to be reckoned with. However, few are aware of a fascinating body of evidence that has continued to accumulate over the years and, despite efforts by pro-Mormon scholars to deny or dismiss it, has grown to such proportion that it now poses a significant challenge to history itself. At stake is nothing less than the Church's most sacred text, The Book of Mormon. At issue is whether this long-revered book is actually a valuable, historical record of pre-Columbian North America or a deception of the first order, perpetrated upon the gullible and the credulous by the very founder of the Church himself, Prophet Joseph Smith. 2

Some of this evidence has been previously published, only to be met with a wall of denial from loyal and often eloquent Mormon apologists. However, upon being integrated with certain recent discoveries, a case of such overwhelming significance emerges that continuing to ignore it would constitute a historical injustice. The record speaks for itself. The purpose of this volume

 



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    1    
G
ENESIS



It is only the densely ignorant, the totally depraved, and clergymen of different denominations afflicted with anti-Mormon rabies, who still use the Spaulding theory to account for the origin of The Book of Mormon.
Salt Lake City, Deseret Evening News (May 14, 1901) 1    

The Bible speaks of the Hebrews as a people divided into twelve tribes, yet today it is generally understood that modern Israel is descended from only two tribes. The fate of the other ten "lost tribes" has long been the subject of myth and controversy.

According to traditional accounts promulgated by the Church of Jesus Christ of latter-day Saints (LDS), 2 the process that led to the publication of The Book of Mormon began in 1823, when the angel Moroni allegedly visited 18-year-old church founder Joseph Smith, and explained to him that the North American Indians were descendants of the House of Israel. During this experience, Smith was informed that several groups of Israelites had migrated to North America many centuries before, and a sacred record of their ancient wanderings had been preserved and lay hidden in a cave beneath a small hill near Palmyra, New York, about three miles from Smith's home.

Finally, in 1827, after repeated communications with his angel, Joseph Smith claimed to have uncovered these records that, he said, were engraved upon plates having the appearance of gold. These plates (or sheets) were about as thick as heavy-duty aluminum foil, measured approximately eight inches long by seven inches wide, covered on both sides with engravings similar
 



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a "you must believe this in your heart" or an "ask God to show you this is true" strategy with potential converts.

In addition, it should be noted that there is a distinct difference between historical evidence that is truly anti-Mormon, and that which originates with sources who are merely non-Mormon. In this light, most sources cited herein must be considered non-Mormon simply because no evidence exists that would tie them to any consistent pattern of anti-Mormon behavior. In essence, these are generally disinterested non-Mormon citizens whose recollections, by one means or another, have been carefully preserved for posterity. As such, just as in any other historical controversy, each piece of testimony deserves to be carefully weighed and considered upon its own merits.

Once the basic facts of the Spalding Enigma have been set forth, it becomes clear that the issue is whether evidence supporting a conspiracy by Joseph Smith and others to transform Solomon Spalding's manuscript into The Book of Mormon is strong enough to overcome the inevitable question of reasonable doubt. With that in mind, let us begin by noting that present Mormon objections to the Spalding Enigma can be effectively reduced to a list of four basic points:

1. Sidney Rigdon was neither employed by nor otherwise connected with any print shop in Pittsburgh. In fact, no evidence exists to indicate he was ever in Pittsburgh prior to his having moved there in 1822, six years after Spalding's death (though his son, John Wycliffe Rigdon, does admit his father visited the city as early as 1818). Moreover, Sidney Rigdon denied any involvement in the Spalding Enigma in a strongly worded letter written in May 1839, in reply to allegations made by Spalding's widow.

2. The origin of the so-called Spalding Enigma can be traced to the vindictive designs of one Doctor Philastus Hurlbut, who engineered the entire myth as part of a personal vendetta against the Mormons for their having excommunicated him in 1833. Indeed, all of the statements of non-Mormon witnesses collected by Hurlbut and others like him between approximately 1830 and 1900 are unacceptable as evidence because of their anti-Mormon bias.

3. Although The Book of Mormon was published in March 1830, no credible evidence exists to show that Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon had dealings with each other prior to December of that year, thus ruling out all possibility that Rigdon could have supplied Smith with the text for that work.

 



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4. Finally, comparisons of The Book of Mormon to an earlier Solomon Spalding work called Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek, a copy of which was recovered in 1833 from an old trunk in Hartwick, New York, show no similarities whatsoever between the two works. In addition, Mormons have consistently argued that no credible evidence exists to suggest Spalding ever wrote anything else, that Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek and A Manuscript Found are one and the same, and that this alone is sufficient to dispel the Spalding Enigma.
In order to properly present Solomon Spalding's case, and to demonstrate that all of the above objections are historically deficient, it will be necessary to examine these points individually and to carefully consider the facts surrounding each of them.

According to the version of the Spalding story preferred by most pro-Mormon writers, it all began with Doctor Philastus Hurlbut ("Doctor" was his given name, not an academic title) 25 who, having been excommunicated from the Latter-day Saints in June 1833 for alleged improprieties involving members of the opposite sex,

took to lecturing against the Mormons, holding forth first at Springfield, Erie county, Penn., some distance east of Conneaut. Finally visiting the Jackson settlement... he learned, from one of the Jacksons, of Solomon Spaulding, and that he had written a story called Manuscript Found. "Not that any of these persons," says my authority... "had the most distant idea that his (Spaulding's) novel had ever been converted into The Book of Mormon; or that there was any connection between them."

It was the conception of Dr. Hurlburt [sic] that this Spaulding manuscript could be used in concocting a country theory for the origin of The Book of Mormon – "a long felt want," by the way, among those who opposed the book and the work growing out of it. With the information he had obtained in the Jackson Settlement, Hurlburt repairs to Kirtland [Ohio], holds a public meeting, at which there is great joy, and enthusiasm among the anti-Mormons in that vicinity, because of Hurlburt's theory of the origin of The Book of Mormon. One Mr. Newel, a bitter anti-Mormon, promised to advance $300 for prosecuting the work of identification, and others contributed liberally for the same purpose.... 26

The above account, though written in 1908, essentially paraphrases the words of Benjamin F. Winchester, who, in 1840, published the Mormons' first significant anti-Spalding polemic under the imposing title The Origin of the

 



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Spaulding Story, Concerning the Manuscript Found, with a Short Biography of Dr. P. Hulbert [sic], the Originator of the Same; and Some Testimony Adduced, Showing it to be a Sheer Fabrication, so far as its Connection with The Book of Mormon is Concerned. 27 Although Winchester refers to himself as a "Minister of the Gospel...

                               

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    2    
M
EMORIES



Hurlburt [sic] is one of the most notorious rascals in the western country. He was first Cut off from our society for an attempt at seduction and crime, and secondly he was laid under bonds in Geauga county, Ohio, for threatening to murder Joseph Smith, Jr.... Now what but falsehood could be expected from such a person?
Parley Parker Pratt (1839) 1    
With Solomon Spalding's Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek, the Manchester/Palmyra affidavits, and other documents in hand, Doctor Philastus Hurlbut left New York for Ohio, arriving about December 18, 1833. Just before departing, however, he paid a friendly visit to Pomeroy Tucker, editor of the Palmyra (NY) Wayne Sentinel, and left him with this announcement:

The Mormon Mystery Developed

Doct. P. Hurlbert [sic], of Kirtland, Ohio, who has been engaged for some time in different parts of this state, but chiefly in this neighborhood, on behalf of his fellow-townsmen, in the pursuit of facts and information concerning the origin and design of The Book of Mormon... requests us to say, that he has succeeded in accomplishing the object of his mission, and that an authentic history of the whole affair will shortly be given to the public. The original manuscript of the Book was written some thirty years since, by a respectable clergyman, now deceased, whose name we are not permitted to give. It was designed to be published as a romance, but the author died soon after it was written; and hence the plan failed. The

 


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pretended religious character of the work has been superadded by some more modern hand -- believed to be the notorious Rigdon. These particulars have been derived by Dr. Hurlbert from the widow of the author of the original manuscript. 2

In perspective, the most important part of this composition is the final two sentences, which suggest that Doctor Hurlbut had failed to grasp the significance of Sidney Rigdon's role in the Spalding Enigma until after his visit to the widow. Although Rigdon had been publicly suspected as early as 1831 of having been a shady, behind-the-scenes player in the production of The Book of Mormon, by all indications it was the former Mrs. Spalding's testimony that first connected him with the removal of her late husband's manuscript from the Pattersons' shop. In fact, it seems doubtful that Hurlbut even knew Rigdon had roots in the Pittsburgh area until this point. Had he caught on to this extremely important link somewhat earlier, Hurlbut's investigations might have been considerably more fruitful.

In any case, as soon as was feasible, possibly on Friday, December 20, 1833, Doctor Hurlbut laid his findings before the Citizens' Committee. The next day, he held another public lecture, perhaps the one Painesville editor and publisher Eber D. Howe speaks of having attended. 3 It was during this event that Hurlbut allowed himself to become overly exuberant and, in what was soon to prove an extremely unfortunate choice of expressions, made the mistake of threatening to "kill" Joseph Smith. Judge J. C. Dowen testifies:

I heard Dr. P. Hurlbut, who had been a Mormon Preacher, preach a good sermon and then deliver his first lecture in the Methodist Church in Kirtland, Ohio, on the origin of He said he had been in New York and Pennsylvania and had obtained a copy of Spaulding's Manuscript Found. He read selections from it [and] then the same from The Book of Mormon. He said the historical part of it was the same as Spaulding's Manuscript Found. He read numerous affidavits from parties in N. Y. and Penn. showing the disreputable character of the Mormon Smith Family.

Hurlbut [stayed] at my house every three or four days for as many months. I read all of his manuscripts, including Spaulding's Manuscript Found and compared it with The Book of Mormon, the historical part of which is the same as Spaulding's Manuscript Found, which is about the size of the papyrus Jo had with his Egyptian mummies. Hurlbut said he would kill Jo Smith. He meant he would kill Mormonism. The Mormons urged me to issue a writ against him. I did, as recorded in my Docket, Dec. 27, 1833, on complaint of Joseph Smith, warrant returnable to William Holbrook, Esq.,
 



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at Painesville, Ohio. He was brought to trial and over 50 [sic] witnesses were called. The trial lasted several days and he was bound over to appear at the Court of Common Pleas at Chardon. 4

Although Judge Dowen says he did not issue his writ against Hurlbut until December 27, the Geauga County court docket indicates Joseph Smith lodged his complaint on December 21, further reinforcing the conclusion that Hurlbut had made his remark about "killing" Smith earlier that same day. 5

Unfortunately, Doctor Hurlbut's exuberance at this moment of apparent triumph seems to have spilled over into other areas as well. Although he was unmistakably aware that Solomon Spalding's Manuscript Story -- Conneaut Creek was not the manuscript he had been seeking, others, such as Judge Dowen, who had contact with Hurlbut during this time were at least partially convinced that it was the correct document. While Hurlbut, and subsequently Eber Howe, later did what they could to clarify the issue, a myth had begun, continuing to this day, that Hurlbut did obtain A Manuscript Found from the widow's trunk, and that either he or Howe (or both) surreptitiously sold it to Joseph Smith for a large sum of money, after which Smith destroyed it.

Although several writers over the years, most notably Solomon Spalding's grandniece Ellen E. Dickinson and her contemporary Arthur B. Deming (both essentially anti-Mormons), have espoused this view, and though various members of the Spalding/McKinstry family, including Spalding's daughter Matilda McKinstry, continued to adhere to it for many years thereafter, the evidence actually stacks up against them. 6 All things considered, there is but scant reason to believe that Hurlbut got anything except an earlier Spalding composition called Manuscript Story -- Conneaut Creek, and every reason to accept that he knew that the prize had eluded him. By the time he got to that trunk in Hartwick in the fall of 1833, A Manuscript Found had already been lost or misplaced, and so it remains to this day.

Proof that Doctor Hurlbut never had A Manuscript Found in his possession and that he recognized the difference between it and Manuscript Story -- Conneaut Creek lies in the fact that at the end of December 1833, only days after Judge Dowen's writ had been lodged against him, 7 Hurlbut returned to Conneaut with Manuscript Story -- Conneaut Creek in hand and showed it to several key witnesses who, upon examination, quickly recognized that it was indeed Spalding's work, but verified that it was definitely not A Manuscript Found. Once again, such is hardly the behavior of one intent upon subterfuge and deceit.
 



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    3    
S
YNCHRONICITIES



[T]he two leading sects of Mormons have published this first manuscript [Spalding's Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek] as a refutation of a theory which no one ever advocated, viz. That the manuscript now at Oberlin was the thing from which Smith et al. plagiarized The Book of Mormon.
Theodore Schroeder (1907) 1    

Everyone agrees that when Doctor Philastus Hurlbut returned to Ohio in December 1833, he brought with him at least one manuscript obtained from Mrs. Davison's old hair trunk in Hartwick, New York. This, wrapped in brown paper and tied with a string, bore the title Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek, and, as we have seen, was clearly not A Manuscript Found for which he had been searching. Ultimately it was turned over to Eber D. Howe, along with Hurlbut's other notes and materials, and became the subject of a brief synopsis in Howe's 1834 book Mormonism Unvailed. Because it was not A Manuscript Found, Hurlbut placed little value upon it and soon misplaced it amidst the clutter of his printing business. When asked many years later, he said he believed it had been destroyed in the Painesville (OH) Telegraph office fire about 1841. 2

In August 1884, however, Lewis L. Rice of Honolulu, Hawaii, one of Eber Howe's successors as editor of the Painesville (OH) Telegraph from about 1838 to 1840, was looking for anti-slavery material in a heap of old papers and documents that he brought from Ohio many years earlier. In this, he accidentally stumbled across Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek still wrapped in
 



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    4    
T
HE LETTER



Sidney Rigdon never was at Pittsburgh or any other place at the same time as Mr. Spaulding's manuscript was there and therefore he could not have seen or read it.
George Reynolds (1882) 1    
Pro-Mormon historians have traditionally relied upon four arguments in dismissing the Spalding Enigma: (1) that Solomon Spalding wrote only a single novel, Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek; (2) that Doctor Hurlbut's hateful desire to destroy Joseph Smith and the Church renders his evidence hopelessly biased and unacceptable; (3) that Sidney Rigdon was not in Pittsburgh until 1822 and never had any connections with the print shops there; and (4) that Rigdon's first contact with Joseph Smith took place in late 1830, many months after The Book of Mormon had already been published. Having already dismissed the first two objections, let us now turn our attention to the third.

The Rev. Sidney Rigdon was born February 19, 1793, in what was then the United States' western frontier, the green, rolling hills of southwestern Pennsylvania, near the present town of Library. It is said that he received only the rudiments of education at a small country school not far from his home. 2 During this time, young Sidney "was never known to play with the boys; reading books was the greatest pleasure he could get." 3 Possessed of an excellent memory, he could recall "everything he read and in this way laid up a fund of Knowledge that was of great value to him in later years." 4 Even Sidney
 



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    5    
R
ED HERRING



I wish my name was buried in oblivion.
Sidney Rigdon to Joseph Smith (ca. June 20, 1831)1    

Of everything written about the Spalding Enigma, the one question that has been generally overlooked is whether A Manuscript Found was of sufficient literary quality to justify publication on its own merit. Judging from the few available samples of Solomon Spalding's work, it would appear that his talents as an author were mediocre at best, which probably explains why Silas Engles and the Pattersons felt justified in asking for "security" before venturing to publish his book. No doubt Joseph Smith met with a similar response when he tried to peddle The Book of Mormon, equally mediocre, to publishers 15 years later. However, unlike Spalding, Smith was able to find someone eager to finance the job.

Solomon Spalding went to Pittsburgh because he had little other choice. Buffalo was not an option because there was a war going on. Printers west of the Allegheny Mountains were few and far between, and Pittsburgh, a thriving river port and trade center founded in 1758 by the French, had several. In such a market, however, even if Spalding had been a writer of outstanding talent, he would have faced an uphill struggle, for the kind of publishing done in that city was of a rather limited nature. Historian Edward Park Anderson provides an interesting insight into the difficulties Spalding must have encountered:
 



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    6    
H
AT TRICK



"Now," said Jo [Smith],"I have got the damned fools fixed, and will carry out the fun." Notwithstanding, he told me he had no such book, and believed there never was any such book....
Peter Ingersoll (1833) 1    

When one considers Sidney Rigdon's life, he emerges as a complex and mysterious character, a brooding yet visionary individual who appears to have been so dedicated to his own dreams that he thought nothing of appropriating Solomon Spalding's novel, reworking it to reflect his personal beliefs, then using it as a tool to achieve his ultimate goal -- leading an errant and factious Christendom to the glorious restoration of its "ancient order of things." 2 Rigdon felt it was his personal mission to bring back the good old days when real, living apostles walked the land, spreading the Word of God and working miracles. Indeed, this bizarre obsession was so sincerely heartfelt that at times Rigdon seems to have actually believed he was a modern saint, chosen by God to walk the land and do His work. Whether it took fraud, deceit, cunningly contrived divine revelations, or just plain old-fashioned showmanship to accomplish the task, it did not matter to Rigdon. As he saw it, the ends inevitably justified his own means, no matter what. If God's plan was being served, only good could come of it; and because he had been predestined (indeed, perhaps even pre-anointed) to be a part of it, his work was clear. He was a voice crying in the wilderness -- a man on God's mission. 3 He could do no other. "Every man is a government of himself, and infringes on no government.
 



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    7    
Q
UESTIONS



The Mormons are composed of two classes, the Deceivers and the Deceived, who are by far the most numerous, and are generally honest, industrious, well-meaning people. Had the newspaper managers of 1830 been as enterprising and thorough in collecting news as they are today, Mormonism would have been very short lived.
Arthur Buel Deming (1888) 1    

Eber Howe had been hard at work on his own book, Mormonism Unvailed, for quite some time before acquiring Doctor Hurlbut's material in January 1834. Rather than push everything aside and start anew, he simply gathered together the most important of these items and added them to his existing text. This explains why Hurlbut's information is confined to the final 60 pages, and why his premature conclusion concerning Sidney Rigdon's role in the Spalding Enigma is given only perfunctory treatment in the closing paragraphs. Although pro-Mormon writers have often asserted that Hurlbut himself wrote the entire book and then sold it to Howe for publication, even a cursory examination of its structure and style exposes this as impossible. 2

The real importance of this unfounded allegation is that it seems to have originated with none other than Joseph Smith himself, who briefly mentioned Mormonism Unvailed while taking his archrival Alexander Campbell to task. According to Smith:
 



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        8        
F
AMILY  PLOT


Why have neither Smith nor his friends given any history of these four years... ? Why does Smith pass over this most interesting portion of his life in silence, or speak of it only in vague generalities? The only possible answer is, he dares not give a minute and detailed history of that period, giving places and dates; for if he should, he fears it would lead to his detection.
Jonathan Baldwin Turner (1842) 1        

As work on this volume progressed, it became evident that no meaningful solution to the Spalding Enigma could be found without first exploring another unsolved mystery -- the early life of the inscrutable Oliver H. P. Cowdery, 2 Co-founder and Second Elder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 3 Although it is widely acknowledged that Cowdery played a major role in the early history of the Church from the time he moved into Joseph Smith's home in 1828 until his excommunication in Missouri 10 years later, it takes only a single paragraph to summarize what most historians admit to knowing about him before then. "The only reliable information" about Oliver's youth comes from an 1887 statement by Lucy Cowdery Young, one of his younger half-sisters:

Oliver was brought up in Poultney, Rutland county, Vermont, and when he arrived at the age of twenty, he went to the state of New York, where his older brothers were married and settled.... Oliver's occupation was clerking in a store until 1829, when he taught the district school in the town of Manchester. 4

 



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        9        
T
HE  ELUSIVE  OLIVER


Apparently nothing of great consequence happened in his life during
this period -- or at least nothing he found noteworthy.
Phillip R. Legg (1989) 1        

Perhaps most critical to substantiating the events of Oliver Cowdery's early life is demonstrating that he left Vermont in the spring of 1822, and that he went from there to the Smith's home in Palmyra, New York. Fortunately, this is supported by firsthand accounts of two historians, one at each end of the journey.

The first historian is Robert Parks, who, along with Hiland Paul, wrote an extensive history of Wells, Vermont, in the late 1860s. Parks recorded that "We well remember this same Oliver Cowdery when in our boyhood.... He attended school in the District where we reside in 1821 and 1822. He then went to Palmyra, N. Y." 2

The fact that Oliver Cowdery arrived in Palmyra that same spring and was quickly accepted into the Smith family circle is confirmed by Orsamus Turner, a pioneer newspaper editor whose two thick volumes on the history of western New York are still highly regarded by scholars. 3 In the second volume, Turner devoted several pages to what he styled "a brief pioneer history" of Mormonism as set forth from the very personal perspective of one who, as a printer's devil in the Palmyra print shop, had delighted in using ink to "once and a while blacken the face of [Joseph Smith,] the then meddling inquisitive lounger -- but afterwards Prophet." 4 Turner's testimony is particularly valuable because of his personal knowledge of the Smith's presence at Palmyra from

 



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        10        
T
HE  GOLD  BIBLE  BUSINESS


I will not be influenced, governed, or controlled in my temporal interests by any ecclesiastical authority or pretended revelation whatever, contrary to my own judgement[.] Such being still my opinion... I only, respectfully, ask leave, therefore, to withdraw from [this] society...
Oliver Cowdery (1838) 1        

If Oliver Cowdery really was William Morgan's mysterious scribe that summer of 1826, he certainly would have come under increasing pressure to disentangle himself before something unpleasant occurred. By August 1, things were getting ugly. Morgan had been arrested in what was only the first of several such harassments, a Masonic boycott of David Miller's newspaper was underway, and serious threats were being openly voiced. As if external strife was not enough, on August 7 a nervous and probably besotted Morgan began writing letters to his partners, accusing them of dishonesty and expressing his wish to settle and have no more to do with [them]." 2

If Oliver was associated with Morgan and Miller at this point, it seems likely he would have been advised by his brother Warren (a Mason) to get away from the situation while he still could, and lay low for a while. That would have meant leaving Genesee County and going somewhere he would have been both welcome and safe. One such haven would have been his father's home at Arcadia, 60 miles to the east -- a place within an afternoon's walk of the Smith's farm at Manchester. And if there is anything to be said about the "pedestrian peddlers" of that era, it is that they were extraordinary walkers.

 



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        11        
T
HE  MYSTERIOUS  STRANGER


Sidney Rigdon never saw Joseph Smith until December, 1830, the visit being prolonged into January, 1831. These two persons had never been within two or three hundred miles of each other until that period.
Millennial Star (November 1, 1850) 1        

It is impossible to show any contact between Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon before The Book of Mormon was published....
Brigham H. Roberts (1909) 2        

If Solomon Spalding and Joseph Smith had anything in common, it was that they were both fascinated by ancient Indian burial mounds, arcane legends, old ruins, and the many strange artifacts of an earlier age that were continually discovered as settlers pushed westward. Consider the words of Smith's mother:

In the course of our evening conversations Joseph would give us some of the most ammusing (sic) recitals which could be immagined (sic) he would describe the ancient inhabitants of this continent their dress their manner of traveling the animals which they rode the cities that were built by them the structure of their buildings with every particular of their mode of warfare their religious worship as particularly as though he had spent his life with them. 3

 



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        11        
R
EVELATIONS


I wanted to know how the Book of Mormon came into existence for [my father] owed it to his family to tell all he knew about it and should not go down to his grave with any such grave secrets. He said "My son I will swear before God that what I have told you about the Book of Mormon is true. I did not write or have anything to do with its production and if Joseph Smith ever got that other from which he always told me that an angel appeared and told him where to go to find the plates upon which the Book was engraved in a hill near Palmera Smith guarded his secret well for he never let me know by mood or action that he got them differently and I believe he did find them as he said and that Joe Smith was a Prophet and this world will find it out someday." I was surprised smarting under what he thought was ingratitude of the Church for turning him down and not having been with them for over 25 [sic] years. I must believe he thought he was telling the truth. He was at this time in full possession of his faculties what object had he in concealing the fact any longer if he did write it. My father died in 1876 at the age of 83 a firm believer in the Mormon Church. After my fathers death I told mother what my father had told me about the Book of Mormon. She said your father told you the truth. He did not write it and I know as he could not have written without my knowing it for we were married several years before the Book was published and if he wrote it, it must have been since our marriage."
John W. Rigdon (ca. 1892) 1     

 



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...the authors believe it is possible to derive only one set of reasonable and logical conclusions from the extensive body of material which has been set forth in the preceding chapters:
 



357


1. Solomon Spalding composed a work of fiction entitled A Manuscript Found and sought to have it published by the Pittsburgh firm of R. & J. Patterson. This work purported to be the translation of an ancient book that had been dug from the earth, in which was recorded the history of a civilization that had once flourished on the American continent but had become all but extinct because of nearly incessant warfare. Spalding died in 1816 after the manuscript for his novel was essentially complete, but before final arrangements could be made for its publication.

2. Sometime between 1814 and 1822, Sidney Rigdon surreptitiously obtained Spalding's manuscript; most likely with the assistance of his young friend Jonathan Harrison Lambdin, who worked in the Pattersons' establishment. Perhaps he undertook to copy portions of it as early as 1814, but upon learning that the Pattersons were looking for it, quietly returned the original. Later, after Spalding's death in 1816, Rigdon managed to get his hands on it again and this time he kept it. Rigdon's continued presence in Pittsburgh for at least two years following Spalding's demise is evident from the fact that he was still receiving mail there in 1818.

3. Over the next dozen years Rigdon spent time reworking the manuscript, probably with some vague hope of eventually getting it published under his own name. In the late summer of 1826 he met Oliver Cowdery in Ohio, and upon learning he was a printer, confided to him that he possessed a certain manuscript of great importance that he hoped to have published.

4. Oliver Cowdery was well aware that the Smiths were his cousins prior to 1822, and for that reason he was quickly assimilated into their family circle upon his arrival in Palmyra that year. Afterward, he had only intermittent contact with them until meeting Rigdon in 1826. Upon becoming convinced that Rigdon possessed the translation of an ancient and valuable historical Record, Oliver undertook to bring Rigdon and Smith together to see what could be done to exploit the situation for mutual benefit. Thus, though merely a coincidence, the fact that Joseph Smith had been seeking a similar Record for several years using occult methods became the unlikely catalyst that not only brought these three conspirators together, but served to stimulate the series of even more unlikely events that followed.

5. In the spring of 1827, Smith and Cowdery contrived to bring Rigdon to New York. There the three of them entered into an elaborate clandestine

 



358


arrangement known locally as the Gold Bible Company that, at first, was only a grand scheme designed to make money by promoting and publishing Spalding's now thoroughly re-worked A Manuscript Found. The plan was to generate public interest, or to "raise the wind," as Eber Howe put it, by claiming to have unearthed an ancient historical Record from a nearby hill and by spreading the word that its translation had been accomplished through miraculous methods. Only later, in the process of taking advantage of circumstances and at the urging of Rigdon, did the idea of founding a new religion enter the picture. Although Rigdon was involved with the entire process and made several trips to New York in connection with it, his involvement was largely secret until very late in the course of events.

6. Once the plan was launched, the conspirators continued to get themselves in deeper and deeper, until there was no going back. Meanwhile, a number of innocent but credulous individuals (the Whitmers, Martin Harris, the Pratts, and the Knights, to name only a few) had been attracted to the scheme in the genuine, if not always innocent, belief that this was truly God's work....


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A
FTERWARD


Although the authors have made every effort to present the material in this volume as accurately and completely as possible, it is inevitable in a work of this size that some errors will occur. It is also inevitable that these will be eagerly sought out by critics and offered to the public as proof that the entire work is flawed. No doubt the motives of the authors themselves will also be questioned, based upon the ancient practice of taking the messengers to task when one is unable to digest the message itself. Whichever the case, the reader is urged to consider critical comments about this volume and its authors in a skeptical light and, always taking their source and the motivation behind them into account, to weigh them carefully against the evidence presented herein.

The issue here is not the writers, nor is it the many millions of good, industrious, and productive people for whom faith in Joseph Smith and his church is an ongoing way of life. We are dealing with history here, not religion. Our concern is not dogma, but rather about stitching together past events, and in so doing, making a scholarly effort to place them into a reasonable perspective so they may be better understood by those of us whose lives are several generations removed from the events themselves. Under the best circumstances, reconstructing history is not easy. It becomes vastly more difficult when those who played key roles in important events have actively conspired to conceal the truth from posterity.

Naturally, there will be some who claim that much of this work goes beyond the available documents -- a fatal flaw in historical texts according to some writers (Barbara Tuchman, for example, in Practicing History [New York: Knopf, 1981], 18). While such criticism is no doubt valid under ideal circumstances,
 



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  Appendix 1  
A C
HRONOLOGY OF JOSEPH SMITH
(1822 - 1830)



Because it is often easy to confuse the sequence of events in Joseph Smith's early life, we offer this chronology for purposes of reference. Generally speaking, the information that follows has been derived from a cross-section of previously published material and should enjoy ready acceptance among scholars and casual readers alike. In those few cases where citations seem necessary, they are offered accordingly.

Abbreviations: JS = Joseph Smith; JSS = Joseph Smith Sr.; OC = Oliver Cowdery; MH = Martin Harris

1822:

January 1: The JSS family is living in a "rude log house" on property owned by Samuel Jennings, located along Stafford Road about two miles south of Main St. and about 50 feet north of the line dividing Palmyra from Farmington (after 1823, Manchester) Township.

Spring-summer: JS is present when Willard Chase finds a stone in a well that is being dug on his property and borrows the stone. Over the space of the next couple of years, JS tells others that by looking into Chase's stone he can see hidden treasure, all things in caves, in and under the earth, and spirits clothed in ancient dress guarding these treasures.
 



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  Appendix 2  
“T
HE DETROIT MANUSCRIPT
1



Although media events are usually associated with the modern era, human interest has always been captured by sensational news stories. One such event occurred in 1823, when a person closely associated with the family of Joseph Smith sent noted New York City linguist Dr. Samuel Mitchill a sample of strange writing taken from an apparently ancient book that had been recently dug out of the earth under a house.

It was in March of that year when Col. Abraham Edwards, a prominent Detroit entrepreneur, discovered a deteriorating parchment manuscript written in curious hieroglyphics [2] hidden in the foundation of a house. Almost immediately this discovery became the subject of considerable discussion, resulting in the manuscript being placed on public display at the local newspaper office. As none of the locals were able to read or even to identify the strange text, a few pages were eventually sent to various linguistic experts for examination, one of whom was the renowned Dr. Samuel L. Mitchill.

As the weeks passed and the mystery deepened, details of the affair were covered and copied at length by various newspapers from Michigan eastward throughout Ohio, New York, New England, and even Canada. Eventually, it was recognized that the manuscript was a Roman Catholic religious text, which had apparently originated in Ireland and was partly written in some form of early shorthand dating to perhaps the sixteenth century.

Ultimately, it was decided that the old text had probably been brought to the area by Catholic monks sent to evangelize the local Indians in the early eighteenth century. As one would expect, most of the curiosity surrounding
 



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  Appendix 3  
“H
OW TO MAKE AN ANGEL,
& OTHER MIRACLES



T
WO LETTERS OF JESSE J. MOSS


I have had several interviews with Messrs. Smith, Rigdon and Cowdery, and the various shifts and turns, to which they resorted, in order to obviate objections and difficulties, produced in my mind additional evidence, that their's is nothing else than a deeply laid plan of craft and deception.
Ex-LDS Elder Ezra Booth 1      

Jesse J. Moss (b. Onondaga, New York, July 13, 1806; d. Ohio, ca. 1882) was one of Sidney Rigdon's early followers in Ohio, and is regarded by Disciples of Christ historians as "the first man to raise a testimony against Mormonism." 2 Considerably more detail about Moss's experiences with the Mormons around Kirtland can be found in his Autobiography of a Pioneer Preacher (M. M. Moss, ed.) as serialized in Christian Standard magazine, issues for December 1937 and ff.

The following letters from Rev. Moss were written to James T. Cobb (1834-ca. 1900), an anti-Mormon newsman for the then non-Mormon Salt Lake City Tribune, who had initiated correspondence with a number of key people in an endeavor to reopen the Spalding case.
 



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  Appendix 4  
T
HE LETTER OF JUDGE JOEL KING NOBLE
(1842)


In the early summer of 1830, while Joseph Smith was staying at the home of his friend Joseph Knight in Chenango County, N. Y., Dr. Benton, a relative of Josiah Stowell (see text), swore out a warrant against Joseph as a disorderly person for pretending to see treasure underground. When the officers came to arrest Smith, Knight asked him if he wanted counsel, to which Smith replied in the affirmative. Knight then hired lawyers James Davidson and John Reed [or Reid] to defend him. The next morning, Smith was brought before justice Joel Chamberlain of South Bainbridge, N. Y., who dismissed the case on a technicality (Statute of limits) after an all-day trial. Upon leaving the court, Smith was immediately re-arrested on a warrant for similar charges from neighboring Broome County, and taken to Colesville where he was tried again. This time, according to the judge who heard the case, he was found guilty and then let off with a reprimand. Joseph Knight covered the lawyers' fees for both trials.

Judge Joel King Noble, who presided over that second trial, recalled some of the circumstances surrounding that event in an 1842 letter written in reply to an inquiry from Jonathan Baldwin Turner, historian and professor at Illinois College, Jacksonville, Ill. From the text of his letter, Judge Noble appears quite certain that Joseph Smith was not the originator of The Book of Mormon, but rather attributes its origin to "2 other individuals" he declines to name, but
 



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  Appendix 5  
T
HE CEPHAS DODD HOAX
AND OTHER FABRICATIONS



A number of books about the Spalding Enigma published after the turn of the twentieth century have either included or made reference to an item purporting to be an inscription written on the inside front cover of an 1830 edition of The Book of Mormon by the Rev. Dr. Cephas Dodd, MD (1789-1858), of Amity, Pa. As the story goes, Dr. Dodd, who had been a friend and neighbor of the Spaldings, as well as their minister and physician, had obtained a copy of The Book of Mormon in mid-1831 during the time when the Mormons were busily establishing their settlement at Kirtland and becoming controversial throughout eastern Ohio and western Pennsylvania. Upon reading it, he is said to have inscribed the book in the following manner:

This work, I am convinced by facts related to me by my deceased patient, Solomon Spaulding, has been made from the writings of Spaulding, probably by Sidney Rigdon, who was suspicioned by Spaulding with purloining his manuscript from the publishing house to which he had taken it; and I am prepared to testify that Spaulding told me that his work was entitled, "The Manuscript Found in the Wilds of Mormon; or Unearthed Records of the Nephites." From his description of its contents, I fully believe that this Book of Mormon is mainly and wickedly copied from it.
Cephas Dodd      
June 5, 1831      
 

402


Among the generally authoritative works that have credited this item are Charles Shook, True Origin of The Book of Mormon (Cincinnati: Standard, 1911); Dr. W. L. Dodd, Early History of Amity, Pa. 1770-1870, [1] published privately in 1940, but since then freely copied by a number of general reference sources; and Davis, Cowdery, and Scales, Who Really Wrote the Book of Mormon? (Santa Ana, Calif.: Vision House, 1977).

However, the problem is that no one appears to have ever seen the original item, and despite the fact that Dr. Dodd's name has been connected with the Spalding Enigma since at least the 1850s, no nineteenth-century account of this alleged inscription has yet been discovered. Rev. Robert Patterson Jr., who should have uncovered it during his several years of research, makes no mention of it in his 1882 work; nor can it be found in any other work published prior to 1900.

A vague reference in Braden-Kelley that speaks of a statement made by Dodd "years before Howe's book appeared" [2] almost certainly derives from Robert Patterson Jr.'s interview with George M. French in 1882 (see chapter 4) as opposed to any Dodd/Book of Mormon inscription, which, had Braden been aware of one, would certainly have been introduced by him with considerable fanfare.

In addition, a number of researchers and several members of the Dodd family have made diligent but fruitless efforts over the years to locate the volume in question, along with an alleged but as yet undiscovered personal diary of Dr. Dodd's that is said to have covered the Spalding years. [3]

Because the earliest mention of this supposed inscription roughly coincides with that of two other equally suspicious items -- the first a document purportedly relating to Oliver Cowdery known as the "Overstreet Confession," and the second a pamphlet allegedly by Cowdery entitled "Defence in a Rehearsal of my Grounds for Separating Myself from the LDS" -- it is not unreasonable to speculate that all of these may have derived from the same source. [4]

Also of suspicious origin, and thus probably spurious as well, are three 1881 letters purportedly written to historian Thomas Gregg -- two of them from a Mrs. Adeline M. Fuller Bernard who is said to have been Oliver Cowdery's adopted daughter; and a third (possibly genuine in part, but with apparent interpolations) from Judge William Lang who was Oliver's law partner in Tiffin, Ohio.

The text of the only unquestionably authentic letter of Dr. Dodd's relating to the Spalding Enigma (written on March 2, 1857) appears [below]
 

[inserted 2005, by transcriber]

Amity, March 2nd 1857
Col. T. Ringland.
Dear Sir,

It has been some time since I received your letter, but owing to bad health, and other circumstances, I have not been able to reply until now. I have no knowledge on the subject which would be of any avail. Solomon Spaulding came to Amity with his wife and a little daughter about A. D. 1814 as nearly as I can recollect. He was accompanied by a certain Robert Collins who was a batchelor * and from some of the Eastern States. They had little property and rented a tavern stand and kept a public house. After some months Collins left for parts unknown.

Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding usually attended Church one part of the day. I understood from him that he had formerly lived at Cherry Valley in the State of New York, where he had met with some losses and had then removed to Western Reserve where he had erected Iron works & failed. Being one day in Amity, I noticed that Redick McKee (then a lad and employed in keeping store for Mr. Jelly) was reading Virgil. On enquiring who was his teacher, he said "Mr. Spaulding." So it appeared that he had some knowledge of Latin. He afterwards read to me at different times some short pieces which he proposed to send for publication to the County newspaper but I believe none of them if sent were ever published.

With me he always seemed shy and reserved about his former history. Understanding that he had lived [at Cherry Valley] I endeavoured to draw him out by enquiring about Rev. Dr. Nott. He only said that Dr. Nott had used him very ill. I think it was in Oct 1816 that Dysentery was prevailing and I attended Redick McKee who boarded with Mr. S. Calling one day, found Mr. S. quite ill and advised him to take some medicine but he preferred taking his own way. After an absence of a few days I was called to see him. He sometimes took my prescriptions and sometimes his own or Mrs. Spaulding's -- under which treatment the disease was protracted and terminated in his death. When he appeared to be sinking under his disease I endeavoured to converse closely with him, but there was the same reserve as to any disclosure of his manner of life. Some time after his death an old Yankee man by the name of Hubbel who went about selling wooden bowls told me that he had known him in the state of New York and had often heard him preach and also called him "Esquire Spaulding." It is probable that he was a Congregationalist -- and it is likely not ordained -- that denomination only gives licenses which expire by their own limitation as to time; so that there is no evidence of his being deposed for immorality.

The few scraps of writing above mentioned were all that I knew anything about, till some years after his death when the Mormons took their rise. Having received a letter of enquiry on the subject from some person in the State of Ohio, I found that Mr. S had been more communicative to some other persons and that Messrs John Thomson and J. Van Seaman had read his novel or some parts of it. Seaman was then dead. I enquired of Mr. Thomson. He could [not] give much account of it -- but said that he remembered the names of Neri and Lehi which he understood were used in the Mormon Bible. I was referred to Miss Sarah Thomson (now Mrs. Day). She had read some of his writings, but not the one in question.

I have understood that Mr. S. had submitted his manuscript to Revd. R. Patterson of Pittsburg [who] was connected in a printing office & Bookstore with a view of having it published -- and of course that must have been before he came to Amity as he still had it here. Mrs. S. went after his death to N. York State and I suppose carried the M. S. with her; and that being the neighborhood where Joe Smith resided -- it by some means fell into his hands. Such I think has been the impression of Mrs. S. though she knows not how he obtained it.

You will thus perceive that I have no personal knowledge that would have any bearing on the subject as I have never seen either the Manuscript or the Mormon bible. My impression however is that is of little consequence. I have no doubt that Spaulding's novel was used by Joe Smith. But it was only used as a kind of substratum and did not contain anything of the essence of the Mormon faith -- All that is contained in pretended revelations made to him and his successors, and added afterwards.

I do not suppose that any testimony that could be offered in this case would convince a Mormon of his error and Congress will not undertake to decide as to the truth or falsehood of any religion. Nor does it belong within their province.
Respectfully Yours,        
Cephas Dodd        

___________
* He so represented himself but it was reported that he had left a wife in New England."



 
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  Appendix 6  
A C
HRONOLOGY OF COWDERY FAMILY
MIGRATIONS TO VERMONT, NEW YORK,
AND OHIO (1785 - 1830)


After considerable research, it seems reasonably certain that the man identified as Jerry Coudry or Cowdry, who purchased land in Genesee County, N. Y. from the Holland Land Company in 1804-05, was Oliver Cowdery's granduncle, Dr. Jacob N[athaniel?] Cowdery (1743-1820), 1 of Hartland, Conn. -- the same man who transferred deeds at Canandaigua in 1791 (see n. 4) and 1796, and whose youngest son, John Cowdrey, was born there on June 1, 1794.

Although Mehling says Jacob was known as Major Cowdery because of his service in the Revolutionary War, a search of military records from 1756 through 1815 has failed to turn up any reference to service by Jacob Sr., though his son, Jacob Jr. (1762-1846), did serve briefly in Connecticut (DAR Patriot Index, Centennial Ed., Part I). Given what we now know about Jacob and his wanderlust, 2 and recalling that he would have been 32 when the American Revolution began and 40 when it ended, we are more inclined to accept that he could have acted as a civilian guide for some frontier military expedition, or was perhaps an officer in an obscure local militia (perhaps in Ohio) during the early campaigns against the Indians. On the other hand, maybe Major was merely a harmless affectation, something akin to being a Colonel in Kentucky.
 



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  Appendix 7  
F
ACTS AND STATISTICS
REGARDING TRAVEL IN THE EARLY
NINETEENTH CENTURY


JOSEPH SMITH'S DIARY ENTRIES: MARCH 3-28, 1834

If, as has been set forth in chapter 11, Sidney Rigdon made several trips to the Palmyra-Manchester area of New York to meet with Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery prior to the publication of The Book of Mormon in March 1830, then it is of interest to know what sort of travel arrangements would have been available to him in addition to his own horse and buggy. The shortest distance between Rigdon's home at Mentor, Ohio, and the Smith's farm at Manchester was, at the time, about 260 miles.

One answer to this question can be found in Joseph Smith's Diary: 1832-1834 (original in LDS Church Archives), entries dated March 3-28, 1834. During this period, Smith undertook what appears to have been a leisurely missionary trip from Kirtland, Ohio, to Livonia, N. Y., and back again, on horseback, allowing considerable time along the way to preach and to meet with various brethren.

By way of reference, Livonia lies just over 30 miles -- or one additional day's travel each way -- from Manchester, where Joseph Smith was living from 1826-1829, when Rigdon is alleged to have visited him.
 



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N
OTES  


FOREWORD

1. George Mather is pastor of Our Savior's Lutheran Church in St. George, Utah. He is a noted authority on religion and the occult, and co-author of several books, including The Dictionary of Cults, Sects, Religions, and the Occult (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1993).

2. "Statistical Report, 2000," Ensign (May 2001): 22.

3. Milton R. Hunter, The Gospel of the Ages (Salt Lake City: Deseret, 1958), 115.

4. James E. Talmage, Articles of Faith, rev. ed. (Salt Lake City: Deseret, 1984), 480.



PREFACE

1. Dale R. Broadhurst is a retired academic researcher living in Hawaii. He is the web-host for www.solomonspalding.com, and has written numerous scholarly papers on the topic of the Spalding authorship claims for The Book of Mormon.

2. Robert D. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," letter to Saints' Herald 22, no. 8 (15 April 1875): 228.

3. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," 228.

4. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," 228.

5. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," 227.

6. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," 228.

7. Foster, "A Testimony of the Past," 229.

8. Fawn M. Brodie, No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1945).



INTRODUCTION

1. James Harrison Kennedy, Early Days of Mormonism (New York: Charles Scribners & Sons, 1888), 265.
 



430


                                                                                                                                                               

(remainder of notes not transcribed)






 




Transcriber's Comments
(updated Aug. 11, 2005)


WRWTBoM: The Spalding Enigma -- 2005 CPH Edition

A modern, detailed presentation of the Solomon Spalding claims for Book of Mormon authorship has long been absent from the bookshelves of those who study and write Mormon history. The lack of such a volume can be traced both to a general disinterest among most students of early Mormonism, and to a less justifiable disinterest exhibited by the overwhelming majority of those researchers and historians who possess the knowledge, experience and skills necessary to compile the missing volume. The topic was last addressed in any significant manner by LDS writers in the fall of 1977, when Lester E. Bush, Jr. and Charles C. Whittier each published an article on Spalding in Dialogue -- neither of which added much new information to the body of knowledge previously compiled by other writers. Likewise, the subsequent polemical publications of Robert and Rosemary Brown and the more reputable editorial work offered by Kent P. Jackson provide the modern reader with little more than a re-hash of time-worn Mormon apologetics, and have made few significant contributions to the subject (last addressed with commendable ingenuity by Vernal Holley during the 1980s).

Given the fact that the Solomon Spalding authorship claims for the Book of Mormon have been much discussed in various web-based communications and in other contemporary, unpublished (or privately circulated) writings, it would seem that the time is over-ripe for the compilation and hard-copy publication of a great deal of "new" information on the old "Spalding theory." So it was, that when the "Spalding Enigma" surfaced (as a pre-publication, review text) in 2000, the way seemed to be opening for something like a definitive report upon Solomon Spalding, his writings, and the old assertion that he made a significant (though inadvertant), contribution to the Book of Mormon text. With the passing of five years for critique, new input, and re-writing, the readers of 2005 might be forgiven for expecting to see the combined efforts of the "Spalding Research Associates" of southren California emerge as a sterling presentation, encapsulating and demonstrating the Spalding authorship claims in a succinct and scholarly manner. Indeed, their 2005 "Enigma" book bears evidence of a great deal of studied research and contains much reporting that is truly commendable. The 2005 edition of Who Really Wrote the Book of Mormon: The Spalding Enigma, can be recommended to fill the empty spot on the historians' bookshelves on the basis of its compiled source material, no matter what readers might think of the authors' various conclusions. Whether or not it can be recommended as the best possible review and discussion of Spalding's writings (and their alleged use in the creation of the Book of Mormon), is quite a different matter, however.

Even if certain roots of Mormonism can be traced to Solomon Spalding, the 2005 "Enigma" book is not a particularly good introduction to the topic of Mormon origins. For the beginner, who is just contemplating this field of inquiry for the first time, the authors' shorter and much more concise 1977 volume may provide a better picture of what the Solomon Spalding authorship claims for the Book of Mormon are all about. At least in their first book the Spalding Research Associates managed to quickly and lucidly demonstrate why Spalding's writings were ever purportedly associated with the birth of Mormonism, in the first place. That much having been admitted, their earlier account cannot be well recommended to serious students of the subject either: mainly so because of some fatal problems inherent in its message -- the chief of which was the "red herring" (perhaps "wild goose chase" is a better term) of the authors' quest to prove that the LDS leadership still preserves, within its labyrinthine archives in Salt Lake City, several pages from Spalding's original "Manuscript Found." That strange assertion was effectively countered in 1977 by their rival, anti-Mormon crusader Jerald Tanner.

Obviously still smarting from the public embarrassment of having failed in their previous holographic scavenger hunt, the authors of the 1977 book (or, at least those two who have remained as members of the current 3 or 4 man "Spalding Research Associates), have tried very hard to provide reputable documentation for their far less zealous 21st century Spalding authorship assertions. The result is a fascinating, though bulky, disjointed pile of pages that will not match the productions of writers like Fawn M. Brodie, Andrew F. Smith, or even Newell and Avery, in holding reader's attention and comprehension, while simultaneously delivering up massive reconstructions of past Mormon experience. In fairness, however, it must be conceded that Enigma was never intended to be an intriguing biographical work and, that as narrative, it does manage to hold its own, when compared with previous reference offerings, such as History of the Church or Rev. Clark Braden's section in the old Braden-Kelley Debate. In their ponderous effort to not again be embarrassed with the serving up of half-baked, wholly improbable concoctions, ala 1977, Messieurs. Cowdrey, Davis and Vanick have loaded their present volume with a tremendous amount of old testimony, affidavits, certificates, statements, and such. For the bibliographer of obscure sources relating to Mormon origins, it may prove to be a gold mine of sorts -- but, alas, it provides no compiled bibliography of its own (nor any index, for that matter.)


Picture this --

If the book's basic premise can be accepted, of course it little matters whether its prosaic ruminations are sufficiently spiced to please the discriminating palettes of modern readers. If Solomon Spalding really did pen a substantial segment of the Nephite Record, then a systematic documentation of that supposed fact is paramount -- other writers may follow in the tracks of these "enigmatic" pioneers and eventually clear away the literary underbrush that still obscures even the most imaginative historian's fragmented vision of the Spalding authorship claims. Discernment, like beauty, lies in the eye of the beholder. Brodie dismissed the sort of evidence the Enigmaites have stacked up, by saying: "Through the years the 'Spaulding theory' collected supporting affidavits as a ship does barnacles, until it became so laden with evidence that the casual reader was overwhelmed by the sheer magnitude of the accumulation...." Well then, the Enigma authors appear to have discovered a good many more "barnacles" to add to this overwhelming collection. The "casual readers" may be excused if they decide to put Enigma back upon the shelf, after thumbing through a couple hundred of its weighty pages. At the same time, it can be truthfully stated that the authors of this book have made a valiant attempt to sort out their many stacks of documents. They have probably done about as good a job as can now be done, of collecting, categorizing and linking together all the hundreds of pieces to what may yet prove to be a most interesting jigsaw picture.

Whether or not a comprehensive, coherent image of historical events can be constructed from all of these pieces of evidence, here finally assembled between two covers, depends very much upon the vantage point taken by the would-be viewer. To a critic like Elder Wade Englund, who sees little value in piling up ever greater theoretical edifices, composed of "Selective, Tampered, Confabulated, Conflicting, Contrary, and Absurd Evidence," all the contents of the 2005 version of Enigma may form themselves into nothing more significant than an even greater accumulation of the same old "barnacles" that overwhelmed Mrs. Brodie. From their own perspective, the authors see highly suggestive and potentially significant relationships beginning to emerge from the mix, however. And perhaps they are correct in some of their conclusions. Whether or not the experienced student of Mormon history accepts the Spalding authorship claims laid out in Enigma as truly tenable, that same reader must admit that the authors have pulled loose many old threads from the generally accepted fabric of Saintly beginnings in New York, Pennsylvania and Ohio. A number of these loose threads (if carefully followed up by objective investigation) may yet lead to important historical discoveries.


How to get from There to Here

As already noted, there is no denying that the "Spalding Research Associates" have put a great deal of work into their 2005 book. While its contents do not constitute a definitive review and report for the "Spalding theory," the collected documentation and analysis offered in Enigma will no doubt long represent the only substantial publication on the subject easily available to interested readers. As such, this thick volume stands in a unique place, among the hundreds of contemporary books and articles offered as explanations of the Mormon past. It will find its spot in various institutional libraries and thus promulgate its message to future generations -- if they care to look between the book's covers. One such copy has already made its way to the public library in Conneaut, Ohio and has attracted a bit of local interest. Writing in the N. E. Ohio weekly Gazette Newspapers for Aug. 31, 2005, reviewer Richard Donley remarks, that "There is, in fact, nothing new to this [authorship] theory, which has been fiercely argued since the Book of Mormon first saw the light of day... [the 2005 book] thoroughly -- even exhaustively -- pursues all the by-ways and tributaries of this historical investigation, quoting and footnoting an amazing number of early statements, testimonies, and publications... Despite this, the authors still find it necessary to make a number of assumptions regarding the movements, accomplishments and motivations of Joseph Smith, his family and collaborators, and his opponents and skeptics."

Unfortunately, the Enigma authors have not quite managed, in all their research and writing, to move the spotlight of history away from the captivating figure of Joseph Smith. The authors present a commendable amount of detail concerning Oliver Cowdery and Sidney Rigdon, but fail to firmly establish these characters as comprehendable, motivated "collaborators" in a conspiracy to produce the Book of Mormon. Any substantial future extension of the Enigma topic must fill in this problematic gap. Before many modern readers will begin to believe that Cowdery and Rigdon served as such "collaborators," those same readers must first begin to understand why this was so. Only then, with the middlemen well delineated, can the would-be students of this Enigma make much headway in linking the writings of Solomon Spalding to the LDS scriptures.

There is a second field of endeavor, in which the Enigma authors have harvested but little fruit, and it marks a second problematic gap for Spalding theory enthusiasts. During the mid 1880s, both the LDS and RLDS churches delighted in rushing into print their respective editions of the Spalding "Roman Story" recovered in Honolulu in 1884 by Lewis L. Rice and James H. Fairchild. Fairchild's initial remarks on this unique discovery related his belief that the manuscript he brought from Oahu to Oberlin was indeed the "one and only" pseudo-historical story so long conjectured as having formed the basis for the Book of Mormon. With the passing of time both Rice and Fairchild backed away from their first, hasty identifications of this "Roman Story." However, the Latter Day Saints spread the message far and wide, saying that Spalding only wrote one fictional story in his lifetime; that this story had at last been found; that the story in question bears no substantial resemblance to the Book of Mormon; and thus the entire argument for a Spalding origin of the Nephite Record is entirely exploded.

By the mid 20th century, the LDS promulgated Fairchild remarks were fast replacing the Spalding authorship claims in most scholarly works examining Mormon beginnings. A typical set of comments in this regard can be found in the pages of the 1948 edition of the Encyclopedia Americana, which offers these words in its article on "The Book of Mormon": "Among the many assumptions advanced in purported explanation of the origin of the Book of Mormon and in hostile denunciation of Joseph Smith's avowal, the most generally known is the Spaulding story. This represented the Book of Mormon as an adapted version of a romance written by Solomon Spaulding, a clergyman of Amity, Pa. The claim has been thoroughly disproved. The original manuscript of the Spaulding romance is preserved in the library of Oberlin College, Ohio, where it was deposited by the president of that institution, James W. Fairchild, who published an attestation of its genuineness and a statement to the effect that no assumption of its relationship to the 'Book of Mormon' is tenable."

It little matters whether the encyclopedia editors derived their information from an LDS-supplied reference, or whether they stumbled upon Fairchild via Fawn Brodie's book, or some other published source. What does matter, is that the disproved Fairchild explanation continues to haunt the bibliographies of writers on Mormon origins, right down to the beginning of the 21st century. Before many modern readers will begin to believe that Solomon Spalding could have furnished textual material for the Book of Mormon, those same readers must first begin to understand why the Oberlin "Roman Story" was never claimed as the source of that text -- and why it is not the only story Spalding ever wrote. The Enigma authors provide some initial attempts in the accomplishment of this very necessary task, but they have not explained the genesis of Faithchild's problematic contribution, nor why he was wrong in practically all of his initial conclusions.

If the Spalding Enigma is to serve any better purpose than gathering dust in the Conneaut public library, then modern scholars must begin to use its contents as a resource in fleshing out the personalities and probable motivations of Cowdery and Rigdon. Some link must be established between Rigdon's unusual pre-1831 theology, the Book of Mormon text, and the Rigdon-Smith re-write of the English Bible. Vast as this 2005 resource may be, it probably can serve only as a starting-point for the necessary scholorship. The same can be said in the daunting task that lies ahead of any historian who seeks to turn over useful new material for the encyclopedia editors. It may take a decade of reputable reporting in peer reviewed historical journals -- fully explicating the Spalding claims -- before the first notable reference book drops the Fairchild legacy and re-introduces Solomon Spalding to its section on Mormonism. Can the Spalding Enigma open the way for new "light and truth?" Maybe.


The Nitty Gritty

On pages 30-32 the authors list four ripe old objections to the Spalding claims (or "theory," as they call it) voiced by LDS defenders of the faith going back as far as the late 1830s. The "usual suspects" in this regard are: (1) Sidney Rigdon was not connected with any print shop in Pittsburgh -- in fact he never even lived there until six years after Spalding's death -- thus, he had no knowledge of, or contact with, Spaldings writings when they were available for inspection in that place. (2) The Spalding theory began as a huge exaggeration and willful deception concocted by D. P. Hurlbut from practically nonexistent evidence. And nearly all subsequent testimony collected by others, in support of his initial assertions, must be rejected due to its obvious anti-Mormon bias. (3) There is no reason to believe that Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon could have met or known each other prior late 1830 -- long after the Book of Mormon had been published -- thus ruling out Rigdon's providing Smith with any text for that book. And lastly, (4) the only manuscript story ever written by Solomon Spalding has been well examined and shows "no similarities whatsoever" with the text published in the Book of Mormon. For the next 320 pages of Enigma the authors attempt to produce evidence to refute these four objections; which they accomplish, more or less, by the time the get around to listing their "conclusions" on pages 356-358:

1. Solomon Spalding composed a work of fiction entitled A Manuscript Found and sought to have it published by the Pittsburgh firm of R. & J. Patterson. This work purported to be... the history of a civilization that had once flourished on the American continent but... [became] extinct.... Spalding died in 1816 after the manuscript for his novel was essentially complete, but before final arrangements could be made for its publication.

2. Sometime between 1814 and 1822, Sidney Rigdon surreptitiously obtained Spalding's manuscript... Rigdon's continued presence in Pittsburgh... is evident from the fact that he... [received] mail there...

3. Over the next dozen years Rigdon spent time reworking the manuscript... In the late summer of 1826 he met Oliver Cowdery in Ohio... [and] confided to him that he possessed a certain manuscript of great importance...

4. Oliver Cowdery... becoming convinced that Rigdon possessed the translation of an ancient and valuable historical Record... [brought] Rigdon and [his cousin Joseph] Smith together... for mutual benefit.... [because] Joseph Smith had been seeking a similar Record for several years... [this brought] these three conspirators together...

5. In the spring of 1827, Smith and Cowdery contrived to bring Rigdon to New York. There the three of them entered into an elaborate clandestine arrangement... to make money by promoting and publishing Spalding's now thoroughly re-worked A Manuscript Found... Only later... at the urging of Rigdon, did the idea of founding a new religion enter the picture. Although Rigdon was involved with the entire process and made several trips to New York in connection with it, his involvement was largely secret...

6. ... a number of innocent but credulous individuals (the Whitmers, Martin Harris, the Pratts, and the Knights, to name only a few) had been attracted to the scheme in the... belief that this was truly God's work....

  Solomon Spalding
  (1761 – 1816)  

In moving from Point A to Point B – that is, from pages 30-32 to pages 356-358 – the Enigma authors manage to lead their readers through an amazingly lengthy and complex compilation of what they feel is generally reliable historical evidence. Without providing much insight as to the method used in verifying all of these sources, Messieurs. Cowdrey, Davis and Vanick string all of their fragments of information into what may (or may not) be a reasonably accurate reconstruction of a hitherto unrecognized nexus for Mormon origins. Since they often rely upon single sources, not well confirmed by other, independent sources, their chain of evidence is only as strong as its weakest link. And some of the links offered to the reader seem to be very weak indeed. Instead of establishing one, long train of solid evidence, the Enigma authors have instead attempted to join together a number of shorter segments, with links that may not be much more substantial than the writers' own collective imagination. The law of averages seems to indicate that future researchers and reporters will conclusively do away with at least a few of these imagined connections. The question that necessarily follows is: Can the authors' remaining strands of evidence be verified and re-united into a new, and more substantial chain -- amounting to proof in the eyes of some beholders? Or, will their truly significant fragments of history remain forever just that, fragments that make up nothing like a full explanation for the Book of Mormon and Latter Day Saint origins?

The Cowdery genealogical section of the book, along with various historical tidbits relating to the family, is a valuable source of information, much of which is not elsewhere available. Positioned as it is, in the midst of the more or less chronological developemnt of the Spalding authorship claims, all of this Cowdery material may be rather tedious stuff for many a reader. Had the authors first published that material as a seperate volume, they might have established a favorable reputation for themselves, quite apart from the Mormon origins subject. They might then have selectively quoted the genealogical data in this current volume, without having to dump it all before readers more interested in Mormon history than in family history. It would not come as much of a surprise if some genealogical libraries excerpt the Cowdery material from the book and place that extract on their shelves as a stand-alone booklet.

The Enigma authors are almost certainly correct in some of their key assertions. The Spalding claims arose well before D. P. Hurlbut came upon the scene and were further substantiated by various persons totally unconnected with him for years after he disappeared from the picture. Solomon Spalding wrote other works of fiction than his single extant manuscript novel, now on file at Oberlin College. That particular manuscript cannot be the one he submitted for publication while he lived in and around Pittsburgh during 1812-16. Sidney Rigdon had close relatives living practically next door to Spalding, in Amity, Pennsylvania and the Spalding family's assertion, that Solomon Spalding had at least a slight aquaintance with Rigdon, are not at all improbable. Sidney Rigdon learned the tanning trade somewhere near Pittsburgh in his younger days and he very likely developed business ties with that town's bookbinders at an early date. Sidney Rigdon lived relatively close to Oliver Cowdery's brother, in Ohio, a few years before Sidney and Oliver joined the Mormons. Given Rigdon's well known history of secret manipulations, religious pretensions, and outright lies, his word cannot be depended upon, even if documnetary proof is uncovered in which he swears he did not know Oliver Cowdery or Joseph Smith, Jr. during the 1820s. In these, and in several related instances, the Enigma authors have "got it right," and even dedicated LDS defenders of the faith would do well to admit as much.

Many of the sources put forth in Enigma for the reader's inspection will be new items to most students of Mormon history. Among them is a truly remarkable draft letter, written at the end of 1833 -- seemingly by one of D. P. Hurlbut's key witnesses. The document is no doubt a very significant one; but what exactly does it signify? To the Mormon polemicist and the natural skeptic, the most significant thing about this important discovery may simply be the fact that its handwriting is almost certainly that of the already deeply suspect Hurlbut himself.

In another instance, the authors have uncovered postal letter lists published in old Pittsburgh newspapers, showing that letters were sent to the post office there, both for Solomon Spalding and for Sidney Rigdon, well before Rigdon's 1822-26 known residence in that city. Since the letters so listed were unclaimed mail, future LDS defenders may attempt to argue that this only shows that some correspondent of Rigdon's made the mistake of sending letters to him at a post office he probably never visited. However, in this case, there may well be enough supplementary documentation available to show that Sidney Rigdon actually did frequent that city (then a small town within walking distance of his father's farm) in his younger days -- at the very time Solomon Spalding was attempting to get his manuscripts published there. If so, then future investigations may turn up evidence of just when Rigdon visited Pittsburgh and for what purposes. It is not improbable that, sooner or later, substantial documentary evidence will be uncovered linking the young Rigdon with early Pittsburgh residents Silas Engles and/or J. Harrison Lambdin, both of whom had access to some of Spalding's writings prior to the would-be writer's death in 1816. Such likely evidence is a potential thorn in the side of Rigdon's modern saintly defenders, and it should not be passed over too lightly.

Along with their presentation of evidence (and much speculation) concerning the multi-faceted Spalding authorship claims, the Enigma authors raise a number of important questions for the professors of traditional Mormon history. Such as, Where was Oliver Cowdery in 1822-28, and what was he doing? This erstwhile Mormon witness and LDS leader was eventually expelled from the Church for a number of alleged sins, including counterfeiting. Just when did Oliver first take up that clandestine vocation, and during which part of his largely untold career is he trustworthy as having been an honest witness? A related set of questions center about the 1826 disappearance of William Morgan, the anti-Masonic "martyr." Since Joseph Smith, Jr. later took Morgan's widow for a plural wife, it is not unreasonable to ask when it was that Smith first met that lady, and whether he (and Oliver as well) were well acquainted with her late husband.

Then again, the careful reader, while reading this book, might come up with a lengthy list of questions addressed to the Enigmaite writers -- such as: "What, exactly, was young Rigdon's motive for purloining a copy of Mr. Spalding's manuscript, keeping that text, and re-writing it over a period of years?" If he truly accomplished this (well before the 1830 publication of the first Mormon scriptures), his literary product probably would not have been publishable as a novel. The alleged Rigdon additions to a Spalding pseudo-history of the Israelite Lost Tribes in ancient America were of a deeply spiritual or theological nature, and so unique as to have been suitable only for scriptural use within a new religious body. What would have prompted Sidney Rigdon to begin making such additions to Spalding's writings in the first place; and why would he have subsequently entrusted such a painstakingly compiled creation into the hands of the reportedly disreputable Joseph Smith, Jr.? No "Spalding theory" advocate has ever answered such questions very well, including William H. Whitsitt, Clark Braden, Bryan Ready, and others who have dug deeply into the Book of Mormon, looking for specimens of 1820s Campbellite and Rigdonite theology. The Enigma authors demonstrate no more than a passing knowledge of Mormon scriptures and theology, so they may perhaps be excused from answering such specialized queries. So long as these kinds of questions remain unanswered, however, the "enigma" those authors attempt to ellucidate remains largely unsolved -- and perhaps unsolvable.
 

Pesky Little Details

In the "Afterward" to their book the authors state: "it is inevitable in a work of this size that some errors will occur." No doubt that is true; at least a brief perusal of their volume turns up numerous spots in the text where the reader might well wonder if something has not gone awry. Had the book been edited and proofread by historians experienced in the Mormon past (and in latter day "scripture"), many of these pesky little misstatements might have been caught, ere they ever went through the press. Although it is best to "condemn not" these "mistakes of men," the serious student of Enigma and of the Spalding authorship claims in general, deserves to have the textual errors and oddities listed and described some place or another -- and this web-page is probably as good a place as any.

Therefore, in the interest of straightening the tangle of the "Spalding theory" as much as time and current resources allow, a list of Enigma errors and oddities is appended to this review -- along with various comments inspired by a quick, initial reading of Enigma, and with additions forthcoming in the near future.


 


List of Probable Misprints, Mistakes or Misjudgments


p. 7 - "RLDS" - More accurately to as Community of Christ" these days; although for the pre-2000 years Enigma generally deals with, "RLDS" remains the historically correct term.

p. 7 - "the twelve" - In theory this quorum is a traveling High Council, inferior in "rule" to the LDS First Presidency -- the term is generally capitalized in printed references (and evidently was also capitalized in the book's final draft when submitted to Concordia)

p. 14 - "both root and branch" - Rev. John G. Cookman's lineage was carried on by children who did not perish in the 1841 sinking of the USS President

p. 17 - "pro-Mormon scholars" (used subsequently throughout the book) - Not since the days of Thomas L. Kane have any significant "pro-Mormons" been anything other than baptized members of one or another of the "restoration churches." This attempt by the Enigma authors (or their CPH editors) to be politically correct, injects some unintentional humor into the book. Many of the most dedicated anti-Spalding claims "scholars" of the past were RLDS writers, who generally called themselves "Latter Day Saints" and who would have been greatly shocked if ever called "pro-Mormons."

p. 17 - "The Book of Mormon" - In a probable attempt by the Enigma authors (or the CPH editors) to be politically correct, this title is italicized and its definite article capitalized throughout the book, even in references to manuscripts and in quotations wherein the title format was originally given differently. For references to the actual published Mormon book this is acceptable -- in some other instances (certain quotes from old texts, references to manuscript materials, etc.) it probably is not. It all looks as if an overzealous Concordia proofreader may have hit the "replace all occurences" button in his word processor program.

p. 17 - "historical record of pre-Columbian North America" - Although certain revisionist LDS apologists have attempted to confine some stories set forth in the Book of Mormon to a postage-stamp-size patch of jungle somewhere in Meso-America, most readers of the book have tradionally interpreted its various events as occuring respectively, in North America, in South America, and in some cases, as spanning the geography of both continents.

p. 18 - "no religious arguments here" - Book of Mormon believers will probably see any extended attempt to discredit the authenticity of their holy writ as being a "religious argument," and especially so when that argument is accompanied by a dedication to "Dr. Walter Martin," a "Foreword" in which their faith is called "non-Christian," and a back cover catagorization of the argument as dealing with "religion," "cults," and "the conspiracy surrounding the... origins of Mormonism."



p. 19 - "Silhouette of Matilda... and the Rev. Solomon Spalding" - An attribution mentioning Rick Grunder and/or the Wesley Walters Papers at the Westminster Theological Seminary Library might have been helpful here.

p. 20 - "From The Commonwealth" - The date and location for the publication featured in the graphic are missing (not to mention the name of "Sidney Rigdon" in the Pittsburgh Post Office unclaimed mail listing as pictured on page 20).

p. 23 - "Hebrews... divided into twelve tribes" - The "Hebrew" descendants of Lot, Esau and other progeny of the biblical Eber might be forgiven for wondering just which of these "tribes" they belong to. While the term "Twelve Tribes of the Hebrews" is occasionally met with in scholarly literature, not all Hebrews descended from the sons of Jacob. The story of the division and scattering/dispersion of the twelve tribes of Israel is a complex one, involving the disestablishment of Levi, the division of Joseph, the emergence of the Jews from Judah, the admixture of Benjamin thereunto, etc. The Enigma authors here add yet another layer to the "myth and controversy" attached to the writings of Solomon Spalding (who is said to have written a "Twelve Tribes" story differing in some aspects from the Book of Mormon's account of far fewer than that numerical division of Israelites).

p. 23 - "North American Indians... descendants... of Israel" - Here again the South American Lamanites are left out of the picture. Modern LDS apologists nowadays seem inclined to admit enough non-Israelite DNA among probable Siberian interlopers, Jaredite survivors, Lehites and Mulekites, to account for the "descent" of at least some of the American Indians.

p. 23 - "several groups of Israelites" - The Book of Mormon's two "Israelite" groups, the Lehites and Mulekites, constitute a rather slender "several;" the Jaredites having sprung up and migrated well before the birth of the biblical Jacob (Israel).

p. 24 - "a strange instrument" - The original text of Enigma was greatly shortened just prior to its publication, eliminating many interesting details. The "instrument" here described may be difficult for some readers to visualize. It puportedly consisted of the front part of a metallic corslet, (more like a breast-shield worn by an 18th century dragoon than the holy attire of an Indian shaman or an Israelite high priest) to which was attached a huge set of spectacles, by means of a lorinette. The gigantic eye-glasses being somewhat too large for Joseph Smith's face, he occasionally removed their diamond-shaped lenses and peered at the Nephite Record through one (or both) of these dislocated seer stones. Although the biblical term "Urim and Thummim" was not applied to the seer stone(s) by the earliest Mormons, there is sufficient description within the Book of Mormon itself to indicate that its writer(s) equated the oracular biblical lots (Urim and Thummim) with magical translating stones.

p. 24 - "the Jaredites" - Here again the Enigma writers confine these ancient peoples to North America, call them a "tribe," and designate them as "Israelites." All of this will come as news to most Book of Mormon believers. Enigma's lax language in regard "Hebrews," "Israelites," "Nephites," "Jaredites," etc. is unfortunate in a book written to help explain how it was that Solomon Spalding's writings about Old World peoples in the New World supposedly formed the basis for Mormon holy writ. Many of the earliest Mormon converts were convinced that Joseph Smith's book provided answers to their questions concerning various ancient biblical blessings and prophecies regarding a certain portion of the Israelites. While most contemporary Christian sects explained away those biblical passages as pertaining only "spiritually" to Christ's Church, the Book of Mormon purportedly offers evidence of their specific fulfillments in a literal sense. Thus, for advocates of the "Spalding theory," it becomes important to explain just which ancient "Israelites" Spalding wrote about -- and whether Spalding (like his Dartmouth-educated fellow Congregationalist, the Rev. Ethan Smith), advocated the same literal fulfillment of scripture, in their behalf, as is found in the Book of Mormon. For these reasons it behooves the modern student of the "Spalding theory" to understand well just what the Bible, Book of Mormon, and the early Spalding claims witnesses have to say about specific biblical peoples and the blessings offered unto them for pre-millennial futurity. The muddled reporting offered by the Enigma writers casts more shadow than light upon these literary complexities.

p. 24 - "the Nephites, following... Nephi" - Retrospectively speaking, the summary is correct, perhaps. But this overly condensed description leaves out the fact that Lehi was the nominal leader of the purported migration from Jerusalem, and that the Nephites did not emerge as a distinct people until after Lehi's death. As previously pointed out above, the serious student of the Spalding authorship claims requires something more than imprecise language and ethnic overgeneralizations, in order to determine just what it was that Spalding reportedly wrote and how well that alleged subject matter matchs up with the historical details supplied by the Book of Mormon.

p. 24 - "the angel Moroni... transcribed" - Joseph Smith alleged that his golden plates came from a combination of inter-related sources: Nephi, Mormon, Moroni, etc. The Book of Mormon presents Moroni the son of Mormon primarily as the final contributor to, and preserver of, this preserved combined record and not merely as its transcriber. Having died unmarried, the text's batchelor "Moroni the son of Mormon" better fit the Saints' Nauvoo era theologizing in regard to ministering angels, than do any of the text's deceased "Nephi"s (all of whom presumably were pious family men and thus candidates for LDS progression to godhood). To their credit, the Enigma authors have noticed the pre-Nauvoo era uncertainty over the identity of Smith's angel. However, they also seem to equate Moroni the son of Mormon with an alleged fictional character created by Solomon Spalding. If there ever was any such literary connection, the more likely candidate for Spalding's creation would be the General Moroni spoken of in the book of Alma.

p. 25 - "Solomon Spalding... the real author" - This oversimplification of the Spalding authorship claims leaves out the fact that there are lengthy and highly important (from a religious viewpoint, at any rate) sections of the Book of Mormon that could not possibly have come from Spalding's writings. These sections of text comprise the bulk of the book and are so closely inter-connected as to constitute a volume in their own right, quite apart from anything that might have ever been borrowed from Spalding. At best, Spalding can probably only be spoken of as an inadvertant contributor to the collection of texts that eventually became the Book of Mormon. Modern students of the Spalding should keep the latter distinction in mind, when they meet with the many objections published by past writers, who have intelligently argued that a Congregational pastor (or even a back-slidden, former Calvinist evangelist) would have never professed many of the book's stated social, political and theological viewspoints.

p. 25 - "Spalding... sought the ministry" - An alternative reading of historical sources might say that Spalding attended Dartmouth with the primary objective of pursuing a career as an educator, and that his ostensible goal of "qualifying himself for the ministry" was only his secondary, back-up plan. Spalding seemingly only turned to the temporary position of serving as a licensed Congregational evangelist (traveling missionary) in 1787 after his other options failed to work out, two years earlier.

p. 25 - "he was awarded a Master of Arts degree" - While this may be true, no Dartmouth College records yet uncovered provide documentation for this Spalding claim, nor do academic/professional records from any source confirm it.

p. 25 - "he married... and soon moved to Cherry Valley" - Solomon Spalding's widow said in 1839: "At the time of our marriage he [Solomon] resided in Cherry Valley, New York," giving the impression that Spalding (and perhaps also his bride) had already moved to that location prior to the couple's wedding.

p. 25 - "Spalding served the local Presbyterian church as a supply pastor" - There is no known record in the past files of Congregational or Presbyterian congregations and regional organizations, indicating that Solomon Spalding was ever ordained as a minister in either of those denominations. A membership move from the Congregationalists to the allied Presbyterians would have been relatively easy in 1796, but it is doubtful that any Presbyterian society would have allowed an evangelist, only licensed (and not ordained) by the Congregationalists, to function as their pastor, perform their baptisms, solemnize marriages, etc. The Enigma writers pass by this historical question a bit too quickly, perhaps.

p. 25 - "Spalding... principal of Cherry Valley Academy... was replaced" - The Enigma writers provide no reasons for his dismissal by the Academy's trustees (in Oct. 1795, after serving less than half a year as headmaster). Given Spalding's demonstrated interest in writing odd literary episodes of the Nissus/Euryalus-genre, it is not improbable this his abrupt dismissal involved a lack of confidence on the part of the school's trustees, in allowing him to continue his supervision of the all-male student body. Solomon Spalding was soon replaced in his leadership positions at both the Academy and in the Presbyterian congregation by Rev. Eliphalet Nott (whom Spalding said "had used him very ill") -- Spalding then left Cherry Valley altogether and relocated himself sixteen miles away from the town.
 
p. 26 - "Spalding went to Salem... [in] 1803... again... in 1806" - A likely sequence of events would have Spalding first paying a visit to Salem (Conneaut) in 1803, then returning in 1806 with the equipment necessary to build an iron forge and water-powered forge hammer. For some unknown reason his first assembly of the forge equipment had to be rebuilt. The terms of his 1811 forge operation agreement with Henry Lake indicate that Spalding was perhaps already a semi-invalid at that early date -- possibly, as the writers say, due to a "serious rupture caused by heavy lifting."

p. 27 - "Spalding... writing... way of producing income" - Given Solomon Spalding's evident lack of success in selling or publishing anything during his lifetime, a slightly cynical historian could be forgiven for wondering if the would-be writer's "way of producing income" did not lie in his solicitations among his neighbors for loans, investments, and debt relief, all based upon his insubstantial promises to one day sell his stories and share the rewards of their publication.

p. 27 - "romantic yarn, written florid, semi-biblical English" - If by "florid" the authors mean "flowery, excessively ornamented, rosy, grandiloquent, flamboyant, fancy, affected, high-flown, or showy," it may be a little difficult for them to square that assessment with Redick McKee's memories of some Spalding writings, which were "gaunt and abrupt -- very like the stories of the 'Maccabees' and other apocryphal books, in the old bibles." If Spalding affected a "gaunt and abrupt" writing style in his purported "Manuscript Found," then that style is in keeping with the abbreviated, prosaic narratives featured throughout the Book of Mormon. If, on the other hand, he only wrote flamboyant "yarns," rather like the worst, mock-epic sections of his "Roman story," then that yarnish stuff evidently never made it into the LDS scriptures. The Book of Mormon contains a few accounts that might qualify as subtle, sardonic humor, and even some instances of what appear to be cynical recasting of hard-to-believe biblical episodes, but as for Nephite "yarns," the Enigma authors are probably seeing more in the text than generally meets the reader's eye.

p. 27 - "two... [Spalding] characters... were 'Mormon' and his son 'Moroni'" - The enigmatic authors cite, as their source for this allegation, a 1912 article from the Sewickley Herald. The attribution of the character Moroni, the son of Mormon to Solomon Spalding (see also comments for p. 24) runs counter to the conclusions of several scholars who have studied references to that person, and his book of religious writings, as published in the Book of Mormon. In fact, the Book of Moroni (except for a paragraph or two from Mormon's second epistle, recorded therein) is probably the least "Spaldingish" of all the divisions of the Book of Mormon, both in its message and its phraseology. As previously stated, if Spalding ever created a "Moroni," it was far more likely the character of General Moroni, who was not Mormon's son.

p. 27 - "some of Spalding's [associates]... [called him] 'Old Come to Pass'" - The evidence for this assertion is rather slender, coming as it doesfrom only two fairly late sources, which may be traceable the same Washington Co., Pennsylvania newspaper article. Rev. Abner Jackson stated in the Pennsylvania Washington Reporter,in 1881, that Aron Wright and other old Ohio associates of Spalding's had called the repetative writer by that nickname. This assertion was followed a year later by a statement from Washington Co. resident, Joseph Miller, saying: "The words...'And it came to pass,' occurred so often [in Spalding's writings] that the boys about the village called him 'Old Came to Pass.'" It is possible that the two very similar reported nicknames arose independently among Spalding's associates, both in Ohio and in Pennsylvania (and especially so since his pseudo-historical writings were said to contain that clause in great abundance). However, it is also possible that old Joseph Miller embellished his 1882 statement with some notions he had picked up from reading Abner Jackson's story, as published in his local newspaper, just a few months before. When two or more mutually exclusive explanations for the content of old sources come to the attention of objective historians, they generally report that situation, and do not simply assume one of those explanations to be the only possible truth. If Jackson was wrong to begin with, and Miller merely repeated Jackson's idea, then this is precisely the sort of thing that Fawn M. Brodie had in mind, when she concluded that the "Spalding theory" accumulated unreliable testimony over the years.

p. 27 - "[in] Pittsburgh, Solomon Spalding offered 'A Manuscript Found' to... R. & J. Patterson" - This appears to be true. However, if Spalding arrived in that city prior to Nov. 5, 1812, or if he initiated his manuscript selling efforts via a correpondence carried on from Ohio, before he arrived in Pittsburgh, his first dealings may have been with R. &. J. Patterson's precursor, the firm of Patterson and Hopkins. This may be a minor point of detail, but it helps to show that Spalding probably arrived in Pittsburgh during the unsettled period when John Hopkins was leaving the publishing company and Joseph Patterson, Jr. was assuming his role as junior partner. If Joseph was inexperienced in running a publishing venture, he may well have encouraged Spalding's amateurish hopes for publication, while his older, more wary and distracted brother was more interested in getting the newly reorganized company through its typical end of the year obligations.

p. 28 - "Sidney Rigdon... became... circuit-riding preacher" - It should not be supposed that Rigdon assumed a formal position, something like that of a Methodist Circuit pastor. Baptist congregations and associations were less rigidly organized than those of the Methodists and Rigdon's earliest travels from church to church in eastern Ohio was probably an informal series of ministerial visits, rather than the prescribed duities of a mobile pastor supervising many flocks. Many eye-witness accounts describe Rigdon as an effective evangelist but as a problematical pastor. Spalding claims advocates have occasionally made reference to this fact, in partial explanation of why Rigdon did not attempt to start up his own religious sect, but chose instead to share his ecclesiastical power with the young leader of a cultish money-digging group.

p. 29 - "reader is not told... only source for this information" - In dealing with obscure historical phenomena, such as the "Spalding Enigma," the historical researcher and reconstructor is frequently faced with the problem of sole-source, otherwise unconfirmed, assertions and allegations. When single sources are public records, context-contemporary documents, etc., they generally may be assigned a far higher degree of reliability than other kinds of source material. In some cases, however, seemingly valuable historical information can only be traced back to one questionable origin. The Enigma authors are perceptive as they point out this problem here -- however, they appear to have forgotten their own pre-set standards in a few other sections of their reporting.

p. 30 - "difference between... anti-Mormon, and... non-Mormon" - This is a distinction that early Latter Day Saints seldom made, when it came to dealing with those who rejected their preaching of Mormonism's gospel. In the heyday of Spalding claims publication and Mormon responses, typical LDS and RLDS apologists generally pictured the world as being unhappily divided between "God's chosen people" (themselves) and the "wicked gentiles" (all others who were not ready to convert to the Mormon faith). Thus, it was easy for early Mormon defenders to view all opponents as "enemies" and to condemn anybody who presented alternative explanations for Book of Mormon origins as the "tools of Satan," whether those persons realized the demonic enthrallment or not. It was this supernatural, reductionist Mormon perspective that led some LDS refutors of the "Spalding lie" to conclude that many persons, totally unconnected by time, space, or other relationships, were brought together (in the results of their non-Mormon efforts) as a Lucifer-led conspiracy against the "one true church." The Enigma authors make a reasonable distinction here, but (as is eloquently preached in the Foreword to their own book), reason may not always be the the prime motivational factor in religious proclamation. Aside from the few already disgruntled, "cultural," or intellectually compartmentalized Latter Day Saints, who might read their book, the Enigma authors' conclusions are no doubt destined to fall upon deaf ears, in the case of their "pro-Mormon" readers.

p. 31 - "Manuscript Story -- Conneaut Creek" - The Enigma authors consistently call Solomon Spalding's "Roman story" (the holograph of which is on file in the Oberlin College Library) by this name. No witness who ever purported to have seen the Oberlin document prior to 1884 ever assigned this name to its "Roman story." The authors derive the name solely from the fact that it was re-discovered at that late date, wrapped in a sheet of paper bearing those words. The penciled handwriting sample there preserved is of so few words and so indistinct as to make any positive identification of its writer virtually impossible. It may well be the autograph of D. P. Hurlbut, E. D. Howe, or any one of a number of persons who once had access to the manuscript. The Enigma authors' insistence upon this unsubstantiated title merely strengthens the arguements of anti-Spalding writers -- who can cite that fact that Spalding's foster daughter saw what she thought read "Manuscript Found," scribbled upon the wrapping of one of her father's literary productions. With the change of a single word in Matilda Spalding McKinstry's 60 year-old memory, the "Roman Story" itself becomes the document Mrs. McKinstry thus recalled seeing, and the two-manuscript notion disappears from all further consideration. While the Enigmaites have every right to make use of their cumbersome manuscript title in elucidating the Spalding claims, they are well advised to also state that Spalding himself may have never made use of that particular title.

p. 31 - "no similarities whatsoever between the two works" - Most informed Book of Mormon defenders never argued the point in this way. Rather, they have been prone to say that there was just enough similarity between the basic pattern of Spalding's "Roman story," and that of the Book of Mormon's story, to make forgetful, coached witnesses mistake the former as having been the precursor to the latter. It has been due to this very sort of fuzzy reasoning, that LDS and RLDS readers have been able to peruse lengthy lists of thematic and vocabulary similarities between those two stories, and then dismiss all the resemblance as something to be expected in any two early 19th century English language texts giving an account of the origin, development, and unfortunate fate of ancient American Christians and pagans.

p. 32 - "minister of the gospel... Mormon elder" -- The Enigma authors differentiate between these two title as though they are mutually exclusive. And, no doubt they are, in the eyes of their Lutheran editors and publishers. But it is just such comments on their part, that may cause Book of Mormon believers to discount the authors' previous statement, saying that they are putting forth "no religious arguments." Elder Winchester functioned very much like a Protestant minister in his pastoring of the Philadelphia LDS branches -- in that ministry he could organize new congregations, preside, consecrate, preach, teach, baptize, confirm, ordain, counsel, marry, and bury just like a Presbyterian elder, a Reformed Baptist elder, etc.

p. 32 - "Winchester's 'slanderous conduct'" -- It is true that the Mormon leaders during the Nauvoo era became upset with Elder Winchester and eventually excommunicated him. Since Winchester was the secret brother-in-law of Joseph Smith, Jr., and a friend to both Joseph's brother William, and to Sidney Rigdon, his separation from the Saints was a gradual one, marked by equivocation on both sides. Still, it seems rather inconsistent of the Enigma authors to accept the word of the Nauvoo leadership on the subject of Winchester's truthfulness, when they so rarely accept Winchester's word on various historical matter. Winchester may indeed be an unreliable source -- but at some points in the developmemt of the Spalding claims, he is the only contemporary reporter whose account of certain events has survived. His reporting (like that of Elder Hurlbut, whose truthfulness was also denied by the LDS leaders) should be made use of accordingly.

p. 32 - "Doctor Hurlbut... sincere effort" - Just how "sincere" D. P. Hurlbut's investigative motives and methods may have been at any point in his notorious career is open to considerable controversy. He very likely limited his "sincere efforts" to only those endeavors which suited his pre-judged purposes (which were anything but objective ones). Still, the authors make a good point in saying that Hurlbut did not originate the Spalding authorship claims. They make another good point in saying that his activities, in order to be successful, depended upon his gathering together a certain amount of accurate information regarding Solomon Spalding, Spalding's writings, etc. LDS and RLDS defenders have typically responded to all of this, with the counter-claim, that Hurlbut wished to find and suppress Spalding's writings, so that he could further embellish the "Spalding lie" without any fear of detection. In this view of events, Hurlbut gave up his attempts at document recovery and suppression when he handed his collection of research findings over to E. D. Howe, early in 1834. The greatest flaw in this train of thought is the fact that Hurlbut went to the trouble of exhibiting Spalding's "Roman story" to the writer's old friends at Conneaut, soliciting their affirmations, and documenting the results on a back page of the manuscript now preserved at Oberlin Collge -- and all of this accomplished weeks before he entered into his dealings with E. D. Howe (who has also unjustly been accused of suppressing that particular manuscript).

p. 33 - "boyish-looking... 'High Priest' Orson Hyde" - A personal inquiry to the Enigma writers reveals that they here truly intended to speak of the craggy-faced Orson Hyde (1805-1878) and not about the (then) more youthful Orson Pratt (1811-1881).

p. 34 - "May or beginning of June... Doctor Hurlbut's Mormon companions" -- The Enigma writers provide a sketchy outline of Hurlbut's activities, in which ecclesiastical action is first taken against him following Elder Orson Hyde's early June, 1833 return to Kirtland from the Pennsylvania missionary field. In a 1900 statement eye-witness Benjamin Winchester describes Hurlbut as "a sharp, tonguey fellow" who "became an elder... seduced a girl named Barns... [and] the church, to cover up the matter, urged him to marry her. He refused and then we expelled him." If Winchester's memory can be trusted, it seems that the Erie Co. Pennsylvania Mormon leaders met at local "conference" held late in May 1833, disfellowshipped Hurlbut, and confiscated his Elder's license. This council may have been held at Elk Creek, in the home of Winchester's father. Shortly thereafter, on May 29, 1833, Elder Orson Hyde baptized Anna Barnes Harmon, who was almost certainly the sister of the Mormon girl whom Hurlbut had seduced. Hyde then proceded to Kirtland, and there brought excommunication charges against his wayward missionary companion, the already disfellowshipped D. P. Hurlbut. In his 1840 booklet, Elder Winchester provides some additional details, saying: "he was cast off from the church, and his license taken from him by the conference; at first he appeared impenitent and obdurate, but afterwards professed penitence and humility; he soon left for Kirtland, to appeal to the general conference, when his case was reheard, and, in consequence of confession and acknowledgment, his license was restored." In order for the Kirtland church court to have rendered such a decision, Hurlbut must have offered acceptable satisfaction in the matter of the "girl named Barns." Possibly the two were married at that time, but no record of their brief union was recorded at the county courthouse, because Mormon marriages were not then recognized by the civil authority. If this is what actually happened, all mention of the ill-fated 1833 ceremony may have been purposely forgotten, when Huldah Barnes of Erie Co., Pennsylvania later moved to Nauvoo and there wed Apostle Heber C. Kimball, on Feb. 3, 1846.

p. 35 - "November 1834... Mormons circulate... stories about Hurlbut" -- It appears more likely that the Mormon leaders began to make public accusations regarding Hurlbut's character as early as Apr. 1834, following his legal defeat at Chardon. Since D. P. Hurlbut is not known to have ever made any published attempt to refute the accusations made against him (in regard to his adultery and/or fornication while he was a Methodist, Mormon and Moravian), those accusations may have contained more than the germ of truth. For information regarding Hurlbut's probable views on "spiritual wifery" see the comments attached to Benjamin Winchester's 1900 statement and to the 1854 notice of Julia Hurlbut's "spiritual marriage."

p. 36 - "Hurlbut... now saw it as his loyal duty to God" -- Given the fact that D. P. Hurlbut moved, in rather rapid succession, from the Methodists, to the Mormons, to the Millerites, to the Moravians (United Brethren), to the Spiritualists (as an "elder" or "minister" dogged by accusations of fornication, adultery or marital infidelity), it appears that he was a religious con-man who possessed little or no sense of godly duty. In his 2005 BYU Studies article, "Joseph Smith and the 1834 D. P. Hurlbut Case," researcher David W. Grua concludes that "Smith was not the only religious figure with whom Hurlbut had trouble." The same article points out the fact that "Hurlbut was able to evade the arm of justice; for three years, the sheriff could not find him." While Hurlbut's failure to pay his 1834 court costs may be seen as a relatively minor transgression, the charges made against him in the mysterious 1837 death of Garrett Brass probably indicate that he was not then viewed by many as being dutiful to God.

p. 38 - "Jackson readily remembered Spalding and Manuscript Story..." -- One circumstance not pointed out by the Enigma authors is the fact that the slight account evidently provided by "Mr. Jackson" does not contain one scrap of information concerning Spalding's Roman story, that had not previously been published by Howe in 1834. The alleged Jackson account was not printed until many months after Howe's book had obtained a wide circulation. If the alleged memories are traceable back to Solomon Spalding's old associate, Lyman Jackson, it may be significant that Lyman passed away in 1835, after Howe's book was printed, but before Benjamin Winchester published his quotes from "Mr. Jackson." This fact leaves open the possibility that Lyman (whose daughter had by then joined the Mormons) merely made some reference to E. D. Howe's summary -- or, worse yet, that Winchester concocted testimony for a dead man. These combined circumstances render the alleged Jackson recollections worthless to the serious historian.

p. 38 - "Spalding and his work... Hurlbut's conversations" -- One significant possibility overlooked by the Enigma authors, is that D. P. Hurlbut may have obtained substantial exposure to the Spalding authorship claims during the course of that part of his 1833 Mormon mission conducted in Crawford Co., Pennsylvania. Benjamin Winchester states that Hurlbut "made several converts in Crawford county, Pa.," which is precisely where John Spalding lived at the time. There is reason to assume that John Spalding, a staunch Baptist, would have responded to reports of Mormon preaching in or near his home township with alarm. He may have attended one of more of the Mormons' services, to ascertain what their message was. At least this is the picture provided by his sister-in-law, who in 1839 stated that this "pious man" attended a public meeting in which the Book of Mormon was read aloud, "and recognized perfectly the work of his brother. He was amazed and afflicted, that it should have been perverted to so wicked a purpose... he arose on the spot, and expressed to the meeting his deep sorrow and regret, that the writings of his sainted brother should be used for a purpose so vile and shocking." While John's sister-in-law places this meeting at Conneaut, Ohio, she was not an eye-witness to the event and may have conflated several reports that she received from friends or family in the Conneaut area of Pennsylvania and Ohio. If John Spalding was indeed so "amazed" as her report says, that fact indicates that his first exposure to the Book of Mormon text came unexpectedly, in a meeting he attended out of pious alarm and curiosity -- a meeting of the sort D. P. Hurlbut, the great talker, would have naturally conducted in Crawford County during the spring of 1833.

p. 55 - "Hurlbut hastened to Hartwick... a single Spalding manuscript... clearly not what he had hoped to find" -- The Enigma authors do not explain just how it could be so "clear" (to Hurlbut, themselves, or their readers) that the anti-Mormon investigator recovered only a single manuscript at Hartwick -- not the "Manuscript Found." In the immediate aftermath of his visit to Hartwick, Hurlbut had published a notice in which he claimed to have "succeeded in accomplishing the object of his mission," that "mission" having been carried out primarily for the purpose of finding the "Manuscript Found" and comparing it to the Book of Mormon text. According to an 1879 statement from Spalding's grandson, his mother "gave Hurlbut a letter" permitting him to take possession of the "Manuscript Found," and, had that particular document not "been in said trunk, she... never would have written that letter... that she ever after believed that the M.S. was delivered to Hurlbut." Given the fact that his grandmother (Spalding's widow) could have (and obviously would have) inquired of her relatives in New York, for particulars regarding Hurlbut's activities there, it appears that she was never informed by them that Hurlbut found only a single manuscript (not "Manuscript Found") at Hartwick. In fact, according to the 1880 statement of her foster daughter, she and the widow "afterwards heard that he [Hurlbut] had received it ["Manuscript Found"] from Mr. Clark, at Hartwicks." In a less direct account, attributed to an 1842 letter, the widow evidently recalled that in 1833 or 1834 she "received a letter from Hurlbut, in which he told her that he had obtained from the trunk what he had come for, the manuscript of "Manuscript Found," and that when he had taken it to the parties that sent him, and it had been used for the purpose for which they wanted it." At least one of those "parties," who supported D. P. Hurlbut in his 1833 research in the east, reported seeing the document in question, and seeing his associates use that document for the purpose for which they wanted it. James A. Briggs reported in 1886: "D. P. Hurlbut... was employed to look up testimony. He was present with the committee and had Spaulding's original manuscript with him. We compared it, chapter by chapter with the Mormon Bible. It was written in the same style; many of the names were the same... Of this the committee had no doubt whatever." That same year Briggs also stated: "At the meeting... in 1834... we had this very identical "manuscript" now published among the papers submitted by Dr. Hurlburt. We also had a copy of the 'Manuscript Found,' that was compared with the Mormon Bible and satisfied the committee that it was the basis of the Mormon Bible." Besides Mr. Briggs, several other residents of the Kirtland area claimed in later years to have seen Hurlbut exhibit the "Manuscript Found" during his public lectures at the end of 1833 -- these witnesses include a Kirtland Justice of the Peace with whom Hurlbut personally visited and apparently temporarily resided. Researcher Clark Braden claimed to have the statements of several eye-witnesses to Hurlbut's 1833 display of the "Manuscript Found" in his possession, and in 1891 allowed publication of some excerpts from these statements.

Given this evidence, the Enigma authors' conclusion -- that Hurlbut "clearly" recovered only "a single manuscript" at Hartwick, is totally inexplicible. The authors might have stated that, contrary to all of the evidence, they found some "clear" reason for reaching their peculiar conclusion, but they chose instead to effectively suppress that evidence and to cut future investigators off from pursuing an intriguing path of prospective inquiry. Perhaps D. P. Hurlbut never did exhibit Spalding's "Manuscript Found" in and around Kirtland, Ohio in the last days of December, 1833 -- perhaps he displayed a clever forgery which he himself created on his return trip to Ohio. Whatever the case may have been, it is in no way "clear" that Hurlbut initially claimed to have recovered only a single manuscript at Hartwick.

p. 77 - "Hurlbut placed little value upon it and soon lost it amidst the clutter of his printing business" -- The readers of Enigma may be excused for wondering just how it was that D. P. Hurlbut came into possession of an Ohio printing business. No doubt the authors meant to say that because D. P. Hurlbut placed little value upon Spalding's Roman story, E. D. Howe also discounted its importance and soon lost it. The authors' sentence was more intelligible in their 2000 version of the text, where they merely spoke of Howe and left Hurlbut out of the discussion altogether.

p. 94 - "the manuscript takes up again at the top of page 135 without any apparent break in the story" -- Here the Enigma authors utilize a mistake in their comprehension of the physical structure of Spalding's Roman Story manuscript as a base from which to launch into some imaginative speculation that adds nothing substantial to their historical reconstructions. At the center of these odd notions comes this conclusion: "the sheet... 133-134 was removed... [as] a blank sheet... Spalding, when he resumed work on the manuscript... began writing again at the top of the next blank, but already numbered page -- 135 -- without noticing the break in numerical sequence.... The only other pages missing from the manuscript are 143-144. Once again, these are both sides of a single sheet, but in this case the leaf must have been removed after completion because its absence produces an obvious gap in the text." To this mistaken idea, Ted Chandler responded nearly
five years ago: "They claim that the missing sheet containing pages 133 and 134 does not cause a break in the narrative, but in my opinion there clearly is a break." Not only is there a two-page break in the story (page 135 continues a "catalog of chieftains" in mid-narration) but the breaks at 133-34 and 143-44 were created by the loss from one sewn signature of Spalding's manuscript, of a single folded sheet, bearing the first two pages on the first half of the fold and the second two pages from the second half of the fold. The four pages in question evidently comprised the outermost sheet of a signature of several similarly folded pages. This manuscript structure was documented by an eye-witness, in 1885 before the Oberlin College library staff had the entire document bound between leather covers: "leaves were stitched together with linen thread, thus forming them into little sections... Take a sheet of paper thirteen inches wide and sixteen inches long, double twice, so as to leave it six and a half by eight inches, and you have the precise manner of the arrangement of the paper for use." Considerable detail relating to this matter has been available on-line for the last several years.

pp. 158-9 - "Rigdon told Brigham... statement to Jeffries" -- The Enigma authors here lift a lenghty block of text (without attribution) from a ‘Book of Mormon Authorship’ web-page composed and hosted by Ted Chandler. As early as 2005 Chandler objected personally to the writers over this use of his material. Recently the authors have indirectly extended an apology for their oversight in reproducing this material a second time -- however, in response to Chandler's second accusation (“Some of my other ideas also pop up [in the 2005 book], but without attribution") the Enigmaites' supposition evidently is that "they were simply not unique." This supposition may or may not be true; but since on-line documents are fairly easily searchable, the authors might be well advised to look on the web and make the textual comparisons for themselves.

pp. 244 - "[Orsamus] Turner knew Oliver [Cowdery]" -- The Enigma authors depend a great deal upon the reporting of New York newspaperman Orsamus Turner for their reconstruction of pre-1830 events in and around Palmyra leading up to the establishment of the Mormon Church. Again, on page 258 of their book, the writers say: "it has already been established that he knew Oliver Cowdery in Palmyra in 1822." Perhaps that fact has been "established" (to their satisfaction), but the writers neglect to mention that Mr. Turner nowhere (in any known writings) ever distinctly says that he knew Oliver or associated with him in any way. It is entirely possible that Turner's reporting in regard to Oliver came as second-hand information from some unidentified source. Ted Chandler made mention of this problem in the Enigma text as early as 2000, but the writers have only recently (and indirectly) taken notice of Chandler's insightful comments: "The authors tend to put words into Turner’s mouth... Turner does assert that Cowdery was involved with the Smith family at an early date, but he never says that he knew Oliver or that his information came from personal knowledge." Before engaging in a good deal of detailed speculation about how and when Orsamus Turner came up with his "personal knowledge" of events pertaining to the foundation and early development of New York Mormonism, the Enigma authors might have brought the jist of Chandler's objection to their readers' attention -- then, with that small explanation safely behind them, they could have deduced and imagined all sorts of things in the comfort of knowing that those same readers were not likely to cite Enigma's conclusions as proven fact.

p. 479 - "John Edward Page... appears to have made no personal effort to contact either Robert or Joseph Patterson in Pittsburgh" -- This strange conclusion marks one of the more significant bibliographical defects in the 2005 book, as the writers fail to give any notice to Elder William Small's 1876 account: "While I was living in Pittsburgh in 1841, at the time so much was said of the Book of Mormon, and in connection with the Solomon Spaulding Story. It was stated that the Spaulding manuscript was placed in Mr. Patterson's hands for publication, and that Sidney Rigdon was connected with him at the time. In connection with John E. Page I called upon General [sic] Patterson, the publisher..., etc." It is unlikely that the Enigma writers missed reading this interesting statement, as it is quoted and cited in comments appended to the only easily consulted transcript of an important 1842 pamphlet mentioned by the writers themselves. Possibly the methodology employed by the Enigmaites in selecting source material suitable to their reporting needs did not allow them to make reliable use of this "Mormon" document.

(under construction)








 

The following tabulation attempts to compensate for Enigma's lack of an index.
Although the cataloging info on the back of its title page promises such an index, it
has so far been made available by the authors only as a pdf web-document.





A  PARTIAL  INDEX
TO  NAMES,  WORDS,  TITLES  AND
CITATIONS  IN  LITERATURE  AND  SCRIPTURE

in

Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon? The Spalding Enigma




Abbreviations used in Index:
  biblio.:  Bibliography for Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon? The Spalding Enigma
  BoM:  Book of Mormon (current LDS edition used for citations)
  JS:  Joseph Smith, Jr. (1805-1844)
  main index:  Comprehensive Index for Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon...
  OMs:  the Spalding manuscript at Oberlin College -- his "Roman story"
  SS:  Solomon Spalding (1761-1816)
  S. Rigdon:  Sidney Rigdon (1793-1876)
 

A

• Aaron (biblical prophet and priest):
  linen breeches of Aaron, 112
  gift of Aaron / rod of Aaron, 262, 265

  Abraham (see Book of Abraham)

• Adam (biblical patriarch):
  Adam’s fall from grace, 12
  Adam is the Angel Michael for LDS, 538

• Acts (Acts of the Apostles, biblical book):
  Acts 9:4-6 ("Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?"), 12

• Alma (BoM book and characters):
  Alma 38-42, Alma’s commandment to his son, 379, 541 n.66
  Book of Alma in computer studies, 445 n.16

• Amelekites (BoM ethnic group):
  mark their foreheads red (mispelled as Amelikites), 123), 471 n.91
  mark their foreheads red, 126

  Amelikites (see Amelekites)

  angel/angels (see entires under specific names, and in main index)

• ante-diluvian science:
  (of the Jaredites), 87

• Apostle (Paul):
  he advised: "prove all things…," (1 Thes. 5:21), 205

• Authorized Version (1611 English Bible – see also King James Version):
  Robert Spalding, one of the men responsible for translating Authorized Version, 431 n.5
 

B

• Babel (biblical land in Mesopotamia region):
  the Jaredites followed their leader from the Tower of Babel, 24

  Banbo (see Bombal)

• Bible (see also main index):
  The Bible speaks of the Hebrews as a people divided into twelve tribes, 23
  SS’s Manuscript Found written in language similar to King James Bible, 27, 81, 453 n.16
  "And it came to pass," as found in King James Bible, 27, 432 n.21
  SS’s writing style very like Maccabees and other apochryphal books in the old bibles, 126
  R. Patterson saw a SS manuscript, chiefly in the style of the English Bible, 149
  S. Rigdon had a romance of the Bible, originally written by SS, 152
  S. Rigdon tried to obtain JS’s "translation" of the Bible in 1844, 158-9
  A Plainer Translation: Joseph Smith's Translation of the Bible (see biblio.), 159
  the writer of the Book of Mormon had a familiar acquaintance with the Bible, 202
  by Oct. 1830 non-LDS hear of JS’s plan to make new translation of the Bible, 382
  in the Bible the Urim and Thummim are a means of divination, 430 n.3
  in the Bible King Zedekiah of Judah's sons were all murdered, 430 n.4
  in the Bible none of Noah’s seven sons are named Lehi, 454 n.27
  "Professor Sexias, Hebrew Bible, and Book of Abraham" (see biblio.) 552 n.21

• Biblical / biblical (see also main index):
  biblical Urim and Thummim, 24
  SS’s Manuscript Found written in florid, semi-biblical English, 27
  SS’s Manuscript Found carried his Biblical imitation to an absurd excess, 89
  LDS Doc. & Cov. and Pearl of Great accepted as equal to biblical Scripture, 177
  numerous biblical interpolations, etc. integrated into SS’s Manuscript Found, 232
  JS claimed Egyptian papyrus was lost biblical Book of Abraham, 442 n.4

• Bombal (OMs character):
  mistranscribed as Banbo in 1886 LDS ed., 90

• Book of Abraham (LDS scriptural text):
  188, 360, 442. 445 n.16, 552 n.21

• Book of Moses (LDS scriptural text):
  an allegedly inspired re-translation of Genesis 1-5:8, 381
  may have been written by same author as BoM, 445 n.16

• Book of Pukei (satirical sketches pub. in Palmyra (NY) Reflector – see biblio.):
  Obadiah Dogberry (Abner Cole) begins "Book of Pukei," 1830, 497 n.37
 

C

• Canaan (biblical Palestine-Lebanon region, and patriarch)
  SS wrote a pseudo history of, 126

• Celes (LCMs location, and title key word):
  scene of episodes in "Romances of Celes... Knights of the Chasm," 445 n.14

• Chianga (OMs nation):
  a part of the Sciotan Empire, 457 n.42

• Chasm (LCMs location):
  scene of episodes in "Romances of Celes... Knights of the Chasm," 445 n.14

• Columbus (15th cent. navigator & explorer):
  in BoM Lamanites fought Nephites 1,100 years before Columbus, 24,
  SS’s Manuscript Found's setting reported as 1,100 years before Columbus, 45

• Constantine (1st Christian Roman Emperor, 306-37):
  initial OMs events set during his reign; (appears briefly in story), 88

• Corinthians (biblical epistles, and Christian congregation)
  2 Cor. 13:5 (examine what you believe), 9
 

D

• Daniel (biblical book and prophet):
  S. Rigdon affected by Daniel and Ezekiel prophecies, 354

• Decalogue (biblical covenant laws -- Ex. 20:2-17):
  portions of paraphrased in OMs fictional ancient scriptures, 453

• Daniel Defoe (British novelist – 1660-1731):
  Defoe's veritable Robinson Crosoe, 126

• Deliwan (OMs ethnic group):
  Indians who painted part of their faces red, 471 n.91
 

E

• Elijah (biblical prophet)
  Martin Harris claimed to be Elijah (see 2 Kings 2:24), 162

• English Standard Version (of the Bible)
  used for all biblical quotations in this book, 4

• Enoch (quasi-scriptural books, and biblical patriarch):
  JS claimed to receive revelations as Enoch, 454 n.26

• Exodus (biblical book):
  Ex. 20:2-17 partly paraphrased in OMs fictional ancient scriptures, 453
  Ex. 28:30 (mentions Urim & Thummim), 430 n.3

• Ezekiel (biblical book and prophet):
  S. Rigdon's mind affected by Daniel and Ezekiel prophecies, 354
 

F

• Fabius (OMs character / narrator):
  Fabius and Roman companions were practicing Christians, 88
  he tells story in OMs as first-person narrative, 90
  his ship lands in N. America, far from Meso-American civilizations, 454 n.25

• fiction (see also main index):
  SS wrote works of fiction while in OH, 27
  one of SS’s works of fiction was about Lost Tribes, 90
  one of SS’s works of fiction was titled Manuscript Found, 357 n.1

• fictional manuscript:
  JS may have used one to create BoM, 25, 446

• Florentine Heroes (LCMs characters):
  angelic companions in "Romances of Celes... Knights of the Chasm," 445 n.14

• Fond Parents (in OMs text):
  mistranscribed/misprinted as Hond Parents (addressees of draft letter, p. 132), 456 n.42

• Frogs of Windham / Wyndham:
  alleged children’s story, written by SS (Wyndham), 80, 86
  anonymously written poetical story, pub. 1857 (Windham), 453 n.21
 

G

• Gabriel (biblical angel):
  the angel Michael is... Adam and Gabriel is Noah, 538 n.42

• Galanga (OMs city):
  capital city of Sciota, 457 n.42

• Galatians (biblical epistle; Christian congregation):
  Gal. 3:24, (use of biblical law), 12
  Gal. 3:1-9, (as text of a S. Rigdon sermon), 328

• Gamba (OMs city):
  capital city of Kentuck, 456, n.42

• Genesis (biblical book):
  Gen. 3:15 (fall of Adam, etc.), 12
  Gen. 1-5:8 (creation story – changed by JS in LDS Book of Moses), 381
  Gen. 5:32; 10:2 (none of Japheth’s sons was named Lehi), 454 n.27
 

H

• Hadokam (OMs character):
  mistranscribed as Hadoram in 1886 LDS ed., 90

  Hadoram (see Hadokam)

• Habolan (OMs character):
  king of Chianga, 457

• Hamboon (OMs character):
  emperor of Sciota, 456-7, n.42

  Hamkien (see Hamko)

• Hamko (OMs character):
  first written as Hamkien, 90
  mistranscribed as Hamkoo in 1886 LDS ed., 90

  Hamkoo (see Hamko)

• Hebrews (descendants of the biblical Eber):
  ancient Israelites (Hebrews) were divided into 12 tribes, 23
  A View of the Hebrews (see biblio.), 540 n.65

• Helaman (BoM book, and character)
  Hel. 6:10; 8:21 (Mulek, son of Zedekiah, escaped murder), 430 n.4

• Horace (Roman writer):
  Horace, Satires 1.5.100: "Credat Judacus Apella!", 89
 

I

• Iago (Shakespeare’s character):
  S. Rigdon as a modern Iago, 196
  Iago as manipulator in play Othello, 489 n.4

• Isaiah (biblical book, and prophet)
  Lengthy portions of Isaiah copied into BoM, 88

• Israel (biblical nation, and patriarch):
  modern Israel (Jews) descended from two tribes, 23
  Ten Lost Tribes of Israel -- their fate a mystery, 23
  BoM says Indians of House of Israel, 23, 27, 37, 202
  SS’s Manuscript Found about Lost Tribes of Israel, 33, 41, 43, 48, 50, 84, 97, 157
  SS’s Roman story not about Lost Tribes of Israel, 37
  Jedidiah Morse suggested Indians were Lost Tribes of Israel, 84
  JS alleged he was chosen to fulfil God’s covenant with Israel, 178

• Israelites (biblical nation):
  BoM says ancient Israelites populated Americas, 23-4, 84, 126
  Jedidiah Morse suggested Indians were Israelites, 84
 

J

• Japheth (biblical patriarch; alleged character in Spalding’s writings):
  SS reportedly wrote a story about Lehi, son of Japheth, 87
  Bible records no son of Japheth named Lehi, 454 n.27

• Jaredites (BoM ethnic group):
  proto-Israelite Jaredites migrated to Americas, were exterminated, 24

• Jaredites (alleged ethnic group in Spalding’s writings)
  Old World Jaredites migrate to America, build great cities, 87

• Jeremiah (biblical book, and prophet):
  Jer. 39:6-7; 52: 10-11 (sons of King Zedekiah murdered), 430 n.4

• Jerusalem (ancient city; a location in Bible, BoM, and alleged Spalding writings)
  in BoM Mulek and companions migrate to America from Jerusalem, 24
  in SS’s Manuscript Found Lost Tribes migrate to America from Jerusalem, 27, 40-5, 89

• Jesus (biblical Messiah; son of Mary, etc. – see also names index):
  Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount, 88, 453 n.16
  Jesus' example of not resisting "the one who is evil" (Matt. 5:39), 196

• Jews (Israelite ethnic sub-group):
  SS wrote in Manuscript Found, the Indians were descendants of, 40
  In SS’s Roman story, the narrator and companions not Jews, 82, 89

• John (biblical gospel, epistles, disciple, and evangelist)
  1 Jn 4:1 (test the spirits), 9

• Joshua (biblical book, and prophet):
  Canaan invaded by Joshua’s Israelites, in a SS novel, 126

• Judah (biblical patriarch, tribe, and nation):
  King Zedekiah of Judah, 24

• Judea (Roman province, corresponding to biblical Judah):
  anachronistic: SS’s novel tells of Ten Tribes’ departure from Palestine, of Judea, 84
 

K

• Kelsock (OMs character):
  mistranscribed as Thelford in 1886 LDS ed., 90

• Kentucks (OMs ethnic group; natives of Kentuck):
  Kentucks Kelsock and Hamko sneak into the Sciotan camp, 90
  Kentucks ready to fight Sciotan invaders, 94

• King James Version (1611 English Bible – see also Authorized Version):
  SS wrote Manuscript Found in semi-archaic English of King James version, 81
  "it came to pass" occurs 73 times in King James Version, 432 n.21

• Kings (biblical books):
  2 Kg. 2:24: (Go up old bald head, now fetch on your bears), 162
  2 Kg. 25:1-12 (sons of King Zedekiah murdered), 430 n.4
 

L

• Labamack (OMs character):
  mistranscribed as Labarmock in 1886 LDS ed., 90

• Laban (BoM character):
  sword of Laban, 227
  Sword of Laban (periodical, see biblio.) 556 n.4

• Laban (alleged Spalding character):
  assassination of, 44

• Labanco (OMs character):
  brother of Sciotan emperor, 456-7 n.42

  Labarmock (see Labamack)

• Laman (BoM character):
  son of Lehi and patriarch of the Lamanites, 24

• Lamanites (BoM ethnic group – see also main index):
  generally, the unrepentant descendants of Laman's followers, 24, 28

• Lamanites (alleged ethnic group in Spalding’s writings):
  a tribe of ancient Americans, 27, 28, 40, 41
  (singular) used by SS as a personal name?, 47, 49
  recalled as Laminites by Spalding’s daughter, 80

  Lambdon (see Lambon)

• Lambon (OMs character):
  mistranscribed as Lambdon in 1886 LDS ed., 90

  Laminites (see Lamanites)

• Lamoni (BoM character and town in IA – see also main index)

• Latin (see also main index):
  stated orig. lang. of fictional records in OMs, 37
  E. D. Howe says orig. lang. of fictional records in OMs, 60

• Lehi (lost LDS scriptural book, and BoM patriarch / prophet):
  Lehi the father of Nephi led refugees from Land of Jerusalem to Americas, 24, 87
  Nephi and Lehi landed in the Americas near an unnamed "narrow neck of land," 87
  Did Lehi Land in Chile? An Assessment... (see biblio.), 454 n.24

• Lehi (alleged character in Spalding’s writings):
  led the Ten Tribes to the Americas in Manuscript Found, 27, 40-2, 50
  his name the same as BoM character, 28, 45, 130
  the son of Japheth in one version of SS's novel, 130

• Leviticus (biblical book):
  Lev. 8:8 (mentions Urim & Thummim), 430 n.3
 

M

• Maccabees (deutero-canonical biblical books):
  SS’s style in some writings was gaunt and abrupt; very like that of Maccabees, 126

• Mammoons (OMs animals):
  elephantlike creatures (first called Mammoths or Mammouths), 90

• Mark (biblical book, and evangelist)
  Mk. 4:22-23 (If you have ears to hear, then hear), 387

• Mark Twain (pseudonum for American author Samuel L. Clemens):
  Martin Harris met all of Mark Twain’s qualifications for a fool, 360
  gave his description of a fool in Those Extraordinary Twins, 552 n.22

 •Maroni (see Moroni)

• Matthew (biblical book, disciple and evangrlist):
  Matt. 5:39 (Jesus' example of not resisting "the one who is evil"), 196
  Matt. 6-7 (part of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount copied into BoM), 88

• Michael (biblical archangel):
  the Angel Michael is Adam and Gabriel is Noah, 538 n.42

• Moroni (BoM characters; last Nephite prophet):
  Moroni (Mormon?) transcribed Nephite history onto golden tablets, 24
  Moroni not true contributor/editor of BoM; story was written by SS, 25

• Moroni (alleged Spalding character):
  Moroni claimed to be a principal character in SS’s Manuscript Found, 27, 45,
  SS’s foster daughter recalled the character’s name as Maroni, 80

• Mosiah (BoM book, and character):
  Mos. 25:2 (Mulek, son of Zedekiah, escaped murder), 430 n.4
  computer study shows author of Mosiah wrote Book of Abraham, 445 n.16

• Mulek (BoM character):
  Mulek, youngest son of King Zedekiah, led band of Judahites to America, 24
  Mos. 25:2 (Mulek, son of Zedekiah, escaped murder), 430 n.4

• Mulekites (BoM ethnic group):
  Mulekites (descendants of Mulek & companions) merged with the Nephites, 24
 

N-O

• Nehemiah (biblical book, and prophet):
  Neh. 7:65 (mentions Urim & Thummim), 430 n.3

• Nephi (LDS scriptural books):
  2 Ne. 25:23 "we know that it is by grace that we are saved, after all we can do," 11
  computer study shows author of books of Nephi wrote Book of Abraham, 445 n.16
  1 Ne. 8:2 (visions and dreams are essentually the same thing), 529 n.163

• Nephi (BoM characters, incl. Nephi I, leader of first Nephites):
  Nephi I, son of Lehi, helped lead refugees from Land of Jerusalem to Americas, 24
  bad Lehites followed Laman; good Lehites followed Nephi, becoming Nephites 24
  Nephi and Lehi landed in the Americas near an unnamed "narrow neck of land," 87

• Nephi (alleged SS character):
  Ten Tribes, under the command of Nephi & Lehi, migrated to Americas, 27-8, 40-2, 45-6
  Artemas Cunningham said SS frequently used phrase, "I Nephi..." in Manuscript Found, 46
  several of SS’s old associates recalled his use of Nephi in his Manuscript Found, 47, 49, 80

  Nephi (celestial being associated with coming forth of BoM – see main index):

• Nephite Record (alleged engraved plates containing BoM text):
  the true origin of JS's Nephite Record may never be completely unraveled, 387
  "Unearthed Records of the Nephites": fraudulent reference to SS’s writings, 401

• Nephites (BoM ethnic group, descendants of the followers of Nephi I):
  generally, the good people who came with Nephi to Americas and their descendants, 24
  the Mulekites eventually merged with the Nephites, forming one people, 24
  the Lamanites warred against the Nephites an eventually destroyed them, 24
  "The Scientific Search for Nephite Remains" (see biblio.), 453-4 n.24

• Nephites (alleged SS ethnic group):
  SS brought Ten Lost Tribes to Americas, where they split into Nephites & Lamanites, 40-1
  John N. Miller spoke to his daughter about Zarahemlites before BoM was published, 52
  Joseph Miller said Nephites fought Amelekites in SS’s Manuscript Found, 123
  "Unearthed Records of the Nephites": fraudulent reference to SS’s writings, 401

• Neri (Nephi? – alleged SS novel character)
  John Thompson remembered the names of Neri and Lehi in SS manuscript, 130

• Noah (biblical patriarch):
  in the Bible, Japheth, son of Noah, (Genesis 5:32) had seven sons, 454 n.27
  according to LDS doctrine, the patriarch Noah became the Angel Gabriel, 538 n.42

• Othello (Shakespeare’s play):
  Iago as manipulator in play, 489 n.4
 

P-Q

  Peter, James and John (biblical disciples – see main index)

• Proverbs (biblical book):
  in his fictional admonitions, in his Roman story SS imitated Proverbs, 453 n.27

• Psalter (biblical Book of Psalms or compiled selections of psalms):
  Rev. Henry Caswall tested JS’s translation abilities in 1842 with a Greek Psalter, 187
 

R

Robinson (Crosoe) Crusoe (1719 British novel):
  Defoe's veritable Robinson Crosoe, 126

• Romance of Celes (LCMs title key words):
  "Romances of Celes... Knights of the Chasm" (see biblio.), 445 n.14
 

S

• Samuel (biblical books, and prophet)
  1 Sam. 28:6 (mentions Urim & Thummim) 430 n.3

• Satires (of Horace, Roman auth.):
  Satires 1.5.100: "Credat Judacus Apella!", 89

• Sermon on the Mount (in biblical book of Matthew):
  part of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount (Matt. 6-7) copied into BoM, 88

• Sciota (OMs nation and empire):
  First written as Siota, 90

• Sciotan (OMs ethnicity):
  Kentucks Kelsock and Hamko sneak into the Sciotan camp, 90
  Labanco made known all the proceedings of the Sciotan government, 456 n.42

  Siota (see Sciota)

• Shakespeare's drama:
  Iago as manipulator in play Othello, 489 n.4

• Shakespeare's maiden (fictional character):
  or matron? (Gertrude re: Queen Baptista in "Murder of Gonzago" - Hamlet II:ii), 118
 

T

• [Alfred] Tennsyon’s "The Brook" (in Maud, and other Poems --1855):
  Tennyson's Brook (men come and go; it goes on forever), 157

  Thelford (see Kelsock)

• Thessalonians (biblical epistles, and congregation):
  1 Thes. 5:21 says "prove all things...," 205

Those Extraordinary Twins, (novel by Samuel L. Clemens):
  description of a fool given in Those Extraordinary Twins, 552 n.22

• Tower of Babel (biblical edifice in Mesopotamia region):
  the Jaredites followed their leader from the Tower of Babel, 24

• tragic account of Laban (1 Ne. 4):
  story of Laban in BoM allegedly also in SS’s Manuscript Found, 44
 

U-V

  Urim and Thummim (biblical divining lots – see main index)

• Virgil (Roman epic poet):
  SS reportedly taught Latin, using Virgil’s writings, 129
 

W-Z

• Zarahemla (BoM city-state, founded by the Mulekites):
  "Zarahemla" is a place name in The Book of Mormon, 453 n.23

• Zarahemla (alleged SS geographic name):
  John N. Miller said SS landed Tribes at Zarahemla, at Straits of Darien, 45, 86, 453 n.23

• Zarahemlites (alleged SS ethnic group, similar to BoM Mulekites):
  John N. Miller spoke to his daughter about Zarahemlites before BoM was published, 52

• Zedekiah (biblical king):
  King Zedekiah of Judah, 24, 430 n. 4


MAIN INDEX
(prepared by Dale R. Broadhurst)

MAIN INDEX

A

Aaron:
 Aaron (Aron) Wright, 51, 52, 66, 109, 445, 446
 Aaron Wheeler, 434
 Aaron Billins (Billings), 558

Aaronic priesthood, 378

Abagail (see also Abigail):
 Mrs. Abagail Hall, 439

abandon, 14, 254, 437, 499
abandoned, 81, 92, 102, 142, 184, 186, 225, 272, 398, 541

Abbay/Abbe:
 Abbay Maria Hemenway, 493
 Abbe Maria Hemenway, 497, 514

Abbot:
 John Abbot Stevens, 504

abbreviate, 456

Abbreviations, 371

Abdominal pains (bilious colic), 503

Abduction:
 of Wm. Morgan, 271, 277, 281, 526
 Broken Seal, or Personal Reminiscences of the Morgan Abduction (see biblio.),  525
 "On the Morgan Abduction. A Document for the People" (see biblio.), 552
 Abduction of Emily Coburn Austin (see biblio.), 546

Abel:
 Abel D. Chase, 319, 321, 322, 333, 346

Abigail:
 Abigail Gates, 260

Abijah:
 Abijah Rigdon, 136

Abishai:
 Abishai Sabin (d. 1782), 431 n.8, 456 n.41

Abner:
Abner Cole (Palmyra (NY) Reflector ed., “Obediah Dogberry”), 218, 222, 492 n.2, 497 n.37, 499 n.41 n.44, 543 n.17
 Rev. Abner Jackson (Meth. Min. PA/OH), 83, 432 n.17, n.18, n.20, 437 n.56, 444 n.13, 453 n.18, 
 Abner Woodworth (creditor of JSS, NY, 1822), 372

abolitionists, 524

abominable, 461

abomination, 107

Aborigines / aborigines (see also Indians):
 viewed as Lost Tribes descendants by SS, 41
 American antiquities and  SS, 310
 their ancestors viewed as Christians by S. Rigdon, 311

abortion, 155

abortive, 266, 268, 522

Abraham:
 Abraham Fish, 294, 376
 Col. Abraham Edwards (merchant, Detroit, MI), 383, 384

Abram:
 Abram Cornell (farmer at Bettsburg, NY), 189
 Abram J. Fiske (of Cleveland, OH), 247
 Abram Willard Benton (b. 1805), 359 (see also 552 n.17)

abridged, 529

absence, 50, 69, 93, 96, 105, 129, 135, 191, 215, 231, 234, 240, 289, 342, 390, 408, 531

Absolom:
 Absolom Peters (Am. Home Missionary Soc.), 331-2

absorbed, 505

abstracted, 530

Abstracts, 461, 474, 483

absurd, 39, 89, 541
Absurdity, 434, 477

abusive, 481

academic, 25, 28, 29, 31, 429, 468, 490, 545
academics, 233, 385, 386

Academy, 25, 68, 109, 122, 125, 390, 431, 464, 468

accept, 10, 49, 59, 94, 100, 140, 153, 178, 272, 299, 301, 305, 316, 359, 361, 384, 403, 480
accepted, 33, 60, 69, 100, 112, 167, 177, 210, 237, 250, 273, 355, 486, 501, 516, 540, 550, 554, 556

access, 28, 278, 468, 480

accompanied, 24, 113, 129, 142, 163, 170, 239, 257, 284, 293, 323, 485, 519
accompany, 190, 466

accomplish, 169, 257, 307, 440, 500
accomplished, 33, 55, 78, 233, 281, 313, 326, 352, 358, 427, 541

account, 23, 27, 31, 33, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 50, 60, 61, 67, 68, 72, 84, 86, 90, 91, 92, 102, 114, 117, 123, 130, 
131, 149, 151, 164, 168, 172, 179, 180, 183, 203, 204, 211, 222, 238, 240, 244, 256, 262, 263, 272, 294, 297, 305, 308, 310, 
311, 312, 324, 332, 337, 352, 356, 365, 367, 369, 370, 373, 376, 402, 432, 438, 440, 445, 454, 455, 458, 459, 460, 462, 467, 
472, 484, 485, 488, 491, 500, 502, 503, 505, 506, 515, 521, 525, 526, 529, 537, 540, 542, 543, 545
accounting, 432
accounts, 23, 34, 81, 141, 170, 179, 181, 190, 206, 207, 211, 237, 258, 300, 305, 308, 310, 314, 316, 325, 345, 347, 385, 434, 
448, 455, 462, 465, 470, 479, 484, 486, 498, 519, 530, 545, 551

accusations, 519
accuse, 48, 448
accused, 35, 156, 168, 174, 188, 272, 273, 362, 521, 531
accuses, 436
accusing, 12, 155, 174, 283, 510

acedote, 398

Achilles street, Rochester, NY, 519

Achsah:
 Achsah Gates Fuller (1784-1843), 260, 415, 419
 Achsah Cowdery (b. 1807), 409

Acker, 502

acquired, 69, 101, 188, 242, 255, 257, 405, 458, 470, 541
acquitted, 300, 326, 381, 524, 530

Acts and Laws Passed by the Leg. of VT (see biblio), 494 n.17

actuated, 35, 436

Acworth, 481

ad hominem:
 LDS ad hominem attacks upon D. P. Hurlbut, 74

Adair's, 540, 541

Adams, 13, 167, 353, 435, 436, 513, 516, 525, 529

Adamson, 100, 101, 103, 111, 174, 285, 286, 310, 311, 312, 336, 340, 459, 466, 467, 535, 542

addicted, 75, 200, 390, 441, 509
addiction, 544

Addison, 359, 477

Address, 315, 461, 520, 521, 540, 544, 547, 549, 554

adept, 213, 544

administer, 459
administered, 434, 509
administrative, 485
administratrix, 123

admirer, 439

admission, 88, 156, 166, 270, 277, 436, 449, 526, 528, 541
admit, 15, 30, 140, 176, 177, 209, 277, 361, 364, 369, 446, 553
admitted, 100, 122, 159, 172, 202, 206, 215, 255, 266, 299, 442, 449, 487, 501, 516, 528

Adoniram:
 Rev. A[doniram] J[udson] Bonsall (Bap. min., Rochester, PA), 152

adopted, 46, 225, 402, 442

adulterer, 436
adulterers, 110, 121, 167
adultery, 35, 154, 436, 481

Advertiser, 224, 249, 271, 412, 431, 490, 494, 499, 502, 505, 511, 512, 513, 515, 519, 525, 538

advisor, 511

Advocate, 179, 248, 249, 262, 264, 278, 279, 436, 451, 459, 465, 466, 470, 481, 483, 485, 489, 510, 511, 514, 515, 518, 521, 
522, 523, 524, 534, 537, 540, 546, 552

affair, 35, 57, 70, 71, 72, 73, 104, 150, 196, 198, 269, 301, 303, 338, 383, 384, 443, 448, 533, 539, 550
Affair, 251, 266, 270, 271, 273, 278, 279, 300, 304, 326, 362, 382, 387, 505, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 532, 534
affairs, 153, 155, 157, 242, 362, 440, 490

affidavit, 51, 54, 160, 302, 319, 322, 464, 545
affidavits, 47, 48, 51, 54, 57, 58, 75, 181, 396, 398, 466, 554

Africa, 489, 511

Afton, 521

Age, 519, 520
Ages, 429, 471, 492, 493

agency, 110, 114, 170, 189

agent, 10, 120, 128, 180, 255, 264, 354, 364, 372, 463, 508, 510, 522, 523
agents, 226, 353, 506


Agnes, 460

Agnew, 437

agree, 82, 114, 115, 188, 190, 192, 229, 242, 269, 277, 292, 297, 299, 369, 459, 480, 495, 505, 506, 551
agreed, 53, 148, 162, 171, 231, 232, 234, 257, 274, 293, 299, 301, 305, 311, 348, 380, 478, 506
agreement, 37, 61, 66, 92, 380, 432, 438, 476, 506, 518, 523, 551
Agreement, 268, 374, 432, 444, 492
agreements, 296, 376, 440

Agricultural, 434

Ailing, 485

Alanson, 249, 511

Albany, 227, 426, 427, 505
Albany-Buffalo, 426, 427

Albert, 375, 530

Albion, 40, 84, 227, 229, 256, 257, 260, 263, 265, 279, 415, 422, 504, 512, 513, 517, 518, 523

alcohol, 544
alcoholism, 542

Alden, 339, 421

Alderman, 161, 162, 479, 531

Alexander, 54, 103, 153, 170, 195, 204, 212, 311, 335, 336, 341, 342, 345, 354, 364, 423, 438, 443, 454, 460, 461, 462, 465, 
466, 467, 482, 498, 499, 507, 522, 542, 548

Alfred, 113, 429, 431, 439, 440, 455, 465, 478, 486, 488, 493, 519, 543, 549

Algernon, 353, 354

Algiers, 516

Allaben, 492, 534, 555, 557

Allegany, 254, 255, 353, 394, 422, 488, 512, 513, 516, 517, 528, 549

allegation, 165, 167, 168, 195, 196, 220, 481, 555
allegations, 30, 103, 155, 167, 249, 439, 444, 450, 466
alleged, 13, 31, 34, 47, 53, 65, 103, 153, 160, 177, 180, 187, 203, 204, 213, 259, 266, 271, 301, 306, 330, 334, 353, 
355, 359, 379, 387, 402, 417, 425, 441, 449, 481, 522, 533, 543
allegedly, 23, 74, 101, 154, 167, 206, 221, 268, 271, 293, 294, 300, 305, 306, 311, 314, 346, 365, 373, 375, 381, 384, 
386, 402, 432, 436, 441, 442, 448, 488, 499, 523, 537, 538
alleges, 537

Alleghenies, 156
Allegheny, 85, 102, 103, 147, 156, 224, 225, 335, 336, 438, 457, 458, 462, 463, 464, 467, 469, 470, 474, 475, 478

Allen, 171, 423, 438, 451, 482

Alley, 27, 120, 280, 470

Alling, 503, 536

Almanac, 119, 482
Almanack, 471

Almon, 284, 285, 286, 313, 413, 416, 417, 422, 535, 543

Alonzo, 183, 192, 460, 477

aloped, 396, 407, 555

alphabet, 442

alterations, 177, 307, 433
altered, 60, 61, 63, 79, 85, 197, 262, 300, 386, 449, 483

Alumni, 432

Alva:
 Alva (or Alvah) Beaman (or Beman – 1775-1837), 358
 Alva Hale (br. of Emma Hale), 377

Alvah, 232, 238, 239, 300, 358, 485

Alverson, 495, 496, 511

Alvin, 179, 221, 222, 225, 227, 228, 238, 239, 243, 300, 310, 340, 343, 372, 373, 377, 485, 486, 502, 503

Amanda, 251, 258, 515, 550
Amanda Thoughtful, 515

amanuenses, 24, 240

Amasa:
 Amasa M. Lyman (LDS apsotle), 156, 544 n.26

Amativentess, 436

ambassador, 358, 531, 532

Amboy, 450

Ambrose, 284, 285, 286, 289, 408, 413, 416, 417, 422, 509

Amelia:
 Susan Amelia Harvey (1821-92), 508 n.39

amended, 441

Amenia, 507

America, 4, 17, 23, 24, 27, 40, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 48, 50, 62, 63, 78, 79, 86, 87, 88, 142, 180, 183, 216, 222, 310, 386, 
404, 452, 454, 464, 472, 474, 478, 494, 498, 526, 542, 555, 557

American, 14, 16, 18, 23, 24, 27, 40, 44, 50, 60, 78, 81, 82, 84, 86, 87, 152, 216, 227, 230, 241, 258, 259, 329, 332, 356, 
357, 384, 403, 430, 433, 442, 447, 451, 453, 454, 460, 464, 471, 472, 477, 478, 480, 483, 484, 488, 489, 494, 500, 501, 
512, 519, 534, 540, 546, 553, 554
Americans, 382

Ames, 272, 525, 531

Amherst, 390
Amhurst, 204, 342

Amistad, 546

Amity, 4, 25, 70, 71, 78, 80, 90, 91, 108, 122, 123, 124, 125, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 133, 134, 141, 142, 148, 163, 
164, 175, 176, 197, 352, 401, 402, 430, 457, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 556

ammend, 441

Among, 13, 33, 69, 132, 187, 205, 225, 266, 280, 375, 402, 430, 444, 464, 466, 472, 475, 476, 518, 524, 526, 527, 546, 547

Amos:
 Mrs. Amos Dunlap (neice of Phoebe Brooks Rigdon), 162, 480 n.33, 542 n.6
 Amos Sutton Hayden (Campbellite historian), 171, 310, 447 n.31, 459 n.15, 482 n.11, 542 n.6, 555 n.2
 Amos Crosman, 420, 496 n.31
 Amos Kellogg (lawyer/judge, early OH), 435
 Amos Daniels (anti-LDS, 1834 OH), 438 n.68
 Amos Cunningham (br. of Artemas Cunningham) 439 n.73

Amwell, 131, 132, 471, 472, 473
Ana, 402, 479
analysis, 49, 78, 153, 166, 193, 242, 290, 363, 437, 490

ances, 457
ancestor, 213, 513
ancestors, 286, 513
ancestral, 474
Ancestry, 498

ancient, 23, 46, 47, 49, 60, 78, 79, 81, 82, 85, 86, 107, 163, 169, 178, 188, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 240, 293, 294, 295, 
309, 312, 313, 315, 336, 357, 358, 360, 363, 367, 371, 373, 374, 375, 376, 383, 384, 386, 387, 404, 417, 430, 442, 445, 446, 
452, 460, 538

Ancil, 537

Anderick, 244, 245, 290, 323, 324, 333, 347, 348

Anderson, 75, 147, 441, 451, 464, 465, 468, 471, 477, 485, 490, 491, 493, 505, 531, 544, 551
Andersons, 491

Andover, 499

Andrew:
 Andrew Cochran (early Conneat area res.), 52
 Rev. Andrew Clark (early Bap. min., PA), 100, 458 n.10
 Andrew Jackson (7th US pres.) 267
 Andrew Kingsbury (landowner 1820, OH), 414
 Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919 – Am. Industrialist), 441
 Andrew F. Smith (auth. – see biblio.), 478 n.16
 Andrew Jenson (LDS historian), 492 n.4
 Andrew Newcomb and his Descendants (see biblio.), 519 n.103

Andrews:
 Cobb, Andrews & Co. (pub. – see biblio), 393

anecdote, 102, 180, 398
anecdotes, 199, 469
Anicdote, 399

angel (see also specific names in lit. index):
 if an angel did not appear to JS, then Mormonism is an imposture, 6
 the Angel Moroni allegedly visited JS in NY, beginning in 1823, 23, 178-80, 
 when finished translating JS allegedly returned plates, etc. to the angel, 24, 380
 the real source for the BoM was not an angel, but the author SS, 25
 John C. Bennett said JS only pretended to have plates taken by an angel, 155
 JS said that the angel forbid his showing the golden plates to others, 178, 232
 JS in early account said only an angel appeard to him, not persons of godhead, 179
 JSS family did not act as if JS were receiving visits from angels, 180 
 the Angel Moroni allegedly told JS that gold plates were hid in Hill Cumorah, 183, 232, 293, 296, 373
 JS said when angels gave him the plates devils and heavenly host fought at hill, 185 
 three witnesses testified that an angel laid the golden plates before them, 186 
 the promised avenging angel failed to appear in the 1801-02 Wood Scrape, 213
 the spirit JS first claimed guarded the plates turned out to be an angel, 219-21
 JS did not pretend to have angel vists until after 1827 receipt of the gold book, 222  
 S. Rigdon pretended to have angelic visits before his 1830 LDS conversion, 230 
 JS said he was compelled to receive and translate the plates by the angel, 240
 JS’s money-digging actions differ materially from his account of the angel, 240-1 2
 S. Rigdon swore to his son that JS told him only the angel appearance story, 351, 
 JS claimed that the angel told him in 1827, he must quit his money-digging, 376
 J. J. Moss, an early Kirtland resident, told how to manufacture an angel, 389-94
 Judge J. K. Noble recounted story told him about LDS devil, angel, etc. 399
 some accounts say JS referred to his angel visitor as “Thum Moroni,” 484 n.24
 some early LDS accounts say that the angel’s name was Nephi, 484 n.24
 JS’s mother said Mormonism began after first angel visit (ca. 1826), 485 n.32
 Brigham Young personally knew much about angel giving JS the plates, 500 n.44
 LDS believe that Angel Michael is the patriarch Adam, 538 n.42

angelic:
 S. Rigdon claimed angelic visitations even before converting to LDS, 230
 JS and O. Cowdery claimed angelic encounter with disciples Peter, James & John, 330 
 J. J. Moss supplied rational explanation for angelic apparitions among early LDS, 361 
 JS claimed all-night angelic visitation in 1827, 373

angels:
 as reported by JS, 180, 185, 222
 how to manufacture by fraud, 391, 393
 Mormon avenging angels (see also Danites), 544 n.26

Angelica, 224, 226, 228, 254, 255, 257, 258, 259, 385, 422, 512, 513, 516, 517, 518, 528, 538, 539
Angelican, 224

Ann, 122, 212, 343, 471, 498
Anna, 67, 216, 431, 445, 446
Anne, 102

anniversary, 234, 378, 508

annotated, 404, 405, 409, 416, 495
annotation, 263, 495

Announcement, 345

annual, 144, 231, 286, 313, 339, 343, 375, 376
Annual, 270, 482, 484, 528

anonymous, 453

Anschutz, 470

Ansel:
 Dr. Warren Ansel Cowdery (1788-1851), 212, 514 n.68
 Ansel Cowdery, 270, 495 n.29

Anthon, 187, 198, 199, 203, 311, 377, 386, 387, 538
Anthon Transcript, 386, 387

anthropologists, 550

anti-Banking, 481

anti-Hurlbut, 38

Anti-Mason, 533
antimasonic, 266, 270
anti-Masonic, 198, 304, 476, 490, 511, 527
Antimasonic, 524
Anti-Masonick, 525

Antimasonry, 524
Anti-Masonry, 524, 525, 526, 528, 529, 534, 544

anti-Mormon, 23, 30, 31, 33, 35, 38, 39, 40, 66, 68, 167, 196, 368, 389, 441, 488, 556
Anti-Mormonism, 37
anti-Mormons, 31, 59, 75

antiquarian, 97, 251

antiquities, 40, 46, 50, 310
Antiquities, 432
antiquity, 81, 107, 109, 180, 386

anti-slavery, 77, 524

anti-Smith, 36

anti-Spalding, 31, 156

Antonio, 544

apochryphal, 126
apocryphal, 13, 538

apologist, 87, 104, 128
apologists, 17, 24, 50, 73, 116, 119, 138, 140, 441, 465, 544
apologized, 518

apology, 315, 518
Apology, 489

apoplexy, 418, 502

apostate, 171, 180, 196, 248, 359, 450
apostatized, 503

apostle / Apostle/ apostles (LDS)
 Apostle John Taylor, 6 (quote)
 council (Quorum) of 12 LDS Apostles, 7, 18, 158, 246, 466 n.59
 Apostle Orson Hyde, 71 (quote), 159, 531 n.169
 Orson Hyde, Missionary, Apostle… (see biblio.), 548 n.97
 Apostle Parley P. Pratt, 113
 Apostle Spencer W. Kimball, 431
 Apostle George A. Smith, 443 n.5
 Quorum of the 12 Apostles: Minutes of Meetings (see biblio.), 514 n.68
 latter day apostles (as viewed by S. Rigdon), 169, 460 n.24

apostolic, 313

apothecary, 525

Appalachian, 188

apparatus, 254

appellation, 430

append, 117, 157, 443

Appendix, 5, 131, 346, 361, 371, 383, 389, 395, 401, 403, 407, 415, 425, 501, 517

apple, 323

Applegate, 535

Appleton, 471, 485, 490, 499, 504, 537, 540, 546
Appleton's, 540

appointment, 37, 103, 205, 384, 434, 491

apprehended, 553

apprentice, 221, 226, 227, 228, 242, 244, 257, 258, 298, 299, 300, 359, 385, 518
apprentices, 224, 227, 241, 257, 280, 507, 508, 539

apprenticed, 241, 242, 243, 246, 247, 251, 257, 504, 507, 508, 519

apprenticeship, 100, 225, 241, 242, 247, 248, 251, 326, 481, 504, 512, 520

Approaches, 552

aquainted, 441

Arad, 513, 517, 518, 522

Arbor, 498

Arcadia, 220, 221, 230, 231, 233, 283, 284, 285, 301, 304, 332, 416, 417, 419, 499, 509, 522, 524, 610

arcane, 309

Arch, 265, 268, 272, 280, 488, 497, 514, 524, 525, 527, 528, 529, 549

archaeological, 454

archaic, 62, 81, 121, 202, 387, 437, 456

architecture, 369

archives, 20, 435, 438, 458, 506, 525, 526, 549
Archives, 214, 425, 433, 441, 443, 446, 448, 455, 461, 484, 485, 491, 492, 498, 503, 509, 511, 515, 523, 528, 532, 533, 535, 
536, 537, 538, 540, 541, 544, 545, 550, 555, 557, 608

Archivist, 92

area, 29, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40, 43, 44, 51, 53, 58, 63, 64, 67, 68, 71, 72, 75, 87, 100, 103, 105, 113, 119, 128, 131, 132, 133, 
138, 153, 167, 177, 178, 179, 181, 196, 197, 204, 205, 213, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 226, 229, 230, 231, 242, 252, 
254, 261, 266, 276, 285, 286, 287, 289, 301, 304, 317, 342, 343, 356, 373, 374, 379, 382, 383, 384, 404, 405, 408, 409, 410, 
418, 419, 423, 425, 426, 428, 432, 438, 444, 446, 450, 468, 472, 475, 487, 491, 492, 495, 496, 498, 502, 504, 508, 514, 522, 
523, 527, 528, 535, 537, 540, 543, 545, 548, 549, 555, 557, 577, 622
areas, 59, 103, 136, 137, 374

argue, 10, 14, 88, 90, 94, 95, 135, 140, 144, 205, 207, 242, 308, 368, 490, 492
argued, 24, 31, 80, 141, 203, 207, 314, 364, 435, 454, 471

argues, 48, 491

arguing, 10, 64, 485

argument, 28, 32, 51, 78, 79, 82, 89, 112, 113, 141, 149, 150, 166, 233, 256, 272, 352, 437, 457, 484, 550
arguments, 18, 28, 99, 103, 117, 140, 288, 550

Argus, 505

Arizona, 525, 526

AR, 552
Arkansas, 361

Arlene:
 Mrs. Arlene Hess (auth. see biblio.),  488 n.43, 549 n.4, 551 n.11

Arlington, 489

Armington, 290, 291, 292, 293, 297

army, 25, 384, 457

Aron, 33, 43, 48, 50, 53, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 79, 83, 392, 435, 444, 445, 446, 447, 450

arrest, 107, 188, 268, 395, 530
arrested, 69, 72, 266, 269, 274, 281, 283, 375, 381, 395, 397, 447, 630

Arrington, 29, 203, 490, 491, 537

arson:
 1826 fire at Republican Advocate, Batavia, NY, 526 n. 144

art, 224, 226, 244, 245, 248, 249, 250, 251, 255, 257, 259, 262, 368, 385, 453, 464, 519

Artemas, 46, 49, 50, 439

Arthur, 4, 51, 52, 59, 70, 156, 161, 181, 195, 286, 291, 337, 390, 399, 435, 436, 437, 439, 440, 442, 443, 448, 450, 452, 455, 
477, 479, 480, 486, 489, 506, 535, 542


article, 116, 125, 127, 241, 243, 259, 263, 314, 354, 387, 433, 442, 479, 481, 483, 490, 505, 506, 508, 509, 520, 522, 543, 546, 550
artickles, 462
articles, 107, 199, 203, 332, 372, 489, 511, 540, 543
Articles, 66, 329, 381, 429

artifact, 540
artifacts, 309, 556

artillery, 251

Artist, 464

Artium, 154

arts, 40, 42, 86, 107, 197

Asa:
 Asa Cowdy (Cowdry / Cowdrey), 408, 414
 Asa Kingsbury (b. 1802), 558 n.10
 Asa Story (prop. Lockport Journal), 505 n.21

Asael:
 Asael Smith (fath. of JSS), 217, 495 n.29

Asahel:
 Asahel Howe (bro. of Eber D. Howe), 75, 481 n.45
 Asahel Cooley (of Troy, OH) 410

Asaph:
 Asaph Stebbins Bemis (b. 1794), 247, 508 .36

Asel:
 Asel van Druver (see also Azel Vandruver), 485

Ashford, 25, 40, 451, 456

Ashley, 180, 181

Ashment, 552

Ashtabula, 44, 49, 51, 52, 61, 62, 67, 68, 71, 96, 97, 107, 131, 161, 168, 339, 345, 392, 414, 417, 426, 432, 434, 435, 437, 
438, 439, 440, 445, 446, 447, 457, 461, 473, 480, 483, 506, 543

Asia, 84

aspersion, 196, 481

assailants, 488

assassinated, 192, 391, 488
assassination, 121, 158, 161, 277, 447, 531, 539
assassinations, 488

assault, 447, 524
assaulted, 168, 440

Assembly, 504

assert, 14, 48, 493
asserting, 325, 347, 349, 537

assertion, 49, 122, 131, 138, 139, 167, 171, 174, 205, 290, 295, 300, 329, 332, 438, 476, 485, 492, 525, 541, 555
assertions, 18, 139, 162, 258, 267, 314, 334, 466, 478

asserts, 372, 435, 449, 527, 543, 554

Assessment, 454
Assessor, 458

associates, 25, 32, 51, 75, 111, 135, 161, 177, 200, 201, 279, 294, 364, 380, 381, 386, 449, 470, 478, 537
Association, 25, 101, 153, 286, 313, 335, 337, 339, 341, 343, 345, 347, 453, 459, 460, 461, 471, 505, 525

astrologer, 500
astrologically, 502

astronomy, 82

Athalia, 101, 353, 460, 488

Athens, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 414, 419, 420, 495, 496, 556, 558
Athens/Meigs, 409, 420, 556

Atimus Cuningham (see Artemus Cunningham)

Atlas, 463, 534, 535

Attica, 415, 419, 511

attorney, 54, 69, 234, 433, 463
Attourney, 499

attribute, 210, 445
attributed, 110, 181, 199, 238, 258, 369, 447, 473, 481, 483, 502, 517, 551

attribution, 506

Atwater, 171, 310, 343, 482, 542
Atwater-Clapp, 343

Auburn, 334, 385, 426

audience, 13, 83, 171, 439, 458, 550, 552

auditor, 412
auditors, 14, 200

Augustine, 228, 257, 278, 508

aunt, 162, 213, 215, 251, 347, 458, 481, 488, 494, 495, 594

Aurelia, 247, 508

auspicious, 502

Austin, 106, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 214, 215, 327, 333, 344, 348, 349, 359, 441, 458, 464, 465, 476, 546, 547, 552, 555

Austintown, 313, 345

Authenticity, 430

author, 25, 36, 57, 58, 82, 108, 109, 118, 125, 126, 127, 147, 148, 149, 159, 196, 197, 198, 202, 238, 244, 245, 246, 259, 269, 
312, 324, 325, 348, 379, 393, 412, 429, 445, 452, 496, 500, 507, 517, 518, 521, 522, 524, 525, 528, 537, 549, 552, 554

authority, 10, 18, 31, 85, 152, 158, 173, 283, 312, 394, 397, 429, 437, 446, 453, 461, 484, 501, 505, 531
authorizing, 531

authors, 15, 47, 223, 356, 367, 369, 372, 405, 411, 430, 432, 444, 445, 451, 454, 456, 458, 463, 470, 472, 474, 479, 491, 493, 
494, 496, 497, 502, 504, 505, 507, 508, 515, 528, 546, 556, 557, 558

authorship, 14, 86, 313, 369, 429, 444

autobiographical, 257, 460, 519, 547
Autobiography, 389, 436, 447, 451, 491, 499, 534, 547, 548, 551

autograph, 273

autumnal, 502
Ave., 4, 433, 470

avenging:
 avenging angel (in 1801-02 “Wood Scrape”), 213
 Mormon avenging angels (see also Danites), 544 n.26

averred, 462
avers, 529

avoided, 34, 74, 86, 144, 151, 176, 235, 273, 476, 502
avoids, 256, 506

Avon, 217, 218, 223, 224, 412, 413, 416, 418, 420, 497, 502, 557

avowed, 119, 553

Azel (see also Asel):
 Azel Vandruver (early res. NY), 485 n.37

Azubah, 215, 216, 284, 285, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 421, 494, 535


B

BA, 441
bachelor, 168, 252, 434, 499, 502, 528
Bachelor, 25

background, 88, 196, 197, 203, 210, 232, 235, 259, 322, 498, 499, 509, 511, 536, 553

backwoods, 239

Bacon, 530

bad, 26, 32, 53, 73, 74, 129, 166, 174, 227, 229, 244, 269, 305, 320, 372, 373, 378, 426, 449, 464, 481, 500, 520, 528, 536

Badger, 67, 189, 400, 446, 486
Badger's, 400, 486

Badlam, 115, 467

baffled, 384

bail, 70, 81, 275, 375, 530, 554

Bainbridge, 103, 162, 185, 212, 229, 275, 286, 330, 336, 337, 346, 359, 375, 381, 382, 395, 396, 397, 399, 461, 462, 480, 502, 
521, 523, 530

bait, 392

Baker, 190, 324, 457, 458, 474, 505, 507

Balance, 243, 505, 511
ballanc, 391

Baldwin, 209, 211, 322, 395, 396, 471, 472, 492, 521

Ballston Spa, 525

Ballymore, 386

Baltimore, 474, 492, 502, 527, 534, 555, 557

band, 192, 222, 454, 457, 537

bank, 112, 353, 488, 510
banks, 60, 85, 183, 445

banking, 481

bankrupt, 89, 463
bankruptcy, 196


Banner, 104, 156, 480

baptism, 162, 190, 204, 206, 310, 334, 346, 354, 390, 434, 460, 491, 532
baptisms, 246, 379, 381, 509
Baptisms, 532

baptismal, 101, 461

Baptist, 14, 20, 28, 100, 101, 103, 105, 119, 120, 137, 152, 153, 171, 172, 174, 178, 207, 225, 286, 325, 328, 329, 331, 334, 
335, 337, 339, 341, 343, 344, 347, 354, 378, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 477, 478, 482, 483, 484, 500, 504, 532, 547, 548
Baptists, 100, 178, 325, 398, 460, 461, 484, 538

baptize, 529
baptized, 100, 101, 172, 190, 204, 206, 329, 332, 342, 343, 344, 345, 347, 378, 381, 382, 391, 433, 438, 490, 491, 514, 532, 
539, 544, 546, 548

baptizes, 341, 344, 378, 381
baptizing, 101, 431, 546

bar, 69, 127, 134, 397, 447

Barbary, 511

Barber, 325

Barden, 375, 537

Barkhamsted, 410

barn, 189, 190, 337

Barnes, 213, 220, 359, 435, 449, 493, 551

Barnum:
 JS's P. T. Barnum-like talents of showmanship, 97

barrels, 488

Barron, 548

bars, 183, 353, 488

Bart, 368

Bartimeus, 242

Bartlett, 110, 466, 476

Barton, 463

basement, 314

basis, 15, 35, 86, 104, 136, 137, 160, 174, 176, 229, 240, 242, 286, 295, 336, 436, 470

Bass, 201

Batavia, 228, 229, 246, 254, 256, 265, 266, 267, 268, 273, 274, 275, 276, 278, 279, 281, 285, 409, 413, 426, 495, 508, 511, 
524, 525, 526, 527, 531, 534, 557

batchelor, 129

Bates, 343

Bath, 252, 421, 422, 512

battle, 24, 85, 86, 89, 123, 126, 364, 391, 454, 457
battles, 41, 86, 126

Bauder, 382

Baumann, 92, 456

Bausman, 477

Baxter, 548

Bay, 87, 217, 218, 219, 221, 418, 453, 454

Bazetta, 285, 286, 535

Beach, 215, 284, 285, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 421, 494, 534, 535, 537
Beaches, 284, 286, 414

Beadle, 355, 549

Beaman, 229, 358, 359

beans, 186, 232, 377

bear, 29, 85, 200, 229, 261, 269, 294, 316, 437, 450, 532
bears, 60, 162, 165, 214

Bear’s Oil (Mannasaugas Indian chief, OH), 67

Beard's, 515

Beardsley, 492

beast, 103, 452

Beaver, 100, 105, 458, 459, 477, 478

Beckwith, 216, 411

bed, 44, 52, 102, 112, 228, 394, 453

Bedford, 288, 435

bedroom, 112, 163, 179, 485

Beech, 201

Beers, 513, 557

behavior, 30, 36, 39, 59, 72, 206, 214, 368, 521

Behring's, 84

Being, 129, 136, 484

belief, 35, 40, 128, 135, 172, 205, 225, 262, 280, 358, 460, 490
beliefs, 169, 206, 276, 434

believe, 9, 13, 30, 42, 50, 51, 52, 59, 69, 72, 89, 110, 111, 119, 123, 129, 159, 173, 177, 196, 201, 203, 211, 216, 225, 232, 
261, 262, 281, 294, 302, 303, 308, 327, 330, 349, 351, 353, 355, 356, 360, 369, 376, 396, 401, 433, 436, 460, 481, 491, 
500, 525, 532, 538, 539

believed, 15, 28, 43, 45, 51, 55, 58, 60, 61, 72, 77, 78, 96, 122, 151, 169, 176, 182, 191, 197, 203, 204, 205, 231, 232, 244, 
245, 253, 272, 275, 281, 289, 292, 302, 324, 328, 354, 360, 365, 460, 478, 480, 525, 553, 556

believer, 12, 187, 328, 331, 351
Believers, 315, 521, 540, 544, 547, 549, 554

believing, 54, 178, 296, 392, 545

bells, 92

Belmont, 421

Beloit, 511

Beman, 358

Bemis, 226, 227, 228, 241, 242, 247, 249, 507, 508, 510
Bemus, 67

Benedict, 136, 137

Benjamin, 31, 36, 39, 40, 53, 69, 85, 104, 149, 186, 224, 235, 250, 253, 254, 259, 368, 412, 415, 421, 433, 435, 436, 437, 
438, 441, 463, 466, 477, 484, 494, 498, 512, 514, 526, 528, 545

Bennet, 489
Bennett, 154, 155, 156, 160, 175, 197, 198, 199, 203, 207, 294, 295, 326, 333, 346, 458, 461, 478, 479, 488, 489, 490, 491, 
537, 546

Bentley, 100, 101, 103, 111, 112, 174, 285, 286, 287, 310, 311, 312, 336, 340, 341, 342, 459, 466, 467, 483, 535, 542

Benton, 13, 198, 359, 393, 395, 544

bequest, 444

Beriah:
 Beriah Brown, Printer (pub. see biblio), 271, 528 n.150

Berkeley, 480, 553
Berkeley Springs, 480

Berkshire, 406
Bernard, 402, 525

Besancon, 505

Bethany, 268, 278, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 419, 420, 482, 495, 524, 526, 557

Bethel, 528

Betsy, 413, 414, 496, 497

Bettsburg, 189

bewitched, 328

Bible (see also Golden Bible, and lit. index):
 The Holy Bible English Standard Version, 4
 JS reportedly did not believe in the Bible, 13
 S. Rigdon’s particular passions were history, literature, and the Bible, 100-1
 S. Rigdon’s son said his father was very familiar with the Bible, 106, 458 n.7
 S. Rigdon alleged (by E. D. Howe) to have made a personal study of the Bible, 101
 JS made a persoanl study of the Bible, and then concluded churches were wrong, 179-80
 NY printers used the Bible to help punctuate Book of Mormon as it was printed, 191 
 Martin Harris reportedly knew the Bible by heart, 198 
 JSS’s family began to be contemplative and to read the Bible, in late 1820s, 202 
 First LDS believed the Bible foretold their “improvement” in Christianity, 202 
 S. Rigdon, in 1830, believed the Bible was a revelation from God, 205 
 S. Rigdon conversed upon the Bible and need for another book of equal authority, 312 
 S. Rigdon predicted the forthcoming of more complete revelations than the Bible, 313 
 S. Rigdon attended meeting(s) of the Grand River Bible Society in OH, 340 
 Robert Spalding helped translate King James or Authorized Version of the Bible, 431 n.6 
 Rev. R. Patterson was treasurer of the Pittsburgh Bible Society, 468 n.77 
 JSS in 1830 reportedly said the Bible was much abridged and deficient, 529 n.161

Bible teachings, 9-13

Bible truth, 13

Biblical / biblical (see also lit. index):
 biblical teaching of Justification rejected by LDS, 11
 LDS missionaries conducted services with emphasis on biblical texts, 33
 S. Rigdon’s son thought him a great biblical scholar, 100

Bibliography, 470

Bicentennial, 445, 471

Bicking, 433, 463, 477, 479, 483

Bidamon, 540

bilious, 503

bill, 470, 530
Bill, 291, 292
Bills, 536

Billings, 504, 558
Billins, 406, 558

binding, 126, 443
bindings, 120, 520

Bingham, 420

Binghampton, 557
Binghamton, 191, 330

biographer, 15, 47, 88, 159, 167, 170, 211, 270
biographers, 364

Biographical, 211, 353, 432, 469, 484, 487, 491, 503, 506, 513, 522, 523, 529, 536, 539, 542, 552, 557

biographies, 210
biography, 353, 504, 505, 517
Biography, 32, 464, 491, 492, 519, 529, 534, 540, 546

biological, 442
Biology, 392

bipolar, 170

Birdseye, 525

Birmingham, 342

birth, 133, 199, 202, 215, 217, 219, 233, 267, 281, 300, 318, 404, 408, 409, 495, 499, 519, 545

birthdate, 494
birthday, 213, 214, 247, 513, 528

Bishop, 34, 162, 335, 434, 450, 511, 550
Bishops, 341

Bissel, 69

Bitch, 398

Bitton, 29

Black, 184, 246, 391, 393, 463

blacklegs, 510
Blackman, 502

blacksmith, 210, 518
blacksmith's, 518

Blass, 369

blessed, 275, 356, 551

blessing, 273, 404
Blessings, 514

Blish, 339

Blodgett, 526

blood, 174, 184, 398, 405, 443

Bloomfield, 207

Blowers, 188

Bluffs, 433, 531

Bly, 407

Board, 33, 334, 434, 511, 536, 547, 548

boasted, 119, 230, 361, 457
boaster, 503

boat, 67, 204, 206, 207, 220, 221, 246, 326, 332, 342, 345, 361, 384, 476
boats, 479

Boaz, 525

bogus, 188, 510

bombastic, 481

bonanza, 184

bond, 70, 123, 443, 450
bonds, 57, 553

bones, 27, 82, 84, 293, 446

Bonsall, 152

Book:
 American Book-Stratford Press, 488
 Book, 1, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 49, 
50, 51, 52, 57, 58, 61, 62, 63, 65, 68, 69, 71, 74, 77, 86, 87, 88, 96, 97, 99, 103, 104, 106, 108, 114, 115, 117, 123, 124, 
128, 147, 152, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 160, 161, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 181, 186, 187, 188, 191, 193, 196, 197, 198, 
202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 212, 221, 222, 227, 234, 235, 242, 244, 245, 246, 250, 259, 261, 263, 269, 270, 288, 291, 295, 
296, 300, 304, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 317, 320, 321, 322, 324, 328, 332, 333, 334, 344, 345, 346, 348, 349, 
351, 355, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 369, 370, 373, 377, 379, 380, 381, 382, 386, 387, 391, 392, 393, 395, 396, 398, 
401, 402, 404, 425, 429, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 437, 438, 440, 442, 443, 444, 445, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 
454, 455, 456, 459, 462, 463, 464, 469, 470, 471, 472, 474, 475, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 483, 484, 487, 488, 490, 491, 
492, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 504, 506, 509, 510, 511, 514, 515, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 529, 530, 531, 536, 537, 
539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 548, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553

bookbinder, 191, 475, 508
book-binding, 126
bookbindings, 120, 135

Bookcraft, 433, 490, 493

booklet, 315, 469, 478, 531

books, 9, 15, 45, 48, 66, 71, 79, 86, 91, 99, 118, 119, 120, 126, 144, 148, 175, 218, 219, 226, 228, 246, 248, 259, 291, 321, 
352, 363, 385, 401, 423, 429, 445, 462, 464, 467, 468, 470, 519
bookseller, 463
booksellers, 28, 119, 120, 247
bookselling, 27, 143, 164, 468
bookstore, 105, 126, 127, 143, 175, 226, 465, 508
bookstores, 144

bookworm, 143

Booth, 53, 196, 359, 389, 503, 533, 550, 552, 555

borders, 188, 394, 493
Boston, 106, 113, 114, 116, 160, 390, 393, 439, 440, 461, 465, 466, 467, 474, 478, 480, 494, 496, 505, 519, 525
Bostwick, 189

bottle, 391
Bottles, 189

boudoir, 168
boundary, 26, 289, 407, 457, 468

Bountiful (BoM place name and city in UT)
 Horizon Books, Bountiful UT (see biblio.), 548 n.97

bow, 24, 89, 405, 463, 554
bows, 118

bowels, 262, 264, 375, 530
bowls, 129


box, 122, 185, 186, 232, 240, 276, 302, 320, 399, 443, 462, 480, 486, 498, 506, 511, 528, 533, 550
boxes, 257

boy, 132, 143, 170, 225, 261, 412, 444, 480, 499

boycott, 283, 381

Boyd, 463, 475, 477, 482, 543

Boyer, 104, 462

boyhood, 237, 391

Boynton, 34, 433, 449, 450

boys, 99, 104, 143, 162, 185, 190, 191, 261, 317, 321, 384, 522

Brace, 492

bracketed, 405
brackets, 396

Braden, 181, 402, 440, 458, 467, 480, 482, 498, 536, 543, 548, 549, 550, 556

Braden/Arthur, 181

Braden-Kelley, 402, 458, 467, 482, 498, 536, 543, 548, 550, 556

Bradford, 477

Bradish, 241

Bradshaw, 413, 418, 496, 497

brain, 170, 440

branch, 14, 37, 132, 206, 329, 381, 407, 430, 436
Branch, 268, 278, 407, 546, 555

Brandon, 504

Bransby, 531

Brass:
 Garret (Garrit) Brass, (murdered in OH, 1837), 363, 481 n.44
 Brass family of Mentor, OH, 481 n.44

breastplate:
 ancient relic allegedly recovered by JS, 24, 219
 Indian device (said by Ethan Smith to be like Urim & Thummim), 540 n.65

Breathings, 188, 360, 442

breeches, 112

Brent, 552

bretheren, 314
brethren, 32, 46, 161, 173, 204, 205, 304, 316, 327, 336, 345, 362, 364, 425, 510

Brewster, 544

bribes, 453
bribing, 441

Brice, 474

brick, 181, 254, 320, 323, 341, 461, 483, 525

Brico, 125

bride, 72, 168, 375
Bride, 161, 479

brigade, 475

Briggs, 69, 438, 439, 443, 447

Brigham, 29, 46, 68, 128, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 162, 172, 174, 189, 265, 309, 353, 358, 360, 364, 430, 433, 434, 451, 454, 
458, 466, 467, 470, 472, 475, 478, 479, 480, 483, 487, 488, 492, 498, 500, 501, 505, 506, 531, 542, 544, 551, 553

Brighton, 152, 153, 418, 478, 528

Brion, 410

Bristol, 421, 557

Britain, 60, 88, 464
British, 246, 464, 484

Bro., 313, 450, 534

broader, 25, 210, 348

Broadhurst, 13, 89, 120, 159, 207, 353, 429, 435, 439, 443, 445, 449, 453, 463, 473, 474, 479, 481, 491, 496, 514, 518, 526, 
554, 556, 558
Broadhurst's, 353, 481

Brodie, 15, 47, 48, 49, 50, 88, 159, 160, 167, 211, 270, 315, 429, 440, 455, 478, 486, 488, 493, 494, 510, 527, 528, 531, 532, 
542, 543, 544, 546, 548
Brodie's, 15, 49

broke, 95, 115, 148, 263, 295, 303, 325, 385, 392, 470, 523

broken, 67, 144, 161, 166, 295, 321, 345, 363, 368, 461, 493
Broken Seal, 525, 526, 534

Brook, 102, 157
Brooke, 219, 497, 498, 506, 514, 525, 526, 527, 528, 554

Brookfield, 101, 285, 459, 535

Brooklyn, 251, 439, 441, 447, 519

Brooks, 101, 102, 103, 174, 285, 336, 341, 372, 438, 459, 460, 461, 462, 483, 531

Broome, 188, 324, 333, 348, 349, 381, 395, 399, 407, 422, 487, 508, 555, 557

Bros., 432, 445, 491, 547, 551

brother, 24, 25, 26, 27, 35, 38, 40, 49, 50, 52, 53, 54, 55, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 75, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 87, 97, 100, 102, 104, 
108, 113, 116, 119, 121, 122, 132, 137, 140, 141, 142, 145, 151, 154, 156, 160, 164, 165, 170, 173, 174, 176, 179, 182, 
189, 190, 204, 210, 212, 213, 215, 217, 218, 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 246, 
248, 249, 250, 252, 258, 260, 262, 265, 270, 275, 278, 279, 283, 284, 285, 287, 289, 292, 293, 300, 301, 303, 304, 305, 
306, 307, 310, 315, 321, 322, 327, 328, 329, 330, 334, 336, 353, 356, 358, 360, 363, 373, 376, 377, 378, 382, 384, 391, 
405, 406, 407, 409, 410, 411, 413, 415, 416, 419, 420, 423, 424, 438, 439, 441, 442, 444, 449, 451, 456, 457, 460, 461, 
462, 464, 465, 466, 469, 472, 474, 475, 476, 478, 479, 480, 481, 486, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 499, 502, 503, 510, 
511, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 524, 526, 527, 528, 531, 535, 536, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 549, 551, 558

brothers, 25, 26, 86, 90, 105, 132, 137, 148, 151, 163, 164, 165, 176, 180, 181, 209, 210, 217, 223, 224, 226, 228, 229, 
245, 253, 270, 284, 303, 314, 352, 355, 373, 381, 406, 412, 423, 461, 467, 492, 495, 507, 509, 550

brotherhood, 186, 465

brother-in-law, 49, 83, 102, 104, 142, 174, 190, 212, 228, 232, 234, 258, 265, 275, 310, 329, 336, 410, 419, 420, 423, 460, 
462, 465, 466, 475, 479, 513, 531, 541, 551


Brown, 269, 271, 433, 441, 463, 477, 479, 483, 525, 526, 528, 548, 554
Browns, 443

Brownback, 528

Bruce, 272, 273, 274, 326, 382, 510, 529, 546, 552

Bruner, 513

Brush, 187

brute, 490

Brutus, 509

Bryan, 14

Bryant, 511, 532, 533

Buchanan, 460

Buck, 468

Buckeye, 536, 547

Buel, 51, 52, 195

Buffalo, 147, 225, 246, 249, 278, 330, 384, 418, 426, 427, 428, 445, 497, 503, 507, 508, 509, 517, 524, 525, 544, 547, 
554, 556, 557

Buffalo-Canandaigua, 509
Buffalo-Kirtland, 509
Buffalo-Syracuse, 330

Buffaloe, 132, 461, 473, 547

Bugle, 531

build, 27, 36, 52, 74, 112, 141, 183, 483
building, 26, 40, 43, 84, 86, 87, 101, 140, 148, 150, 191, 379, 384, 461
buildings, 148, 165, 279, 280, 309, 470, 517

buisness, 303, 305

Bulletin, 444

bulletproof, 488
bullet-proof, 353

bullion, 264

Burgess, 314, 315

Burgundy, 475

burial, 27, 67, 68, 85, 123, 132, 188, 309, 454
burials, 473
buried, 40, 41, 46, 124, 147, 178, 182, 183, 185, 202, 227, 232, 239, 314, 358, 432, 438, 447, 458, 469, 472, 473, 476, 477, 
484, 486, 493, 500, 511, 530, 535, 551

Burlington, 204

burn, 163, 266, 268, 269, 358
Burned-over, 440

Burnet, 552

Burns, 556

Burr, 426, 547

Burrage, 272

burying-grounds, 446
burying-places, 445

Bush, 87, 88, 92, 93, 433, 453, 455, 456, 466

Bushman, 356, 550
Bushman's, 356

business, 25, 26, 42, 44, 45, 53, 65, 66, 74, 77, 79, 92, 103, 110, 111, 118, 119, 120, 125, 135, 143, 144, 145, 148, 149, 
157, 164, 165, 166, 173, 176, 184, 189, 197, 206, 220, 226, 234, 247, 259, 262, 275, 286, 289, 296, 297, 328, 329, 330, 
384, 386, 387, 440, 462, 463, 464, 467, 468, 469, 470, 475, 479, 488, 506, 510, 511, 526, 533, 541

businessman, 247, 508

butcher, 120

Butler, 198, 463, 464, 490, 534

Butts, 334, 547
Butts's, 334

Byron, 410

BYU, 159, 481, 485, 490, 494, 510, 514, 522, 531, 537, 544, 546, 551, 552, 554


C

cabin, 26, 67, 141, 180, 204, 212, 225, 286, 372, 404, 472, 541, 557

cabinetmaker, 186

Cable, 525, 526

cadastral, 289, 462
Cadastral, 534

Cadillac, 550

Cadwallader:
 Mitchener Cadwallader, 505

Cady, 268

Caesar's Orations (see Cicero’s Orations), 222

Cahoon, 369

Cairns, 521

Calamity, 553

Calif., 402, 435, 443, 450, 452, 477, 479, 489, 492, 493, 497, 506, 509, 513, 514, 515, 516, 529, 534, 535, 538, 540, 542, 
549, 553, 557
California, 324, 472, 489

calomel, 179

Calvin, 156, 157, 158, 377, 399, 486

Cambellites (see Campbellites)

Cambridge, 431, 432, 497

Camp, 191, 192, 467, 520

campaign, 35, 232, 511
campaigns, 403

Campbell, 103, 153, 170, 195, 196, 204, 212, 310, 311, 313, 335, 336, 341, 342, 345, 354, 364, 460, 461, 462, 463, 465, 466, 
482, 499, 542, 548
Campbell-McCalla, 335
Campbells, 153, 459, 483

Campbellism, 390

Campbellite, 14, 111, 174, 286, 312, 325, 335, 340, 344, 345, 491, 544
Campbellites, 103, 312
Cambellites, 462

Campus, 484 

Canaan, NY 
 home of Parley P. Pratt’s parents during 1820s, 204

Canada, 160, 161, 226, 246, 267, 268, 272, 274, 280, 380, 383, 396, 407, 526, 555
Canadian, 272, 526
Canadians, 272

Canal, 200, 204, 206, 226, 247, 256, 284, 300, 326, 426, 427, 428, 517, 547

Canandaigua, 199, 200, 201, 214, 217, 226, 227, 228, 241, 242, 247, 249, 266, 269, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 281, 290, 
292, 294, 300, 326, 327, 372, 382, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 419, 420, 426, 427, 498, 504, 508, 509, 510, 511, 521, 523, 527, 
529, 530, 537, 546, 557
Canandaigua-Freedom, 509

canard, 466, 554

Canfield, 286, 287, 337, 342

Canonsburg, 460, 465, 468, 472, 476

Cant, 501

Canton, 444

Cantwell, 476, 546

canvas, 180

cap, 92, 455

Cape, 201

capital, 13, 43, 187, 308

Capital, 484

Capron, 376

Capt., 493, 520
Captain, 265, 267, 276, 484, 525

card, 97
Card, 438, 439, 507, 532

carding-mill, 190
cards, 96

caret, 396

Carl, 511

Carlos, 291, 292, 314, 467

Carlton, 229, 260, 261, 415, 419, 521

carnal, 238

Carnegie, 66, 136, 175, 435, 441, 461, 464, 469, 470, 472, 475, 547

Carolina, 368
Caroline, 480

carpenter, 91, 124, 180, 228

Carrolton, 353, 354

Carter, 369, 525, 542

Carthage, 440, 488

Carvil, 104, 462

Caspar:
 misprint for Casper, WY (see biblio.), 494 n.22, 534 n.3

Castle, 474

Castrensis:
 Fossor Castrensis Ago (motto of Pittsburgh Pioneer), 465 n.54

Caswall, 187, 188

catalog, 525

catalyst, 148, 299, 357

Cataraugus (see Cattaraugus)

catching, 239, 326

catechism, 116

category, 411

Catherine, 291, 292, 318, 545

Catholic, 18, 383

cat's paw, 396, 555, 556

Cattaraugus, 228, 254, 255, 266, 353, 354, 394 (as Cataraugus), 394, 418, 420, 421, 502, 512, 513, 514, 516, 525

cave / caves:
 chamber inside Hill Cumorah holds ancient records, 23
 chamber inside OH mound holds fictional records, 46, 60
 silver deposit left by Spaniards in NY cave, 211
 silver deposit left by Spaniards in PA cave, 262
 Chase seer stone makes caves’ interiors visible, 371

caveat:
 in 1825 newspaper notice, 102
 caveat: standards… be applied… to both sides of authorship question, 369

cavity / cavities:
 silver deposit left by Spaniards in PA cave, 262
 giant human bones taken from cavities in Conneaut mounds, 446 n.22
 SE cornerstone of Kirtland Temple: cavity may hold writings, 370

Cawdery, 412

Cayuga, 191, 246, 507, 509, 538

Cedarvale, 548

Celebration, 471, 473, 494

cemeteries, 132, 445
cemetery, 187, 444, 493, 551
Cemetery, 68, 432, 438, 439, 458, 469, 472, 473, 500, 534, 535

Censor:
 Fredonia (NY) Censor: 484, 454, 
 misprinted as Freedonia (PA) Censor: 485

censure, 489, 541

census, 47, 83, 102, 131, 132, 133, 141, 181, 207, 214, 215, 216, 218, 252, 266, 325, 405, 408, 409, 410, 413, 414, 415, 
416, 417, 418, 444, 451, 465, 469, 473, 474, 479, 494, 495, 496, 497, 499, 514, 518, 524, 527, 528, 545, 557, 558
censuses, 408, 445, 496, 500, 509, 557

Centennial, 403, 446, 471, 473, 488, 494, 495, 516, 517, 519, 549

Center, 287, 336, 337, 338, 342, 458, 484, 546
Central, 87, 454, 460, 526
Centre, 535

Century, 503, 526, 557

Cephas, 123, 128, 130, 132, 251, 401, 430, 457, 472, 473, 474, 556

ceremonies, 84, 430, 524
ceremony, 128, 190, 293, 369, 370, 375, 446, 492

certificate, 164, 245, 268, 495, 518
certificates, 245, 398

certifying, 435

Chagrin, 343, 535

Chalfant, 463

Chamberlain, 359, 381, 395

Champollion's, 555

Chanango, 358

Chancery, 474

Chandler, 343, 344, 442, 534

chapel, 205, 206, 491

Chaplain, 13

Chapman, 432, 522

Chapter, 69, 268, 272, 295, 353, 436, 497, 526, 527, 528, 529, 534, 541
chapters, 73, 83, 90, 94, 163, 164, 356, 385, 450, 485, 488

character, 29, 32, 44, 46, 53, 58, 67, 73, 74, 75, 96, 107, 109, 110, 111, 112, 117, 123, 127, 149, 155, 169, 170, 171, 177, 
197, 199, 200, 202, 204, 205, 213, 214, 246, 264, 271, 304, 314, 316, 364, 368, 398, 445, 449, 450, 481, 489, 533, 536

characteristic, 447, 487
characteristics, 91

characterization, 255, 465
characterizations, 250
characterize, 244

characters, 13, 27, 42, 81, 155, 187, 198, 323, 377, 387
Characters, 437

charcoal, 441

Chardon, 59, 70, 72, 168, 338, 342, 447, 448, 449

charge, 11, 35, 102, 116, 157, 166, 167, 168, 174, 219, 266, 269, 274, 372, 435, 439, 457, 460, 468, 477, 510, 553, 554
charges, 35, 36, 69, 71, 72, 272, 274, 381, 395, 400, 447, 449, 460, 466, 467, 510, 530, 550

chariot, 361

charismatic, 489

Charles, 19, 72, 92, 100, 136, 212, 217, 241, 334, 375, 377, 402, 411, 429, 431, 443, 452, 453, 471, 483, 490, 522, 524, 530, 
536, 545, 550, 552, 553, 558

Charlotte, 467

charm, 184
charmed, 318

Charter, 527
chartered, 271, 528

Chas., 495

Chase, 180, 182, 186, 319, 321, 322, 333, 346, 371, 376, 447, 459, 482, 486, 498, 537, 542, 548, 555
Chase's, 186, 322, 371, 486, 498

chastisement, 506

Chataqua, 394

chattels, 372

cheat, 239, 506, 510

cheerful, 67, 519

Cheeseborough, 271
Cheesebro, 271

Chelsea, 494

Chemical, 393

Chenango, 189, 211, 231, 264, 289, 374, 375, 395, 396, 502, 521

Cherry Valley, 25, 107, 129, 431, 446

Chesapeake, 87, 183, 454

Cheseboro, 271, 530
Chesebro, 271, 273, 274

chest, 122, 180, 198, 200, 202, 376
chests, 200, 294

Chester, 157, 324, 325, 338, 409, 416, 417, 495


Chicago, 273, 375, 436, 437, 442, 443, 451, 452, 453, 455, 471, 472, 478, 481, 508, 511, 522, 525, 526, 531, 534, 542, 552, 554

chicanery, 308

chief, 24, 148, 185, 234, 364, 457, 470, 475, 490, 508, 510, 551, 555

child, 100, 101, 124, 133, 162, 182, 210, 214, 215, 216, 233, 253, 260, 267, 299, 318, 336, 353, 377, 406, 410, 412, 413, 
415, 442, 444, 459, 478, 480, 487, 488, 496, 499, 514, 539, 545

childhood, 284, 545

children, 14, 37, 84, 141, 142, 174, 182, 202, 212, 214, 215, 216, 217, 229, 245, 247, 248, 261, 264, 274, 284, 287, 290, 
291, 305, 316, 323, 324, 336, 348, 353, 362, 399, 404, 407, 408, 410, 415, 417, 419, 428, 431, 439, 442, 453, 468, 469, 
473, 480, 483, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 499, 507, 508, 509, 514, 515, 516, 519, 522, 535, 557

Chile, 87, 454

Chili, 498

Chillicothe, 420

chimerical, 155

Chipman, 503, 517

Chittenden, 34

chloride, 179

chosen, 50, 60, 169, 181, 202, 227, 231, 238, 240, 248, 249, 364, 439, 457, 482, 506, 519

Christ, 4, 7, 9, 11, 12, 17, 23, 67, 103, 161, 177, 178, 179, 181, 206, 209, 212, 286, 315, 334, 344, 379, 381, 389, 431, 
433, 444, 447, 454, 458, 463, 467, 478, 479, 482, 484, 491, 492, 498, 521, 535, 536, 537, 543, 544, 547, 548, 549, 550, 
552, 553, 554, 556

Christendom, 169

Christian, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 33, 60, 82, 86, 88, 109, 134, 177, 311, 335, 336, 341, 389, 392, 445, 447, 460, 461, 466, 
519, 525, 526, 536, 547
Christians, 9, 10, 11, 15, 88, 107, 454

Christian Cynosure, 526
Christian Standard, 389, 447

Christianity, 12, 15, 202, 313, 342, 390

Christina, 217, 412, 413

Christmas, 55, 308, 338, 443, 447

Christopher, 292

chronic, 542
chronically, 353

Chronicle, 233, 296, 298, 506, 512, 534, 535, 538, 553

chronological, 317, 449

chronology, 83, 329, 334, 346, 348, 349, 371, 522

church, 9, 10, 17, 18, 23, 25, 29, 32, 34, 35, 36, 37, 69, 75, 100, 101, 107, 113, 153, 154, 158, 159, 161, 171, 172, 173, 177, 
178, 180, 192, 200, 203, 204, 205, 206, 230, 248, 273, 277, 285, 286, 308, 312, 314, 315, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 335, 
338, 342, 343, 344, 353, 355, 358, 359, 360, 362, 367, 373, 379, 382, 392, 405, 406, 430, 431, 445, 449, 451, 458, 459, 461, 
463, 466, 467, 469, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 488, 491, 492, 503, 511, 514, 520, 521, 532, 533, 
535, 539, 540, 541, 542, 544, 548, 549, 551, 553, 556

Church, 4, 7, 9, 17, 20, 23, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36, 38, 47, 52, 58, 67, 71, 74, 75, 78, 99, 100, 101, 109, 111, 119, 129, 148, 152, 
153, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 161, 162, 167, 172, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 188, 189, 190, 199, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 
210, 212, 225, 248, 261, 262, 285, 286, 305, 318, 323, 325, 329, 331, 334, 335, 344, 351, 356, 358, 360, 369, 375, 378, 379, 
381, 382, 405, 411, 416, 425, 429, 430, 431, 433, 434, 435, 436, 441, 442, 444, 447, 448, 450, 451, 452, 454, 458, 459, 460, 
461, 462, 463, 467, 469, 471, 472, 473, 474, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 
494, 498, 500, 502, 503, 504, 506, 509, 510, 511, 513, 514, 515, 520, 521, 523, 531, 532, 535, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 
542, 543, 544, 546, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 556

Church of Jesus Christ (at Kirtland), 161

Church of Jesus Christ, the Bride, the Lamb's Wife (Hinkelite), 479 n.30

Church of Jesus Christ of LDS / Church of Latter Day Saints (see also biblio.):
 17, 23, 37, 206, 209, 433 n.29, 444 n.15, 454 n.27, 479 n.18, n.21, 482 n.4, 484 n.24-5, 491 n.19, n.3, 521 n.116, 537 n.32, 
544 n.21, 552 n.18, 553 n.25, 554 n.3

Church of Jesus Christ of LDS, Reorganized (see RLDS)
 181, 334, 458 n.7, 482 n.12, 498 n.37, 536 n.28, 543 n.12, 548 n.99, 549 n.6, 556 n.2

churches, 18, 140, 157, 177, 178, 179, 180, 329, 341, 390, 472, 477, 532, 533

Churchville, 156, 157, 158

churchyard, 477

Cicero's [Orations]:
 Orations of Cicero, (in Latin), 222

cider, 192

Cincinnati, 334, 342, 402, 447, 452, 459, 479, 482, 522, 536, 542, 545, 548, 550, 555, 558

ciphers, 386

Circleville, 451

circuit, 28, 101, 287, 336, 450

citation, 404, 436
citations, 54, 62, 371

cite, 32, 437, 441, 486
cited, 30, 33, 62, 103, 179, 181, 280, 404, 447, 455, 460, 466, 498, 503, 506, 512, 518, 530, 538, 541, 556

cites, 433, 453, 475, 485, 492, 522, 532, 542, 543, 550, 551

citing, 159, 172, 430, 491, 517, 548

citizen, 37, 66, 67, 104, 239, 274, 354, 551
citizens, 30, 43, 72, 240, 330, 391, 446, 472, 504, 537, 551
Citizens' Committee, 38, 43, 53, 58, 61, 69, 71, 448, 507

City, 7, 17, 23, 68, 156, 160, 162, 183, 197, 203, 233, 251, 311, 315, 317, 324, 353, 354, 361, 374, 375, 377, 383, 389, 
390, 400, 412, 422, 427, 429, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 450, 451, 453, 454, 455, 457, 
459, 462, 466, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 488, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 497, 501, 504, 505, 508, 509, 510, 
513, 516, 517, 519, 522, 526, 527, 531, 532, 536, 537, 538, 542, 543, 544, 546, 547, 549, 551, 552, 553, 554, 556

Civic:
 Cleveland Civic Leader (see Cleveland Leader – biblio.) , 443

civil, 24, 293, 375, 396, 500
Civil, 121, 397, 471, 500

civilian, 403

civilization, 42, 84, 97, 227, 230, 357, 455
civilizations, 40, 227, 317, 454

civilized, 27, 82, 84, 254, 455

claim, 14, 25, 85, 92, 100, 196, 198, 224, 234, 305, 306, 336, 346, 347, 348, 367, 378, 415, 430, 431, 436, 482, 483, 496, 
518, 556

claimed, 23, 24, 28, 29, 51, 72, 85, 88, 93, 101, 106, 107, 117, 138, 160, 162, 166, 179, 181, 182, 189, 193, 203, 219, 227, 
244, 289, 314, 320, 321, 323, 324, 334, 349, 360, 400, 440, 442, 452, 454, 486, 549

claiming, 106, 148, 234, 314, 358, 376, 377, 381, 478, 481

claims, 9, 10, 14, 28, 44, 51, 63, 66, 83, 106, 178, 179, 205, 267, 372, 373, 374, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 382, 429, 431, 
450, 459, 473, 485, 532, 549

Clairvovants, 392
Clairvoyance, 392
Clairvoyant, 392

clandestine, 177, 229, 357, 527

Orris Clapp:
a pious old Deacon of the Campbellite Church, by the name of Onis (msp. Ouis) Clapp, 111

Clapp, 111, 160, 168, 196, 312, 338, 339, 341, 342, 343, 345, 347, 394, 438, 439, 481, 522, 543

Claremont, 493

Clarence, 267, 281, 505, 524, 525, 534

Clarendon, 522, 523, 538

clarified, 104, 174, 349

Clarissa, 341

Clark, 54, 55, 100, 105, 116, 181, 182, 186, 213, 440, 451, 452, 458, 464, 465, 467, 474, 480, 482, 489, 498, 536, 543, 549, 
550, 556
Clarke, 508, 558
Clark's, 451, 458

Clarkston, 162

class, 25, 328, 341, 428, 431, 468, 498
classes, 157, 195

classic, 167
classics, 107, 472

classical, 25, 245, 458

Claxton:
 Claxton, Remson and Haffelfinfer (pub. – see biblio.), 502

Clay, 13
Clayton, 552, 553

Cleaveland, 245, 247, 345, 506, 508

clergyman, 57, 267, 285, 464
clergymen, 23, 100

clerical, 484
Clerical, 201

clerk, 105, 134, 135, 138, 175, 234, 267, 301, 352, 474, 490, 515
clerking, 209, 210

Clermont, 414

Cleveland, 204, 247, 330, 337, 345, 385, 393, 426, 427, 437, 439, 440, 441, 443, 444, 446, 447, 451, 456, 459, 465, 476, 481, 
482, 483, 490, 507, 508, 526, 534, 536, 547, 554, 555

Cleveland Civic Leader, 443
Cleveland Leader, 443

Cleveland-Buffalo, 330, 426
Cleveland-Pittsburgh
Cleveland's, 427

clients, 229, 423, 513

clipping, 441, 443, 494, 505, 519

cloth, 323, 376, 515
cloth-dressing, 515

clothed, 371

clothes, 393
clothing, 27, 230, 461

clouded, 117, 369

club, 239, 243, 504

clumsy, 487

cluster, 517

Co., 44, 51, 52, 68, 157, 158, 248, 271, 286, 318, 321, 324, 333, 335, 342, 343, 353, 375, 390, 392, 393, 394, 398, 399, 406, 
408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 431, 432, 433, 435, 436, 443, 445, 446, 452, 463, 464, 466, 468, 469, 470, 471, 474, 475, 477, 478, 
481, 482, 483, 487, 488, 489, 492, 493, 494, 496, 498, 501, 502, 503, 505, 506, 507, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 516, 517, 
520, 523, 525, 534, 535, 542, 543, 548, 549, 552, 554, 555, 556, 557

coach, 54, 242, 273, 326, 330, 426, 427, 468
coaching, 442

Coary, 457

coast, 60, 454, 472, 511

co-author, 412, 429, 496
co-authors, 493

Cobb, 68, 150, 165, 250, 317, 319, 389, 390, 393, 441, 443, 447, 455, 459, 461, 462, 471, 477, 480, 493, 511, 544, 547
Cobbs, 319
Cobb's, 319

Coburn, 327, 329, 330, 331, 333, 344, 348, 546, 555

Cochran, 52, 453

cock, 219

Cod:
 a Cape Cod sailor, 201

co-defendant, 326

co-edited, 249
co-editor, 412, 504, 507, 511, 512, 519
co-editor/founder, 512

Co-founder, 209

coffin, 67, 123
Coffin, 531


coincidence, 97, 116, 181, 252, 357, 386, 439, 527
coincidences, 368, 454

coincides, 105, 131, 221, 261, 349, 385, 402, 519

coined, 262, 375, 530
coins, 226

Coitsville, 285, 413, 535

Col. (see Colonel)

Cole, Abner:
 Obadiah Dogberry (Abner Cole -- see biblio.) pub.  mention of O. Cowdery, 1830 492 n.2, 543 n.170
 Obadiah (msp. Obediah) Dogberry (Abner Cole) pub. "Book of Pukei” (see lit. index), 1830, 497 n.37
 Obadiah (msp. Obediah) Dogberry (Abner Cole) pub.  earliest extant article on Golden Bible, 1829, 543 n.17

Cole, 218, 219, 222, 489, 492, 497, 498, 499, 543


Colesville, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 344, 375, 381, 382, 395, 399, 400, 476, 486, 502, 521, 546, 555
Colesville-Bainbridge-Harmony, 382

colic, 503

Collectanea, 513, 516, 528

collected, 30, 51, 53, 73, 111, 203, 207, 427, 457, 468, 530, 554

Collection, 175, 396, 438, 442, 443, 447, 450, 455, 458, 459, 461, 462, 471, 477, 479, 480, 483, 488, 492, 493, 494, 497, 
506, 509, 511, 513, 514, 515, 516, 521, 525, 528, 529, 534, 537, 538, 540, 546, 547, 549, 550, 551, 557
collections, 485

College, 25, 78, 92, 125, 395, 431, 432, 439, 444, 452, 455, 466, 468, 472, 477, 480
colleges, 390

Collington, 188, 189

Collins, 129, 342, 420, 472, 496

Colonel, 25, 131, 403, 432, 472
Col., 96, 123, 128, 129, 131, 163, 217, 272, 274, 383, 384, 386, 422, 430, 453, 468, 472, 473, 505, 507, 528, 557

Colonizer:
 Orson Hyde, Missionary, Apostle, Colonizer (see biblio.), 548

Colton, 21, 505

Coltrin, 435, 448

Columbia, 377

Columbus (OH):
 S. Rigdon baptized 45 converts near Columbus, OH, 1830, 344

co-manipulation, 360

command, 27, 40, 307, 472, 542
commands, 373
commanded, 75, 273, 307, 392, 457

commanders, 457

commandment, 379, 381, 487, 541
Commandments, 244, 261, 332, 382, 509, 520, 523, 539, 541, 549

Commemorative, 471

commissioned, 329, 529

commissioner, 514
Commissioners, 33, 434, 472

committee, 43, 53, 70, 231, 248, 289, 290, 524
Committee, 69, 438, 471

common, 10, 40, 42, 65, 91, 123, 124, 143, 164, 176, 190, 211, 213, 240, 259, 263, 275, 309, 313, 390, 391, 396, 399, 445, 
456, 457, 493, 510, 535, 556
commonly, 103, 215, 220, 301, 347, 428, 455, 473, 557

Commonwealth, 21, 136, 137, 470, 475

communal, 342, 344

communicate, 315
communicated, 113, 152, 240, 310

communicating, 297, 393
communication, 116, 150, 151, 153, 165, 166, 303, 304, 551
communications, 23, 253

communion, 180, 219, 222

Communism, 392

communistic, 544
Communistic, 313

community, 36, 41, 112, 167, 168, 248, 249, 275, 313, 322, 323, 324, 372, 391, 437

Comorah (see Cumorah)

Comoro (see also Cumorah):
 early LDS pronunciation for Cumorah / Comorah, 454 n.26, 484 n.24

Comoros Islands (Isles Comores):
 Capt. Kidd visited their capital (Moroni) in 1697, 484 n.24

compact, 279

companion, 222, 391, 448, 449, 500
companions, 34, 88, 222, 295, 376, 377, 454, 483

company, 41, 45, 48, 84, 109, 111, 160, 168, 204, 213, 221, 224, 227, 229, 254, 262, 273, 307, 312, 316, 326, 359, 385, 392, 
436, 499, 537, 546
Company, 144, 217, 260, 358, 403, 464, 507

compare, 391, 550
compared, 39, 58, 86, 168, 198, 386, 445, 487

comparison, 64, 86, 433, 447

compass, 82, 310

compiled, 136, 223, 440, 453, 507
Compiled, 520

complainant's, 553

complained, 35, 138, 307, 519
complains, 441

complaint, 58, 59, 72, 275, 302, 328, 365, 443, 447, 553
complaints, 32, 452

complicity, 78, 520

composed, 37, 61, 106, 113, 195, 233, 248, 357, 370, 431, 468, 503

composers, 472
composing, 25, 228, 481, 540
composition, 58, 59, 81, 106, 109, 121, 244, 255, 316, 449, 554
compositions, 368

compositor, 191, 250

compound, 393, 551

comprehend, 166, 327, 404

comprehensive, 334

computer studies, 445
computer study, 445

con, 210, 211, 218, 222, 231, 275, 397, 500, 523
con-artist, 218
con-artistry, 210, 222, 275, 523

conceal, 85, 173, 200, 235, 259, 261, 263, 265, 308, 356, 367
concealed, 85, 185, 188, 373

concealing, 351, 362
concealment, 24, 233, 323, 347, 377

conclude, 94, 170, 179, 203, 213, 223, 298, 310, 316, 427, 499
concluded, 26, 72, 127, 134, 172, 223, 245, 253, 270, 391, 392, 433, 472, 494, 523, 556

conclusion, 29, 43, 59, 61, 62, 65, 83, 96, 155, 195, 197, 205, 250, 348, 356, 363, 368, 494, 518, 556, 557
conclusions, 10, 110, 243, 356, 448, 476

conclusive proof, 550

Concord, 75, 100, 340, 342, 459

Coneaut (see Conneaut)

Conesus, 217, 414, 420

confederates, 211, 361
Confederation, 155, 156

confer, 316

conference, 35, 204, 273, 344, 381, 382, 434, 449, 484, 491, 531
conferences, 448

confess, 112, 116, 391
confesses, 345

confession, 35, 159, 211, 311, 365
Confession, 402, 556

confided, 352, 357
confidence, 36, 109, 263, 272, 281, 324, 398, 478

confident, 45, 349, 478
confidential, 398

Conflict, 506

congregation, 14, 33, 100, 205, 206, 286, 328, 330, 340, 345, 354, 431, 468, 474, 483, 491, 550
congregations, 468

Congregational, 109, 337, 405, 411, 416, 431, 442, 451, 452, 494, 519, 540
Congregationalist, 25, 130, 214, 465, 477
Congregationalists, 477

Congress, 4, 130, 445, 457, 475, 490, 524, 526

conjectural, 481
conjecture, 28, 125, 144, 235, 322, 347, 368

conjuration, 219
conjurer, 222, 500

Conkey:
 Ezekiel Conkey, 407
 Joel Conkey, 407

Coneaut, 61, 62
Conneaut, 26, 31, 33, 34, 36, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 
68, 71, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 107, 117, 127, 128, 131, 140, 141, 
142, 143, 167, 368, 392, 426, 432, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 441, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 
456, 457, 469, 471, 476, 526, 554
Conneaut-area, 444

Conneautville, 40, 41, 137, 141, 142, 437, 444, 476

Connecticut (Brit. Colony)
, 431
Connecticut (US State)
, 25, 82, 97, 213, 215, 216, 230, 241, 260, 284, 384, 403, 406, 408, 416, 419, 421, 422, 431, 432, 441, 493, 495, 496, 500
Conn., 40, 403, 407, 408, 410, 415, 422, 431, 451, 453, 456, 464, 493, 494, 495, 504, 507, 508, 513, 535, 557
CT, 405, 406, 408, 410, 413, 528

conned, 537
Conover, 513

conspiracy, 30, 103, 193, 196, 197, 203, 245, 271, 272, 277, 334, 488, 489
conspirators, 47, 229, 269, 273, 300, 326, 357, 358, 488, 528
conspired, 310, 367, 539
conspiring, 553

Constable, 280, 524

Constantine (Roman Emperor: see  lit. index)

Constantine, MI:
258

Constantine (MI) Republican:
512, 519

Consul:
 U. S. Consul to Algiers, 516

consumption, 493
consumptive, 211

contamination, 452

contemporary, 16, 59, 72, 159, 172, 207, 448, 478, 491
Contemporary View, 538

contempt, 37, 109, 242, 505, 529

context, 10, 36, 50, 66, 81, 113, 135, 143, 144, 149, 253, 288, 348, 384, 404, 435, 462, 476, 555

contract, 226, 372, 379, 412, 470, 506, 522
contracted, 84, 225, 253, 478, 504
contracts, 409
contract-veritable, 506

contradict, 128, 441
contradicted, 437

contradiction, 166, 489
contradictions, 10, 11, 487
contradictory, 179, 180, 533

contradicts, 144, 179, 462

controversial, 50, 101, 104, 213, 269, 361, 401, 464, 471, 481, 509
controversy, 23, 28, 30, 68, 121, 122, 127, 128, 167, 281, 449

conundrum, 541
Convention, 524

convert, 55, 189, 202, 275, 276, 277, 278, 288, 322, 362, 363
converted, 31, 37, 178, 198, 340, 345, 392

converting, 109
converts, 14, 30, 33, 179, 183, 188, 189, 190, 202, 203, 246, 358, 391

convicted, 168, 272, 273, 275, 465, 481, 523, 530, 539
conviction, 134, 265, 345, 375, 397, 436, 529

convinced, 34, 59, 84, 205, 206, 232, 233, 245, 293, 297, 312, 357, 377, 401, 483, 538

Coodry, 496

Cook:
 Ziba (Tiba), 131, 132, 473, 474
 John Cook Bennett, 154, , 478, 489
 Col. Cook, 557

Cookman:
 Rev. George Grimston Cookman, 13, 14

Cooley, 249, 271, 410, 511

Cooper, 104, 105, 463

co-operators, 240

coopering, 323

Cooperstown, 54, 431, 465

Copely (see also Copley):
 Daniel Copely, 448, 449

copied, 62, 65, 113, 122, 125, 127, 144, 233, 259, 279, 280, 352, 377, 383, 384, 386, 387, 392, 401, 402, 435, 442, 458, 466, 
467, 479, 485, 493, 506, 520
copies, 66, 78, 120, 203, 261, 352, 379, 380, 381, 392, 443, 506, 507, 509, 512, 537

Copley (Copely): 
 D[aniel], 449

coppying, 379, 541
copy, 28, 31, 53, 54, 58, 61, 65, 66, 68, 69, 78, 80, 103, 108, 113, 116, 123, 124, 125, 126, 149, 158, 160, 174, 187, 191, 192, 
204, 206, 222, 250, 258, 279, 281, 332, 345, 352, 353, 354, 357, 372, 379, 380, 386, 401, 404, 405, 409, 411, 416, 430, 432, 
440, 441, 444, 446, 451, 454, 458, 463, 466, 469, 470, 472, 474, 475, 479, 490, 491, 494, 495, 496, 497, 499, 502, 504, 505, 
508, 514, 515, 525, 528, 531, 541, 546, 550, 558
copying, 65, 280, 307, 523, 541

copyright, 4, 148, 280, 348, 379, 380, 506, 539

Coray, 179, 293

Cordilleras, 87

Cornelius:
 Cornelius R. Stafford (b. 1813), 291, 536 n.26

Cornell, 189, 440, 498

Corners, 267, 277, 535

cornerstone, 369, 370, 541
cornerstones, 369, 370

Corning, 44, 340, 341, 438, 439

Cornwall, 438

Coronado, 462, 482

coroner, 516

Corp, 488, 549

corporal, 430

corporeal, 170

corpse, 373

corpulent, 436

correct, 15, 36, 44, 49, 59, 113, 139, 141, 165, 166, 171, 179, 197, 215, 251, 259, 265, 278, 289, 300, 306, 311, 317, 330, 332, 
337, 342, 392, 435, 437, 448, 452, 482, 485, 515, 517, 528, 540
corrected, 38, 64, 334, 454
corrections, 433, 439, 485

corresponded, 326

correspondence, 73, 91, 92, 151, 156, 253, 265, 278, 389, 491, 515, 531
correspondent, 517
corresponding, 317, 349, 446

corroborated, 128, 164, 275

Corroden:
 Joseph [Corroden] Kingsbury (see biblio.), 554 n.2

corruption, 526

Cortland, 535

Cosmology, 497

Cottrell, 340

Coudery, 250, 512
Coudray, 492, 512
Coudrey, 512
Coudry, 216, 217, 403, 408, 409, 422, 492, 496, 557

Council, 35, 276, 340, 358, 433, 435, 447, 448, 449, 467, 516, 527, 531
councilman, 508
councils, 448

counsel, 32, 67, 395
counseled, 32, 274

counselor, 492
Counselor, 154

counterfeit, 226
counterfeiter, 220, 221, 498
counterfeiters, 186, 213, 396, 407, 494, 510, 555

counterfeiting, 213, 249
Counterfeiting, 510

counties, 218, 228, 245, 255, 405, 413, 417, 478
Counties, 375, 437, 459, 460, 473, 527, 534, 535, 558

country, 28, 31, 34, 40, 42, 43, 46, 48, 57, 60, 67, 71, 82, 84, 99, 101, 112, 113, 124, 126, 141, 168, 183, 189, 199, 200, 240, 
251, 255, 259, 262, 274, 294, 304, 310, 311, 384, 426, 436, 469, 487, 532
county, 31, 41, 52, 57, 67, 70, 107, 112, 125, 131, 182, 188, 189, 196, 209, 211, 222, 225, 243, 248, 254, 278, 289, 353, 359, 
363, 372, 412, 416, 435, 440, 450, 468, 496, 500, 512, 516, 517, 521, 529, 555

couple, 101, 212, 216, 233, 247, 254, 267, 284, 285, 287, 293, 371, 409, 419, 445, 446, 454, 456, 474, 492, 496, 499, 508, 514, 
522, 535

Courier, 175, 199, 201, 505, 506, 508, 511, 537, 546

court, 59, 70, 71, 72, 101, 103, 112, 168, 192, 196, 234, 242, 273, 301, 302, 304, 365, 374, 395, 399, 442, 447, 448, 450, 505, 
517, 529, 530, 553
Court, 33, 59, 68, 70, 174, 272, 335, 336, 392, 434, 448, 449, 459, 462, 464, 494, 516, 521, 530, 547

courthouse, 120, 335, 338, 440, 470, 477, 495, 514, 516
court-house, 517
courts, 524

cousin, 120, 132, 133, 137, 151, 204, 206, 213, 215, 217, 224, 226, 227, 229, 230, 231, 233, 243, 247, 250, 251, 253, 254, 255, 
257, 258, 259, 261, 266, 267, 270, 284, 296, 300, 344, 363, 368, 370, 384, 385, 404, 406, 409, 412, 415, 419, 420, 421, 422, 
423, 431, 438, 439, 442, 450, 451, 465, 474, 493, 495, 504, 509, 513, 522, 526, 535, 556
cousins, 100, 132, 133, 134, 215, 222, 225, 226, 228, 230, 244, 252, 260, 261, 270, 284, 285, 287, 357, 384, 410, 415, 417, 
419, 423, 424, 458, 471, 496, 527, 549

covenant, 178, 382
Covenants, 177, 261, 329, 381, 445, 483, 484, 509, 514, 520, 523, 539, 542, 544, 554

cover-up, 235, 362

covet, 542

cowardice, 464

Cowder, 408

OC, 371, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382
OC's …

Cowdery, 19, 32, 75, 160, 186, 187, 191, 204, 205, 206, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 
223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 230, 235, 237, 238, 239, 240, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 
256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 268, 269, 270, 271, 275, 278, 279, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 
290, 291, 292, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 305, 306, 307, 308, 310, 316, 321, 326, 327, 329, 330, 331, 332, 337, 344, 345, 
346, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 368, 369, 370, 371, 378, 384, 385, 386, 387, 389, 396, 400, 402, 403, 404, 
405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 425, 428, 447, 449, 450, 451, 
486, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 502, 503, 506, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 
521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 527, 528, 529, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 544, 546, 550, 551, 553, 554, 555, 
556, 557, 558

Cowderys, 216, 218, 221, 224, 270, 361, 404, 407, 409, 416, 494, 533, 557, 558

Cowdery's, 19, 75, 191, 206, 210, 215, 216, 218, 220, 223, 237, 238, 249, 250, 252, 254, 260, 261, 262, 264, 265, 266, 268, 
278, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 296, 297, 298, 306, 307, 308, 346, 358, 362, 370, 384, 385, 386, 402, 403, 406, 410, 
412, 413, 416, 419, 449, 451, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 502, 509, 512, 513, 515, 517, 518, 519, 522, 525, 531, 540, 
550, 551

Cowdey, 414
Cowdray, 302, 305
Cowdrey, 1, 4, 216, 284, 291, 308, 314, 403, 406, 408, 410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 479, 492, 493, 496, 503, 518, 535, 555
Cowdrey's, 308, 415, 555
Cowdry, 216, 243, 327, 403, 406, 407, 409, 410, 411, 414, 416, 417, 422, 496, 497, 536, 556, 557
Cowdy, 408, 417

Cowelery, 405
Cowerley, 495, 557

Cowels, 552
Cowles, 458, 467

co-worker, 238

Crab, 285

craft, 84, 270, 389, 525

Craig, 120, 135, 156, 157, 158, 463, 470

Cramer, 471, 474, 475
Cramer's, 471, 475

Crane, 439

Crary, 438

cravat, 530

Crawford, 38, 437

crazy, 354

credibility, 28, 36, 47, 137, 139, 140, 141, 155, 167, 168, 179, 243, 325, 433, 465, 545
credible, 30, 31, 369, 447

credit, 26, 93, 182, 190, 202, 263, 325, 337, 384, 432, 505, 510, 545
credited, 110, 167, 255, 262, 294, 314, 376, 402, 512
creditors, 27, 45, 120, 463, 470, 475
credits, 255, 256, 279, 466

credulity, 54, 201, 219, 238, 239, 538
credulous, 17, 161, 183, 211, 222, 238, 302, 331, 358, 360

Creek, 31, 38, 43, 55, 57, 59, 60, 63, 64, 67, 68, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 
99, 100, 131, 141, 153, 168, 172, 268, 285, 368, 426, 432, 433, 437, 444, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 469, 471, 
478, 554

Creigh, 455, 468, 471

crew, 200, 219, 294, 498, 500, 502

crime, 35, 57, 167, 221, 436, 443, 449, 452
crimes, 155, 530, 541

criminal, 268, 274, 359

crisis, 233, 299, 300, 301, 333, 341, 490, 515, 523

critical, 18, 137, 139, 177, 237, 259, 260, 297, 317, 361, 367, 404, 498
criticise, 476
criticism, 106, 367
critics, 50, 121, 151, 355, 367, 368, 504, 556
Critique, 510

Crockett, 508

Croft, 488, 549

Cromwell, 92

Crosman, 406, 410, 411, 419, 420, 496, 515

cross, 69, 126, 185, 284, 334, 365, 371
Cross, 48, 440, 527

cross-check, 334
crossed, 185, 272, 323

Crossman, 216, 406, 496

crossroads, 494, 496
cross-section, 371

crowd, 173, 247, 314, 392, 440

Crumrine, 463, 477, 482, 543

Crying, 462, 482

Cryptic, 525, 526, 527, 528
Cryptic Cable Tow, 525, 526

crystal, 186, 530

CT (see Conneticut)

Culbertson, 513

Culpepper, 267

cult, 213, 479
Cults, 429

Culver, 188

Cumorah (BoM location; also a glacial moraine in NY):
 last great ancient battle took place at this hill, 24, 
 also known as Gold Bible Hill, after 1827, 183
 great spiritual struggle there when JS took the record, 185, 404
 JS & money diggers made excavation in the hill, 198, 294, 374, 523 n.125. 537 n.34
 JS first went to the hill in 1823, led by a spirit, 221
 also known as Mormon Hill, after 1827, 239
 JS reportedly visited the hill in 1826, 293
 as Comorah: JS claimed to find record there in 1827, 321
 stage coach ruote ran past the hill, 326
 name may have come from that of Comoros Islands, 484 n.24
 Abner Cole once owned the land near where hill is located, 497 n.37
 “The Hill Cumorah…” 1881 article in Saints’ Herald (see biblio.), 528 n.150, 533 n.176, 550 n.9
 E. W. Vanderhoof lived near the hill, 545 n.28
 Pliny Sexton once owned the land on which hill is located, 546 n.33

Cuningham, 439
Cunningham, 46, 49, 50, 439

currency, 66, 196, 249, 510

curtain, 24, 377, 400, 486
curtin, 396

Curtis, 216, 406, 557

custodian, 272, 474
custody, 222

cut-off, 368

Cuyahoga, 344, 393, 552

Cuylerville, 513

Cyclopedia, 540

Cynosure (see Christian Cynosure)

Cyrus:
 Cyrus Cowdery (son of Joel), 410, 412, 414, 415, 416
 Rev. Cyrus Marsh, of CT, 507


D

dabble, 92, 255
dabbled, 257, 469

dabbler, 245, 248, 255, 257
dabbling, 257, 259

Daily, 258, 259, 353, 374, 427, 443, 505, 509, 512, 519, 549

Dale:
 Dale R. Broadhurst, “Preface” to book, 13, 430 n.1
 Dale R. Broadhurst, opinion of / info from, 445 n.17, 558 n.11
 Dale R. Broadhurst Papers, at Univ. of Utah, 354
 Dale Broadhurst, opinion of / info from (see also biblio.), 89, 120, 159, 207, 353, 429, 435 n.45, 439 n.71, 443 n.5, 449 n.40, 
453 n.22, 463 n.42, 473 n.104, 474 n. 109, 479 n.27, 481 n.44, 491 n.23, 496 n.33, 514 n.68, 518 n.102, 526 n.146, 554 n.1, 
556 n.4, 558 n.11

Dallas, 390

damnation, 274
damned, 169, 274
damning, 73, 303

Damon, 409, 410, 558

Dan:
 Dan Vogel (auth. see biblio.), 498 n.37, 508 n.39, 521 n.117, 523 n.125, 538 n.37, 552 n.21

Dana, 268, 280

Danbury, 508

Danforth, 550

danger, 229, 300, 457, 487, 489
dangers, 489, 553

Daniel:
 Dr. Daniel M. Spencer (1793-1848, MD in OH), 97
 Daniel Thompson (early resident of Amity, PA), 131
 Daniel P. Wells (early resident of Wayne Co., NY), 207, 492 n.23
 Daniel P. Wells (LDS leader in Nauvoo and UT), 494 n.23
 Daniel Munger (brother-in-law of B. Franklin Cowdery), 228, 258, 519 n.104
 Daniel Johns (involved in Wm. Morgan Affair), 268, 280, 526 n.144
 Daniel H. Dana (involved in Wm. Morgan Affair), 280
 Daniel Agnew (auth. – see biblio.), 437
 Daniel Copley / Copely (D. P. Hurlbut’s missionary companion), 448-9 n.40,  
 Daniel H. Ludlow (ed. – see biblio.), 492 n.4
 Daniel Dorchester, on Wood Scrape (see biblio), 494 n.17
 Daniel Fairchild Alverson (son-in-law of Franklin Cowdery), 511 n.58
 Daniel S. Tuttle (see biblio.), 530 n.165
 Daniel H. Chandler (JP in w. NY), 534 n.183
 Daniel Hendrix (early Palmyra NY area res. – see biblio.) 549 n.111
 Daniel B. Turney (probable forger of anti-LDS docs.), 556 n.4

Daniels, 438

Danite / Danites (secret LDS anti-apostate society):
 no Danites in Kirtland era of LDS history, 391
 George W. Harris an influential Danite in MO, 531 n.169
 Lyman Wight a Danite leader in MO, 544 n.26

Danold's, 274

Dansville, 518

DAR, 403, 469, 495

Darby, 344

Darien, 45, 50, 86, 87, 88, 453, 454

Darius, 558

dark, 24, 27, 34, 86, 172, 211, 219, 260, 301, 359, 363, 393, 394, 489, 539, 540
darkness, 400, 486

Darlington, 68, 69

Darrow, 272, 326

Dartmouth, 25, 107, 390, 431, 432, 457

Darwin, 171, 310, 343, 542

date, 14, 39, 64, 66, 78, 83, 85, 97, 102, 105, 107, 121, 128, 133, 136, 139, 141, 177, 215, 223, 227, 243, 247, 252, 261, 
300, 303, 311, 321, 329, 332, 334, 335, 337, 338, 339, 342, 345, 346, 347, 348, 361, 362, 368, 372, 374, 379, 385, 408, 
416, 431, 434, 435, 439, 441, 443, 444, 447, 448, 449, 459, 462, 465, 469, 470, 474, 479, 480, 481, 485, 491, 492, 495, 
499, 502, 504, 515, 517, 519, 524, 538, 540, 541, 557

dated, 46, 52, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 79, 92, 104, 116, 134, 150, 165, 174, 214, 238, 249, 250, 253, 263, 267, 301, 303, 306, 
327, 336, 373, 379, 425, 435, 438, 442, 444, 448, 450, 451, 455, 462, 463, 466, 467, 470, 471, 473, 474, 475, 477, 489, 
493, 494, 497, 502, 503, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 512, 514, 515, 516, 520, 522, 523, 531, 534, 535, 536, 537, 540, 
546, 550, 555, 557

datelined, 546

dates, 60, 86, 104, 134, 141, 165, 209, 215, 243, 292, 293, 294, 319, 325, 332, 344, 346, 404, 439, 445, 448, 449, 456, 
462, 502, 510, 513, 537, 540, 558

Dauby, 228, 257, 278, 508, 517

daughter, 19, 54, 55, 59, 67, 71, 73, 80, 86, 101, 108, 113, 114, 117, 124, 129, 132, 133, 137, 141, 150, 152, 154, 156, 163, 
165, 185, 215, 250, 258, 267, 284, 323, 324, 336, 362, 374, 392, 394, 402, 408, 409, 410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 435, 439, 441, 
451, 459, 468, 469, 474, 481, 487, 494, 495, 496, 497, 499, 507, 508, 511, 535, 539

daughters, 154, 185, 216, 260, 405, 406, 417, 442, 468, 499, 514, 519, 535

Dave, 274

Davenport, 189

David, 100, 103, 106, 113, 116, 148, 172, 186, 212, 228, 229, 233, 266, 268, 272, 273, 278, 279, 283, 292, 296, 298, 315, 
329, 332, 335, 336, 337, 355, 379, 381, 382, 386, 441, 447, 457, 458, 459, 464, 465, 470, 474, 476, 489, 507, 513, 520, 
521, 524, 525, 528, 533, 535, 538, 540, 541, 544, 554

Davidson, 114, 115, 116, 395
Davieson, 116
Davis, 4, 29, 100, 101, 402, 455, 459, 479, 510, 544, 553, 554
Davison, 54, 55, 77, 79, 106, 109, 110, 113, 116, 117, 122, 133, 139, 140, 143, 149, 151, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 175, 176, 
352, 362, 398, 438, 441, 442, 451, 452, 465, 466, 467, 480, 481
Davison's, 55, 77, 109, 113, 117, 133, 139, 149, 151, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 362, 398, 438, 441, 465, 466, 480, 481

Dayton, 480, 502

De Tal Palo Tal Astilla, 489

deacon, 112, 113, 206, 207, 214, 491, 500
Deacon, 111, 168, 196, 206, 207, 271, 312, 341, 481, 516, 528
deacons, 500

Dean, 80, 481, 485, 504, 522, 552, 554

debate, 171, 335, 440, 443, 466
Debate, 335, 342

debating, 239, 243, 504

debt, 40, 42, 46, 139, 140, 142, 266, 372, 376, 382, 432, 500, 529
debts, 27, 40, 42, 45, 46, 102, 140, 315, 372, 484

Debunked, 471

deceit, 59, 120, 169, 300, 364, 550
deceitful, 46, 364

deceive, 18, 37, 39, 74, 80, 302, 310, 360, 391, 510
deceived, 18, 35, 112, 168, 219, 281, 327, 436
Deceiver, 382, 397

deception, 17, 18, 35, 74, 109, 164, 171, 172, 175, 197, 222, 308, 327, 353, 355, 356, 361, 364, 389
deceptive, 451

decipher, 306, 385, 386
deciphering, 107

declaration, 156, 456
declared, 12, 13, 97, 183, 186, 188, 189, 273, 302, 464
declaring, 14, 268, 553

deed, 177, 185, 216, 372, 407, 523
deeds, 403, 435, 492, 523

defection, 170, 174, 332

Defence, 402, 552, 556

defend, 69, 109, 113, 395, 456
defending, 487

deficient, 31, 529

deformed, 233, 300, 377, 387

defraud, 302, 452, 510

degree, 25, 112, 136, 170, 253, 260, 329, 346, 386, 452, 471, 472, 525, 526, 538
Degree, 268, 280, 281, 534
degrees, 268, 281, 524

Delaware River West Branch (Broome Co., NY):
 previously known as  Mohocks Branch, 407, 555

delayed, 124, 264, 447, 448, 486

delinquent, 308, 374

delusion, 18, 74, 81, 109, 128, 160, 327, 490
delusive, 108, 264, 489

Deming, 51, 52, 53, 59, 70, 156, 161, 162, 181, 195, 286, 291, 292, 324, 337, 347, 355, 390, 399, 435, 436, 437, 439, 440, 
441, 442, 443, 448, 450, 451, 452, 455, 477, 479, 480, 481, 482, 486, 489, 506, 507, 535, 536, 539, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 
547, 548, 549, 553
Deming's, 355, 440, 553

demit, 528

Democrat, 102, 103, 242, 249, 255, 271, 336, 470, 471, 475, 485, 505, 508, 511, 512, 519, 549

Democratic, 242, 511

demotic, 387

denial, 17, 100, 103, 105, 117, 122, 176, 352, 465, 466, 467
denials, 32, 353, 466

denied, 30, 103, 121, 138, 144, 160, 171, 231, 289, 353, 466, 478, 526

denies, 549

Denison, 437

Denny, 469, 470

denomination, 101, 130, 287, 312, 325, 463

denounce, 510
denounced, 461, 553
denouncing, 465

Denslow, 528

Denton, 553

deny, 17, 104, 196, 449, 510, 545, 553
denying, 118, 353, 481

department, 126, 240, 508, 519

deposed, 130, 461
deposes, 320

deposited, 189, 202, 222, 369, 541

depositions, 322

Depot, 498, 501

Derby, 52, 53, 80, 441, 503, 517, 556

Derg, 474

derive, 356, 432
derived, 26, 38, 51, 58, 149, 193, 207, 244, 259, 371, 387, 402, 426, 482, 491, 505, 510, 529, 545
derives, 362, 402, 465, 492, 493, 532

descend, 520

descendants, 12, 23, 27, 40, 41, 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 84, 87, 438, 496
Descendants, 133, 261, 442, 453, 471, 474, 493, 494, 513, 519, 534

descended, 23, 89, 132, 438, 473, 496, 518

describe, 114, 115, 173, 244, 309, 461
described, 26, 27, 47, 49, 92, 126, 134, 148, 171, 178, 211, 247, 251, 260, 262, 263, 277, 281, 294, 295, 298, 315, 364, 473, 
479, 529, 540
describes, 255, 329, 501, 540

describing, 265, 502

description, 68, 83, 88, 89, 122, 150, 163, 164, 165, 183, 199, 244, 256, 277, 310, 401, 426, 436, 456, 483, 487, 538, 540
descriptions, 126, 163, 458

Deseret, 23, 429, 430, 433, 435, 436, 444, 450, 453, 454, 466, 479, 480, 482, 484, 491, 492, 504, 510, 531, 532, 537, 542, 
544, 551, 552, 553, 554

deserve, 255, 358, 368

design, 57, 73, 211, 355, 364, 391, 476

designed, 39, 44, 45, 57, 305, 356, 358, 370, 452

designing, 241, 520

designs, 30, 37, 121, 238, 239, 360, 480, 506

Desk, 480

despised, 155, 478

despotic, 515

destitute, 18, 46, 75, 239, 551

destroy, 39, 72, 99, 112, 115, 355, 551

destroyed, 24, 59, 77, 82, 190, 192, 267, 432, 445, 455, 509

destroying, 168, 437, 444

destruction, 12, 13, 27, 34, 82, 188, 379, 411, 531

Detroit, 107, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 464, 519, 554
Detroit-Pontiac, 384

Devil, 189, 219, 391, 399
devils, 185, 239, 400

devotees, 489

devouring, 37, 460

devout, 368

DeWitt, 273, 529

Dialogue, 433, 457, 482, 485, 494, 498, 508, 521, 527, 538, 550, 552

Diamond, 120, 470

diaries, 529
diary, 198, 199, 203, 402, 426, 483, 529

diatribe, 459, 481, 514

Dickinson, 51, 52, 59, 441, 442, 451, 464, 471, 472

dictate, 306

dictated, 61, 156, 179, 187, 253, 280, 450, 460, 490, 547

dictating, 233, 377, 487

dictation, 64, 157, 158, 229, 279, 280

dictionaries, 87
Dictionary, 297, 429, 453, 464, 480, 519, 538

Diedrich, 498, 538

difficulties, 69, 147, 148, 164, 238, 389, 472
difficulty, 29, 81, 90, 151, 174, 178, 239, 298, 301, 384, 461, 475, 518

dig, 50, 184, 185, 189, 198, 200, 229, 264, 358, 374, 398, 450, 474, 502, 521, 522, 523

digger, 54, 75, 227, 238, 293, 314, 316, 322, 358, 521, 545
diggers, 184, 185, 189, 201, 222, 229, 231, 232, 261, 263, 264, 265, 294, 295, 316, 327, 346, 372, 374, 377, 486, 522, 523, 
537, 544

digging, 54, 182, 185, 200, 201, 203, 210, 211, 212, 213, 219, 220, 221, 222, 225, 226, 229, 232, 241, 259, 262, 263, 264, 265, 
275, 294, 295, 308, 316, 317, 322, 327, 347, 359, 372, 374, 376, 377, 381, 407, 491, 492, 497, 499, 500, 502, 508, 521, 523, 
524, 530, 544
diggings, 184

diggling

dignified, 27, 123, 260, 506

digs, 265, 374, 376

dig-up, 450

diligent, 63, 301, 353, 402, 447

Dillard, 332, 546

Dille, 341

Dilly, 540

diploma, 478, 514
diploma-mill, 478
diplomas, 478

directories, 479

directors, 464

disaffected, 161, 390, 540
disaffection, 162, 521

Disciples, 103, 204, 212, 286, 312, 313, 342, 389, 390, 392, 447, 458, 459, 463, 466, 467, 482, 498, 535, 536, 542, 543, 547, 
548, 549, 555, 556

disclosing, 445

Discourse, 443, 449, 494, 498, 500
Discourses, 443, 498, 501

discover, 182, 188, 225, 231, 232, 244, 300, 315, 322, 331, 334, 375, 450, 521, 530

discovered, 27, 45, 68, 85, 131, 139, 164, 180, 183, 186, 188, 189, 202, 226, 228, 229, 240, 264, 269, 278, 284, 300, 309, 315, 
359, 383, 386, 390, 392, 402, 448, 463, 473, 486, 496, 510

discoveries, 17, 241, 454
discovery, 36, 60, 63, 86, 120, 122, 127, 136, 138, 222, 232, 239, 240, 258, 259, 289, 295, 383, 387, 417, 449, 452, 459, 481, 543

discredit, 18, 36, 47, 68, 73, 74, 117, 128, 159, 168, 180, 203, 268, 278, 311, 355, 441, 449, 545

discuss, 122, 149, 187, 295, 443, 510
discussed, 38, 253, 288, 293, 430
discussion, 12, 54, 86, 131, 155, 234, 300, 303, 332, 349, 383, 432, 436, 453, 475, 483, 485, 490, 498, 511, 520, 525, 544

disgrace, 162, 459
disgraceful, 36, 118, 436
disgracing, 510

disillusionment, 482

disreputable, 58, 229, 499

dissention, 509

dissident, 161, 430, 462

dissolution, 119, 252, 336, 462, 463, 470, 515

dissolved, 103, 119, 144, 154, 166, 189, 393, 470, 505, 515

distance, 31, 69, 82, 119, 120, 170, 197, 242, 268, 285, 286, 290, 296, 321, 328, 338, 378, 385, 410, 412, 413, 415, 425, 426, 
427, 468, 540
distances, 426, 509

distant, 31, 37, 67, 110, 137, 199, 224, 262, 284, 303, 397, 417, 431, 438, 446, 451, 502

distinction, 80, 104, 171, 244, 485

distinctive, 92, 447

distinguish, 123, 126, 554
distinguished, 13, 107, 431, 446, 519

distort, 29, 173, 460
distortion, 550

District, 218, 237, 290, 291, 323, 440

distrust, 553

divination, 430

Divine, 14, 85, 299, 430, 529, 541, 545

divinely, 204, 248

divining, 211, 213, 218, 227, 261, 491, 544
divining-rods, 211

Divinity, 431

Division, 198, 455, 490, 537
divisions, 84, 457

divorce, 531

divulge, 38, 158, 233, 377

docket, 59, 66, 435, 442, 447, 448, 530
Docket, 58, 435, 443, 447, 462, 464, 500, 530
dockets, 120, 448

Doct, 57, 448
Doctor, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 48, 50, 51, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 77, 79, 
86, 90, 96, 99, 106, 109, 111, 117, 122, 143, 144, 149, 151, 155, 165, 166, 167, 168, 175, 195, 197, 198, 203, 288, 363, 431, 
433, 435, 436, 439, 443, 444, 447, 448, 449, 457, 464, 465, 466, 481, 482, 486, 504, 530
Doctors, 203

doctrinal, 101, 430, 433, 460, 551

Doctrine, 177, 261, 445, 483, 484, 509, 514, 520, 523, 539, 542, 544, 554
doctrines, 13, 101, 103, 204, 245, 246, 313

document, 29, 59, 61, 89, 127, 141, 214, 263, 280, 336, 369, 384, 402, 406, 439, 476, 515

documentary, 135, 138
documentation, 252, 368

documented, 10, 47, 97, 132, 159, 160, 249, 275, 287, 337, 384, 498, 502
documenting, 176, 404
documents, 57, 73, 77, 92, 159, 354, 367, 404, 439, 442, 448, 473, 475, 492, 515, 518, 529, 556

Dodd, 123, 128, 129, 130, 131, 132, 401, 402, 430, 457, 471, 472, 473, 474, 484, 556
Dodd/Book, 402
Dodd's, 128, 131, 402, 473

Dodge

Dogberry, 492, 497, 543

dogma, 11, 367

dollar, 112, 281, 303, 432, 468, 506, 510
dollars, 27, 62, 72, 112, 161, 192, 200, 222, 266, 274, 319, 448, 506, 553

Don, 291, 314, 467

Donald, 479, 489

donates, 377

Donna, 542

Dorchester, 494

Dorr, 516

Dorsey, 513

dotty, 488

Doty, 512, 513, 515

Doubleday, 542

doubt, 10, 15, 30, 40, 41, 44, 52, 63, 68, 85, 89, 128, 130, 135, 143, 147, 155, 165, 197, 202, 205, 212, 214, 220, 222, 240, 
243, 244, 245, 250, 252, 253, 255, 260, 262, 269, 271, 280, 284, 292, 293, 294, 306, 315, 322, 325, 326, 356, 360, 361, 364, 
367, 368, 369, 370, 390, 391, 392, 398, 407, 409, 412, 423, 445, 456, 459, 462, 465, 487, 499, 506, 519, 537, 543
doubts, 4, 100, 127, 172, 334, 352, 487

doubted, 354

doubtful, 58, 264, 288, 289, 327

doubtless, 109, 490

Doud, 372, 502

Dougal, 457

Dover, 414

Dowen, 58, 59, 69, 442, 443, 447

dowry, 474

Doyle, 453

Dr., 4, 13, 14, 15, 31, 32, 33, 49, 53, 58, 70, 97, 108, 109, 110, 111, 114, 123, 128, 129, 140, 151, 152, 153, 154, 157, 172, 177, 
196, 197, 198, 212, 214, 215, 216, 219, 224, 250, 252, 265, 278, 284, 292, 312, 355, 359, 373, 383, 386, 395, 401, 402, 403, 
405, 411, 413, 418, 430, 435, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 457, 460, 464, 465, 468, 472, 473, 477, 478, 483, 487, 489, 491, 493, 
494, 495, 496, 502, 504, 507, 511, 513, 514, 518, 526, 528, 543, 556, 557

draft, 61, 65, 176, 179, 259, 352, 441, 485
drafted, 550

drank, 190, 459, 533

Draper:
 James Draper Bemis (1783-1857), 247
 Thomas Waln-Morgan Draper, 507

draw, 10, 110, 129, 522, 529

drawings, 555

dreams, 169, 230, 275, 277

dreamy, 312

Drew, 484, 494

drink, 533
Drinkars, 398

drugs, 390, 441

drunk, 318
drunkard, 267, 269

Druver, 485

DuBois, 105

Dudley, 481

Duly, 399, 433, 478, 548

dungeon, 529

Dunham, 437

Dunlap, 162, 480, 542

Dunlevy, 482

Dunn, 444

Dunson, 338

dupe, 74, 240, 241, 361, 490

duped, 233, 308, 360, 377, 381
dupes, 363

duplicity, 551

Durfee, 308, 374, 376, 504, 523
Durfees, 523

Durham, 474, 527

During, 23, 25, 28, 36, 38, 42, 48, 52, 73, 99, 101, 106, 113, 128, 131, 136, 152, 156, 162, 178, 218, 227, 231, 247, 249, 267, 
274, 290, 312, 321, 332, 336, 346, 347, 348, 365, 374, 375, 379, 384, 425, 431, 454, 468, 469, 470, 472, 474, 477, 511, 512, 
515, 525, 526, 529, 530, 538, 546

Dutchess, 246, 507

duties, 134, 191, 379, 472, 474
dutifully, 113, 488
duty, 23, 36, 66, 106, 173, 274, 304, 452, 460

dwelling, 246, 458

Dyar, 212, 215, 223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 252, 266, 412, 415, 418, 494, 502, 514, 515

dye, 510

Dyer, 268, 494, 502 

Dysentery, 129


E

eagle, 398
Eagle, 464, 475, 518

Earl, 290, 323, 430
Earl's, 290, 323

Early, 75, 181, 182, 247, 265, 285, 330, 342, 402, 429, 445, 446, 447, 454, 458, 459, 460, 466, 467, 474, 475, 482, 483, 485, 
486, 490, 493, 494, 498, 502, 508, 521, 522, 523, 526, 538, 542, 544, 547, 548, 549, 552, 553, 555

earth, 11, 12, 14, 46, 75, 84, 107, 180, 192, 262, 314, 321, 322, 346, 357, 359, 361, 371, 375, 378, 379, 383, 446, 487, 530
earthen, 393

earthquake, 361

east, 31, 54, 64, 67, 86, 156, 185, 191, 200, 207, 231, 249, 253, 254, 256, 276, 283, 285, 287, 290, 295, 323, 394, 410, 412, 
426, 439, 454, 457, 468, 522, 535, 536
East, 25, 132, 149, 150, 216, 225, 260, 268, 278, 342, 493, 494

eastern, 26, 36, 125, 185, 224, 401, 404, 417, 468, 498, 506, 523, 537
Eastern, 129, 152, 427

eastward, 54, 177, 204, 383, 558

Eaton, 480, 491

Ebenezer, 314, 467, 470, 510, 544, 554

Eber, 39, 58, 59, 60, 63, 64, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 77, 80, 85, 87, 88, 109, 113, 122, 131, 135, 143, 151, 165, 166, 168, 175, 
195, 196, 197, 203, 247, 358, 365, 368, 435, 437, 439, 442, 443, 444, 448, 450, 451, 452, 465, 478, 481, 482, 489, 491, 493, 
508, 536

eccentric, 214

ecclesiastical, 283

echo, 431

Ed, 403, 495

Eddy, 555

Edinburgh, 555

edit, 268, 508
edited, 51, 249, 251, 298, 467, 490, 507, 512
editing, 224, 226, 465

edition, 27, 68, 69, 78, 84, 117, 136, 254, 300, 401, 432, 433, 451, 465, 484, 487, 525, 539, 541
editions, 69, 78, 432

editor, 39, 57, 58, 71, 73, 77, 96, 97, 104, 108, 113, 114, 143, 174, 198, 210, 218, 222, 226, 237, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 247, 
249, 251, 255, 259, 298, 384, 412, 439, 442, 443, 448, 449, 450, 451, 465, 467, 481, 483, 490, 492, 497, 499, 504, 505, 506, 
507, 508, 510, 511, 512, 513, 515, 517, 519

editorial, 245, 249, 254, 258, 271, 363, 405, 430, 433, 466, 481, 505, 506, 515
editorials, 490

editors, 260, 465, 466
Editors, 32, 33, 35, 74, 89, 108, 115, 121, 124, 129, 130, 133, 140, 151, 154, 160, 161, 175, 182, 184, 185, 186, 188, 202, 
222, 238, 291, 311, 347, 392, 397, 398, 400, 454, 459, 469, 476, 481, 493, 495, 518, 525, 536, 537, 545

editorship, 253, 518

Edmund, 421, 550, 557

educate, 468
educated, 25, 107, 175, 252, 290, 323, 352, 440

education, 24, 25, 84, 99, 100, 175, 227, 245, 457, 458, 465, 470, 472, 499

Edw., 336
Edward, 147, 216, 261, 275, 325, 382, 405, 406, 407, 408, 410, 442, 453, 464, 467, 471, 477, 478, 480, 493, 494, 513, 525, 
537, 551, 552
Edwards, 383, 384, 386, 518
Edwards's, 518

Edwin, 181, 249, 271, 458, 482, 498, 511, 536, 543, 549, 556

Egbert, 317, 379, 504, 506

Egyptian:
 Egyptian hieroglyphics (see Reformed Egyptian), 24, 187-8, 386-7, 538 n.37, 554 n.2, 555 n.5
 Egyptian mummies 58
 Egyptian book / scroll (see Book of Breathings; papyri, papyrus), 188, 360, 442 n.4
 Joseph Smith's Egyptian Grammar (see also Book of Abraham in lit. index), 442 n.4

Ehrman, 368

Eichbaum, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 165, 176, 464, 474, 475

elder, 32, 34, 35, 52, 166, 172, 173, 179, 198, 204, 215, 238, 246, 247, 284, 322, 325, 327, 328, 336, 384, 394, 405, 406, 407, 
434, 469, 472, 478, 503, 514, 535, 555
Elder, 18, 38, 80, 159, 172, 173, 205, 209, 221, 312, 325, 362, 389, 433, 434, 441, 443, 462, 466, 479, 480, 483, 492, 493, 
497, 503, 509, 532, 535, 540, 548, 552, 554

elderly, 117, 134, 163, 164, 218, 284, 316, 480

elders, 7, 204, 221, 475

Elders', 436, 514, 515

eldest, 104, 133, 141, 225, 227, 238, 243, 247, 261, 263, 278, 284, 285, 372, 373, 405, 406, 407, 408, 413, 430, 475, 488, 
493, 494, 496, 506, 516

Eleanor:
 Eleanor McLean, 361

Eleazar / Eleazer:
 Eleazer Kingsbury (1778-1813), 409
 Eleazar Kingsbury, (1778-1813), 415, 495

electronic, 4, 65

Elements, 452

Eli:
 Eli Bruce (Sheriff of Niagara Co., NY), 272, 274, 326, 382, 529 n.161, 546 n.40
 Eli Glass (res. of Genesee Co., NY), 419

Elias:
 Elias F. Dodd (1823-1908), 128, 430 n.5, 473 n.103
 Elias Keyes (ca. 1767-1823), 432 n.13

Elihu:
 Elihu Mather (involced in Wm. Morgan Affair), 273
 Elihu Beach, 284, 417, 421
 Elihu M. Beach (son of Elihu Beach), 414, 415, 417, 421
 Elihu Cowdery, 406

Elijah:
 Elijah Smith (at 1834 D. P. Hurlbut trial, OH) 72
 Elijah St. John (d. 1813), 246
 Elijah St. John Bemis (b. ca. 1819), 247

Eliphalet:
 Rev. Eliphat Nott (at Cherry Valley, NY), 25, 431

Elisha:
 Elisha Pauley (early landowner in OH), 285
 Elisha Spalding (bro. of SS – 1763-1834), 444 n.14
 Elisha Adams (in Wm. Morgan Affair), 529 n.162

Eliza:
 Ann Eliza More (md. John Strong, 1829, OH), 343
 Eliza Wilson Winter (md. Rev. John Winter, 1819), 477-8 n.13
 Eliza Alexander Cowdery (md. Lyman Cowdery, 1825), 499 n.41, 522 n.125

Elizabeth / Eliz.:
 Elizabeth Haven (with LDS in IL), 113
 Elizabeth Squires (in 1879), 184 
 Elizabeth Ann Whitmer Cowdery (1815-1892), 212, 360, 493 n.12, 509 n.44
 Eliz. Waterman (md. Theron Freeman, 1827, OH), 338
 Elizabeth Rigdon Clark (S. Rigdon’s aunt), 458 n.10
 Elizabeth Hawthorn (auth. see biblio.), 468 n.76

Elk Creek:
 Elk Creek  village, Erie Co., PA, 68
 Elk Creek. Twp, Erie Co., PA, 168, 426, 433 n.27

Elkhorn, Walworth Co., WI:
 Elkhorn (WI) Walworth County Democrat, 249
 Harmony Lodge #12 located at, 271, 528 n.150
 Lyman Cowdery moved to, in 1846, 271
 Oliver Cowdery moved to, in 1847, 271
 Law practice of Lyman & Oliver at, 511 n.53

Ell, 272

Ella, 463, 474

Ellen, 51, 52, 59, 441, 442, 451, 464, 471

Ellicottville, 426

eloped, 293, 396, 407
elopement, 73, 537

elopes, 375

eloquence, 247

eloquent, 17, 101, 458

elusive, 308
Elusive, 5, 492, 503, 540

Ely, 109, 113, 114, 464, 465

Elyria, 342, 343

embarrassing, 138, 155, 531
embarrassment, 124, 442

embellished, 197, 230, 363
embellishment, 481

emigrants, 384
emigrated, 223, 241, 246, 353, 359

Emily, 327, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 344, 348, 349, 476, 502, 546, 555

eminent, 13, 111, 550

Emma, 73, 159, 185, 187, 198, 231, 233, 234, 293, 300, 330, 360, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 381, 458, 501, 502, 530, 540, 544

Emmily, 410

Emmon, 483
Emmons, 548

Empire, 492, 507

Emporium, 524

Encampment, 529

Encyclopaedia, 431
Encyclopedia, 431, 465, 492, 530

enemies, 112, 126, 192, 440, 489, 520, 526
enemy, 70, 74, 553

engendered

engineered, 30, 221, 460
engineers, 272

England, 14, 25, 26, 45, 92, 106, 129, 161, 200, 383, 435, 447, 451, 466, 477, 484, 521, 525

Engles, 105, 120, 121, 127, 134, 135, 137, 138, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 339, 352, 465, 470, 471, 475

English, 4, 18, 27, 81, 89, 127, 148, 149, 187, 297, 396, 431, 454, 455, 458, 525, 538

engraved, 23, 155, 187, 202, 232, 240, 249, 310, 351, 376
engraver, 240
engravings, 23, 198, 202

Enigma, 1, 4, 9, 15, 28, 30, 31, 33, 39, 49, 53, 54, 58, 63, 68, 73, 74, 76, 78, 90, 99, 103, 104, 106, 117, 120, 121, 128, 131, 
139, 140, 147, 149, 150, 151, 165, 167, 177, 195, 198, 204, 207, 209, 244, 269, 288, 308, 317, 349, 353, 360, 363, 369, 390, 
401, 402, 448, 449, 471, 481, 525, 554

enigmatic, 265
enigmatically, 360

enmity, 553

Enoch:
 Enoch Howlett (md. Sally Cowdery, 1832, NY), 418

Enquirer, 175, 199, 201, 512, 537, 546

Ensign, 429, 484, 498, 550

Ensworth:
 Dr. Ensworth (of  Palmyra, NY), 504 n.9

Enterprise, 521

entity, 232, 376, 432

entrepreneur, 383

entries, 61, 198, 203, 223, 425, 435, 448, 449, 470, 510, 515
entry, 159, 223, 336, 338, 405, 407, 410, 435, 491, 508, 514, 515, 519, 554, 558
ENUMERATION, 417

envelope, 337, 482

Ephraim:
 Ephraim Gates, 260
 Ephraim Pentland (early Pittsburgh newsman), 470 n.84, 475 n.116
 Ephraim S. Green (LDS missionary in HI), 477 n.5

epidemic (of 1813, in VT), 494

Episcopal, 273, 464

episode, 370, 488

equinox, 502

Era, 82, 167, 436, 442, 465, 466, 467, 479, 493, 541, 542

Erastus, 212, 215, 223, 224, 225, 230, 252, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 363, 384, 385, 412, 413, 416, 417, 418, 444, 535, 
536, 554, 555
Erastus's, 287, 385, 554, 555

Erie (NY): 
 Erie Canal, 226, 256, 
 Utica-Buffalo-Erie, 427

Erie (PA):
 31, 52, 84, 168, 183, 200, 204, 206, 225, 246, 247, 249, 284, 300, 326, 342, 384, 418, 421, 426, 427, 428, 433, 436, 438, 
453, 454, 468, 469, 475, 480, 496, 514

erroneas, 392
erroneous, 172, 259, 502, 506
erroneously, 448, 465, 466, 473, 479, 516, 524, 558

error, 81, 88, 93, 95, 108, 130, 262, 327, 330, 342, 444, 448, 459, 465, 484, 504, 510
errors, 11, 101, 171, 244, 315, 332, 367, 372, 460, 521, 540

erudite, 385, 538

Esick:
 Esick Lyon, 328

Esq., 33, 54, 58, 61, 63, 69, 122, 135, 136, 156, 164, 375, 418, 438, 444, 445, 446, 470, 475, 503, 525
Esquire, 130, 414

essay, 257, 542
Essays, 465, 552

Essex, 543

Ethan:
 Ethan Cowdery (b. 1788), 411 (misspelled Eathan), 412, 414, 416
 Ethan Smith (1762-1849 – auth. see biblio.), 540 n.65, 541-2 n.65

Ethen:
 Ethen (Ethan) Cowdery (b. 1788), 412

Etton:
 Henry Etton (pub. see biblio.), 552 n.21

Etzenhouser:
 Etzenhouser, R[udolph] (auth. see biblio.), 550 n.9

Europe (as destination of Wm. Morgan), 526 n.146

Evan, 433, 448

Evangel, 386

Evangelical, 454, 480, 502, 507, 552
Evangelical Perspective, 454

evangelist, 286, 463
Evangelist, 394, 491, 512

evangelize, 9, 383

Evans, 148, 511, 550
Evarts', 181

evening, 70, 91, 124, 188, 190, 205, 239, 243, 253, 269, 288, 305, 309, 317, 331, 337, 391, 392, 427
Evening, 23, 248, 249, 430, 433, 435, 443, 449, 450, 483, 484, 490, 510, 514

Everts, 463, 477, 484, 498, 502, 513, 534

Evertson:
 Nicholas Evertson (early Ontario Co., NY res., 522 n.125, 523 n.125 (misspelled Everston)

evidence, 10, 17, 18, 28, 30, 31, 32, 36, 38, 39, 47, 48, 49, 50, 52, 59, 60, 65, 66, 68, 69, 70, 74, 78, 81, 82, 88, 90, 92, 
93, 96, 99, 105, 117, 122, 127, 130, 135, 138, 139, 140, 141, 144, 156, 159, 160, 163, 165, 166, 167, 168, 170, 175, 179, 
180, 207, 210, 215, 220, 223, 247, 251, 254, 256, 262, 263, 270, 271, 272, 278, 286, 289, 298, 303, 305, 310, 311, 314, 
331, 353, 356, 365, 367, 368, 369, 387, 389, 438, 440, 442, 449, 467, 471, 478, 487, 501, 502, 521, 530, 535, 544, 550, 
551, 553, 554

Evidences, 342, 434, 477

evident, 93, 105, 135, 138, 186, 209, 357, 545

evil, 11, 32, 185, 196, 219, 299, 364, 466, 506

evolution, 484

evolved, 27, 192, 197, 430

excavated, 262
excavating, 200, 262, 295

excavation, 201, 240, 294, 295, 327, 537
excavations, 184, 200

Excelsior, 527

EXCERPT, 393
excerpts, 68, 122, 310, 390, 532

excluded, 101, 111, 150, 240, 264, 335, 391, 436, 461, 481

exclusion, 111, 460

Exclusive, 427

excommunicated, 30, 31, 69, 154, 158, 160, 161, 362, 448, 450, 490, 515, 531, 544
excommunication, 40, 71, 101, 107, 158, 159, 209, 248, 249, 360, 447, 448, 449, 510, 521

excursions, 200, 419

exhumation, 445
exhume, 373

EX-LDS, 389
ex-members, 316

ex-Methodist, 34

ex-Mormon, 34, 503
ex-Mormons, 53

exonerate, 550
exonerated, 273, 485

expedition, 70, 184, 201, 229, 294, 316, 403, 489, 524

expelled, 35, 72, 167, 186, 497, 528

expert, 449

explanation, 45, 66, 78, 90, 96, 128, 130, 133, 140, 193, 233, 263, 270, 299, 305, 337, 362, 442, 449, 454, 484, 556
explanations, 322, 347

exploit, 51, 357, 488
exploits, 484

expose, 36, 52, 55, 95, 121, 158, 159, 160, 229, 235, 268, 269, 279, 355, 478, 525, 526
exposed, 18, 49, 95, 109, 140, 160, 168, 178, 210, 489
exposes, 195, 359

exposing, 39, 153, 164, 188, 196, 269, 278, 360, 487

Expositor, 531

exposure, 190, 446

ex-preacher, 202

expulsion, 112, 120

extinct, 27, 107, 198, 357

extra, 411, 494

extracted, 426

extraordinary, 14, 205, 246, 283, 310

eye, 93, 184, 263, 398, 449
eyes, 12, 24, 27, 155, 178, 183, 184, 185, 206, 260, 275, 277, 303, 305, 307, 308, 320, 379, 539, 540

eyewitness, 85, 370

Ezekiel (see also lit. index):
 Ezekiel S. Beach, 215, 284-5, 413-7, 421, 494 n.22, 535 n.4
 Ezekiel Strong Beach (son of Ezekiel), 285, 421
 Mrs. Ezekiel S. Beach (Azubah Cowdery Beach), 215, 284, 421, 494 n.22, 535 n.4
 Col. Ezekiel Jewett (in Wm. Morgan Affair), 272, 505 n.19
 Ezekiel Conkey, 407
 Ezekiel Kingsbury, 409
 Ezekiel Clark, 474 n.108
505, 535

Ezra:
 Ezra Booth (early LDS apostate – see biblio.), 53, 196, 359, 389, 503 n.6, 552 n.15, 555 n.1
 Ezra B. Beach, 284, 421
 Dr. Ezra Seymour (1782-ca. 1860) 487 n.42

Ezubah (Azubah):
 Azubah (Ezubah) Cowdery (1756-1841, 494 n.22


F

fabricating, 311

fabrication, 37, 172, 179, 365, 467
fabrications, 556
FABRICATIONS, 401

fabulous, 45, 46, 60, 230, 516

facsimile, 348
facsimiles, 386

fact, 12, 25, 29, 30, 32, 34, 37, 38, 39, 45, 50, 54, 58, 59, 64, 71, 79, 85, 89, 90, 91, 92, 94, 96, 100, 106, 116, 117, 121, 
122, 127, 128, 131, 132, 137, 138, 139, 141, 142, 143, 144, 149, 150, 151, 153, 154, 155, 159, 160, 164, 165, 167, 170, 
172, 176, 178, 180, 185, 197, 203, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 220, 223, 237, 239, 242, 245, 247, 249, 251, 252, 255, 256, 
259, 260, 261, 265, 270, 277, 278, 285, 287, 289, 297, 298, 300, 301, 303, 304, 305, 307, 314, 315, 316, 326, 331, 336, 351, 
354, 355, 356, 357, 359, 362, 364, 368, 381, 384, 386, 392, 396, 398, 399, 402, 404, 408, 410, 427, 434, 435, 437, 438, 442, 
445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 452, 454, 457, 465, 466, 469, 475, 480, 481, 482, 486, 489, 492, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 514, 518, 
520, 521, 522, 530, 541, 545, 549, 555

faction, 153, 325, 335, 477

factor, 167, 211, 307, 385, 481
factors, 176, 212, 426

facts, 9, 10, 12, 18, 29, 30, 31, 38, 39, 44, 48, 57, 73, 74, 84, 104, 116, 131, 142, 153, 157, 160, 167, 168, 180, 198, 223, 246, 
259, 303, 328, 332, 334, 354, 392, 393, 398, 401, 434, 442, 459, 460, 477, 489, 496, 540

faculty, 222, 468

fair, 28, 48, 124, 369, 503

Fairchild, 78, 452, 455, 456, 511

Fairfield, 71, 408, 439, 544

Fairport, 428, 536

faith, 9, 11, 12, 15, 16, 130, 172, 178, 186, 190, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 227, 245, 261, 304, 307, 327, 334, 345, 356, 364, 367, 
390, 392, 438, 449, 477, 489, 491, 492, 502, 515, 532, 544, 545, 550, 551, 553

faithful, 7, 11, 102, 184, 185, 228, 238, 275, 334, 541, 551
faithfully, 50, 210, 219, 261, 439

faith-promoting, 491

Falls:
 Beaver Falls, PA, 458 n.10
 Chagrin Falls, OH, 535 n.11

false, 9, 13, 18, 29, 34, 35, 36, 102, 112, 118, 168, 178, 196, 210, 264, 315, 316, 328, 359, 361, 363, 433, 482, 524, 544

Falsehood, 466
falsehoods, 113, 118, 176, 359, 466

families, 39, 52, 53, 167, 174, 253, 270, 277, 404, 407, 417, 423, 445, 491, 494, 495

family, 14, 26, 27, 29, 36, 44, 45, 51, 53, 54, 55, 59, 61, 64, 66, 69, 74, 81, 83, 85, 90, 91, 104, 111, 123, 124, 125, 127, 131, 
132, 133, 134, 141, 142, 151, 162, 163, 164, 167, 174, 175, 177, 180, 182, 187, 206, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 
219, 221, 224, 225, 226, 228, 229, 235, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 251, 253, 254, 260, 265, 266, 267, 
268, 270, 274, 275, 276, 280, 284, 285, 288, 290, 291, 292, 296, 297, 299, 305, 306, 308, 317, 321, 323, 324, 329, 335, 336, 
337, 338, 346, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 357, 358, 359, 363, 364, 371, 372, 376, 379, 382, 383, 384, 385, 391, 402, 404, 405, 
406, 408, 409, 410, 411, 414, 415, 416, 417, 419, 423, 430, 432, 434, 437, 438, 439, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 449, 450, 451, 
458, 459, 462, 469, 473, 478, 481, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 500, 501, 502, 506, 507, 512, 514, 519, 523, 524, 530, 
531, 532, 535, 536, 538, 539, 541, 542, 545, 549, 550, 556, 557

fanatic, 490

fanatical, 200, 211

fanaticism, 68, 199, 201, 327, 355, 361
Fanaticism, 199, 537, 546

fanatics, 47, 109, 520

Fanny, 444

fantasy, 442

Far, 165, 253, 276, 436, 481, 491, 510, 520, 531, 552

Farabee, 472

Farkas, 60

farm, 29, 73, 84, 85, 104, 137, 142, 161, 175, 183, 185, 186, 187, 189, 190, 192, 204, 206, 218, 221, 224, 225, 227, 229, 230, 
233, 239, 240, 245, 246, 261, 264, 267, 272, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 289, 290, 291, 293, 296, 305, 307, 308, 313, 323, 329, 
335, 344, 346, 372, 374, 376, 379, 385, 399, 409, 410, 413, 416, 425, 427, 428, 437, 444, 458, 463, 468, 472, 476, 486, 495, 
496, 499, 522, 523, 535, 538, 549, 554, 555

farmed, 132, 439

farmer, 104, 141, 198, 199, 202, 229, 232, 239, 243, 287, 432, 490, 496, 553
farmers, 26, 188, 287, 323

Farmersville, 223, 229, 418

farmhouse, 542, 557

Farmington, 371, 372, 499

farms, 216, 230, 286, 287, 414
Farms, 463

fast-talking, 360

father, 24, 30, 51, 52, 61, 79, 80, 84, 93, 97, 104, 105, 115, 119, 128, 131, 132, 133, 134, 144, 150, 152, 163, 164, 166, 168, 
174, 175, 176, 182, 185, 186, 203, 210, 211, 213, 214, 215, 218, 220, 221, 222, 226, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 238, 
239, 241, 245, 246, 247, 257, 261, 264, 265, 270, 283, 284, 290, 293, 297, 298, 306, 307, 310, 321, 323, 328, 331, 336, 341, 
351, 354, 361, 364, 373, 374, 375, 376, 378, 396, 407, 408, 411, 412, 416, 418, 423, 430, 431, 434, 435, 440, 442, 448, 450, 
451, 453, 454, 456, 457, 458, 461, 462, 463, 464, 466, 467, 468, 469, 472, 474, 477, 480, 493, 496, 497, 502, 508, 509, 512, 
514, 515, 518, 519, 522, 523, 528, 529, 532, 538, 539, 540, 543, 555, 558

father-in-law, 61, 174, 186, 306, 341, 376, 448, 450, 464, 540, 543, 558

fathers, 18, 144, 199, 251, 351, 359, 360

Faulring, 483, 501

Fawn, 15, 47, 48, 49, 88, 159, 160, 167, 211, 270, 315, 429, 440, 455, 478, 486, 493, 543

Fayette, 128, 204, 233, 329, 331, 332, 345, 379, 380, 381, 382, 492, 541, 549

federal, 131, 207, 472

feeling, 135, 201, 316, 553
feelings, 151, 173, 174, 363, 443

fees, 395

fellow-Mormon, 477

fellowship, 100, 162, 341

fellow-townsmen, 57

female, 215, 318, 406, 411, 545
females, 405, 406

Ferguson:
 David Ferguson (a ward of S. Rigdon, 1820s, Pittsburgh), 103, 335, 336
 Bartimeus Ferguson (early NY newsman), 242
 James and Mary Ferguson (parents of David Ferguson), 335, 462 n.32
 Thomas Stuart Ferguson (auth. see biblio.), 443 n.4

Fergusson: 
 W. A. Fergusson & Co. (pub. see biblio.) 488 n.43, 549 n.4

Ferree, 472

fiction (see also lit. index, various titles):
 writers of fiction are liars (acc. To S. Rigdon), 118

fight, 85, 182, 464
fighting, 320, 455

Fillerup, 552

Fillmore, 472

financial, 17, 26, 28, 81, 83, 94, 119, 142, 148, 192, 197, 232, 377

Findlay, 472, 473

Finney, 157

fire, 60, 72, 100, 148, 228, 267, 269, 319, 393, 394, 444, 445, 461, 470, 508, 556

firearms, 71, 72

fireplace, 100, 163

fireside, 225, 227, 238, 243, 310

firm, 27, 91, 119, 120, 121, 144, 145, 164, 165, 166, 248, 250, 264, 265, 351, 357, 463, 470, 474, 475, 515
Firm, 175, 248, 510

firma:
 terra firma, 397

firsthand, 150, 181, 207, 237, 243, 258, 301, 355

Fish, 294, 376, 418, 514
Fishing, 520

Fiske, 247, 261, 493, 513

fit, 49, 64, 89, 111, 122, 170, 241, 244, 302, 348, 456, 489, 502, 539
fits, 68, 83, 96, 142, 170, 257, 295, 310, 348

Fitch, 517, 519

Flatbush, 515

Flats, 313, 390

fleecing, 359, 480, 510

Flint, 553

Flora, 415, 535

Florence:
 Florence Smith (ed. see biblio), 507 n.29, 508 n.39

Flower, 159, 479

Follett, 504, 505, 507, 508, 511, 513, 516, 522, 526, 543
Follett's, 526

follies, 315

follow, 73, 183, 202, 217, 225, 268, 308, 346, 398, 399, 405, 487, 532
followed, 24, 28, 32, 52, 78, 102, 121, 122, 159, 189, 199, 216, 230, 233, 259, 269, 270, 277, 317, 357, 398, 462, 486, 493, 
526, 538, 554

followers, 68, 72, 103, 184, 185, 188, 189, 190, 192, 243, 246, 287, 335, 348, 360, 389, 462, 463, 477, 537, 538, 544, 545
following, 18, 24, 26, 32, 39, 40, 44, 47, 60, 61, 63, 64, 69, 71, 96, 105, 109, 114, 119, 120, 121, 122, 131, 134, 137, 140, 
141, 156, 158, 161, 180, 189, 199, 218, 219, 221, 233, 257, 263, 266, 267, 270, 275, 277, 284, 295, 300, 301, 305, 317, 
321, 328, 330, 331, 332, 340, 342, 353, 354, 355, 357, 359, 360, 381, 389, 396, 397, 401, 413, 426, 427, 433, 443, 449, 
454, 461, 465, 466, 468, 471, 475, 480, 482, 486, 487, 499, 500, 503, 504, 509, 510, 519, 520, 528, 530, 538, 543, 551

Folly, 466

fool, 92, 183, 360, 488, 489, 490, 503, 552

foolish, 75, 328, 372
foolishness, 316

foolscap, 91, 92, 123, 124, 369, 455, 456

Foote, 554

forbid, 302

forbidden, 178, 234
forbiddingly, 315

Ford, 502

Fordham, 552

forehead / foreheads:
 123, 126, 260, 400, 486

foreman, 149, 191, 228, 251, 256, 257, 512, 522

forest, 67, 84, 180, 445

Foreword, 300, 539

forfeited, 325

forge, 26, 40, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52, 84, 86, 96, 140, 141, 432, 440, 453

forged, 268, 361
forgery, 74, 116

Fork, 457

Forman, 441

Forrest, 430

Forscutt, 509

Fort, 272, 274, 505

fortifications, 43, 84, 87, 107
forts, 42, 71, 107, 310, 313

fortune, 165, 218, 222, 234, 264, 269, 277, 327, 373, 375, 381, 396, 456, 468, 499, 500, 508

fortune-teller, 222, 499, 500
fortune-telling, 375, 381

Forty Years a Typo, 257, 512

Fosdick, 342

Foster, 13, 14, 429, 472

Found, 27, 28, 31, 32, 37, 38, 40, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 58, 59, 60, 63, 71, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 88, 
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 106, 107, 108, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 137, 140, 142, 144, 147, 149, 154, 165, 174, 176, 177, 197, 
210, 299, 352, 357, 358, 363, 368, 369, 401, 437, 451, 454, 457, 476, 552, 554

Foundation, 454

founded, 14, 24, 25, 41, 42, 48, 100, 142, 147, 171, 235, 242, 247, 255, 308, 362, 445, 459, 464, 467, 479, 489, 508, 512, 518

founder, 14, 17, 23, 209, 243, 494, 512, 541, 545
Founder, 492

founding, 18, 28, 161, 177, 227, 254, 271, 329, 343, 358, 360, 472, 527, 528

foundry, 79, 510
foundrys, 510

Fowler, 417

Francis, 541

Francois, 555

Frank, 212, 433, 492, 534, 555, 557

Franklin, 224, 226, 227, 228, 229, 233, 235, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 263, 264, 266, 267, 
270, 278, 279, 296, 298, 300, 363, 368, 385, 412, 415, 421, 427, 453, 454, 469, 472, 485, 494, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 
518, 519, 520, 522, 524, 527, 528, 538, 539

Fraser's, 375, 530

fraternity, 281
Fraternity, 525

fraud, 34, 54, 55, 169, 170, 188, 233, 239, 355, 364, 506
frauds, 245

fraudulent, 270, 550

freak, 325

Fred, 393

Frederic, 181, 182, 192, 486
Frederick, 189, 248, 322, 369, 370, 449, 454, 504, 509, 513, 520, 534, 543

Fredericktown, 470, 476

Fredonia (NY) Censor, 454, 484, (misspelled “Freedonia”), 485

Freedom:
 Freedom, Cattaraugus Co., NY, 249, 252, 418, 420, 426, 496, 497, 502, 509, (LDS Church at) 514, (first brick house at) 525
 Freedom/Farmersville area (NY), 418
 Freedom-Buffalo (40 mi.), 509
 Freedom-Canandaigua  (80 mi.), 509
 Freedom to Ellicottville (63 mi.), 426
 Freedom to Livonia (45 mi.), 426

Freedonia (see Fredonia)

Freeman (surname):
 Theron Freeman, 338

Freeman (see Palmyra Freeman, also biblio.)

Freeman's Oath:
 Edward Cowdery took at Tunbridge, VT, 1794, 406

Freemason, 251, 467
Freemasons, 229, 268, 270

Freemasonry, 229, 266, 269, 270, 304, 476, 524, 525, 526, 527


Freeport, 217, 218, 224, 385, 414, 420, 496

Free-thinker, 443

French, 128, 131, 147, 216, 402, 472, 487, 492, 513, 524

frenzy, 201

frequented, 28, 91, 103, 104, 124, 197, 216, 268, 278, 404

Friedman, 503

friend, 10, 33, 63, 65, 67, 78, 108, 113, 122, 127, 128, 134, 135, 154, 159, 165, 221, 222, 226, 228, 233, 242, 244, 254, 255, 
259, 263, 267, 271, 273, 276, 279, 292, 296, 315, 317, 319, 326, 336, 345, 348, 357, 358, 362, 395, 401, 430, 452, 457, 460, 
463, 477, 478, 492, 500, 501, 506, 519, 531, 532

friendly, 57, 113, 143, 153, 255, 260, 298, 302, 328, 467, 541, 551

friends, 27, 36, 51, 54, 70, 72, 80, 83, 102, 105, 108, 119, 126, 132, 154, 155, 164, 166, 175, 177, 180, 190, 192, 204, 205, 
209, 211, 212, 226, 228, 229, 252, 253, 255, 261, 273, 277, 295, 298, 301, 326, 327, 345, 352, 360, 391, 398, 435, 480, 500
Friends, 501, 549

Friendship, 315, 336, 353, 358, 488, 549, 551

Friendship Sesquentennial, 549
Friendship Sesquicentennial, 488
Friendship Sesqui-Centennial, 549

Friendship Standard, 551

Frisbie, 213, 220, 359, 493, 494, 498, 501

frontier, 26, 99, 170, 212, 214, 216, 217, 219, 230, 257, 286, 403, 404, 413, 457, 516, 558
Frontier, 531

frontispiece, 487

front-page, 511

Frost, 160

frothed, 483

fruit, 156, 201, 229, 478, 532, 535

Ft., 274, 472

Fuller, 212, 213, 229, 260, 261, 263, 264, 402, 413, 415, 419, 493, 494, 513, 522, 523

Fullmer, 375

Fulton, 412, 414, 496
Fultons, 412, 496

Fun Facts, 548

funds, 149, 192, 490

funeral, 277, 286, 334, 337, 385, 451, 482
funerary, 360, 442

Funk, 441, 451, 471

furnace, 52

future, 16, 82, 83, 85, 93, 196, 198, 225, 235, 242, 243, 253, 276, 308, 326, 355, 501 
futurity, 111, 318


G

gab:
 D. P. Hurlbut was reportedly full of gab, 74 (misspelled gall), 435

Gaines, 279, 516

gall (see gab)

Gamaliel, 246, 507

Gandhi:
 Mohandas Gandhi (quote from), 356

gang, 112, 186, 227, 229, 261, 510

Ganson:
 James Ganson (charged with crime in NY), 524 n.133

gap, 93, 96, 210, 308, 349
gaps, 235, 346, 348, 349

garbled, 532

Garden, 542

Gardner, 535

Garfield, 44, 447, 543

Garret:
 Garret Purnee (of Sodus, Wayne Co., NY), 325
 Garrit Brass (d. 1837, OH), 363
 Garrit (Garet) Brass (d. 1837, OH), 481 n.43

Garrit (see Garret)
 
Gaston:
 Rev. James E. Gaston (of Warren, OH), 467 n.69, 480 n.40

Gates, 213, 260, 407, 415, 419

gathering, 55, 73, 165, 168, 331

Gauge:
Gauge of Philosophy (nickname for W. W. Phelps), 430 n.3

Gazette, 72, 117, 167, 278, 410, 445, 449, 463, 464, 467, 468, 469, 470, 475, 477, 481, 505, 506, 507, 511, 513, 514, 518, 
524, 528, 538

Gazetteer, 344, 353, 493, 501, 513, 516, 557

gazing, 382, 530

Gear, 455

Geauga, 46, 57, 59, 70, 131, 336, 338, 339, 342, 434, 435, 437, 439, 443, 447, 448, 461, 473, 481, 524, 548

Gee:
 George Gee (LDS, Thompson, OH, 1830s), 35, 436 n.48

Gen., 365, 440, 511

Genealogical, 442, 446, 453, 471, 492, 513, 516, 519, 532, 534, 555, 557

genealogy, 404, 494, 557
Genealogy, 215, 250, 261, 298, 404, 405, 406, 407, 409, 416, 474, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 499, 500, 502, 507, 508, 509, 
511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 519, 534, 535, 538, 539, 555, 557, 558

General, 44, 52, 139, 272, 365, 404, 432, 461, 464, 499, 529, 552

Genesee, 216, 218, 224, 228, 251, 252, 254, 255, 256, 265, 266, 278, 279, 283, 359, 384, 403, 409, 411, 414, 418, 419, 420, 
421, 422, 423, 495, 512, 514, 515, 522, 525, 531, 538, 554, 557

Geneseo, 217, 411, 412, 413, 420, 423, 426, 496, 512, 513

Geneva, 198, 233, 296, 298, 299, 300, 422, 426, 446, 461, 483, 484, 512, 513, 514, 538, 539

gentile, 160, 193, 520
Gentile, 190, 361, 545

gentiles, 29, 461
Gentiles, 392

Gentleman, 397
genuine, 81, 155, 201, 251, 322, 358, 402

geographical, 86

geography, 87, 88, 453
Geography, 84

Geo., 513
George, 9, 13, 35, 99, 128, 131, 132, 133, 156, 160, 167, 188, 267, 276, 280, 281, 285, 318, 353, 358, 402, 429, 432, 434, 435, 
436, 438, 439, 443, 449, 451, 453, 457, 472, 474, 477, 479, 485, 488, 507, 518, 522, 531, 535, 544, 552, 553

German, 172, 538

Gertrude:
 Gertrude Van Rensselaer Wickham (auth. see biblio.), 507 n.29

get-rich-quick, 544

giant, 191
giants, 446

Gibson, 511

Gibsonburg, 73, 166, 435

Giddings, 275, 529

Giddins, 525, 529

Gideon:
 Gideon Granger (1767-1823 -- SS’s land business partner in OH), 139, 432 n.12

Gilbert, 191, 192, 250, 317, 319, 322, 379, 380, 431, 504, 511, 544, 550

Giles, 287, 337, 338

Gillespie, 544

Girard, 168

girl, 71, 323, 392, 412, 446, 496, 499, 501
girls, 215, 224, 261, 285, 405, 499, 522

Givens, 369, 554

Glass, 228, 396, 419, 494

glass-looking, 375, 376, 523, 530, 539

Gleanings, 464, 467, 543

Glendale, 492

Globe-Democrat, 549

Gnosis, 526

God, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 18, 24, 30, 35, 36, 71, 84, 86, 155, 169, 170, 172, 175, 177, 178, 186, 192, 202, 205, 227, 230, 231, 
232, 233, 234, 261, 262, 265, 289, 296, 299, 303, 307, 308, 313, 314, 315, 351, 355, 356, 358, 364, 365, 376, 377, 380, 394, 
436, 454, 466, 480, 482, 483, 488, 520, 529, 542, 544, 551, 552, 554

God's, 10, 11, 12, 169, 178, 230, 261, 262, 265, 307, 308, 358, 364, 376, 482, 544

godhead, 192, 489

Goff, 535

gold, 23, 71, 178, 186, 229, 232, 240, 265, 302, 310, 315, 316, 317, 320, 323, 327, 374, 375, 376, 417, 506, 530, 544

Gold / Golden Bible (see also Mormon Bible, and lit. index)
 JS’s Golden Bible measured nearly six inches in thickness, 24
 JS resurrected Spalding's Manuscript Found as the Golden Bible, 33
 Henry Lake read the LDS Golden Bible in 1832-33, 44-5, 
 John N. Miller’s memory of SS’s writings compared with LDS Gold Bible, 46
 Hill Cumorah in NY was earlier known as Gold / Golden Bible Hill, 183, 192, 198-201, 294 , 327
 JS made a league with the spirit to obtain the Gold Bible, 219 
 O. Cowdery was JS’s chief scribe in translating the Golden Bible, 234 
 Martin Harris anticipated the profits to be made in printing the Gold Bible, 240 
 Orsamus Turner felt O. Cowdery’s imagination accounted for the Golden Bible, 244 
 Orsamus Turner felt SS’s writings a possible supplement to Gold Bible, 244 
 Newly published Book of Mormon called Golden Bible in OH in 1830, 245-6, 506 n.26
 O. Cowdery and JS originated Golden Bible as a “string of jargon,” 246 
 JSS’s family called JS’s book of plates “the Golden Bible,” 322, 346 
 as late as 1880s S. Rigdon family called the BoM “the Golden Bible,” 354-5, 549 n.5
 the JSS family and local money-diggers known as the Gold Bible Co., 358 
 Egbert B. Grandin first turned down a proposition to print the Golden Bible, 379 
 JS’s work in bringing forth the BoM called “the Gold Bible business,” 387 
 in title of E. D. Howe’s 1834 book, the BoM called the “Golden Bible,” 437 n.57 
 1839 pub. of SS’s widow’s statement entitled “Origin of… Golden Bible,” 440 n.80 
 J. H. Kennedy called the coming forth of the BoM, the Gold Bible delusion, 490 n.12 
 1830 series of articles in Palmyra Reflector entitled “Gold Bible…,” 499 n.43, 546 n.38
 1830 article in Palmyra Reflector called Martin Harris a Gold Bible witness, 502 n.52 
 1831 article in Ohio newspaper called BoM "Something New -- Gold Bible," 502 n.52 
 Orsamus Turner called the Book of Mormon, the Gold Bible, 506 n.25 
 as early as 1827 newspapers reported discovery of a Golden Bible, 543 n.16
 discovery of Golden Bible reported in Palmyra paper, June 1829, 543 n.17 


Gold Bible, 5, 45, 183, 191, 219, 240, 244, 358, 387, 499, 502, 506, 546
Gold-Bible, 490

golden, 24, 180, 183, 185, 186, 187, 198, 202, 203, 295, 296, 297, 379, 491

Goodell, 286, 337, 482
Goodell's, 337

Goodwin, 526

Gorden, 68, 473
Gordon, 175, 197, 198, 207, 294, 326, 333, 346, 464, 489, 490, 491, 537, 546

Gorham, 258, 485, 498, 500, 503, 504, 506, 513, 517, 536, 539, 546

Goshen, 422

Gospel / gospel:
 “Minister of the Gospel” (title used by Mormon preachers), 32
 D. P. Hurlbut and Orson Hyde preach LDS gosepl in PA, 35
 missionaries preach Gospel in Aron Wright’s cabin, OH, 67
 S. Rigdon ordained Minister of the Gospel, 1820, OH, 101, 285, 312
 Campbellite Gospel restoration movement, 170
 LDS believe JS’s first vision began gospel restoration, 177
 S. Rigdon “obeyed the Gospel” (converted to LDS), 1830, 205
 O. Cowdery’s privations for the gospel’s sake, 305
 S. Rigdon spoke on restoration of the ancient gospel, 1830, 313
 S. Rigdon first to preach LDS gospel at Palmyra, NY, 1830, 323
 Emily Coburn Austin: “a course of gospel labor commenced”) 328
 The Gospel of the Ages (see biblio.), 491 n.3

gossip, 103, 296, 475, 499

Gould, 52

Gov., 434

govern, 32, 477
governed, 50, 283

government, 82, 169, 170, 192, 226, 304, 431, 456, 470

governor, 524
Governor, 272, 273, 464, 516

governs, 201

Gowanda:
 North Gowanda (prev. Lodi), NY, John Cowdery in, 1826-28, 217, 518 n.102
 South Gowanda, NY, John Cowdery in, 1826-29, 420
 South Gowanda, NY, John Cowdery in, 1830-66, 421

Grace, 493

graduate, 107, 390, 439, 457
graduated, 431, 464, 468, 477

Grafton, 507

Graham, 465, 470

Grambo:
 Lippincott, Grambo & Co. (pub.  see biblio.), 469 n.77

grammar, 439, 442

grammatical, 126

Grand, 101, 270, 339, 340, 341, 429, 475, 497, 526, 528, 529, 530

grandchild, 488
grandchildren, 353, 410, 557

granddaughter, 298, 442, 495
grandfather, 213, 214, 250, 354, 387, 412, 496, 557

Grandin, 191, 250, 317, 348, 379, 380, 501, 504, 506, 541, 549

Grandison, 53, 365, 438, 553

grandmother, 133, 213, 260, 431
grandnephew, 224, 557
grandniece, 51, 59, 451

grandson, 224, 324, 354, 387, 409, 413, 414, 495, 514, 557
granduncle, 132, 266, 403, 405, 419, 423, 493, 514

Granger, 139, 248, 432, 449, 475, 509

Grant, 159, 172, 479, 483, 542

Grantham, 407, 495

Gratz, 506

grave, 27, 128, 202, 240, 351, 430, 474, 505, 553
graves, 446, 474

gravesite, 131

graveyard, 474

Gray, 339

Grayson, 522, 556

Great, 177, 188, 217, 218, 219, 221, 381, 430, 445, 483, 484, 552

great-aunt, 213
great-grand-daughter, 415
great-grandmother, 431

Grecian:
 Grecian and Roman history (Rigdon’s knowledge of), 458 n.7

Greek, 127, 187

Green, 149, 267, 313, 433, 477, 525, 526, 528, 534, 543
Green(e), 267, 525, 526, 528, 534
Greene, 189, 286, 406, 448, 535

Greencastle, IN,  96

Greenfield, 468

Greensburg, 286, 287, 289, 337, 535

Greenwood, 522, 523, 535

greeny, 182

Gregg, 288, 291, 295, 319, 347, 349, 402, 472, 522, 536, 537

Gregory:
 Frederic Gregory Mather (1844-1925), 181

Griffin:
 Mr. Griffin (Trumbull Co., OH), 534 n.3

Grimston:
 Rev. George Grimston Cookman, 13-14

grist, 190
gristmill, 64, 68, 432, 459

Grolier's Multi-Media Encyclopedia (see biblio.), 465 n.52

grove, 177, 178, 179, 202, 219, 328, 492
Grove, 131, 471, 473

Groveland, 223, 224, 252, 253, 254, 266, 412, 413, 416, 418, 502, 513, 514

Grover:
 Charles Grover (1891 statement), 443 n.6

Growth, 525, 534

guard, 190, 240, 275, 456

guarded, 71, 72, 185, 239, 351, 456

guardian, 24, 103, 221, 222, 227, 335, 373, 374, 376, 380, 468

guardianship, 336

guarding, 299, 371, 375, 530

guide, 216, 217, 230, 403, 404, 409

Guilpert, 433, 463, 477, 479, 483

guilty, 102, 155, 168, 272, 273, 320, 326, 395, 461, 526, 528, 529, 530

Gulf:
 Gulf Summit, Broome Co., NY, 508 n.39

gullible, 17, 46, 232, 296, 308, 359, 538

gun, 215, 318
guns, 72, 318

Gunn, 340, 493

Gunnell:
 Wayne C. Gunnell (see Biblio.), 480 n.31

Gustavus (Trumbull Co., OH), 286, 535
Gustavus-Greensburg area (Trumbull Co., OH), 535


H

habit, 94, 171, 210, 286, 287, 312, 317, 502
habits, 75, 84, 495

Haddam, 216, 422, 493, 494, 535

Hadley:
 Jonathan A. Hadley (early newsman, NY – see biblio.), 543 n.17

Haffelfinfer:
 Claxton, Remson and Haffelfinfer (pub. see biblio.), 502 n.46

Haigh:
 David Haigh (indicted 1827, NY), 272

Hail (see Hale)

Halbert, 266, 524

Hale, 73, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 232, 234, 293, 306, 374, 375, 377, 378, 381, 448, 450, 501 (Hil) 501, 502, 523, 530, 540, 542

half-brother, 284, 496

half-century, 447
half-fare, 428

half-sister, 410
half-sisters, 209, 212, 228, 540

half-way, 275, 362, 379, 468, 557

Hall, 275, 393, 432, 439, 447, 459, 482, 542, 543, 548, 555

Halsey, 204, 491

Hamblin, 206, 207

Hamden, 342

Hamilton, 122, 127, 225, 241, 254, 265, 271, 272, 455, 465, 471, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 510, 511, 512, 513, 517, 518, 520, 522

Hamley, 207

Hamlin, 206, 499, 500

Hananniah, 438

Hancock, 440, 466, 522

Hand:
 Thankful Halsey Hand  (md. P. P. Pratt, 1826), 204, (died 1837) 491 n.16
 By the Hand of Mormon (see biblio.), 554 n.1
 History of Joseph [Corroden] Kingsbury as Written by his own Hand (see biblio.) 554 n.2

Hand St. (Pittsburgh, PA), 120

hand-presses, 191

handwriting, 60, 61, 64, 66, 79, 93, 97, 158, 179, 191, 280, 447, 450, 456, 545

handwritten, 61, 64, 68, 337, 370, 439, 445, 482, 496, 497, 503, 505, 517, 528, 533, 557
hand-written, 473, 550

Hanna:
 Hanna (Ana) Montogmery Wight (md. Aron Wright, 1800, OH), 67, 466

Hannah (first name):
 Hannah Tanner (d. 1827, OH), 338

Hannah (surname):
 William Herbert Hanna (auth. see biblio), 466 n.61

Hans, 458

Hanson, 440, 549

harassment, 230, 232, 295, 376, 377, 443, 538

Harbinger, 354, 460, 482, 483, 542, 548

Harbison, 478

Harbor:
 Conneaut Harbor (Ashtabula Co., OH), 84
 Fairport Harbor (Geauga Co., OH), 428
 Harbor street (Conneaut, OH), 438 n.64

Harcourt, 492

Harford, 131, 157, 158, 474

Harley, 409, 508, 558

Harmon, 313, 458, 483

Harmony, 211, 232, 234, 262, 263, 264, 271, 293, 296, 297, 300, 301, 305, 306, 307, 308, 330, 332, 333, 356, 372, 374, 377, 
378, 380, 381, 382, 397, 486, 487, 502, 521, 522, 523, 527, 528, 538, 539

Harold, 551

Harper, 96, 184, 372, 444, 457, 502
Harper's, 96

Harpersfield, 96, 445, 446

Harriet, 69, 343, 499, 525, 535, 544

Harrington, 67

Harris, 32, 161, 162, 186, 187, 188, 192, 198, 199, 202, 203, 232, 233, 234, 239, 240, 243, 267, 276, 277, 296, 299, 300, 301, 
302, 303, 304, 306, 307, 308, 311, 320, 322, 324, 347, 348, 356, 358, 360, 371, 376, 386, 387, 391, 396, 400, 404, 447, 450, 
454, 471, 479, 480, 486, 487, 488, 490, 492, 502, 503, 504, 506, 522, 524, 531, 532, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 545, 551, 552, 
555, 556

MH (Martin Harris), 371, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381
Martin Harris met all of Mark Twain’s qualifications for a fool, 360

Harrises, 276

Harrisburg, 455

Harrison, 17, 105, 134, 137, 175, 292, 319, 321, 336, 352, 357, 376, 429, 483, 484, 490, 539, 544, 553

Harry, 492

Hart, 505

Hartford, 101, 408, 413, 414, 415, 417, 421, 431, 459, 494, 513, 535, 536, 557

Hartland, 216, 260, 284, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 410, 413, 414, 494, 495, 509, 535

Hartley, 501, 549

Hartshorn, 53, 441

Hartwick, 31, 54, 55, 59, 77, 122, 398, 451, 465
Hartwicks, 55

harvest, 141, 229, 261, 287, 320, 333, 343, 347, 522, 536
harvested, 347

Harvey, 258, 441, 508, 518, 519, 538

Haskell, 439

Haskins, 507, 508

Hatch, 519, 551

hatred, 193, 448

haunt, 397
haunts, 385

Haute, 276, 531

Haven, 113, 115, 116, 117, 466, 467

Haviland, 444

Hawaii, 60, 77, 96, 429, 452, 477

Hawthorn, 468

Hayden, 171, 310, 342, 390, 447, 459, 466, 467, 482, 542, 547, 548, 555

Hayes, 521

hay-field, 189

Hays', 337

hazel, 182, 183, 220, 492
hazel-rod, 220

headquarters, 7, 17, 34, 382, 427, 430

headstone, 430

healer, 198

health, 25, 27, 68, 107, 123, 129, 134, 142, 152, 164, 253, 260, 265, 362, 431, 464, 493, 551
healthy, 125, 127, 134, 163, 230

hearsay, 116, 117, 149, 244, 318, 325, 481

heart, 30, 70, 134, 172, 180, 198, 261, 400, 452, 456

Heart and Mind:
 Heart and Mind: The Newsletter of Gospel Truth Ministries (see biblio.), 454 n.24

hearth, 323
hearthstone, 180

heaven, 10, 230, 297, 399
Heaven, 172, 303, 529, 543

heavenly, 190

Heber:
 Heber C. Kimball (LDS apostle), 156, (md. Hulda Barnes), 435-6 n.45

Hebraistic:
 SS’s Roman story not written in sham Hebraistic, 89

Hebrew (language & script):
 S. Rigdon reportedly studied it as a youth, 127
 Prof. Anthon sees inverted Hebrew characters in transcript, 187
 Urim and Thummim, Hebrew words, 430 n.3
 Dr. Horwitz teaches it in Pittsburgh in 1815, 468 n.77
 "Professor Sexias, the Hebrew Bible, and the Book of Abraham,” (see biblio.) 552 n.21

Hebrews (see lit. index)

Hector, 361

hegira, 545

heir, 508, 530
heirs, 221, 444

Helen, 499

hellish, 397, 399

Helper, 556

Heman, 334, 514, 548

Hemenway, 493, 497, 501, 514

hemp, 393

Hen Peck Hill, Palmyra, NY, 191

henchmen, 160

Hendrix, 549

Henrietta, 423

Henry, 13, 26, 29, 45, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 61, 64, 66, 86, 109, 141, 187, 198, 201, 269, 294, 327, 417, 430, 432, 439, 444, 
453, 470, 489, 508, 525, 535, 536, 547, 552

Henshaw, 289

Herald, 245, 247, 387, 429, 431, 432, 433, 435, 450, 458, 469, 479, 489, 492, 497, 503, 506, 508, 509, 528, 533, 540, 542, 
544, 550, 554
Herald-Western, 431

herb, 220

herbal, 355, 509
herbalist, 214

Herbert, 466

heresies, 153, 461
heresy, 153

heretic, 299
heretical, 449

Heritage, 463, 480

Herkimer, 71, 439

Hermetic:
 "Joseph Smith: America's Hermetic Prophet," (see biblio.), 526 n.148

hero, 46, 90, 250
heroes, 41
Heroes, 445

heroic, 457

heroine, 246

herring: (see red herring)

Herrington, 340, 341

Hervy, 492

Hess, 488, 549, 551

Hezekiah:
 Hezekiah Ripley (early NY newsman), 251, 278
 by Hezekiah A. Salisbury (1789-1856), 507 n.35

hid, 155, 186, 200, 294, 326
hidden, 23, 75, 118, 139, 160, 182, 222, 223, 232, 233, 239, 268, 306, 314, 320, 322, 369, 371, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 383, 
387, 526, 530

hide, 106, 210, 219, 262, 356, 362, 404, 461

hideout, 218

hides, 377

hiding-place, 184

hierarchy, 7, 156, 277, 442

hieroglyphic, 180, 384, 554
hieroglyphic-like, 384
hieroglyphics, 24, 186, 187, 188, 198, 203, 232, 233, 306, 376, 377, 383, 386, 538, 554, 555

Hieroglyphique, 555
hieroglyphs, 386, 387

High, 33, 35, 161, 276, 288, 358, 529, 531, 544

High Council, 358, 531

High Priest, 33, 276, 529, 531, 544
High Priests, 35, 161, 288

Highlander, 556

Highlands, 468

Highlites, 461

highway, 67, 557

Hiland, 237, 493, 497, 501, 503
Hilands, 468

hill, 23, 24, 86, 178, 183, 184, 185, 201, 202, 231, 232, 234, 289, 294, 295, 323, 327, 351, 358, 373, 374, 375, 376, 454, 501, 537
Hill, 183, 185, 191, 198, 201, 221, 239, 240, 293, 294, 321, 326, 327, 343, 368, 374, 375, 404, 481, 484, 493, 494, 507, 510, 
523, 528, 533, 537, 542, 545, 546, 550

hills, 99, 198, 200, 220, 229, 294, 326
Hills, 544

Hillsborough, 219

Hillsdale, 317, 320, 438

hillsides, 183

Hine, 399, 436, 450, 486, 488, 539, 555

Hinkle / Hinkelites:
 George M. Hinkle (early LDS & Hinkelite leader), 479 n.30

Hinman, 528

Hiram, 51, 52, 60, 61, 66, 171, 288, 380, 382, 444, 447

hired, 29, 86, 229, 292, 316, 395, 521

hireling, 316, 544
hireling shepard, 316, 544

hiring, 292, 358, 521

historian, 29, 46, 48, 68, 78, 80, 100, 120, 155, 159, 181, 203, 207, 210, 213, 218, 220, 237, 242, 267, 273, 281, 288, 353, 
356, 359, 364, 369, 395, 402, 435, 436, 443, 449, 453, 463, 473, 481, 485, 489, 491, 496, 497, 503, 514, 521, 525, 526, 
528, 554, 556
historians, 43, 99, 103, 139, 155, 207, 209, 210, 237, 287, 308, 314, 362, 369, 389, 447, 525

historical, 9, 10, 17, 18, 25, 28, 30, 40, 41, 42, 43, 45, 48, 52, 58, 62, 65, 69, 107, 108, 109, 126, 141, 142, 227, 255, 280, 
357, 358, 367, 462, 482, 485, 489, 520, 550, 551
Historical, 82, 83, 97, 159, 337, 353, 396, 430, 432, 433, 436, 437, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 447, 449, 451, 452, 455, 
456, 458, 459, 461, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 472, 473, 474, 476, 477, 478, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 488, 489, 492, 493, 
494, 497, 501, 504, 505, 506, 511, 513, 514, 516, 521, 524, 525, 534, 535, 536, 543, 544, 549, 554

histories, 29, 100, 119, 175, 198, 203, 252, 362, 379, 385, 405, 484, 527, 549
History, 4, 15, 29, 47, 75, 121, 126, 159, 175, 177, 180, 181, 204, 211, 214, 271, 322, 329, 331, 334, 342, 344, 353, 367, 
375, 394, 402, 410, 411, 416, 429, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 
453, 454, 455, 458, 459, 460, 461, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 471, 474, 475, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 
484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 
510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 525, 526, 527, 528, 531, 532, 534, 535, 536, 537, 
538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 546, 547, 548, 549, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558

HOAX, 401
hoaxes, 556

Hockhocking, 408, 419, 495

Hocking, 408, 409

Hocus Pocus (magical trickery):
 J. J. Moss proficient in, 393

Hodges, 35

Hoe's, 191

Hogan, 525, 526

Holbrook, 58, 69, 448

Holcomb, 447

Holdship, 470

holes, 185, 200, 318

Holland, 241, 260, 323, 403, 409, 411, 412, 415, 431, 483, 503, 505, 507, 517, 556, 557

Holley, 454

Hollis, 96, 97

Holliston, 113, 116
Hollistown, 113

Holly, 454

Holmes, 72

holograph, 396, 452, 453, 455, 456, 462, 509

holy, 11, 12, 75, 111, 112, 168, 318, 398, 399, 520

home, 23, 44, 49, 54, 67, 79, 83, 99, 104, 119, 121, 122, 127, 141, 153, 166, 168, 177, 178, 182, 185, 209, 213, 215, 220, 
230, 237, 239, 263, 264, 268, 273, 278, 280, 283, 287, 288, 290, 292, 295, 297, 298, 303, 304, 305, 312, 316, 319, 320, 
321, 324, 331, 332, 337, 338, 342, 343, 345, 353, 362, 363, 373, 374, 375, 376, 379, 382, 385, 390, 395, 405, 413, 415, 
425, 448, 449, 451, 469, 472, 474, 478, 485, 488, 497, 499, 502, 508, 519, 523, 532, 541, 549, 553

Homer:
 W[illiam]. H. Homer persuaded Martin Harris to come to UT, 479
 Michael W. Homer (auth. see biblio.) 527 n.148

homes, 136, 287, 481

homestead, 393, 437

Hon., 33, 62, 63, 64, 434, 441

Hond (see Fond in lit. index)

honest, 10, 15, 50, 70, 91, 106, 116, 117, 124, 144, 185, 195, 205, 239, 261, 311, 499, 519, 532

honestly, 359

honesty, 551
Honesty, 356, 551

Honolulu, 77, 452

honor, 128, 273, 363, 457, 472

Honorable, 462, 528

hope, 12, 27, 46, 70, 74, 127, 134, 253, 264, 265, 273, 301, 304, 355, 357, 440

hopeful, 105, 140, 469

hopes, 26, 226, 229, 240, 489, 516, 551

Hopkins, 105, 119, 143, 175, 463, 470

Horace (see also lit. index):
 Mrs. Dr. Horace Eaton (auth. see biblio.), 491 n.16

Horizon, 548

horse, 32, 119, 170, 190, 192, 276, 284, 301, 302, 335, 380, 425, 506, 518
horses, 427

horseback, 163, 312, 425


Horton, 513
Horwitz, 468

Hosea:
 The Diary of Hosea Stout (see biblio.), 531 n.169

hostelry, 439

hostile, 35, 264, 472

hotbed, 476

Hotchkin, 484

hotel, 127, 134, 161, 441, 499

Hough, 527

Houghton, 480, 492, 525

house, 34, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 48, 52, 55, 58, 62, 67, 71, 72, 84, 91, 95, 97, 101, 106, 112, 114, 120, 122, 123, 124, 
125, 127, 129, 134, 148, 162, 163, 172, 173, 185, 186, 187, 192, 205, 226, 238, 254, 290, 291, 292, 297, 301, 305, 306, 
311, 314, 315, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 323, 324, 328, 337, 341, 347, 348, 352, 370, 371, 373, 376, 383, 399, 400, 401, 
431, 439, 462, 469, 473, 481, 483, 486, 497, 504, 509, 517, 525, 532, 536, 546, 556, 557
houses, 85, 175, 183, 313, 461

houseboy, 515

housed, 66, 198, 494

household, 132, 133, 142, 218, 234, 238, 239, 240, 241, 254, 341, 378, 431
households, 445


Howard (first name):
 Howard A. Davis (co-author – see biblio.), 1, 3, 4, 455 n.38, 479 n.19
 Howard Allen (pub. see biblio), 451 n.50
 Howard A. Barron (auth. see biblio.), 548 n.97

Howard (surname):
 Dr. Nahum Howard (d. 1841, OH), 43, 49, 52, 53, 438 n.64, 439 n.71, 441 n.83, 444 n.14
 Nathan Howard (bro. of Nahum – names often confused): 51, 441 n.83
 Richard P. Howard (auth. see biblio), 432 n.21, 509 n.40
 Harriet Howard Walters (md. Luman Walters, 1819, VT), 499 n.44

Howe, 39, 44, 46, 47, 49, 51, 58, 59, 60, 63, 64, 68, 69, 70, 71, 73, 74, 75, 77, 78, 79, 80, 85, 87, 88, 109, 111, 113, 117, 
122, 131, 135, 143, 144, 151, 154, 165, 166, 167, 168, 175, 181, 195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 247, 265, 322, 345, 347, 358, 
363, 365, 368, 369, 390, 393, 402, 435, 437, 438, 439, 441, 442, 443, 444, 448, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 464, 465, 466, 
473, 476, 478, 480, 481, 482, 486, 489, 491, 492, 493, 502, 508, 513, 523, 528, 530, 531, 533, 536, 537, 539, 540, 542, 
543, 545, 550, 551

Howlett, 212, 418

Hubbel, 129
Hubbell, 537

Hudson, 446, 520

Hugh, 369, 490, 506, 550

Hulbert, 32, 35, 266, 448, 524

Hulda, 435, 449
Huldah, 213, 407, 494, 495

Hull, 107, 464
Hull's, 107

human, 10, 11, 27, 29, 81, 82, 84, 106, 201, 299, 307, 383, 393, 446
humankind, 177

Humboldt (see von Humboldt)

humbug, 221, 239

humorous, 36, 45, 48, 134, 180, 447

hunt, 314
Hunt, 528

hunter, 215, 450, 557
Hunter, 214, 216, 429
hunters, 265, 430, 450

hunting, 121, 215, 265, 314, 490

Huntington, 434, 450, 493, 497, 509, 513, 514, 515, 516, 529, 534, 538, 540, 557
Huntington's, 434

Hurd, 431, 465, 480

Hurlbert, 57, 58
Hurlburt, 31, 47, 55, 57, 70, 196, 441, 449, 524
Hurlbut, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 
64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 86, 87, 88, 90, 93, 99, 106, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 117, 122, 
131, 140, 143, 144, 145, 149, 151, 155, 165, 166, 167, 168, 175, 176, 181, 195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 276, 288, 292, 303, 
304, 347, 355, 363, 369, 393, 433, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 441, 442, 443, 444, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 464, 465, 
466, 476, 480, 481, 482, 486, 490, 502, 504, 507, 524, 528, 530, 533, 536, 550, 554

Hurlbut/Howe:
 D. P. Hurlbut and Eber D. Howe (witnesses to events, 1833-34), 181

Hurlbut's, 34, 35, 36, 38, 39, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 54, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 64, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 87, 93, 
99, 106, 149, 151, 165, 166, 167, 195, 196, 304, 355, 436, 437, 439, 443, 444, 448, 449, 450, 452, 465, 481, 490

hurlings, 54, 75, 490

Huron, 343

Hurst, 466

husband, 34, 49, 53, 54, 58, 78, 96, 102, 105, 106, 109, 110, 113, 117, 122, 133, 134, 140, 142, 152, 156, 163, 165, 188, 
189, 213, 233, 234, 239, 267, 280, 281, 299, 301, 302, 305, 327, 352, 353, 358, 361, 377, 381, 409, 410, 415, 417, 421, 
451, 457, 480, 488, 490, 494, 495, 506, 529, 532, 540
husband's, 53, 54, 58, 122, 165, 189, 280, 299, 352, 410, 451

Hussey, 485
Hussy, 180, 181

hut, 545

Hutchins, 464

Hwy., 557

Hyatt, 505

Hyde, 33, 34, 35, 62, 63, 71, 72, 156, 159, 160, 167, 172, 343, 360, 434, 435, 436, 438, 449, 483, 514, 531, 543, 548, 553, 554

hypnotic, 392

hypocrisy, 355

hypocrite, 391, 490
hypocrites, 74, 201

hypocritic, 199
hypocritical, 246

hypodermically, 509

hypothesis, 49, 206, 257, 265, 278, 295, 300, 305, 334, 337, 526, 554

Hyram:
 Hyram Rathbun (Moravian 1851, OH; later LDS), 450 n.42

Hyrum, 34, 35, 156, 180, 182, 191, 204, 231, 233, 234, 238, 270, 289, 290, 292, 293, 305, 306, 307, 314, 323, 360, 369, 
370, 372, 373, 375, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 435, 447, 448, 449, 522, 523, 527, 537, 541, 544, 549

hysteria:
 War of 1812 hysteria in OH, 432 n.15


I

Iago (S. Rigdon as – see lit. index):

identical, 90, 108, 116, 386
identically, 505

identification, 31, 60, 454

identified, 29, 90, 92, 149, 188, 216, 218, 220, 242, 244, 252, 258, 292, 334, 360, 403, 420, 449, 497, 506, 508, 509
identifies, 10, 87, 137, 140, 299, 334, 485, 499, 507

identify, 14, 39, 74, 211, 258, 277, 322, 347, 383, 386, 398, 416, 492
identifying, 12, 165, 243, 387, 455, 456, 556

identities, 491, 528
identity, 15, 61, 206, 347, 518

idiosyncrasies, 447

idleness, 84, 453

idler, 382, 397

idol, 464
idolaters, 84

idolatrous, 114, 115

idolize, 143, 225

ignorance, 199, 201, 222
ignorant, 23, 47, 68, 110, 112, 182, 202, 219, 222, 243, 246, 313, 314, 467

ignored, 81, 338, 362, 490

IL, 361, 375, 450, 466, 467, 476
ill, 25, 68, 123, 129, 233, 252, 265, 352, 364, 377, 431, 440, 449, 461, 464, 510, 531
Ill., 157, 395, 396, 416, 440, 466, 488, 509, 521, 544, 551
Illinois, 113, 133, 154, 172, 187, 288, 353, 395, 396, 439, 463, 478, 487, 521, 522, 536, 550, 558

illegal, 481

illegible, 62, 545

illegitimate, 196, 442, 459

illicit, 436

illiterate, 74, 435, 450

illness, 66, 89, 123, 170, 175, 508, 512

illuminating, 73, 128, 262, 544
illumination, 81, 273, 448, 468

illusions, 394

illustrated, 538
Illustrating, 458
Illustrations, 269, 281, 524, 525, 526, 527, 534

imagination, 39, 107, 124, 126, 200, 244, 446
imaginative, 180, 312, 487

imitating, 453

immaculate, 545

immature, 487

immersed, 11, 340, 341, 390, 535
immersion, 190

immigrants, 87
immigrated, 132, 509

immoralities, 111
immorality, 130, 131

immortalized, 196, 481

impartially, 369

impeach, 355

implicit, 109, 113, 353

imposing, 31, 433, 434

Imposition, 437

impossible, 10, 89, 117, 137, 143, 195, 281, 287, 309, 322, 342, 349, 487, 518

imposter, 278, 320
imposters, 240

impostor, 13, 222
impostors, 222, 498, 500

imposture, 18, 241, 325, 348, 551
impostures, 219

improprieties, 31, 192, 449, 450

inaccurate, 504

inactivity, 223, 453, 497, 528

Inc., 445, 511

incantations, 222, 239, 442

incarcerated, 440
incarceration, 529

incensed, 100, 440, 490

incite, 520

incompetent, 29, 128, 174, 433

incomplete, 81, 96, 259, 456, 527

incongruous, 555

inconsequential, 529

inconsistencies, 10, 73
inconsistency, 44, 50, 164
inconsistent, 13, 487

incorect, 396

incorporate, 439
incorporated, 97, 508, 517

incorporation, 492

incorrectly, 299, 301, 349

indecipherable, 386

Indenture, 531

independence, 89, 498, 536, 537

Independent, 439, 443, 494

in-depth treatment of the occult (by D. M. Quinn, 1987), 493

India (Capt. Kidd’s voyage to in 1697), 484

Indian, 24, 27, 47, 49, 67, 68, 78, 85, 97, 157, 162, 163, 216, 287, 309, 312, 313, 317, 363, 438, 446, 472, 484, 540, 542

Indians, 23, 27, 33, 40, 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 60, 67, 81, 84, 89, 152, 227, 230, 383, 403, 472, 478, 540

Indiana, 96, 276, 412, 531
IN, 408, 409, 417, 425

indigence, 453

indiscretion, 315

induce, 37, 302, 311

indulge, 312, 453

industrious, 195, 198, 200, 238, 318, 367, 490

inexplicably, 262, 447

infamous, 484

infant, 132, 186, 187, 442

infatuation, 189, 464

Infidel, 398
infidels, 36, 437

infirmities, 469

influence, 11, 47, 112, 171, 174, 206, 266, 290, 356, 460
influenced, 103, 117, 166, 174, 200, 283, 352, 489
influential, 16, 17, 43, 54, 509, 528, 531

Ingersal, 545
Ingersol, 318, 319
Ingersoll, 169, 320, 322, 347, 376, 446, 482, 539, 545
Ingersols, 319

ingratitude, 351, 526

inhabitants, 38, 42, 46, 78, 79, 82, 86, 96, 108, 119, 180, 183, 190, 222, 240, 309, 315, 323, 452
inhabited, 60, 82, 126

inheritance, 174, 336
inherited, 463, 464, 557

initial, 39, 127, 177, 279, 365, 431, 556
initials, 492

initiated, 73, 101, 216, 268, 271, 389, 404, 494, 527
initiations, 524

ink, 69, 81, 92, 237, 239, 247, 255, 256, 260, 517, 518

inking, 279
ink-stamped, 92

in-laws, 73, 223, 285, 385, 405, 417, 418, 419, 423, 424

inn, 133
innkeeper, 64, 246, 507

innocent, 112, 358, 361, 400, 440
innocently, 327

Inquirer, 480, 502

insane (mentality of W. W. Phelps in 1872) , 490 n.8

inscribed, 401

inscription, 90, 187, 397, 401, 402, 430, 493, 556
Inscriptions, 534

insight, 73, 83, 147, 361, 387, 460

insolvency, 218, 416, 497, 502

inspiration, 79, 81, 387, 446
inspired, 43, 62, 65, 143, 204, 245, 270, 370, 381, 484, 544
inspiring, 515

instability, 170, 542

Institute, 543

instruct, 453
instructions, 178, 258, 379, 518, 519, 553

Instructor, 434, 457, 477
Instructors, 491

instrument, 24, 240, 506

insulting, 520

integrity, 51, 73, 115, 232, 435, 519

intellectual, 170, 196, 264, 467

intelligence, 74, 526, 538

Intelligencer, 122, 125, 505, 552

intelligent, 112, 113, 124, 125, 163, 168, 201, 294, 450, 487, 533

intemperance, 450

intercourse, 167, 322, 436

interest, 28, 61, 62, 96, 97, 107, 108, 121, 131, 149, 165, 198, 211, 224, 227, 230, 232, 242, 253, 258, 263, 268, 271, 300, 
314, 316, 358, 383, 404, 425, 468, 471, 475, 481, 490, 502, 508, 512, 530, 553

interested, 33, 34, 97, 108, 156, 227, 231, 260, 289, 301, 310, 314, 316, 317, 363, 453, 481, 513

interesting, 38, 47, 69, 87, 121, 122, 128, 140, 147, 156, 197, 209, 218, 220, 221, 250, 263, 264, 265, 271, 275, 289, 304, 
314, 325, 328, 348, 432, 449, 453, 475, 526, 541, 545

Interlaken (NY):
 History of Genesee County, NY, pub.  at, 1985 (see biblio.), 525 n.134

internal, 311, 520

International, 251, 443

interpolated, 435
interpolations, 232, 402

interposition, 202

interpret, 167, 222, 230, 305, 348

interpretation, 87, 168, 187, 250, 364, 453

interpreted, 7, 36, 87, 170, 363, 445, 476, 485
interpreter, 240

interrogate, 311
interrogation, 479

interview, 41, 50, 63, 104, 106, 113, 135, 143, 144, 151, 152, 166, 180, 213, 222, 317, 328, 349, 355, 402, 440, 441, 488, 
545, 550, 551
interviewed, 44, 49, 86, 117, 149, 273, 444, 545
interviews, 29, 62, 63, 66, 181, 198, 389, 550

intimacies, 322
intimacy, 105, 135, 138, 156, 165, 166
intimate, 52, 62, 64, 90, 135, 226, 244, 253, 292, 358, 501, 506, 545
intimately, 103, 125
intimates, 180

intrigue (of Jos. Smith Sr.), 199
intriguing, 151, 221, 262, 269, 359, 363, 435, 488

introduction, 53, 54, 109, 116, 177, 196, 302, 433, 441, 444, 454, 479, 481, 482, 491, 492, 502, 537, 544, 553, 554

introductory, 451

intruders, 520

invasion, 507

invented, 39, 311
Inventing, 485, 505, 521, 523

invention, 29, 36, 39, 53, 90, 180, 202, 436

investigate, 32, 33, 39, 61, 121, 167, 204, 205, 296

investigation, 15, 39, 104, 128, 131, 135, 156, 205, 390, 465, 473
investigations, 14, 18, 58, 181, 471

investigator, 73
investigators, 15, 369

investor, 232, 348
investors, 432

invisible, 263, 264

Iowa, 334, 433, 479, 525, 531, 542, 548, 549
IA, 439, 443, 510, 544, 554

Ira:
 Ira H. Allen (ed. see biblio.) 171, 482 n.9, 
 Ira J. Friedman (pub. see biblio.), 503 n.7
 Rev. Ira Eddy (early Meth. Min., OH), 555 n.1

irate, 361, 506

Ireland, 383, 474

Irish, 386, 387

iron, 26, 79, 185, 200, 202, 257, 294, 397, 494

Irvine, 477

Irving, 118

Is There No Help for the Widow's Son?, 527

Isaac:
 Isaac Hale (JS’s father-in-law), 73, 184-5, 306, 374, 378, 448 n.38, 450 n.44, 502 n.46, 523 n.125, 540 n.65, 542 n.67
 Isaac King (neighbor of S. Rigdon in PA), 104
 Isaac Craig (assoc. of R. Patterson, Jr. in PA), 135, 156, 158, 463 n.42, 470 n.83, 
 Isaac Morley (early LDS in OH), 313, 344, 348, 544 n.26
 Isaac Butts, 334, 547 n.62
 Isaac Clark Pray (auth. see biblio.), 489 n.7
 Isaac Riley (assoc. of B. Franklin Cowdery), 515 n.71

Island, 430
Islands, 484

Isles Comores (see Comoros)

isms, 251

Israel (first name – see also lit. index):
 Israel A. Smith (auth. see biblio), 387

issue, 17, 30, 48, 58, 59, 102, 121, 122, 140, 144, 156, 160, 174, 175, 228, 242, 255, 296, 298, 317, 367, 443, 451, 452, 
464, 466, 469, 475, 499, 504, 511, 514, 515, 517, 518, 522, 523

issued, 241, 254, 278, 279, 325, 326, 348, 382, 448, 465, 495, 514

issues, 254, 259, 375, 389, 450, 451, 466, 473, 474, 510, 511, 512, 515, 518, 537, 538, 543

isthmus, 87, 453

italics, 405, 417

Ithaca, 191, 414, 440, 498

itinerant, 243, 244, 257, 259, 331, 491, 508, 520

itinerary, 427

Ivins, 552 

ivory, 191


J

J. W. Vose, 557

Jabes, 405, 495, 557
Jabez, 215, 217, 224, 250, 284, 405, 406, 408, 409, 415, 495, 514

Jabish, 408

Jachin and Boaz (early exposure of Freemasonry), 525 n.526

Jacinto, 549

Jackson, 31, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 83, 85, 149, 212, 248, 267, 275, 432, 436, 437, 444, 451, 453, 520, 529

Jacksonville, 395

Jacob:
 Jacob van Seman (early res. of Amity, PA, d. 1834), 131, 473 n.105
 Jacob J. Skinner, 183, 185
 Dr. Jacob N. Cowdery, Sr. (d. 1820), 214-9, 224, 250, 266, 284, 359, 403, 405-16, 419-20, 493 n.14, 494 n.22-3, 495-6 n.25-31, 
515 n.70, 518 n.102, 535 n.4, 556-7 n.1-2, 558 n.9, n.11
 Jacob Cowdery, Jr., 216, 403, 406-12, 416-7, 420, 495 n.30, 496 n.31, 556-7 n.1
 Jacob “Jake” Cowdery III, 495 n.25, 557 n.2
 Jacob Mann, 251
 Jacob, Perne, 325
 Jacob Young, 432
 Jacob Whitmer, 447 n.33
 Jacob Willson, 502 n.48

Jacobs road, Youngstown, OH, 535 n.8

jail, 69, 219, 222, 242, 266, 269, 271, 272, 273, 274, 326, 382, 440, 488, 500, 505, 510, 529
jailed, 269

jailhouse, 274

Jake Cowdery (see Jacob Cowdery III)

James:
 James Harrison Kennedy (see also biblio.), 17
, 27, 44, 68, 69, 78, 81, 105, 131, 132, 144, 150, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 165, 175, 176, 197, 198, 203, 207, 226, 241, 
247, 249, 250, 251, 266, 285, 294, 317, 326, 330, 333, 335, 339, 346, 375, 389, 390, 393, 395, 405, 414, 429, 431, 432, 438, 
439, 441, 443, 447, 452, 453, 455, 456, 458, 459, 462, 463, 464, 467, 468, 472, 477, 478, 480, 483, 484, 489, 490, 491, 493, 
495, 497, 507, 510, 511, 512, 524, 527, 535, 537, 540, 543, 544, 546, 553, 556, 557
Jas., 156

Jamestown, 34

Jan, 136, 157, 321, 393, 536, 550

Jane, 179, 293, 468, 469, 515, 535

Jared:
 Jared Darrow (in Wm. Morgan Affair), 272, 326
 Jared Carter (early LDS), 369

Jar, 393

jargon, 222, 246

Jean, 555

Jedediah:
 Jedediah M. Grant (early LDS leader – see also biblio.), 159, 172, 479 n.22, n.26, 483 n.14

Jefferson, 4, 267, 432, 464, 468, 472, 480, 481, 540

Jeffery, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 176
Jeffries, 159

Jelly, 129

Jenkin, 344

Jennings, 371, 372

Jenson, 492

Jeremiah:
 Jeremiah Brooks (S. Rigdon’s father-in-law), 101, 174, 461 n.30
 Dr. Jeremiah Brooks, Jr., 460 n.23
 Jeremiah Munger (ed. see biblio.),  519

Jeremy, 527

Jerold, 443

Jerome, 54, 55, 451

Jerry, 216, 403, 409, 411, 412, 556, 557

Jersey, 251, 419, 463, 492, 496

Jerusha, 375, 537

Jesse, 38, 68, 113, 114, 122, 306, 314, 361, 389, 437, 447, 471, 488, 490, 502, 524, 540, 551, 556, 557

Jessee, 80, 81, 485, 504, 522, 552, 554

Jesus (biblical Messiah; son of Mary, etc. – see also lit. index):
 mentioned in Foreward, 9-12
 LDS professions regarding, 37, 178-9, 361, 433 n.32,

Jew / Jews (see lit. index)

Jewish Sanhedrin: 37

Jewett, 247, 272, 273, 505, 508, 528

JN, 405

Jno.
 Jno E. Whiteside (auth. see biblio), 457 n.2

Jo, 34, 58, 72, 161, 162, 169, 197, 219, 222, 238, 239, 243, 244, 290, 292, 321, 323, 324, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 450, 
486, 499, 506, 555

Jo's, 321, 324, 450, 564

Job (first name):
 Job J. Brooks, 372

job / jobs (list not yet compiled)

Job Printer / Office:
 E. A. Cooley, Book and Job Printer,  511 n.54
 Herald Steam Book & Job Office (see biblio), 542 n.69

Joe, 128, 130, 155, 157, 182, 183, 184, 188, 199, 202, 203, 220, 264, 275, 277, 291, 306, 318, 322, 327, 346, 351, 354, 
365, 461, 478, 545, 549

Joel:
 Joel Cowdery, Sr., 216, 407-12, 414, 416, 420, 495 n.30
 Joel Roberts, 343
 Joel K. Noble, 381, 395, 398
 Joel Chamberlain, 395
 Joel Conkey, 407
 Joel van Meter Stratton (auth. see biblio.), 459 n.14
 Col. Joel Ferree, 472 n.102

John, 9, 13, 26, 30, 34, 38, 40, 41, 46, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 60, 64, 70, 79, 80, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 100, 101, 104, 
108, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 120, 130, 131, 133, 134, 136, 137, 140, 141, 142, 143, 151, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 160, 
189, 191, 213, 216, 217, 218, 219, 224, 225, 227, 228, 245, 246, 247, 248, 250, 251, 255, 256, 257, 268, 271, 272, 273, 
275, 277, 284, 285, 287, 292, 313, 317, 329, 330, 337, 343, 351, 353, 364, 378, 379, 385, 395, 403, 406, 408, 411, 412, 
413, 414, 415, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 432, 433, 437, 438, 439, 441, 442, 443, 444, 447, 449, 450, 451, 454, 457, 458, 
459, 460, 461, 462, 464, 465, 468, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 483, 488, 489, 496, 497, 504, 507, 508, 509, 
511, 513, 518, 520, 525, 526, 527, 531, 535, 536, 537, 543, 544, 548, 549, 550, 552, 554, 555, 557, 558

John-Marsh, 246, 507

Johns, 268, 269, 280, 526

Johnson, 19, 25, 189, 190, 212, 251, 285, 288, 343, 344, 363, 430, 436, 438, 514, 536

Johnston, 91, 134, 136, 137, 430, 455, 474, 475, 535

join, 25, 172, 177, 178, 185, 212, 230, 270, 328, 331, 335, 360, 373, 391, 415, 416, 491, 511

joined, 34, 119, 161, 172, 189, 200, 204, 228, 268, 286, 294, 306, 312, 323, 327, 329, 354, 399, 413, 442, 451, 466, 480, 486, 
488, 508, 514, 527, 528, 557

Joining, 361

joins, 342

Jonah: 
 Jonah D. Simonds (brother-in-law to Warren Cowdery. 1814-182?), 423

Jonathan, 70, 78, 105, 119, 143, 151, 165, 175, 197, 209, 211, 250, 314, 336, 352, 357, 361, 395, 396, 405, 406, 421, 422, 438, 
471, 492, 494, 499, 511, 514, 521, 543, 557

Jones, 394, 438, 444, 491

Joplin, MO, (pub. site of Seceder and Christian Union Advocate – see biblio.), 466

Jos., 165
Joseph, 13, 15, 17, 18, 23, 24, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 35, 36, 41, 44, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53, 57, 58, 59, 67, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 75, 
86, 87, 88, 90, 97, 99, 103, 109, 119, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 128, 134, 137, 145, 147, 148, 150, 151, 154, 155, 156, 158, 159, 
160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 168, 172, 173, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 193, 
195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211, 213, 217, 220, 221, 222, 223, 225, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 
233, 234, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 248, 250, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276, 277, 278, 
288, 289, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 
320, 321, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 334, 344, 346, 347, 348, 351, 352, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 365, 367, 
368, 369, 370, 371, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 380, 381, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 391, 392, 395, 404, 407, 415, 417, 423, 425, 
426, 429, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 454, 455, 456, 
457, 458, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 471, 472, 473, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 
490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 506, 507, 508, 509, 511, 512, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 526, 
527, 529, 530, 531, 534, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555

Josephine, 488

Josephs, 522

Joseph's, 35, 178, 179, 180, 204, 211, 213, 225, 228, 231, 232, 233, 234, 241, 260, 261, 263, 270, 275, 277, 289, 292, 293, 
297, 299, 300, 301, 305, 306, 307, 308, 314, 316, 319, 347, 360, 392, 467, 469, 478, 492, 500, 523, 537, 539, 540, 541, 542, 549

Josephus:
 Josephus Nelson Larned  (auth. see biblio.), 507 n.33

Joshua:
 Joshua Stafford, 276, 530 n.167
 Joshua Forman, 441 n.86
 Joshua Wilbur (1824-ca. 1905 – auth. see biblio.), 503 n.7, 505 n.18, n.21-22, 517 n.89
 Joshua Smith, 527 n.150

Josiah:
 Josiah Spalding, Jr. (bro. of SS), 25-7, 81-3, 121-2, 176, 431 n.10, 432 n.16, 454 n.25, 471 n.86
 Josiah Spalding, Sr. (1729-1809 -- father of SS), 93, 456 n.41
 Josiah Stowell (assoc. of JS), 189, 275, 293, 374-6, 380, 395, 501 n.46, 521 n.114, 522 n.125, 530 n.165
 Josiah Jones (anti-LDS in Kirtland, OH), 394, 438 n.68, 491 n.20
 Josiah Gilbert Holland (auth. see biblio.) 431 n.9
 Josiah St. John (1792-1857), 509 n.39

Journal, 159, 243, 246, 278, 345, 374, 433, 434, 436, 443, 450, 457, 466, 481, 482, 485, 494, 498, 501, 505, 506, 507, 508, 
514, 515, 521, 526, 527, 530, 538, 548, 552

journalist, 198, 317, 430

journals, 211, 360, 448
Journals, 483, 531, 536, 550, 553

journey, 27, 40, 41, 42, 43, 204, 205, 237, 269, 277, 284, 315, 331, 378, 380, 384, 448, 451, 476, 541, 546

journeyed, 226, 348

journeyman, 225, 243, 244, 247, 249, 251, 255, 271, 368, 508, 512
journeymen, 259, 280, 520

Jr., 41, 53, 57, 87, 88, 104, 105, 128, 131, 134, 135, 152, 156, 158, 160, 162, 163, 164, 166, 175, 177, 182, 192, 198, 204, 
213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 221, 233, 238, 276, 284, 296, 314, 336, 375, 390, 398, 402, 403, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 
415, 416, 417, 419, 420, 421, 422, 430, 431, 433, 438, 447, 450, 453, 454, 455, 457, 458, 463, 464, 468, 469, 470, 471, 474, 
478, 480, 484, 489, 491, 493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 505, 506, 508, 520, 522, 523, 527, 530, 538, 539, 547, 551, 556, 557, 558

JS, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382

JSS, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375, 376, 378, 381, 382

Juanita, 531

Judaism:
 S. Rigdon added Judaism to SS’s novel , 390

Judeo-Christian:
  Mormonism’s place within Judeo-Christian tradition, 15

Judge, 25, 33, 58, 59, 64, 68, 69, 71, 168, 213, 260, 263, 264, 272, 273, 289, 303, 359, 362, 392, 395, 396, 399, 402, 407, 
434, 435, 438, 447, 498, 521, 522, 530, 555

judges, 481

judging, 310

judgement, 283
judgment, 171, 184, 315, 372, 392, 464
judgments, 42

judicial, 33, 505

Judson:
 Thomas Judson vs. Luman W. Waters (law suit, NY, 1829), 500 n.44

Jugegsah, 545

juggler, 227

juggling, 222, 500
jugling, 391

Julia Giles (md. John G. Smith, OH, 1826), 287, 337

June:
 June S. Parfitt (auth. see biblio.), 500 n.44

junior, 284, 294, 408, 480, 522
Junior, 72, 516, 527, 528

Junius, 422

jury, 410, 411, 467, 481
juries, 410

jurisdictional, 431

justice, 25, 70, 72, 112, 219, 254, 321, 325, 381, 395, 434, 435, 472, 473, 481, 498, 516, 524, 530, 534, 553
Justice, 66, 69, 359, 375, 381, 400, 434, 435, 446, 448, 486, 500, 531, 535
justices, 521, 533

justified, 11, 147, 169, 364

justify, 147

justifying, 154

Justin, 411

Justus, 213, 220, 221, 228, 498

juvenile, 239, 504

juxtaposed, 387


K

Kan., 482
Kansas, 412, 462, 538

Kanesville, 531

Karl:
 Karl Keller (art., Dialogue, 1966 – see biblio.) , 457 n.3

Kay & Brother (pub. – see biblio.), 438 n.60

Kee, 126, 535

Keifer, 471

Keller:
 Karl Keller (art., Dialogue, 1966 – see biblio.) , 457 n.3 

Kelley, 181, 291, 292, 317, 347, 355, 402, 441, 450, 458, 467, 482, 498, 528, 532, 533, 536, 537, 543, 545, 548, 549, 550, 556
Kelleys, 181

Kelliwog, 406

Kellogg, 435

Kenmore, 511

Kennebec, 438

Kennedy, 17, 429, 483, 485, 490, 553

Kent, 337, 338, 341, 451, 459, 462, 493, 507, 547

Kentucky
KY, 335   
Ky., 463, 522, 529, 546, 556

Kerr, 339

Ketchem, 280
Ketchum, 280, 281, 507

kettle, 264
kettles, 229

key, 32, 59, 64, 140, 216, 277, 278, 329, 363, 367, 389, 449

Keyes, 52, 432

Keziah, 214, 215, 411, 494, 497, 499

Kidd, 484

kidnap, 272
kidnapped, 231, 279, 282, 289
Kidnapping, 525

kill, 58, 72, 318, 450

Killawog, 557

killed, 184, 269, 361, 365, 416, 440, 450, 495, 526

Killikelly, 464, 467

killing, 26, 59, 488

Kimball, 156, 431, 435

kind, 25, 26, 44, 91, 110, 118, 130, 147, 170, 187, 227, 240, 260, 298, 316, 318, 533, 552
kindly, 69, 110, 112, 134, 157, 241, 551

kindness, 453, 523

king, 457
King, 24, 27, 67, 81, 83, 104, 192, 272, 395, 430, 431, 432, 435, 502, 545

King, Nehemiah (ca. 1775-1832):
 Dr. Nehemiah King was first physician in Conneaut, OH, 33, 434 n.37, 444-5 n.14-15
 Dr. Nehemiah King attended Orson Hyde’s preaching in Conneaut, in 1832, 62-4
 Nathan King (bro. of Nehemiah), Aron Wright, and Seth Harrington built Conneaut-Ashtabula rd., 67 
 Dr. Nehemiah King conducted 1811 census of Conneaut (see biblio.), 83, 440 n.79, 465 n.53
 Dr. Nehemiah King org. Agricultural Soc. of Ashtabula Co., OH. in 1822-23, 434 n.37
 Amos Kellogg succeeded Nehemiah King as Assoc. Justice of Ashtabula Co., OH, 435 n.37 
 Dr. Nehemiah King was an Ashtabula Justice of the Peace before Aron Wright, 435 n.37
 Dr. Nehemiah King surveyed land for SS near Conneaut, before 1811, 444 n.14

kingdom, 10, 11, 190, 450
Kingdom, 192
kingdoms, 455

King's, 33, 83, 444, 465, 502

Kingsbury, 409, 414, 415, 416, 420, 495, 554
Kingsburys, 495

Kingsley's, 530

Kingston, 380

Kingsville, 97, 168

Kinsman, 246, 286, 507

Kirk, 152, 153

Kirkham, 541

Kirtland, 31, 34, 35, 37, 38, 43, 57, 58, 62, 71, 72, 103, 161, 162, 174, 188, 198, 204, 205, 248, 249, 256, 259, 288, 289, 
290, 291, 310, 313, 316, 324, 325, 329, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 359, 361, 362, 365, 368, 369, 385, 389, 390, 
392, 394, 401, 425, 426, 435, 436, 440, 447, 448, 449, 450, 458, 473, 476, 480, 481, 482, 484, 487, 490, 491, 492, 493, 
497, 498, 500, 506, 509, 510, 511, 514, 515, 520, 529, 536, 538, 540, 541, 543, 544, 546, 549, 550, 553, 554, 556, 557
Kirtland-Buffalo, 509
Kirtlands, 289

Kitty, 216, 499

knavery, 246

Knickerbocker, 455, 474, 477

Knight, 188, 189, 190, 206, 231, 263, 289, 327, 328, 329, 330, 332, 375, 376, 377, 378, 380, 381, 395, 400, 491, 501, 502, 
522, 549, 552
Knights, 266, 358, 445, 524

Knopf, 29, 367, 429, 440, 455, 478, 486, 493, 543

know, 9, 11, 14, 35, 38, 42, 43, 49, 50, 71, 75, 80, 83, 96, 104, 106, 110, 112, 119, 120, 123, 135, 142, 144, 145, 149, 151, 
153, 156, 166, 168, 173, 174, 191, 198, 199, 204, 206, 207, 214, 216, 242, 243, 244, 246, 247, 249, 261, 266, 272, 275, 
280, 297, 310, 314, 318, 319, 320, 323, 324, 332, 349, 351, 363, 392, 393, 396, 399, 403, 404, 405, 425, 442, 500, 501, 
503, 516, 532, 533, 538, 540

knowing, 113, 121, 151, 197, 209, 259, 351, 444, 513, 522

knowledge, 12, 28, 38, 74, 97, 106, 110, 129, 130, 140, 149, 150, 151, 164, 176, 181, 182, 201, 211, 219, 237, 238, 244, 
250, 257, 258, 259, 261, 273, 288, 301, 306, 310, 311, 314, 325, 398, 446, 453, 458, 466, 497, 500, 551, 555

known, 10, 15, 17, 24, 26, 28, 29, 32, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 47, 52, 54, 63, 67, 70, 81, 86, 91, 92, 97, 99, 100, 101, 103, 105, 
106, 108, 111, 117, 118, 121, 122, 128, 129, 131, 132, 133, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 144, 145, 151, 159, 161, 164, 166, 
176, 177, 179, 181, 183, 185, 191, 197, 198, 199, 205, 206, 207, 210, 211, 214, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 222, 226, 
227, 229, 231, 234, 235, 245, 247, 248, 250, 253, 254, 255, 256, 258, 259, 260, 264, 265, 268, 269, 270, 271, 275, 276, 
277, 278, 279, 284, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 293, 294, 296, 297, 299, 307, 311, 314, 317, 322, 326, 334, 346, 347, 349, 
356, 358, 359, 360, 362, 363, 381, 385, 387, 390, 402, 403, 431, 434, 439, 441, 444, 446, 447, 449, 456, 459, 460, 463, 
467, 468, 469, 470, 474, 477, 478, 480, 482, 490, 496, 499, 500, 501, 510, 512, 513, 517, 520, 526, 529, 533, 537, 539, 
545, 555, 556, 557

Know-Nothing (nickname for American Party, 1850s), 519 n.106

knows, 119, 130, 179, 201, 306, 317, 462, 466, 503

Knox, 344, 558

Kurt:
 Rev. Kurt van Gorden (contributor), 68, 473 n.105


L

La., 511, 546, 550

Laban:
 Laban Clark (1778-1868), 213, 

Ladd, 527

Lake, 7, 17, 23, 26, 45, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 60, 61, 64, 66, 68, 84, 86, 109, 141, 156, 162, 183, 191, 200, 218, 225, 240, 
249, 286, 317, 319, 324, 325, 353, 354, 358, 374, 375, 384, 389, 390, 394, 417, 418, 428, 429, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 
436, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 450, 451, 453, 454, 457, 459, 462, 466, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 483, 484, 
485, 488, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 501, 504, 505, 509, 510, 514, 522, 526, 527, 531, 532, 536, 537, 538, 542, 543, 544, 
549, 551, 552, 553, 554, 556

lakeshore, 225, 557

Lamanites (American Indians so called by LDS – see also lit. index)
 Lamanite Indian squaw, 162
 1830 preaching to native Americans (Lamanites), 382

Lamb, 161, 479, 493

Lambden, 165
Lambdin, 70, 78, 90, 105, 106, 119, 120, 121, 122, 126, 134, 135, 137, 138, 143, 144, 145, 151, 154, 165, 166, 175, 176, 
197, 336, 352, 353, 357, 361, 463, 464, 468, 470, 478

Lambert, 511, 550

Lamb's, 161, 479

Lamoni (BoM character and town in IA)
 RLDS pub. house location (see biblio.), 334, 542 n.69, 548 n.99, 549 n.109
 Lamoni (IA) Independent Patriot (see biblio.), 439, 443 n.6

Lance, 526

land, 26, 27, 33, 40, 41, 42, 45, 70, 82, 84, 87, 139, 141, 169, 170, 186, 214, 216, 217, 238, 260, 263, 285, 289, 323, 
372, 374, 403, 405, 406, 407, 409, 412, 414, 415, 416, 421, 432, 434, 435, 437, 438, 439, 440, 444, 445, 453, 454, 457, 
462, 463, 474, 483, 497, 508, 509, 512, 520, 522, 534, 535, 546, 556, 557
Land, 26, 217, 260, 325, 398, 403, 409, 411, 412, 415, 432, 454, 507, 534, 535, 556, 557

landed, 45, 50, 82, 86, 87, 454
landing, 84, 87, 454

landlord, 148, 530

Landmarks, 265, 496, 517, 519, 524

landowner, 287, 414, 509

lands, 372, 431

landscape, 93, 456

Lane, 373, 474, 485

Lang, 260, 263, 264, 362, 402, 520, 522, 523

language, 28, 36, 111, 115, 123, 124, 167, 171, 198, 222, 246, 297, 359, 387, 396, 435, 436, 458, 468, 481, 517, 538

Lansing, 450

Lapham, 438

LaPosta, 475

larceny, 266

Larry, 485, 494, 546

Larson, 443

Lathrop, 503, 511

Latin (see also lit. index):
 Sidney Rigdon proificent in, 127
 SS probably knew the language, 129
 Walters the Magician used it, 222

latter, 23, 34, 38, 70, 71, 74, 85, 104, 120, 131, 140, 142, 152, 156, 191, 197, 204, 215, 221, 263, 268, 275, 284, 300, 
326, 332, 346, 348, 352, 356, 435, 440, 457, 458, 466, 468, 475, 497, 511, 512, 517, 518, 526, 529

Latter Day, 7, 14, 37, 111, 115, 181, 334, 430, 433, 458, 478, 482, 484, 498, 509, 520, 536, 543, 548, 549, 556
Latter-day, 4, 7, 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 28, 29, 31, 162, 209, 430, 433, 444, 448, 454, 479, 482, 484, 491, 492, 520, 521, 
537, 544, 552, 553, 554, 556

Launius, 554

Laura, 345

law, 10, 11, 25, 49, 61, 70, 75, 83, 91, 101, 102, 104, 113, 139, 142, 157, 163, 170, 174, 185, 186, 189, 190, 212, 
219, 221, 228, 230, 232, 234, 238, 258, 260, 263, 265, 271, 273, 274, 275, 300, 306, 310, 329, 336, 341, 353, 365, 
376, 402, 410, 419, 420, 423, 440, 448, 450, 451, 460, 462, 464, 465, 466, 469, 474, 475, 477, 479, 499, 511, 513, 
531, 540, 541, 543, 551, 558

laws, 35, 45, 73, 120, 170, 223, 285, 385, 405, 417, 418, 419, 423, 424, 523

Law, 10, 11, 12, 139, 156, 254, 362, 397, 478, 495, 552, 553
Laws, 494

Lawrence, 161, 229, 293, 306, 318, 319, 320, 347, 462, 482, 492, 527

Lawson, 272, 275, 529

law-student, 189

lawsuit, 435
lawsuits, 268, 484
law-suits, 238

Lawton, 275

lawyer, 80, 272, 279, 322, 393, 397, 490, 524, 532, 533
lawyers, 272, 395

Lawyer:
 William S. Lawyer, 557 n.6

lazy, 29, 104, 397

LDS, 7, 14, 23, 78, 104, 140, 177, 192, 203, 248, 354, 375, 387, 389, 390, 402, 425, 430, 435, 438, 448, 451, 458, 461, 
462, 466, 484, 485, 488, 489, 491, 492, 498, 501, 503, 511, 532, 536, 537, 538, 541, 544, 549, 554, 556

Le Roy (see LeRoy)

leader, 24, 160, 183, 238, 264, 278, 508, 521
leaders, 13, 45, 84, 108, 196, 203, 263, 264, 328, 329, 330, 461, 466, 484, 520, 526

leadership, 7, 158, 159, 539, 540, 551

leading, 12, 41, 42, 67, 77, 81, 121, 160, 162, 169, 170, 192, 220, 310, 314, 361, 362, 404, 488

leather, 92, 120, 135
leather-bound, 120

Lebanon, 495, 496

Lebbeus, 284, 414, 417, 421, 534
Lebeas, 534

lecture, 37, 40, 53, 58, 74, 382, 450, 458
lectured, 72, 74, 435

Lecturer, 527
lectures, 39, 43, 167, 457, 468

ledger, 223, 252, 266, 413, 456, 494, 496, 502, 513, 524, 525
ledgers, 92, 120, 338, 455

ledgerdemain, 391

Lee, 53, 375, 514, 551

Leffingwell, 453

leg, 189, 275, 314, 375, 397, 496, 530

legal, 26, 64, 69, 92, 103, 119, 120, 167, 234, 242, 275, 308, 330, 381, 407, 437, 440, 441, 468, 470, 480, 484, 499, 511, 522

legally, 150, 481

legend, 488, 500, 537
legends, 270, 309, 484

legendary, 216

Legg, 237, 492, 493, 503, 540, 541

legible, 439

legion, 241
legions, 185

Legislature, 97, 434, 494
legislatures, 524

legitimate, 36, 196

Leicester, 224, 251, 252, 412, 413, 420, 421, 422, 423, 512, 515

Leland, 461, 478

Lemnon, 534

Lemuel:
 Lemuel Durfee, Sr., 308, 374, 523 n.125
 Lemuel Durfee, Jr., 523 n.125
 Lemuel Cowdery, 409
 Lemuel Fulton, 414
 Lemuel Kingsbury, 420, 523

Leonard, 29, 161, 203, 439, 490, 537

leper, 75

Le Roy, 419, 514
Leroy, 229, 266, 413
LeRoy, 224, 226, 228, 252, 254, 265, 266, 267, 268, 278, 279, 414, 418, 419, 421, 494, 495, 513, 514, 524, 528
LeRoy-Batavia, 254

Lester, 87, 88, 92, 433, 453

letter, 14, 30, 49, 54, 55, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 73, 74, 79, 81, 82, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 100, 103, 104, 106, 109, 110, 
113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 128, 129, 130, 131, 135, 138, 140, 142, 150, 152, 156, 157, 160, 163, 164, 165, 166, 
167, 168, 171, 174, 176, 196, 224, 242, 249, 250, 253, 259, 262, 267, 273, 275, 288, 303, 305, 306, 310, 311, 315, 316, 
319, 332, 337, 341, 347, 349, 355, 359, 362, 372, 379, 395, 396, 397, 398, 402, 407, 429, 432, 433, 435, 436, 439, 440, 
441, 444, 448, 450, 454, 455, 456, 457, 458, 459, 460, 462, 463, 465, 466, 467, 471, 472, 475, 476, 477, 480, 481, 483, 
490, 493, 494, 497, 498, 499, 502, 503, 505, 507, 508, 509, 514, 515, 518, 519, 521, 522, 523, 526, 530, 531, 532, 537, 
538, 540, 541, 544, 546, 550, 554, 555

Letterbook, 544

letters, 47, 53, 68, 73, 91, 116, 132, 135, 136, 137, 138, 142, 187, 191, 196, 212, 248, 253, 265, 283, 339, 361, 389, 390, 
402, 416, 443, 447, 448, 451, 456, 473, 475, 491, 499, 503, 514, 515, 516, 518, 529, 535, 537

letter-writer, 95
letter-writing, 259

Levi:
 Levi Sartwell (stage manager, Cleveland, OH), 427

Lewis, 77, 267, 270, 272, 281, 432, 505, 517, 518, 524, 525, 526, 528, 529, 530, 532, 534

Lewiston, 242, 274, 427

Lexington, 463

liaison, 481

liar, 39, 54, 110, 118, 140, 320, 436
liars, 32, 74, 110, 118, 121, 167, 510

libel, 102, 312

Liber, 521, 523, 557, 558

liberally, 31, 487

Liberty, 67, 251, 285, 470, 510, 535, 550

libraries, 118, 119, 144, 175, 352, 467
Library, 4, 60, 66, 68, 69, 92, 99, 104, 144, 175, 198, 335, 353, 354, 396, 433, 435, 438, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 
450, 452, 455, 457, 459, 461, 462, 463, 464, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 475, 477, 479, 480, 483, 484, 488, 490, 493, 494, 
497, 498, 502, 504, 509, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 518, 521, 522, 523, 525, 527, 528, 529, 533, 534, 536, 537, 538, 
540, 544, 545, 547, 549, 551, 554, 555, 557

Library-Archives, 441, 498, 509, 515, 523, 528, 533, 536, 537, 540, 544, 545, 555

license, 32, 100, 158, 495, 535

licensed, 25, 100, 468, 491
licenses, 130

lie, 32, 37, 39, 52, 110, 111, 112, 118, 140, 159, 174, 191, 193, 204, 224, 242, 270, 296, 320, 364, 436, 448, 453, 466, 505, 519
lies, 50, 54, 59, 110, 111, 112, 113, 118, 119, 167, 168, 186, 207, 269, 286, 320, 353, 355, 425, 460, 467, 493

life, 10, 11, 12, 13, 25, 32, 42, 51, 67, 70, 71, 72, 81, 84, 101, 104, 107, 126, 128, 129, 131, 158, 160, 162, 164, 169, 172, 
181, 182, 189, 193, 196, 209, 210, 212, 213, 226, 228, 230, 233, 235, 237, 242, 243, 251, 254, 259, 260, 263, 264, 273, 
304, 306, 308, 309, 316, 346, 356, 360, 361, 362, 363, 367, 368, 371, 385, 392, 440, 444, 449, 450, 458, 460, 467, 470, 
472, 478, 480, 481, 487, 489, 490, 493, 503, 508, 509, 521, 537, 551, 553, 555, 558
Life, 15, 429, 436, 438, 446, 455, 457, 461, 464, 465, 466, 468, 474, 476, 477, 478, 486, 493, 514, 525, 526, 538, 539, 
543, 546, 547, 548, 549

lifelong, 529

Light, 399, 441, 451, 471, 472, 485, 525
Lights, 335, 430

Lighthouse, 442

lightning, 185, 199, 416, 495

likelihood, 87, 127, 307, 308, 315, 456

Lillie, 324, 325, 333, 348, 498

line, 64, 84, 85, 94, 95, 96, 140, 191, 218, 225, 238, 293, 356, 371, 372, 374, 375, 396, 397, 407, 408, 426, 427, 439, 496, 500, 554
lined, 323

linen, 112, 363

lines, 14, 26, 28, 95, 179, 233, 268, 273, 285, 427, 466

linguist, 383
linguistic, 383, 453

Linus, 321, 444, 476

Lion, 396, 397
lions, 556

Lippincott, 469, 475, 486
Lippincott's, 486

liquor, 181, 182, 230, 279, 459

Lisbon, 339, 340, 506

Lisle:
 Lisle Twp., Broom Co, NY, 406-7, 422, 423

list, 30, 50, 132, 136, 138, 140, 141, 181, 339, 375, 412, 415, 431, 444, 445, 458, 465, 473, 475, 476, 484, 491, 492, 495, 
496, 497, 499, 518, 537
List, 5, 49, 136, 372, 437, 440, 473, 474, 502, 547

listed, 38, 102, 131, 207, 218, 255, 266, 271, 325, 344, 405, 406, 408, 414, 415, 416, 430, 434, 437, 442, 444, 448, 449, 
458, 459, 472, 473, 493, 496, 499, 500, 511, 524, 527, 556, 557, 558

listing, 453, 458, 511

lists, 132, 136, 138, 139, 181, 222, 223, 255, 372, 410, 411, 417, 445, 467, 473, 475, 476, 496, 497, 499, 519, 527, 528, 
535, 537, 540, 557

Litchfield, 216, 406

literary, 75, 86, 87, 147, 232, 354, 452, 465, 470, 512
Literary, 248, 465, 472, 510

literate, 252, 267, 451

literature, 86, 100, 369, 435, 450, 556
Literature, 486

litigate, 234

Littell's Living Age, 519

Little:
 Little Valley, Cattaraugus Co., NY, 513 n.63

little-known, 314

Liverpool, 225, 342, 430, 451, 484, 521, 552

Livingston, 218, 413, 418, 420, 421, 423, 497, 502, 512, 513, 514, 515, 525, 527
Livingstone, 489

Livonia, 420, 425, 426

Loammi, 100, 170

Lobrion, 421

Lockport, 226, 227, 228, 241, 242, 243, 244, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 267, 271, 272, 275, 277, 278, 300, 326, 422, 
503, 505, 507, 508, 509, 511, 512, 513, 516, 517, 525, 528, 529, 534
Lockport Balance, 243, 505

Lockwood, 512

Lodge, 265, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 275, 278, 475, 488, 497, 525, 526, 527, 528, 530, 531
lodges, 270
Lodges, 527

Lodi, 217, 421, 496, 518

log, 26, 212, 238, 290, 313, 323, 371, 372, 472, 545

logic, 90, 256, 356

logical, 61, 250, 305, 316, 334, 356, 368, 369
logically, 18, 93, 273, 348

London, 463, 498, 501, 540

long, 14, 15, 17, 23, 24, 26, 31, 50, 55, 60, 63, 66, 68, 69, 70, 73, 79, 82, 92, 96, 97, 107, 108, 117, 119, 121, 136, 140, 
150, 151, 160, 164, 165, 175, 200, 201, 203, 211, 215, 219, 221, 222, 225, 227, 230, 231, 239, 242, 252, 259, 262, 268, 
286, 294, 296, 297, 306, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 319, 326, 327, 329, 331, 346, 352, 353, 358, 364, 368, 369, 393, 394, 
416, 441, 442, 445, 446, 449, 456, 459, 463, 472, 483, 508, 529, 533, 538, 545, 546, 550, 552, 553

loose + noun (see also low + noun):
 looseCowdery (appelation for Lyman Cowdery, Esq. In NY), 533 n.176:

Lorain:
 Amherst, Lorain Co., OH, 342 (misspelled Loraine)
 Elyria, Lorain Co., OH, 342, 343 (misspelled Loraine)

Lord / Lords’s (honorific for biblical Jesus / resurrected Messiah):
 11, 116

Lord / Lords’s (Christian God the Father):
 70, 74, 185, 186, 205, 275, 287, 303, 307, 314, 315, 316, 323, 382, 391, 466, 487 n.42, 488 n.43

Lord's Supper (LDS sacrament of communion):
 391

Loren:
 Rev.  Loren Cowdery,  422, 496 n.31

Lorenzo, 288, 290, 291, 292, 295, 317, 319, 320, 321, 333, 346, 347, 349, 385, 498, 536, 537, 545, 550

Lorin:
 Lorin Gould (early res. of Conneaut, OH, 52

Lost, 33, 51, 52, 91, 123, 125, 126, 319, 435, 542

Loton, 272

Louis, 1, 4, 157, 158, 159, 160, 345, 417, 453, 458, 479, 482, 498, 516, 536, 543, 547, 549, 550, 556

Louisa, 507
Louise, 212, 439, 493

Louisville, 14, 335, 529, 546, 548

lounger, 237, 239
lounging, 54, 202, 238, 275

love, 43, 62, 65, 71, 75, 328, 436, 500, 539
lover, 36, 279
loves, 251

low + noun (see also loose + noun):
 low family (appelation for JSS family in NY), 324
 low pettifogger (appelation for Lyman Cowdery, Esq. in NY), 633 n.176
 low shacks (appelation for Lyman Cowdery family in NY), 532 n.176

Lowe, 435
Lower, 468, 471, 472, 474, 505

Lowry:
 Hugh Lowry (ed.  Ashtabula (OH) Journal, 1830s), 506 n.26

Lt., 472

Luccinda (see Lucinda)

Lucinda, 267, (Luccinda) 267, 276, 277, 280, 281, 358, 526, 531, 532, 534, 535

luck, 230, 254, 503

Luckhardt, 475

Lucy, 29, 179, 182, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 233, 234, 258, 263, 291, 293, 297, 299, 301, 304, 305, 372, 375, 378, 380, 
381, 384, 407, 409, 415, 420, 423, 454, 480, 484, 485, 486, 491, 492, 495, 502, 503, 506, 519, 523, 536, 539, 542, 545, 552
Lucy's, 305, 407, 480, 485, 519

lude:
 lewd (spelled lude) woman (with D. P. Hurlbut, 1833), 72

Ludico, 216, 217, 406, 410, 411, 496, 515
Lutico, 216, 406, 496

ludicrous, 126, 361

Ludlow, 492
Ludlum, 474

Luke:
 Luke Johnson (early LDS apostle), 288, 363
 Luke Miller (early res., Conneaut, OH), 445 n.17
 Luke P. Wilson (auth. see biblio.), 453 n.24

Lum:
 Lum Walters or L. Walter (see Luman Walter(s)), 500 n.44

Luman, 219, 221, 227, 228, 232, 284, 414, 417, 497, 499, 500, 502

luminaries, 489

lurid, 35, 168, 192, 232

Luse, 341, 548

lust, 452

Luther:
 Luther Tucker (1802-1873 -- newsman, NY), 241, 504 n.10
 Luther Dille, 341

Lutheran:
 Our Savior's Lutheran Church in St. George, UT, 429

Lutico (see Ludico)

Lydia, 213, 216, 260, 407

lying, 54, 110, 117, 118, 166, 262, 364, 435, 450

Lyman, 156, 212, 213, 214, 220, 221, 229, 231, 234, 253, 270, 271, 292, 293, 300, 301, 302, 303, 304, 305, 315, 316, 
342, 343, 344, 345, 394, 409, 415, 418, 439, 499, 511, 513, 522, 524, 528, 532, 533, 544

Lyon, 328, 505

Lyons, 207, 234, 302, 419, 463, 499, 502, 509
Lyons/Arcadia, 419


M

m/s, 456

macabre, 373

Macedon, 206, 207, 376

Machiavellian, 364

Mack, 29, 179, 182, 211, 213, 260, 293, 301, 378, 384, 385, 407, 415, 423, 484, 491, 495, 503, 506, 536, 539, 542, 552, 555

MacKay, 15

Macmillan, 492

Macoy, 525, 534

mad, 483

Madison, 46, 271, 344, 375, 439, 443, 447, 455, 459, 461, 462, 465, 471, 476, 477, 480, 484, 493, 494, 528, 546, 547

madness, 201

Madsen, 487

magazine, 259, 272, 389, 519
Magazine, 375, 430, 433, 447, 451, 464, 465, 468, 472, 477, 478, 483, 484, 486, 494, 497, 514, 530, 534, 538, 552, 553

magic, 186, 187, 219, 228, 314, 316, 502
Magic World View, 493, 494, 522, 544

magical, 86, 221, 222, 540
Magician, 218, 219, 221

magistrate, 67, 73, 74, 302, 322, 446, 539

magnificent, 184, 369

magnified, 70, 506

Magus, 220, 229

Mahomet, 202, 454, 476

Mahoning, 101, 286, 313, 337, 339, 341, 343, 345, 347, 416, 459, 460, 534, 535

maiden:
 Rebecca Johnston Eichbaum’s  vivacity of a maiden, 134
 maiden name of Lucy Smith was Mack, 182
 Martin Harris the maiden LDS convert, 202
 maiden Emma Hale courted by JS, 293
 Ludico / Lutico Crosman… maiden sister of William Crosman, 496 n.31
 maiden name of Jacob Cowdery Sr.'s mother: Damon,  558

mail, 113, 119, 136, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 176, 214, 240, 242, 243, 286, 303, 330, 352, 357, 385, 415, 416, 427, 431, 
468, 475, 476, 549
mails, 134, 137, 253, 475

Mail-Stage, 536

Main, 125, 371, 519

Maine:
Dr. Nahum Howard (died 1841) was originally from Kennebec, Maine, 438 n.64

main-stream, 325

Maj., 319
Majesty, 264

Major, 191, 192, 216, 217, 403, 472

maker, 517

male, 38, 132, 214, 215, 405, 406, 494, 497
males, 83, 141, 143, 406, 444

malicious, 29, 159, 174, 433

mal-treating, 502

man, 11, 27, 28, 36, 37, 46, 68, 70, 75, 81, 82, 96, 100, 107, 108, 110, 111, 116, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 125, 126, 127, 
129, 140, 145, 149, 150, 151, 152, 156, 158, 159, 161, 163, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 177, 186, 
187, 189, 200, 201, 202, 206, 210, 211, 216, 220, 221, 231, 235, 238, 241, 243, 247, 251, 253, 272, 273, 275, 276, 294, 
296, 303, 305, 316, 318, 319, 320, 322, 325, 327, 328, 347, 354, 358, 360, 361, 362, 363, 384, 386, 387, 389, 392, 394, 
397, 398, 399, 403, 414, 435, 437, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 451, 452, 453, 456, 458, 464, 465, 467, 469, 470, 478, 483, 
486, 488, 489, 498, 500, 503, 510, 519, 526, 527, 529, 530, 532, 536, 539, 546, 552, 553

manage, 141, 293, 463
managed, 29, 55, 71, 117, 121, 197, 281, 307, 357, 384, 445, 482, 508, 530, 541, 556

manager, 126, 157, 427
managers, 195

manages, 554
managing, 511, 517

Manchester, 57, 182, 200, 201, 207, 209, 219, 222, 234, 238, 263, 265, 275, 283, 288, 291, 293, 294, 295, 307, 327, 339, 
346, 371, 373, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 380, 381, 382, 385, 425, 427, 428, 466, 492, 497, 500, 523, 530, 537, 541, 543, 549
Manchester/Palmyra, 57

maneuvering, 335

Manhattan, 508

Manhood:
 Life and Reminiscences From Birth to Manhood (see biblio.), 455 n.38, 474 n.112

manipulating, 360
manipulative, 489

mankind, 36, 85, 110, 167, 312, 364, 365, 436

Mannasaugas Indians, 67

Mann's, 251

Mansion, 64, 277, 370, 439

mantle, 219, 238, 239, 243, 506

Mantua, 171, 287, 336, 337, 338, 342, 543

manufacture, 120, 312, 455, 551
manufactured, 91, 355, 391, 393
manufacturer, 247, 455
manufacturers, 470
manufacturing, 120, 468

manuscrip, 379, 541
manuscript, 25, 28, 30, 31, 37, 38, 39, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 66, 68, 77, 78, 79, 80, 
81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 99, 103, 108, 109, 114, 115, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 
130, 131, 144, 148, 149, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 175, 176, 177, 188, 192, 196, 197, 
203, 210, 229, 231, 233, 234, 244, 245, 250, 268, 274, 279, 280, 281, 291, 295, 299, 306, 307, 310, 311, 321, 322, 
339, 347, 352, 357, 363, 364, 369, 370, 377, 379, 380, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 390, 392, 398, 401, 433, 434, 444, 
445, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 461, 471, 474, 479, 480, 501, 506, 522, 523, 526, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 546, 554, 558

Manuscript, 27, 28, 31, 32, 37, 38, 40, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 71, 74, 77, 78, 79, 
80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 106, 107, 108, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 
130, 131, 137, 140, 142, 144, 147, 149, 154, 163, 165, 174, 176, 177, 197, 210, 299, 352, 357, 358, 363, 368, 369, 378, 
385, 386, 387, 401, 432, 437, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 471, 476, 484, 490, 491, 503, 506, 536, 542, 554

Manuscript Found, 27, 28, 31, 32, 37, 38, 40, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 58, 59, 60, 63, 71, 74, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 
82, 83, 84, 85, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 106, 107, 108, 121, 122, 123, 124, 125, 137, 140, 142, 144, 147, 149, 154, 165, 
174, 176, 177, 197, 210, 299, 352, 357, 358, 363, 368, 369, 401, 437, 451, 454, 457, 476, 554

Manuscript Story, 31, 38, 55, 57, 59, 60, 63, 64, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 
97, 99, 131, 142, 368, 432, 437, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 471, 554

manuscripts, 43, 46, 52, 58, 61, 65, 78, 79, 87, 94, 97, 106, 113, 149, 150, 197, 244, 274, 281, 358, 520, 551

map, 290
Map, 289, 457, 534, 535, 555

maple, 257, 319, 321, 346, 372, 517, 548

maps, 289, 405, 417, 462, 534, 535, 555
Maps, 534

Marcah, 535

Marcellus, 253, 514, 515, 516

March, 26, 30, 34, 38, 61, 66, 67, 71, 100, 102, 105, 106, 109, 113, 122, 123, 129, 141, 152, 156, 178, 180, 181, 191, 
192, 203, 212, 214, 231, 248, 249, 252, 253, 255, 258, 265, 266, 268, 271, 275, 278, 286, 291, 292, 293, 299, 305, 307, 
308, 311, 318, 319, 321, 322, 324, 325, 333, 338, 340, 341, 342, 344, 346, 348, 374, 375, 376, 378, 380, 381, 383, 396, 
402, 409, 410, 425, 426, 432, 434, 435, 436, 439, 440, 443, 447, 448, 450, 454, 455, 457, 458, 462, 464, 467, 469, 470, 
471, 476, 479, 480, 482, 484, 485, 490, 492, 495, 497, 498, 502, 503, 505, 509, 510, 512, 514, 515, 516, 518, 520, 521, 
522, 523, 524, 527, 528, 530, 531, 536, 537, 539, 540, 542, 543, 544, 547, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553, 555, 556

mare, 411

Margaret, 246, 469, 472, 507

margin, 94, 397

Maria, 34, 71, 168, 214, 247, 410, 435, 447, 450, 480, 481, 493, 507, 514
Mariah, 212

Marie, 212, 215, 493, 497

Marietta, 410, 411

Marino, 450, 493, 497, 509, 513, 514, 515, 516, 529, 534, 538, 540, 557

Marion, 558

marital, 131

Mark, 102, 281, 360, 387, 462, 482, 514, 527, 552

Mark Masters, 281, 514, 527

Market, 27, 120, 463, 469, 470, 510

markings, 387

marks, 191, 202, 211, 308, 407, 456, 462

Marlborough, 250

Maroni (see Moroni)

Marquardt, 485, 505, 521, 523, 552

marriage, 54, 105, 107, 122, 139, 168, 213, 214, 215, 216, 338, 339, 340, 351, 404, 407, 413, 417, 418, 420, 451, 459, 
463, 465, 472, 474, 480, 494, 495, 499, 509, 534, 535
marriages, 66, 341, 459
Marriages, 338, 341, 342, 343

married, 25, 54, 67, 101, 105, 109, 132, 134, 162, 165, 168, 174, 185, 186, 196, 204, 209, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 
217, 218, 223, 224, 247, 260, 267, 276, 285, 293, 323, 336, 351, 358, 375, 392, 394, 396, 406, 407, 410, 413, 419, 421, 
437, 439, 441, 442, 445, 446, 456, 457, 458, 459, 465, 468, 472, 474, 477, 480, 492, 493, 494, 496, 499, 507, 508, 511, 
512, 514, 515, 527, 532, 535, 537, 544, 545, 555, 558

marries, 343, 375, 377, 406, 407, 410, 411, 412, 413, 522

Marriott, 353, 554

marry, 71, 411, 499
marrying, 530, 536

Marsh, 189, 246, 507

Marshall, 375, 440, 530

Martha, 40, 41, 49, 50, 83, 142, 179, 293, 299, 437, 460, 465, 507, 514

Martin, 4, 13, 32, 161, 162, 186, 187, 188, 192, 198, 203, 232, 233, 234, 239, 240, 243, 249, 296, 299, 300, 301, 302, 
306, 307, 308, 311, 320, 324, 356, 358, 360, 371, 376, 377, 380, 386, 391, 396, 400, 404, 447, 450, 470, 480, 486, 487, 
488, 489, 490, 492, 503, 504, 506, 511, 519, 524, 538, 540, 541, 542, 545, 552, 555

Martin Harris met all of Mark Twain’s qualifications for a fool, 360


Martindale, 438

Martius, 266, 515

Marty, 266, 515

martyr, 192, 266, 488
Martyr, 529, 546

martyrdom, 465

martyred, 269

marvelous, 75, 239, 262, 397, 398

Marvin, 494, 510

Mary, 19, 132, 133, 141, 152, 206, 213, 215, 216, 217, 250, 298, 335, 339, 404, 410, 449, 462, 472, 473, 474, 492, 494, 
495, 496, 511, 516, 534, 539, 555

Maryland, 131, 156, 470, 474

masked, 268

Mason, 270, 278, 280, 283, 304, 335, 375, 487, 509, 512, 513, 516, 517, 524, 525, 527, 528, 529, 531, 533, 534, 557
Masons, 229, 230, 231, 265, 268, 270, 271, 272, 279, 280, 281, 282, 289, 488, 497, 508, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 531, 
532, 533

Masonic, 198, 223, 251, 267, 268, 269, 270, 273, 274, 275, 277, 278, 280, 281, 283, 304, 476, 488, 490, 511, 514, 516, 
525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 534, 546

Masonry, 269, 281, 282, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 534, 544

Mass., 108, 116, 261, 405, 406, 408, 431, 442, 451, 493, 496, 513
Massachusetts, 54, 106, 107, 113, 250, 314, 419, 431, 441, 442, 452, 453, 494, 512, 557
MA, 4, 154, 251, 405, 406, 431
MA/NY, 406

massacre, 431

Massie, 478

Master, 14, 25, 154, 271, 475, 516, 527, 528, 529, 530
Masters, 530

masterminds, 271

masthead, 511, 518

matches, 453

maternal, 251, 415, 513

Mather, 9, 181, 182, 192, 273, 429, 486

Mathews, 340

Mathilda, 25
Matilda, 19, 20, 25, 59, 79, 80, 86, 106, 109, 110, 116, 133, 150, 163, 352, 431, 438, 441, 442, 452, 467, 474, 477

Matthew:
 Matthew S. Clapp (early Campbellite minister in OH), 111, 524, 544

Matthews:
 Robert J. Matthews (auth. see biblio), 159
 Miss Matthews (md. Oct. 27, 1827, OH), 340
 Matthews-Northrop Works (pub. see biblio), 524 n.132, 525 n.135 (misspelled Mathew), 544 n.28

mattress, 268, 526

Max, 506

May:
 May Olive Cowdery (Warren Cowdery’s daughter), b. 1823, NY, 514  n.68 

May Flower:
 in 1844 S. Rigdon laid over at St. Louis aboard steamship May Flower, 159, 479 n.26

Mayflower:
 O. Cowdery's maternal ancestor, Edward Fuller, was a Pilgrim aboard the Mayflower, 513 n.66

mayor, 154

McCleary, 525

McClellan / McClellin (see McLellin)

McClurg, 496

McConnell, 251, 513

McCormick, 285, 413, 535

McCrea, 469

McCullan:
 Mr. McCullan of Amity, PA, 556 n.3

McFarland, 464, 540, 554

McGuffey, 535

McIntosh, 498

McKee, 78, 90, 91, 122, 126, 127, 128, 129, 134, 163, 164, 165, 176, 352, 455, 471, 472, 480, 535
McKee's, 127, 352, 472

McKiernan, 364, 462, 482

McKinstry, 20, 54, 59, 79, 80, 108, 114, 115, 117, 150, 163, 164, 165, 442, 443, 452, 464, 477

McKune, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 374

McLean, 361, 552

McLeland (see McLellin)

McLellin, William E.: 
 in 1831 he was present when revelations prepared for the press, 248 (msp. McClellan)
 in 1832 he attempted to convert Erastus Cowdery, 288 (msp. D. McClellin), 363 (msp. McClellin)
 in 1845 he differed with S. Rigdon in sentiment, 553 n.25 (msp. McLeland)
 in 1846 he said S. Rigdon had in him hypocrisy, dishonesty and fanaticism, 355
 in 1846 he went Shalersville, Ohio with his family, 550 n.8 (msp. McClellin), 355 (msp. McClellin)
 in 1870 he wrote letter to JSIII (see biblio.), 509 n.41 (msp. McClellan)
 Journals of William E. McLellin (see biblio.), 536 n.13 (msp. McClellin)

McMillan's, 472

MD, 97, 152, 154, 158, 250, 266, 401, 442, 474, 507, 509, 527, 543, 556
Md., 156, 157, 470, 474


Means, 301, 335, 463

Mecca, 225, 230, 284, 285, 286, 287, 289, 385, 414, 416, 417, 421, 422, 534, 535, 536, 554

mechanic, 517

media, 383

medical, 100, 217, 223, 226, 229, 252, 266, 413, 457, 472, 494, 495, 496, 502, 513, 514, 525
Medical, 266, 439, 487, 495, 514

medicated, 391

medicinal, 441, 478

medicine, 97, 129, 214, 217, 224, 355, 449, 457, 472, 487, 514

meeting, 31, 33, 43, 44, 50, 63, 70, 101, 108, 153, 163, 166, 172, 173, 204, 205, 206, 207, 230, 239, 248, 271, 286, 287, 
289, 306, 307, 313, 331, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 357, 358, 360, 361, 362, 381, 392, 
394, 438, 439, 464, 467, 477, 490, 499, 500, 520, 524, 531, 540, 549, 552

meeting house, 337
meetinghouse, 100, 101, 153, 461

meetings, 34, 44, 67, 139, 177, 183, 201, 229, 231, 239, 268, 279, 286, 287, 330, 340, 341, 344, 360, 373, 391, 426, 477, 
485, 546

megalomania, 170
megalomaniac, 192

Mehitabel, 558

Mehling, 19, 215, 216, 250, 298, 299, 403, 404, 405, 406, 407, 409, 416, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 499, 502, 511, 512, 513, 
514, 515, 516, 519, 534, 535, 538, 539, 555, 557, 558

Meigs, 224, 225, 408, 409, 411, 412, 414, 415, 416, 417, 420, 472, 495, 496, 518, 555, 556, 558

melancholy, 170, 171

member, 35, 69, 85, 111, 156, 161, 171, 215, 243, 255, 266, 270, 271, 272, 275, 276, 328, 329, 378, 384, 432, 437, 442, 445, 
447, 449, 455, 460, 467, 468, 472, 475, 500, 507, 511, 514, 526, 527, 528, 531, 533, 553

members, 9, 16, 31, 34, 51, 53, 59, 69, 101, 107, 113, 154, 159, 167, 175, 178, 180, 192, 205, 206, 213, 218, 224, 229, 248, 
266, 270, 271, 284, 286, 316, 327, 331, 352, 402, 431, 434, 449, 450, 464, 481, 484, 491, 492, 495, 496, 504, 524, 527, 528, 
539, 549, 553

membership, 9, 35, 100, 461, 516, 527, 550
Membership, 382

Memoir, 446, 519
Memoirs, 170, 482, 489, 548

memorabilia, 556

memorandum, 113, 483, 492

Memorial, 68, 137, 353, 442, 444, 452, 453, 455, 471, 476, 488, 513, 549, 557

memories, 46, 91, 122, 138, 141, 164, 349, 352, 370
memory, 4, 14, 41, 46, 81, 85, 89, 99, 117, 123, 125, 134, 136, 138, 149, 155, 160, 163, 164, 187, 243, 262, 277, 284, 299, 347, 
437, 452, 453, 454, 493, 502, 533

men, 11, 43, 47, 72, 74, 75, 79, 105, 112, 128, 144, 153, 156, 162, 172, 173, 175, 188, 191, 200, 201, 211, 220, 225, 233, 245, 
252, 263, 266, 268, 287, 299, 308, 314, 318, 319, 320, 321, 354, 364, 377, 380, 399, 431, 454, 471, 485, 486, 498, 499, 500, 
511, 516, 520, 524, 527, 538, 539

Mennonites, 538

mental, 73, 127, 140, 170, 199, 362
mentally, 488

mentor, 170, 219, 221, 228, 466

Mentor, 38, 44, 103, 161, 286, 287, 311, 312, 330, 331, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 353, 363, 
394, 425, 427, 428, 481, 482, 483, 491, 543, 548
Mentor-Buffalo, 330

mercantile, 25, 286, 337, 338

merchant, 100, 159, 160, 285, 472
merchants, 285

Mercury, 477, 502, 512, 516

Mercy, 421

Merrill, 488, 549

Mervin, 525

Mesmeric, 392

message, 12, 15, 18, 118, 230, 328, 367

Messenger, 179, 248, 249, 262, 275, 436, 451, 459, 465, 481, 483, 485, 489, 504, 510, 511, 514, 515, 521, 537, 540, 546, 552
messengers, 367, 551

Messers, 110, 466
Messrs, 109, 130, 389, 476

Messiah:
 death and resurrection of God; Jesus the Messiah, proclaimed, not proven, 10
 JS the second Messiah who was to reveal this word [BoM] to the world, 202

metal, 228, 262, 399, 486

metallic, 180

metaphysician, 214, 219, 250

Metcalf, 552

meteoric, 154

method, 11, 46, 299, 378, 477

Methodism, 239
Methodist, 34, 53, 58, 69, 111, 153, 178, 184, 238, 267, 345, 373, 394, 448, 484, 511, 532, 550
Methodists, 178, 391, 398, 484, 538

methodology, 73

methods, 9, 16, 50, 357, 358, 440

Mexican, 187

Mfg., 493

MH (see Harris, Martin)

MI, 512, 519, 550
Mich., 438, 450, 498, 550
Michigan, 72, 253, 258, 317, 320, 321, 383, 384, 415, 421, 454, 480, 503

Michael: 
 Michael Morse, 190
 Michael Marquardt (auth. see biblio.), 485 n.34, 505 n.18, 552 n.21
 D. Michael Quinn, 491 n.20, 522 n.123, 538 n.42
 Michael E. Homer (auth. see biblio.), 527 n.148
 Michael T. Walton (auth. see biblio), 552 n.21

Microfilm, 433, 443, 556

middle-aged, 316

Middlebury, 494

middleman, 160

Middlesex, 408, 557

Middletown, 213, 217, 220, 493, 494, 497, 498, 501, 528

midnight, 54, 239, 261, 330, 331, 508

midsummer, 39

Mifflin, 480, 525

migrate, 409, 412, 416
migrated, 23, 137, 204, 284, 415, 495, 558
migrates, 413

migrating, 286, 495
migration, 24, 133, 384, 404, 409, 430
MIGRATIONS, 403, 404

Mike, 21

Milan, 499

milched, 460
milching, 461

Mile, 399, 471, 472, 473, 474

miles-per-day, 378
miles-per-hour, 427

military, 216, 403
militia, 213, 215, 217, 403, 440

milked, 211, 488
milking, 461

mill, 64, 68, 75, 187, 190, 246, 470, 478, 518
Mill, 119, 468

Millar, 62, 66, 439, 445

Millard, 488, 513

Millennial, 309, 354, 434, 447, 451, 460, 482, 483, 484, 491, 531, 538, 542, 543, 548

Millennium, 390

Miller, 46, 48, 50, 51, 52, 60, 64, 79, 80, 86, 87, 88, 90, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 128, 176, 228, 229, 230, 266, 268, 269, 273, 
274, 278, 279, 280, 281, 283, 352, 445, 455, 456, 471, 472, 524, 525, 526, 531, 534, 551
Millers, 439

Mills, 489

Milly, 410

Milton, 429, 503

Minard, 549

mine, 71, 189, 263, 264, 311, 329, 392, 399, 486, 521

Miner, 494

mineral, 264
Mineral, 508

Minerva:
 At Manchester, Walters sacrificed a cock (a bird [sacred] to Minerva), 219

mines, 375, 530

mining, 262

minion, 331

minister, 13, 25, 100, 118, 152, 225, 273, 285, 312, 328, 331, 338, 401, 431, 448, 450, 465, 468, 472, 477
ministers, 118, 152, 459, 469, 551

ministerial, 175, 384
ministering, 100


Ministries, 454
ministry, 18, 25, 52, 101, 139, 204, 335, 460, 461

Minn., 498
Minneapolis, 498

Minnifter, 456

minor, 93, 94, 103, 181, 235, 264, 274, 335, 384, 433, 441, 468, 469, 470, 479, 493, 516, 530, 540, 545
Minor, 440

minority, 153, 335, 356, 461

minutes, 44, 114, 317
Minutes, 447, 459, 461, 467, 482, 484, 491, 514, 524, 547, 552

miracle, 100, 172, 230, 381
miracles, 169, 186, 189, 313, 360, 361, 390

miraculous, 197, 358

mischief, 328

misconduct, 34, 154, 435

misdemeanor, 359, 505, 528
misdemeanors, 530

misfortunes, 440

misinterpreted, 118, 466

misled, 449, 523

misprinted, 117, 465, 515
misprints, 339

mis-reported, 483

misrepresented, 50, 51, 54, 181, 355, 466, 550

Miss, 130, 137, 463, 468

missing, 78, 79, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 161, 176, 188, 288, 291, 295, 301, 352, 411, 449, 457, 483, 501, 502, 505, 509, 527, 557

mission, 34, 35, 55, 57, 169, 178, 183, 205, 206, 221, 228, 288, 331, 343, 344, 345, 448, 449, 466, 538

missionaries, 9, 34, 166, 391, 484, 485
missionary, 17, 33, 34, 161, 315, 382, 425, 468, 477
Missionary, 67, 329, 332, 546, 548

Mississippi, 82, 454, 505

MO, 4, 248, 538, 549
Mo., 430, 432, 433, 436, 441, 444, 466, 481, 492, 496, 498, 503, 509, 514, 515, 520, 521, 523, 528, 532, 533, 536, 537, 
540, 544, 545, 550, 554, 555
Missouri, 7, 160, 162, 186, 209, 212, 249, 253, 256, 259, 265, 276, 329, 353, 430, 453, 490, 491, 509, 515, 516, 520, 531, 
532, 546, 550

Missourians, 160, 520

misspell, 482
misspells, 497

mistake, 58, 70, 88, 135, 140, 311, 506
mistakes, 320, 527

mistaken, 32, 74, 93, 158, 160, 311, 334, 396, 439, 507, 538
mistakenly, 256, 337, 407, 416, 461, 495, 496, 513, 522, 536, 554

mistranscribed, 495
mistranscription, 527, 557

mistress, 277, 352, 532

misused, 466

Mitchell, 198, 203, 311
Mitchill, 383, 386, 387

Mitchener, 505

mitigate, 457

M'Kee, 126

mob, 261, 268, 330, 332, 440, 490, 509, 520

Moderators, 440

Mohammed, 202

Mohawk, 396, 407, 555
Mohawks, 407
Mohocks Branch, 555

molding, 489

monarch, 515

monastic, 387

money, 42, 43, 47, 54, 59, 62, 65, 75, 89, 91, 92, 110, 118, 124, 127, 151, 155, 157, 160, 161, 165, 182, 184, 188, 192, 
198, 200, 201, 203, 210, 211, 212, 213, 220, 221, 222, 225, 226, 227, 229, 231, 232, 238, 239, 241, 246, 259, 261, 262, 
263, 264, 265, 269, 270, 274, 275, 276, 278, 293, 294, 295, 302, 303, 307, 308, 314, 316, 317, 322, 323, 325, 326, 327, 
336, 346, 347, 354, 356, 358, 359, 372, 374, 375, 376, 377, 378, 381, 397, 398, 407, 430, 461, 478, 479, 480, 490, 491, 
492, 497, 499, 500, 502, 503, 506, 508, 518, 519, 521, 522, 523, 524, 530, 537, 541, 544, 545, 556

money digger, 54, 75, 238, 314, 521, 545
money-digger, 227, 293, 322, 358, 521

money diggers, 201, 222, 294, 295, 327, 544
money-diggers, 229, 231, 232, 261, 263, 264, 265, 294, 316, 346, 372, 374, 377, 522, 537

money-digging, 200, 203, 210, 211, 212, 213, 221, 225, 226, 229, 232, 259, 262, 263, 264, 265, 275, 294, 295, 316, 317, 
347, 372, 374, 376, 377, 381, 407, 491, 492, 497, 499, 500, 502, 508, 523, 524, 530

money-making, 239, 325, 478, 506

monies, 308, 542

monks, 383

monomaniac, 239

Monongahela, 475

Monroe, 218, 265, 413, 417, 418, 422, 423, 444, 496, 497, 512, 519, 524

Monsarrat, 529, 546

Monson, 54, 55, 106, 108, 109, 114, 116, 431, 441, 442, 451, 452, 464, 465

Monterey, 324

Montgomery, 67, 445, 446, 464

Monthly, 442, 451, 467, 538, 552

Montpelier, 474

Monument, 472, 473

moon, 502

moonshine, 110, 118

Moore, 433, 458
Moore's, 458

Moral, 465

morality, 149

More, 38, 73, 343, 379, 381, 447

Morgan, 229, 230, 231, 251, 265, 266, 267, 268, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 277, 278, 279, 280, 281, 283, 
289, 300, 304, 326, 358, 362, 382, 387, 414, 441, 505, 507, 520, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 
537, 544
Morgans, 276

Moriah, 527

Morley, 313, 344, 348, 391, 544
Morley's, 313, 344, 544

Mormon, 1, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 
43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 57, 58, 61, 62, 63, 65, 66, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77, 80, 86, 87, 88, 89, 
90, 92, 96, 97, 99, 101, 103, 104, 106, 108, 109, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 119, 121, 123, 124, 125, 128, 130, 135, 136, 138, 
139, 140, 141, 147, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 166, 167, 171, 172, 174, 175, 176, 177, 
178, 179, 181, 186, 188, 190, 191, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 210, 211, 212, 
218, 221, 222, 234, 235, 239, 240, 242, 244, 245, 246, 248, 249, 250, 258, 259, 261, 263, 264, 269, 270, 275, 277, 287, 
288, 290, 291, 292, 295, 296, 299, 300, 304, 305, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 317, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 
324, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 344, 345, 348, 349, 351, 352, 355, 356, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 
364, 365, 368, 369, 370, 377, 379, 380, 381, 382, 386, 387, 389, 390, 391, 392, 395, 396, 399, 401, 402, 404, 425, 429, 
430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 
456, 457, 458, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 471, 472, 475, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 
488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 503, 504, 506, 508, 509, 510, 511, 514, 515, 521, 522, 523, 
524, 526, 527, 528, 529, 531, 532, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 552, 
553, 554, 556

Mormon Bible / Mormons’ new Bible (see also Gold / Golden Bible, and lit. index)
 Book of Mormon a new Bible, based upon SS’s Manuscript Found, 43
 Artemas Cunningham said Mormon Bible outlines taken from SS’s writings, 46
 Henry Lake and others requested SS’s writings be compared to Mormon Bible, 53, 108
 Aron Wright recognized SS’s fictional history in the Mormon Bible, 65 
 Josiah Spalding believed the pattern of SS’s novel used to from Mormons’ bible, 100 
 1839 statement alleged Mormon Bible adapted from SS’s writings, 108-9 
 Joseph Miller and neighbors conjectured SS was the real author of Mormon Bible, 125 
 John Thompson remembered names in SS’s writings later used in Mormon Bible, 130
 Cephas Dodd never saw SS’s writings nor the Mormon Bible, 130 
 Rev. John Winter said S. Rigdon made Mormon Bible from SS’s manuscript, 152 
 JS and associates made their new Bible from SS’s Manuscript Found, 179  
 lost pages of “translation,” might be a totally different Bible than BoM, 188 
 Lucy Harris disparaged JS’s old (ancient Nephite) Bible, 192
 S. Rigdon reported as the author of the Mormonites’ new Bible, 198-203 
 due to female interferance some of JS’s new Bible disappeared, 202
 Wm. Lang said O. Cowdery greatly helped in producing Mormon Bible, 263 
 S. Rigdon visited JSS family prior to publication of the Mormon Bible, 317 
 S. Rigdon came to Palmyra (in Dec. 1830) to “preach the Mormon Bible,” 319, 349
 Able Chase claimed knowledge about the production of the Mormon Bible, 321-2 
 J. J. Moss said no doubt that S. Rigdon linked SS’s book and Mormon Bible, 390 
 JS considered the author of the new [Mormon] Bible, 397 
 1885 article by former Conneaut res., entitled “The Mormon Bible,” 453 n.16 
 1831 article said Martin Harris called BoM an anti-Masonic Bible, 524 n.130 
 JSS in 1830 reportedly said the BoM was a new Bible, 529 n.161
 even in his 1876 obituraries, S. Rigdon was cited as author of Mormon Bible, 551 n.11

Mormon Thought, 433, 457, 482, 485, 494, 498, 508, 521, 527, 538, 550, 552

Mormonism, 9, 11, 14, 15, 18, 29, 36, 37, 38, 39, 47, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 58, 61, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77, 81, 97, 107, 
109, 110, 113, 116, 122, 156, 157, 160, 162, 165, 166, 170, 171, 174, 177, 179, 180, 181, 182, 189, 191, 195, 196, 
198, 199, 201, 210, 213, 220, 235, 237, 238, 242, 243, 244, 258, 259, 270, 288, 296, 303, 308, 310, 312, 313, 319, 
321, 322, 324, 326, 329, 334, 347, 349, 355, 358, 359, 360, 361, 363, 364, 369, 387, 389, 390, 392, 393, 398, 429, 
433, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 443, 444, 447, 451, 452, 453, 454, 461, 464, 471, 472, 473, 476, 477, 478, 479, 
480, 482, 483, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 494, 498, 499, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 516, 520, 521, 
522, 523, 525, 526, 527, 530, 535, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 542, 544, 545, 546, 549, 552, 553

Mormonism Unvailed, 38, 39, 77, 109, 195, 196, 347, 369, 437, 438, 439, 443, 444, 452, 453, 454, 464, 473, 476, 478, 
480, 482, 486, 489, 493, 502, 523, 530, 536, 537, 539, 540, 542, 545

Mormonism Unveiled, 51, 393, 552

Mormonism-Shadow, 433

Mormonite, 359
Mormonites, 198, 201, 359, 394, 442, 454, 490, 491, 537, 552

Mormons, 9, 11, 13, 15, 16, 17, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 35, 38, 51, 53, 58, 59, 69, 71, 74, 75, 77, 80, 81, 87, 108, 114, 116, 
130, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158, 160, 162, 166, 167, 168, 177, 178, 186, 187, 189, 190, 192, 195, 207, 213, 241, 242, 248, 
249, 256, 261, 264, 276, 286, 287, 288, 289, 295, 299, 306, 313, 325, 328, 329, 332, 348, 354, 361, 368, 389, 390, 392, 
393, 398, 399, 401, 430, 432, 436, 440, 441, 447, 458, 461, 465, 466, 467, 471, 476, 479, 480, 481, 484, 486, 488, 489, 
491, 499, 504, 506, 509, 514, 520, 524, 525, 526, 530, 531, 532, 544, 546, 547, 550, 551, 553, 556

Morning, 175, 199, 201, 248, 249, 433, 449, 450, 483, 484, 490, 510, 514, 537, 546

Moroni (alleged angelic messenger – see also lit. index):
 Angel Moroni allegedly first visits JS in NY, in 1823, 23, 178, 183, 293, 373
 Angel Moroni also referred to as Nephi in some early LDS statements, 373, 484 n.24
 JS claimed to have returned golden plates to Angel Moroni in 1829, 380
 JS reportedly at first referred to his angel visitor as Thum Moroni, 484 n.24

morphine, 390, 509

Morris, 273, 421, 473, 485, 494, 503, 525, 529, 530, 532, 534, 536, 546
Morris's, 485

Morristown, 251

Morse, 84, 189, 190, 391, 438, 465
Morse's, 84

mortgage, 192, 264, 308, 372, 374, 497, 522
mortgages, 26, 379

Moscow, 224, 251, 252, 266, 278, 412, 413, 421, 422, 423, 512, 515

Moses:
 Moses Cowdery, Sr. (1731-1813), 284, 406, 408 (sp. Cowdy)
 Moses Cowdery, Jr. (d. 1861), 408 (sp. Cowdy), 414, 416, 421-2, 

Mosquito, 286

Moss, 68, 343, 361, 389, 390, 393, 394, 447

mother, 29, 55, 80, 104, 105, 132, 150, 163, 179, 180, 182, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 228, 234, 238, 239, 241, 245, 251, 
260, 264, 265, 290, 292, 298, 299, 301, 307, 309, 320, 323, 336, 351, 373, 375, 378, 390, 392, 407, 412, 417, 442, 451, 
472, 493, 496, 511, 539, 558

mother-in-law, 451

motivated, 39, 75, 143, 162, 214, 432, 488, 523
motivation, 71, 176, 305, 307, 367

motive, 47, 49, 153, 168, 175, 278, 312
motives, 55, 106, 109, 167, 367, 392

motto, 513

mound, 27, 81, 82, 85, 127, 462
mounds, 40, 41, 42, 49, 71, 84, 85, 107, 124, 163, 309, 310, 313, 445, 446, 454, 487

Mount, 88, 344, 453

Mountain, 216, 544
mountains, 148, 218, 219, 220, 361

mouth, 14, 63, 67, 82, 133, 141, 149, 172, 258, 355, 409, 454, 469, 483
mouths, 258, 356

mouthpiece, 73


movement, 16, 47, 103, 166, 170, 196, 212, 213, 220, 286, 304, 335, 340, 491
movements, 161, 184, 197, 199, 201, 244, 411, 412
Movements, 460, 467, 477, 478

Mr., 29, 31, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 45, 47, 49, 53, 54, 55, 62, 66, 70, 73, 75, 80, 84, 87, 91, 93, 96, 97, 99, 104, 105, 
107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 114, 115, 116, 118, 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 129, 130, 133, 134, 135, 
136, 137, 138, 143, 144, 148, 149, 150, 151, 152, 155, 156, 157, 158, 159, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 168, 171, 174, 
176, 184, 185, 187, 188, 191, 196, 205, 206, 210, 238, 244, 246, 247, 250, 257, 259, 280, 286, 312, 317, 318, 321, 
324, 325, 328, 329, 333, 334, 346, 347, 348, 353, 354, 355, 361, 380, 390, 396, 398, 430, 431, 433, 434, 436, 437, 
438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 447, 448, 451, 455, 456, 460, 461, 462, 465, 472, 474, 475, 477, 478, 481, 483, 490, 491, 
498, 501, 504, 506, 510, 511, 516, 517, 518, 522, 530, 532, 533, 536, 541, 543, 545, 550, 553, 556

Mrs., 15, 19, 27, 54, 55, 58, 60, 61, 77, 79, 93, 96, 105, 106, 108, 109, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 122, 123, 129, 
130, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 143, 149, 150, 151, 152, 155, 157, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 
174, 175, 176, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 212, 215, 234, 238, 239, 241, 244, 246, 281, 284, 290, 291, 299, 
303, 323, 324, 333, 343, 347, 348, 362, 376, 398, 402, 409, 417, 421, 423, 438, 440, 441, 442, 444, 446, 451, 452, 
457, 464, 465, 466, 467, 471, 474, 475, 477, 480, 481, 487, 488, 491, 495, 497, 506, 507, 511, 532, 539, 542, 549, 
552, 553

Ms, 49, 122, 441, 442, 540
MS, 124, 337, 437, 440, 441, 443, 444, 465, 476, 482, 538
Ms., 49, 122, 441, 442
Mss, 89

Mt., 421, 527, 558
Mt. Vernon, 558

Mudd, 92, 444, 452, 455

Multi-Media, 465

mummies, 58

Munger, 228, 258, 515, 519

Munson, 131

murder, 57, 273, 363, 481, 488, 529
murdered, 160, 184, 231, 269, 282, 289, 430, 526

murmur, 203

museum, 44, 464

musical, 171, 500
musician, 430

Musser:
 Joseph Musser (auth. Mormonism, 1895, VT?), 494 n.17

mutilated, 373

mutual, 153, 263, 357, 387, 461

Myrick:
 Rev. Osborne Myrick (early minister in VT), 494

mysteries, 188, 246, 529, 551

mysterious, 39, 124, 149, 169, 227, 238, 240, 283, 306, 322, 323, 347, 358, 387

mystery, 17, 202, 209, 210, 369, 383, 446, 520, 551

mystic, 180, 271
mysticism, 177

mystification, 392

mystique, 314, 489

myth, 23, 30, 59, 489

Myth:
 “A Myth of Onanda, or Treasure Hunters of the Genesee,” by Geo. H. Harris (see biblio), 522 n.124
 The Myth Makers, by Hugh Nibley, 1961 (see biblio), 490 n.15
 The Myth of the Manuscript Found, by Geo. Reynolds, 1883 (see biblio), 457 n.1, 
 The Myth of William Morgan, by Samuel H. Wandall, 1943 (see biblio), 525 n.135

mythical, 203, 516

myth-makers:
 LDS myth-makers ignore Rigdon and lionize Smith, 489 n.45

myths:
 James G. Bennett’s 1832 reports only “reflect myths” about BoM, 203


N

Nachor Corning md. Phoebe Wilson, OH, 1828, 341

Nahum, 43, 49, 438, 439, 441, 444

Naked, 399, 435, 440, 441, 443, 448, 450, 452, 477, 479, 489, 506, 507, 535, 536, 539, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 
548, 549, 553
Naked Truths, 399, 435, 440, 441, 443, 448, 450, 452, 477, 479, 489, 506, 507, 535, 536, 539, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 
547, 548, 549, 553

name, 17, 31, 36, 37, 39, 46, 49, 57, 68, 74, 83, 87, 92, 105, 106, 109, 110, 111, 114, 115, 116, 118, 120, 121, 124, 125, 
126, 129, 132, 138, 141, 143, 144, 147, 150, 151, 154, 155, 161, 164, 165, 166, 181, 182, 183, 196, 201, 218, 222, 235, 
241, 242, 245, 246, 251, 252, 254, 258, 263, 268, 280, 294, 304, 305, 319, 320, 321, 322, 325, 327, 336, 357, 358, 363, 
373, 386, 392, 394, 395, 402, 430, 433, 436, 444, 445, 448, 449, 453, 454, 458, 465, 466, 467, 473, 475, 476, 481, 482, 
484, 489, 492, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 502, 505, 507, 508, 511, 512, 513, 514, 518, 519, 520, 521, 526, 532, 533, 
535, 545, 552, 553, 556, 557, 558
named, 25, 52, 64, 67, 113, 125, 126, 127, 132, 133, 144, 160, 162, 175, 178, 188, 199, 206, 215, 229, 231, 243, 253, 
260, 271, 280, 289, 301, 308, 314, 317, 336, 347, 358, 363, 412, 418, 438, 439, 442, 453, 454, 474, 496, 505, 519, 527, 
532, 553, 557
names, 28, 40, 41, 43, 45, 47, 49, 62, 63, 65, 72, 80, 88, 89, 107, 114, 115, 130, 134, 143, 145, 221, 229, 245, 246, 
255, 256, 318, 355, 396, 405, 431, 444, 445, 454, 473, 476, 484, 492, 499, 527, 531, 558

namesake, 495

Nancy, 154, 156, 338, 410, 433, 535

narrative, 28, 74, 90, 92, 107, 184, 190, 310, 329, 487
Narrative, 525, 526, 534, 554
Narrative of the Anti-Masonic Excitement, 526
Narratives, 484

narrow, 87, 140, 201, 294, 327, 454

nasty, 318

Nathan, 51, 52, 67, 381, 438, 441, 459

Nathaniel, 198, 213, 215, 407, 408, 458, 508, 518

Natick, 494

nation, 13, 24, 82, 107, 198
nations, 18, 40, 86, 126, 358, 531, 532

National, 455, 474, 525, 535

native, 211, 382, 396, 431

nature, 10, 18, 29, 46, 118, 121, 143, 147, 166, 172, 180, 182, 201, 261, 299, 314, 316, 364, 454, 459, 485, 533
Nature, 506

Nauvoo, 114, 154, 155, 156, 157, 159, 172, 187, 207, 270, 277, 355, 361, 370, 467, 478, 479, 489, 494, 527, 531, 532, 
541, 552, 554

Neal, 503, 522, 556

necromancer, 500

necromancy, 211

necromantic, 197

Neely, 375, 530
Neely's, 530

ne'er-do-well, 267

Nehemiah (see also King, Nehemiah):
 Judge Nehemiah Allen was member of anti-Mormon group in OH, in 1833-34, 438 n.68  , ,, 445, 465

neighbor, 10, 33, 65, 95, 104, 122, 187, 267, 276, 317, 359, 401, 452, 518
neighborhood, 42, 52, 57, 96, 130, 179, 183, 184, 189, 190, 199, 202, 222, 292, 296, 301, 305, 318, 319, 324, 475, 485, 
545, 546
neighboring, 101, 185, 285, 381, 395, 437, 458, 549
neighbors, 27, 29, 51, 54, 67, 71, 79, 83, 107, 109, 112, 132, 168, 187, 226, 238, 240, 266, 288, 297, 302, 322, 323, 345, 
377, 384, 385, 398, 450, 452, 473, 490, 491, 500, 514
neighbour, 452, 453

Nelson, 284, 311, 507, 531, 534, 535

nephew, 131, 162, 416, 420, 494, 515, 558
nephews, 260

Nephi (angel or celestialized man associated with coming forth of BoM – see also lit. index):
 Orsamus Turner said angel directed JS to record "engraved by Mormon, the son of Nephi," 240
 JS said Nephi (or Angel Moroni) appeared to him in 1823 and directed him to the plates, 373
 Some early LDS sources identify JS’s angel as “Nephi,” 484 n.24

Nephite Record (alleged engraved plates containing BoM text – see also lit. index):
 the true origin of JS's Nephite Record may never be completely unraveled, 387 
 “Unearthed Records of the Nephites”: fraudulent reference to SS’s writings, 401

Nephites (see lit. index):

n'er-do-wells, 219

Nevin, 431, 469

New, 13, 23, 25, 26, 29, 31, 32, 33, 34, 44, 48, 53, 54, 57, 58, 60, 67, 71, 72, 77, 78, 80, 82, 84, 106, 107, 108, 109, 122, 
126, 129, 141, 152, 153, 155, 160, 167, 175, 177, 180, 181, 183, 185, 186, 188, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 
205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211, 214, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 229, 231, 233, 237, 241, 243, 
246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 254, 257, 264, 265, 267, 270, 272, 273, 284, 287, 288, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 301, 304, 
306, 311, 315, 317, 320, 323, 324, 325, 327, 331, 332, 334, 335, 336, 339, 340, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349, 353, 355, 357, 
358, 359, 361, 362, 367, 374, 375, 377, 379, 382, 383, 385, 386, 389, 390, 391, 400, 404, 408, 409, 411, 412, 415, 417, 
419, 421, 422, 423, 425, 426, 429, 431, 432, 434, 436, 438, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 451, 454, 455, 458, 463, 465, 466, 
467, 469, 471, 472, 474, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 483, 484, 485, 486, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 495, 496, 497, 499, 
500, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 
526, 527, 529, 530, 534, 537, 538, 542, 543, 544, 546, 547, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557

New Hampshire:
 SS entered the sophomore class at Dartmouth College, in Hanover, NH, in 1782, 25  
 Luman Walters escaped from jail at Hillsborough Co., NH, in 1818, 219  
 Manchester, NH (pub. loc. see biblio), 500 n.44
 Grantham, NH (Cowdery family in), 407, 495 n.30
 Acworth, NH, 481 n.44,
 Clarmont, NH, 493 n.17,
 Lebanon, NH – JSS moved family to in 1812, 495 n.29, 406 n.30


New York, 13, 23, 25, 26, 29, 31, 34, 44, 48, 53, 54, 57, 58, 60, 67, 71, 72, 77, 78, 80, 82, 84, 107, 122, 126, 129, 141, 
155, 160, 167, 175, 177, 180, 181, 183, 185, 186, 188, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211, 
214, 216, 217, 218, 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 231, 233, 237, 241, 243, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 257, 264, 
265, 267, 270, 272, 273, 284, 287, 288, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 301, 304, 306, 311, 315, 317, 320, 323, 324, 325, 327, 
331, 332, 334, 336, 339, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349, 353, 355, 357, 358, 359, 361, 362, 367, 374, 375, 377, 379, 382, 383, 
385, 386, 389, 390, 391, 400, 404, 408, 409, 411, 412, 415, 417, 419, 421, 422, 423, 425, 426, 429, 431, 434, 436, 440, 
441, 442, 443, 444, 451, 455, 458, 465, 466, 467, 469, 471, 474, 476, 477, 478, 480, 483, 484, 485, 486, 488, 489, 490, 
491, 492, 493, 495, 496, 497, 499, 503, 504, 505, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 521, 523, 
524, 525, 526, 527, 529, 534, 537, 538, 543, 544, 546, 547, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557
N.Y., 211, 298, 317, 321, 381, 406, 422, 451, 496, 504, 513, 524, 525, 548, 549, 550

N. Y., 58, 71, 157, 237, 291, 321, 322, 324, 354, 385, 394, 395, 403, 405, 406, 407, 411, 412, 413, 422, 423, 425, 426, 
437, 439, 441, 442, 445, 446, 468, 485, 487, 488, 494, 495, 496, 497, 498, 500, 502, 503, 505, 508, 509, 511, 513, 514, 
518, 519, 521, 525, 526, 528, 530, 534, 536, 542, 543, 544, 551, 556

NY, 57, 204, 222, 241, 258, 353, 373, 375, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 431, 442, 454, 476, 484, 491, 
492, 496, 497, 498, 499, 502, 504, 505, 507, 510, 512, 513, 514, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 522, 525, 527, 528, 540, 543, 
549, 552, 557
NYC, 525

New York Mail Stage, 426

Newark, 204, 206, 207, 220, 416, 417, 499

newborn, 215, 316

Newcomb, 100, 258, 459, 518, 519, 538

Newel, 31, 53, 172, 206, 329, 381, 400, 438, 439, 484, 491

Newell, 327, 328, 330, 365, 553

Newport, 227, 228, 229, 256, 257, 258, 264, 279, 415, 422, 504, 512, 516, 517, 518, 519, 522, 523

News, 4, 23, 375, 430, 435, 436, 450, 454, 466, 480, 532, 542, 550, 551, 554

Newsletter, 454

newsman, 197, 294, 346, 389
newspaperman, 248

newspaper, 102, 108, 114, 120, 127, 129, 148, 174, 195, 198, 210, 226, 227, 237, 241, 245, 247, 252, 254, 256, 257, 268, 
279, 281, 283, 296, 314, 372, 383, 415, 441, 465, 466, 470, 485, 512, 515, 516, 517, 522, 526, 543

newspapers, 113, 136, 178, 199, 226, 230, 249, 251, 255, 259, 268, 276, 279, 383, 385, 441, 458, 467, 468, 470, 511, 515, 
527, 537, 540, 543, 555


Niagara, 242, 246, 249, 255, 272, 274, 422, 463, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 511, 512, 513, 516, 517, 524, 525, 526, 
529, 534, 546

Nibley, 369, 490, 510, 531, 550, 551

Nicholas, 271, 273, 274, 522, 523, 530

Nichols, 393

nickname, 390, 457, 544, 556

niece, 54, 162, 390, 442, 451, 480, 495

Niles' Register, 555

Nineveh, 189, 190, 399, 555

No., 434, 499, 507, 522, 525, 531, 546, 552

Noble, 381, 395, 396, 398, 399, 400, 407, 475, 521, 530, 555, 556

nobleminded, 465

Nobles, 400, 486, 555

nocturnal, 210, 372

Noel, 488, 549

no-holds-barred, 478

nominal, 505

nominating, 516

non- Masons

nonattendance, 381

non-Cowdery, 494

nonexistent, 50, 311, 369, 466

non-Mormon, 30, 33, 43, 109, 181, 192, 389, 440, 491, 498
non-Mormons, 29, 461

non-payment, 497

nonsense, 533

Norfolk, 494, 512

Norman-French, 492

north, 26, 86, 87, 101, 183, 185, 188, 190, 191, 217, 225, 226, 229, 238, 260, 277, 285, 286, 289, 337, 338, 342, 371, 408, 
410, 412, 413, 415, 423, 446, 457, 505, 518, 557
North, 17, 23, 24, 27, 40, 46, 50, 86, 88, 100, 159, 285, 368, 423, 437, 454, 458, 511

north-central, 342

northeast, 46, 120, 184, 281, 285, 306, 344, 374, 413, 457, 463, 493, 499
northeastern, 34, 38, 103, 166, 181, 285, 336, 431, 434, 481, 524

northern, 67, 126, 182, 201, 218, 256, 279, 289, 413, 479, 538
Northern, 249, 450, 494, 510, 518

Northumberland, 414

northwest, 132, 254, 267, 285, 385, 415, 418, 494

Norwich, 414, 464, 496

notarized, 53, 369, 466

Notary, 322, 324

notation, 64, 253, 337, 482
Notation, 373

Note, 74, 87, 94, 175, 196, 246, 248, 291, 293, 297, 334, 337, 339, 340, 342, 344, 345, 372, 392, 404, 407, 428, 452, 473, 
496, 508, 515, 521, 522, 542

notebook, 528, 533, 550

noted, 30, 36, 47, 49, 88, 94, 104, 118, 137, 151, 164, 172, 179, 185, 213, 285, 286, 294, 304, 327, 347, 383, 384, 429, 
430, 437, 453, 457, 459, 464, 465, 466, 471, 473, 488, 499, 502, 511, 519, 526, 549, 550, 556

notes, 66, 77, 105, 106, 113, 143, 199, 203, 232, 241, 335, 375, 433, 440, 441, 442, 444, 448, 454, 470, 476, 478, 479, 
482, 491, 492, 497, 528, 533, 537, 544, 548, 550, 553, 554, 556, 557

Notice, 118, 120, 255, 275, 336, 373, 461, 470, 477, 502

notoriety, 108, 239, 461, 490, 506

notorious, 37, 57, 58, 112, 168, 213, 362, 436, 492

Nott, 25, 129, 431

novel, 28, 31, 32, 37, 41, 42, 45, 48, 81, 82, 83, 90, 91, 96, 97, 99, 123, 125, 128, 130, 142, 169, 176, 357, 363, 393, 
476, 488
novels, 86

nuisance, 382, 397


O

O., 44, 71, 248, 267, 281, 286, 310, 394, 399, 438, 505, 510, 517, 524, 525, 534, 552

Oakland, 374, 435, 443, 452, 477, 489, 506, 535, 542

oar, 397

oath, 72, 196, 273, 302, 359, 365, 399, 481, 486, 553

Obadiah:
 Col. Obadiah Johnson was SS’s commander in Revolutionary War, 25 
 Rev. Obadiah Newcomb (early pastor of Pittsburgh First Baptist Church, 100
 Obadiah Fuller, O. Cowdery's first cousin (ca. 1783-1825), 229, 260-1, 263-4, 415, 419, 522 n.125
 Obadiah Spalding served with SS in Revolutionary War, 430 

Obadiah Dogberry (see Cole, Abner)

Obediah:
 Obediah Gates md. Huldah Cowdery, 213

obedient, 302, 457

Oberlin, 77, 78, 89, 92, 444, 452, 455, 512

obese, 436

obey, 328

obit., 519
obituary, 66, 103, 502, 509, 515, 551

objections, 30, 31, 99, 167, 272, 389, 520

oblivion, 147, 269, 476

obscene, 111, 167, 436

obscure, 25, 47, 103, 305, 314, 363, 384, 403, 499, 555
obscurity, 267, 537

Observatory, 226, 242, 254, 256, 503, 505, 517
Observer, 467, 519



occult, 211, 219, 220, 227, 259, 271, 314, 357, 359, 429, 493, 502
Occult, 429, 530

Ocean, 431, 484

O'Connor, 464

Odd-Fellows, 251

offense, 266

offensive, 467

office, 34, 38, 66, 68, 77, 105, 106, 108, 110, 118, 119, 120, 122, 125, 127, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 
142, 143, 149, 150, 154, 157, 158, 160, 161, 176, 191, 192, 228, 239, 241, 242, 243, 249, 250, 251, 252, 254, 257, 258, 
260, 266, 279, 298, 303, 339, 372, 375, 383, 392, 410, 415, 416, 470, 473, 474, 475, 476, 481, 490, 492, 499, 503, 504, 
507, 508, 509, 511, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 524, 525, 535, 540, 544, 549, 551, 552, 556
Office, 136, 139, 434, 451, 462, 474, 477, 482, 491, 498, 505, 513, 517, 518, 542

officer, 403, 440
officers, 41, 159, 302, 323, 395, 457, 477, 511

offices, 44, 120, 136, 139, 256, 277, 279, 463, 470, 473, 516, 537

official, 27, 66, 75, 101, 120, 136, 138, 167, 177, 204, 207, 326, 334, 385, 436, 444, 459, 465, 474, 475, 479, 484, 492, 
520, 531, 537, 539, 540, 549
officials, 369, 370, 476, 524

officially, 154, 178, 381, 430, 501, 517

officiating, 67, 465

offspring, 224

Ogden, 443

ogham, 386

O'Hara, 469

OH, 39, 44, 60, 71, 72, 96, 97, 117, 167, 171, 249, 314, 339, 345, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 414, 415, 416, 432, 438, 
445, 448, 449, 451, 457, 480, 489, 490, 491, 497, 499, 502, 503, 506, 511, 512, 543, 548, 550, 552, 555

Ohio, 26, 28, 31, 34, 36, 37, 40, 41, 48, 49, 51, 52, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 61, 67, 68, 70, 72, 73, 75, 77, 78, 81, 84, 89, 97, 
100, 101, 103, 105, 107, 117, 120, 126, 128, 130, 131, 132, 133, 139, 140, 141, 142, 152, 157, 158, 160, 161, 162, 163, 
166, 171, 172, 186, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 206, 210, 212, 216, 218, 223, 224, 225, 230, 231, 232, 233, 235, 
241, 243, 244, 245, 247, 248, 249, 254, 256, 259, 260, 263, 271, 284, 285, 286, 288, 289, 290, 291, 293, 294, 295, 300, 
303, 311, 312, 313, 324, 325, 327, 328, 330, 331, 334, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 346, 348, 353, 354, 
355, 356, 357, 363, 369, 382, 383, 384, 385, 389, 391, 392, 393, 398, 401, 402, 403, 404, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 
414, 415, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 425, 426, 427, 428, 431, 432, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 
441, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 451, 452, 454, 455, 456, 458, 459, 461, 462, 464, 465, 467, 469, 472, 473, 476, 478, 
479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 489, 493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 506, 507, 511, 514, 516, 518, 520, 524, 526, 534, 535, 536, 
537, 540, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 549, 550, 552, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558
Ohios, 398

oil, 199, 393

Olds, 340

Olean, 224, 225, 251, 254, 266, 512, 516, 517, 524, 554

Olio, 255, 512, 513, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 520, 522, 524, 528, 534, 538, 539

Olive, 212, 215, 268, 278, 414, 416, 514

Oliver, 5, 19, 26, 32, 42, 48, 60, 64, 75, 92, 160, 184, 186, 187, 204, 205, 206, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 217, 
218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 231, 232, 233, 234, 235, 237, 238, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 
247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269, 270, 271, 
275, 278, 279, 280, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 303, 
304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 310, 314, 321, 327, 329, 330, 331, 332, 337, 345, 346, 356, 357, 358, 359, 361, 362, 363, 368, 
369, 370, 371, 372, 378, 384, 385, 396, 402, 403, 404, 405, 410, 412, 413, 415, 416, 417, 423, 425, 438, 442, 447, 449, 
450, 451, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 502, 503, 506, 509, 510, 511, 513, 514, 515, 516, 518, 519, 520, 521, 522, 523, 
524, 528, 529, 531, 532, 533, 534, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 546, 550, 551, 554, 555

Oliver's, 209, 210, 212, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 220, 221, 223, 225, 227, 229, 234, 235, 243, 244, 248, 250, 252, 253, 
257, 259, 260, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 270, 271, 284, 285, 288, 289, 293, 297, 298, 299, 303, 305, 308, 356, 358, 362, 
363, 402, 405, 410, 415, 416, 417, 493, 494, 502, 510, 513, 515, 516, 519, 522, 524, 531, 540, 541, 551

omission, 104, 487

omissions, 177, 460

omniscient, 482

Onanda, 522

Onandaga, 122

Oneida, 246, 507

Onondaga, 53, 54, 55, 80, 389, 441

Ontario, 182, 201, 202, 214, 217, 218, 223, 240, 241, 247, 272, 275, 290, 291, 298, 372, 406, 410, 414, 417, 419, 420, 
421, 422, 484, 492, 494, 496, 497, 498, 500, 504, 510, 512, 513, 523, 527, 530, 543, 550, 557, 558

opiates, 509

opium, 390, 544

opponent, 440

opposed, 31, 37, 119, 158, 164, 179, 251, 299, 305, 374, 392, 402, 405, 453, 476

opposer, 503

opposing, 89, 158, 549

opposite, 31, 34, 69, 172, 189, 190, 290, 323, 347, 456, 504, 523

opposition, 185, 268, 391, 520, 541

Oquago, 508

Oran, 507, 508

Orange, 405, 414, 422, 434, 499, 552

Orangeville, 420

oration, 287, 339
Orations, 222

orchard, 71, 310, 532, 535

orchestrated, 203, 361

ordained, 34, 38, 101, 130, 172, 173, 192, 204, 285, 394, 434, 435, 436, 464, 472, 477, 491, 492, 544
ordaining, 520

Order, 251
orders, 250, 264, 365

ordinances, 11, 459

ordinary, 89, 112, 113, 200, 238, 315, 391, 446, 449, 518

ordination, 459

ore, 262

Ore., 475

Oregon

Organ, 160, 479

organization, 43, 338, 358, 445, 520
organizations, 17, 524

organized, 84, 106, 136, 286, 327, 381, 434, 461, 535, 548, 549
Origen, 409

origin, 9, 10, 17, 23, 25, 28, 30, 31, 32, 37, 43, 57, 58, 81, 92, 96, 106, 110, 114, 124, 155, 156, 157, 158, 165, 196, 
199, 230, 242, 245, 246, 288, 319, 334, 362, 363, 364, 387, 395, 402, 430, 433, 463, 471, 480, 487, 488, 489, 498, 524
Origin, 31, 104, 106, 116, 174, 180, 244, 258, 334, 402, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 440, 441, 447, 451, 452, 454, 
455, 462, 463, 466, 467, 471, 472, 475, 477, 478, 483, 485, 488, 490, 499, 502, 504, 521, 522, 536, 537, 539, 545, 546, 
548, 549, 550, 553

original, 18, 28, 53, 57, 58, 61, 64, 68, 78, 79, 80, 92, 108, 116, 161, 180, 184, 186, 187, 196, 197, 206, 233, 241, 244, 
251, 259, 265, 272, 279, 280, 281, 293, 299, 300, 301, 325, 353, 354, 355, 357, 370, 379, 380, 384, 392, 396, 402, 411, 
425, 430, 432, 433, 435, 436, 437, 439, 440, 441, 442, 444, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 459, 461, 462, 471, 472, 474, 479, 
480, 481, 482, 484, 485, 491, 492, 505, 506, 509, 515, 522, 526, 531, 534, 538, 541, 545, 549, 550, 555, 556
originals, 377

originated, 32, 37, 121, 195, 203, 383, 436, 461, 491, 522

originator, 32, 64, 395

origins, 10, 14, 15, 16, 78, 175, 179, 303, 363, 489, 521
Origins, 460, 464, 485, 540

Orlando, 182, 192

Orleans, 229, 264, 265, 267, 419, 422, 512, 513, 517, 518, 522, 523, 546

Orline:
 Alexander Orline St. John (auth. see biblio.), 507

Orphans, 335, 336, 462, 464, 547
Orphans', 462, 464, 547

Orrin, 526, 550

Orris, 111, 339, 345, 438

Orsamus, 225, 226, 227, 228, 237, 241, 242, 243, 245, 247, 249, 251, 254, 255, 256, 257, 267, 271, 272, 292, 299, 300, 
310, 325, 333, 344, 348, 485, 503, 504, 505, 509, 516, 517, 528, 536, 546, 556
Orsamus's, 503, 517

Orson, 18, 33, 34, 35, 63, 71, 72, 156, 159, 162, 167, 276, 343, 360, 382, 390, 430, 434, 435, 436, 439, 449, 483, 507, 
531, 542, 543, 548, 553

Orth, 508

orthodox, 191
Orthodox, 465
orthodoxy, 29

Osborne, 494

Oscar, 324

Osprey, 479

ostensibly, 26, 207, 481

Oswego, 475

Othello, 489

Otsego, 84, 398, 422, 431, 465, 554

outrage, 530

outsiders, 391

overdose, 179, 509

Overland, 467

Overseer, 527

Overstreet, 402, 556

overthrown, 361, 450

overturn, 450

Ovid, 494

Owen, 342
Owens, 526

Owing, 440

owner, 110, 118, 185, 239, 256, 276, 352, 437, 444, 497, 558
owners, 68, 392, 441, 519

ownership, 308, 432

owning, 445
Ox, 517
Ox Team, 517
oxcarts, 284

oxen, 112

Oxford, 297, 538, 554


P

Pacific, 431

Packard, 409

Packet, 427

pagan, 442

Page, John E. (LDS apostle):
 John E. Page was pastor of the LDS congregation (msp. Stake) at Pittsburgh, 104
 he published virulent early anti-Spalding tract (see biblio.), 156, 433 n.32, 435 n.45, 463 n.37, 465 n.55, 467 n.63, 548 n.96
 Carvil Rigdon and Peter Boyer supplied a statement to John E. Page in 1843, 462 n.31
 He appears to have made no effort to contact R. and J. Patterson while in Pittsburgh, 478 n.18

Page:
 Thomas B. Page witnessed 1885 statement by W. A. Lillie, 324
 Hiram Page went to Canada in 1830 and attempted to sell the BoM copyright, 380 
 Hiram Page claimed to be receiving divine revelations through his own seer stone, 382 
 Hiram Page was one of the “eight witnesses” to the authenticity of the BoM, 447 n.33 ,,

page, 2, 8, 56, 62, 66, 69, 80, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 108, 113, 117, 124, 125, 129, 146, 164, 167, 194, 250, 300, 301, 
304, 348, 352, 366, 379, 386, 388, 396, 397, 398, 433, 443, 447, 448, 455, 456, 457, 461, 462, 464, 465, 466, 472, 480, 
485, 489, 500, 505, 511, 517, 541


pages, 42, 48, 61, 69, 83, 88, 89, 92, 93, 94, 96, 97, 149, 164, 191, 195, 196, 232, 233, 234, 237, 250, 279, 280, 281, 299, 
300, 301, 307, 322, 333, 341, 347, 369, 377, 378, 379, 383, 443, 449, 454, 455, 456, 466, 467, 485, 486, 487, 497, 501, 
502, 506, 530, 541

paid, 57, 152, 174, 183, 200, 220, 222, 232, 266, 274, 278, 294, 296, 323, 376, 451, 458, 510, 518, 526

Paine, 4, 213, 247, 438, 451, 456, 494, 508

Painesville, 39, 43, 44, 51, 53, 58, 59, 60, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77, 161, 200, 314, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 345, 365, 
382, 437, 438, 444, 447, 448, 451, 452, 478, 482, 489, 491, 493, 497, 499, 508, 536, 543, 548, 553
Painsville, 294, 327

paint, 126, 155, 318

painted, 67, 308, 364, 471, 530

painting, 72, 73, 352, 520

Palestine, 84

Palladium, 251, 513

Palmer, 261, 493, 509, 513

palmistry, 219

Palmyra, 13, 23, 29, 53, 55, 57, 101, 157, 160, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 185, 186, 188, 191, 198, 199, 200, 201, 
202, 203, 204, 207, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 225, 226, 228, 231, 233, 234, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 
244, 247, 254, 255, 257, 258, 259, 276, 288, 289, 290, 292, 294, 296, 297, 298, 300, 301, 304, 306, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 
322, 323, 324, 326, 327, 331, 344, 346, 348, 349, 351, 357, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 377, 378, 381, 384, 385, 397, 404, 415, 
418, 419, 421, 423, 425, 426, 427, 428, 442, 480, 484, 485, 486, 487, 491, 492, 497, 498, 499, 502, 504, 518, 522, 524, 528, 
538, 539, 540, 543, 546, 548, 549, 550

Palmyra-area, 179, 491
Palmyra-Manchester, 425

Palmyra (NY) Freeman (see biblio.):
 Lyman Cowdery elected constable at Arcadia, ref: Palmyra Freeman, Apr. 14, 1829, 524 n.130
 very early article on JS and the Golden Bible, ref: Palmyra Freeman, Aug. 11, 1829, 543 n.17

pamphlet, 158, 243, 254, 256, 257, 402, 463, 474, 512, 521, 552
pamphlets, 45, 79, 226, 228, 246, 248, 255, 259, 281

Panama, 50, 87

Pancoast, 447, 481

panic, 432

paper, 4, 55, 66, 77, 78, 86, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 110, 111, 112, 114, 116, 117, 125, 157, 160, 163, 187, 191, 201, 226, 239, 240, 
242, 247, 249, 254, 259, 263, 278, 279, 298, 377, 378, 393, 437, 454, 455, 456, 467, 468, 470, 479, 504, 505, 506, 508, 510, 
511, 512, 515, 516, 517, 518, 527, 551
Paper, 119, 399, 518
papers, 61, 63, 77, 78, 80, 91, 96, 123, 149, 152, 255, 260, 280, 315, 332, 358, 396, 429, 447, 466, 467, 478, 490, 525, 528, 
533, 537, 540, 543, 546, 550

papyri, 442
papyrus, 58, 188, 360
Papyrus, 552

parallels, 65, 86, 270, 387, 453, 525

paraphrase, 487
paraphrased, 363

parcels, 26, 405, 412, 557

parchment, 37, 60, 383, 444, 478

pardoned, 465

parenthetical, 481

parents, 92, 93, 100, 111, 204, 217, 246, 291, 313, 323, 374, 377, 433, 453, 457, 468, 496

Parfitt, 500

Park, 147, 464, 467, 477

Parker, 57, 204, 339, 345

Parkin, 506

Parks, 218, 237, 242, 257, 493, 497, 498, 501, 503

Parley, 57, 204, 205, 206, 331, 342, 345, 360, 382, 436, 442, 467, 491, 547, 551

Parliament, 92

Parma, 498

Parmelee, 321

parson, 198, 202, 326
Parsons, 493

partner, 26, 51, 119, 121, 139, 175, 251, 252, 254, 257, 260, 263, 268, 271, 278, 307, 354, 384, 386, 402, 432, 459, 463, 475, 
508, 515, 522
partners, 66, 86, 269, 274, 283, 474, 512

partnership, 28, 75, 102, 103, 119, 141, 145, 154, 188, 252, 258, 432, 463, 469, 470, 474, 505, 515, 519

Partridge, 325, 382, 513

pass, 14, 27, 40, 41, 45, 91, 123, 124, 205, 209, 219, 287, 315, 331, 344, 361, 432, 441, 444
Pass, 27, 89

passage, 90, 123, 126, 144, 191, 225, 359, 427, 432, 475
passages, 28, 40, 44, 45, 48, 90, 123, 126, 199, 433

passenger, 191, 427
passengers, 426

Past, 429

pastime, 518

pastor, 25, 28, 100, 101, 104, 119, 152, 153, 172, 225, 312, 328, 334, 429, 431, 458, 459, 464, 465, 467, 468, 471, 472, 475, 
476, 478, 540
pastoral, 157, 460
pastorate, 172, 337, 469, 482
pastors, 100

patent, 386

paternal, 513

pathological, 170

Patience, 411, 514

patient, 401, 513, 552
patients, 223, 226, 252, 266, 413, 487, 494, 496, 502, 513

patriarch, 217
Patriarchal, 514, 551

Patriot, 228, 246, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 264, 279, 403, 439, 443, 495, 504, 506, 507, 508, 512, 516, 518, 522
patriotic, 241, 243

Patterson, 27, 88, 90, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 110, 111, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 130, 133, 134, 
135, 137, 143, 144, 145, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 175, 176, 352, 357, 402, 455, 
463, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 474, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 543, 546, 547
Pattersons, 28, 58, 70, 78, 80, 83, 89, 90, 105, 120, 121, 122, 133, 135, 138, 139, 144, 147, 148, 163, 168, 175, 176, 197, 
339, 352, 353, 357, 361, 465, 469, 471
Patterson's, 104, 119, 120, 122, 125, 127, 128, 135, 143, 149, 150, 151, 152, 165, 166, 469, 479
Pattersons', 28, 58, 105, 120, 121, 133, 135, 138, 139, 144, 148, 175, 176, 197, 339, 352, 353, 357, 361, 465, 469

Patton, 475

Paul, 11, 12, 184, 237, 493, 497, 503

Pauley, 285, 413, 535

Pavilian, 420
Pavilion, 410, 418, 419, 420, 496

Pawlet, 411, 514, 527

pawn, 364

Payne, 213, 365, 439
Paynsville, 328

peace, 4, 10, 25, 70, 72, 112, 188, 253, 254, 345, 435, 443, 450, 473, 516, 533, 553
Peace, 321, 325, 434, 472, 534, 535

Pearce, 212, 214, 492

Pearl, 177, 188, 381, 445, 483, 484, 552
Pearne, 324, 325, 334
Pearns, 325

pebble, 240

peccadillo, 555
peccadilloes, 36, 436

Peck, 265, 496, 516, 517, 519, 524
Peck's, 265

peddle, 97, 147
peddled, 226
peddler, 160, 226, 227, 230, 256, 385, 404, 423, 441, 491
peddling, 227, 228, 259

pedestrian, 160, 226, 228, 246, 283, 385, 423

pedlar, 199, 243, 244, 246, 257
pedling, 200, 304

peek, 183, 184, 186, 187, 188, 189, 400, 486
Peeker, 185, 399, 486
peeking, 183
peek-stone, 183, 184, 186, 187, 188, 189

peep, 86, 218, 222, 318, 320
peeped, 202
peep-stone, 86, 218
Peepstone, 322

Pelton, 286, 289, 535

pen, 69, 163, 241, 262, 369

Pen, 458
penned, 51, 92, 93, 210, 353, 363, 435, 447, 538

Pencil, 458

Pendleton, 267

penetrate, 446

Penn, 31, 34, 58, 120, 211, 293, 301, 302, 397
Penn., 31, 58, 211

PA, 102, 103, 127, 353, 374, 432, 433, 438, 444, 455, 471, 472, 473, 474, 476, 485, 522

Pa., 45, 52, 84, 91, 108, 123, 124, 128, 152, 156, 161, 333, 372, 374, 377, 380, 381, 401, 402, 426, 427, 433, 437, 438, 
444, 454, 455, 457, 458, 460, 461, 463, 468, 469, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 502, 522, 535, 539

Pennsylvania, 4, 25, 26, 28, 34, 36, 37, 38, 40, 41, 48, 58, 64, 68, 72, 73, 80, 82, 84, 85, 89, 99, 101, 104, 131, 132, 133, 
137, 152, 153, 168, 175, 181, 183, 232, 233, 250, 262, 284, 285, 288, 293, 297, 300, 306, 312, 319, 324, 330, 335, 347, 
355, 356, 374, 396, 401, 407, 419, 426, 430, 433, 437, 438, 439, 455, 458, 459, 462, 463, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 472, 
473, 474, 475, 477, 482, 492, 496, 502, 506, 521, 543, 554, 555

Pennsylvanian, 450

Pension, 413, 415, 474

Pensylvany, 501

Pentland, 470, 475

people, 4, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 18, 23, 27, 29, 33, 35, 36, 37, 41, 42, 45, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 54, 82, 86, 89, 107, 
112, 114, 115, 119, 121, 135, 136, 137, 140, 143, 144, 157, 162, 168, 170, 171, 174, 175, 178, 179, 181, 183, 195, 198, 
200, 202, 205, 206, 213, 219, 222, 227, 235, 242, 244, 246, 262, 275, 276, 287, 288, 289, 296, 302, 310, 324, 341, 343, 
344, 349, 359, 360, 362, 363, 367, 384, 386, 389, 390, 392, 415, 430, 434, 445, 446, 453, 456, 460, 471, 475, 489, 494, 
501, 504, 510, 524, 532, 541, 545, 548, 557

Peoria, 440

Perch, 190

Perfections, 430

period, 28, 49, 52, 72, 81, 89, 95, 101, 103, 104, 105, 110, 119, 120, 135, 137, 138, 139, 142, 145, 152, 154, 176, 199, 
209, 211, 212, 216, 222, 237, 242, 244, 252, 253, 254, 258, 262, 263, 264, 266, 278, 279, 290, 292, 293, 300, 308, 309, 
316, 329, 340, 344, 349, 375, 405, 425, 435, 436, 438, 449, 454, 467, 468, 469, 470, 474, 484, 495, 499, 510, 512, 521, 
523, 524, 537, 541, 544, 545

periodical, 451

periods, 25, 346, 422

Perne, 325, 333, 348

perpetrated, 17, 356, 556

Perry, 46, 133, 342, 343, 439
Perrysville, 426

persecuted, 500
persecution, 190
Persecution, 459, 483, 552
persecutors, 111, 112, 541

personage, 179, 501

Persuitte, 464, 540

Peter, James and John (biblical disciples; early Christian leaders): 
 According to D. Michael Quinn, PJ&J restored higher priesthood ca. July 6, 1830, 330, 546 n.50

Peter:
 Peter Boyer, S. Rigdon’s brother-in-law, provided a statement in 1843, 104, 462 n.31
 Peter Ingersoll gave statement to D. P. Hurlbut, against JS, in 1833, 169, 322, 482 n.1, 539 n.53, 545 n.30
 Peter Whitmer, Jr. (BoM witness) went on mission with O. Cowdery in 1830, 204, 447 n.33
 Peter Tower employed Wm. Morgan as a clerk, in NY, in 1818, 267
 B. Franklin Cowdery’s newspaper pub.  seven miles from Peter Whitmer, Sr. farm, 296   
 Lorenzo Saunders said he saw S. Rigdon and Pterer Ingersoll together in 1827, in NY, 318-9, 347
 Peter Ingersoll helped move Emma Hale Smith’s furniture to Manchester, NY, in 1827, 376
 Peter Bauder visited JS and learned of his plans for new Bible version, in 1830, 382
 Peter Crosman, relative of O. Cowdery, d. 1846, in NY, 420
 Peter King, Sr. and family move to Conneaut, OH, in 1799, 434 n.37, 
 Peter Besancon, Jr. (early NY newsman), 505 n.21

Peters:
 Christina Peters md. John Cowdery, in NY, in 1817, 217, 412
 Absolom Peters (Am. Home Missionary Soc.), 331-2 
 Platt & Peters (pub. See biblio.), 471 n.85, 492 n.1

Peter's Creek, Washington Co., PA:
 S. Rigdon became a member of the Peter’s Creek, PA Baptist Church in 1818, 100
 S. Rigdon gave a false profession of conversion to join Peter’s Creek Church, 172 
 Rev. David Philips buried in Peter's Creek Cem., Allegheny Co., PA, in 1829, 458 n.9
 Rev. John Winter was pastor of Peter’s Creek Church in 1825, 478 n.13

Peterson, Ziba (early LDS missionary), 204

petition, 218, 268, 335, 336, 406, 416, 462, 475, 526, 527

pettifog, 533
pettifogger, 301, 524, 533
pettifoggers, 533

Pettit, 458

Phebe, 174, 212, 336, 435, 459, 483, 515

Phelps, 198, 248, 258, 430, 443, 485, 490, 503, 504, 506, 509, 513, 517, 520, 521, 536, 537, 539, 540, 546

phenomenon, 187

Pheobe, 460


Philadelphia, 121, 165, 249, 399, 400, 431, 432, 433, 438, 445, 460, 463, 464, 465, 469, 470, 471, 473, 475, 477, 479, 
482, 483, 484, 486, 488, 492, 498, 502, 506, 510, 511, 513, 534, 543

Philalethes, 526

Philaster, 108

Philastus, 30, 31, 57, 77, 109, 110, 196, 466

Philips, 100, 172, 458, 459, 535

Phillip, 237, 492, 503, 540
Phillips, 476

Philomath, 393

philoprogenitiveness, 36
Philoprogenitiveness, 436

philosophical, 131, 303, 304
Philosophical, 97, 445

philosophy, 82, 212
Philosophy, 430

Phineas, 265, 490, 492, 494, 502, 523, 531, 551
Phinehas, 494

Phoebe, 101, 162, 341, 360, 459, 472
Pheobe, 460

Phoenician, 384

Phoenix, 198

Phosphorous, 393

photo, 19, 479
photographs, 21

Phyllis, 60

physician, 13, 33, 111, 170, 214, 217, 219, 223, 226, 373, 401, 413, 438, 472, 500, 514, 543
physicians, 472

physics, 196

physiognomy, 396

physique, 520

Pickway, 417

Pierce, 494

Pilgrim, 540
pilgrims, 398

pillar, 393

Pilot, 427

Piney, 457

pioneer, 26, 66, 67, 224, 226, 237, 241, 243, 250, 251, 256, 390, 438, 472, 473, 496, 512, 517, 535, 557
Pioneer, 389, 446, 447, 451, 461, 465, 470, 485, 496, 503, 505, 506, 507, 508, 513, 517, 518, 522, 536, 556
Pioneers, 544

pious, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 168, 172, 479, 532

Pirates, 511

pistol, 72, 488

Pittsburg, 82, 121, 125, 126, 127, 130, 134, 353, 354
Pittsburgh, 20, 27, 28, 30, 32, 40, 42, 43, 45, 49, 58, 68, 70, 71, 83, 84, 85, 86, 90, 91, 93, 97, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 
104, 105, 106, 108, 110, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 
147, 148, 151, 152, 154, 156, 158, 159, 160, 161, 163, 164, 165, 166, 175, 176, 197, 225, 230, 245, 325, 334, 335, 336, 
339, 352, 357, 384, 427, 433, 434, 439, 453, 455, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 467, 468, 469, 470, 472, 474, 475, 
476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 483, 525, 547, 548, 549, 554
Pittsburgh's, 27, 28, 175, 325, 352, 467, 470, 475

Pittsford, 494

Pittstown, 241

pity, 189, 260, 523

plain, 169, 328, 394, 430, 464, 501
Plain, 466

Plainfield, 25, 422, 456

plan, 35, 57, 60, 61, 63, 74, 79, 85, 160, 169, 186, 196, 206, 224, 231, 273, 274, 293, 301, 307, 308, 313, 358, 386, 389, 
526, 532
plans, 72, 206, 230, 239, 279, 407, 447, 522
planning, 26, 297, 339, 526

Plano, 463, 509, 551

Plat, 535

plate, 43, 65, 301, 320
plates, 23, 24, 62, 65, 155, 178, 180, 183, 185, 186, 187, 198, 202, 232, 233, 240, 241, 249, 263, 295, 296, 297, 298, 302, 
303, 305, 306, 307, 310, 311, 320, 321, 322, 323, 327, 351, 354, 355, 376, 377, 379, 380, 399, 400, 417, 486, 488, 491, 
500, 506, 510, 523, 538, 542

platform, 524

Platt, 97, 471, 492

plausible, 37, 90, 140, 167, 281, 369, 442

played, 209, 210, 235, 269, 322, 323, 362, 367, 478, 490, 509, 551

plea, 35, 258, 390, 502
plead, 397
Pleas, 33, 59, 70, 396, 434, 448, 516

Pleasant, 344

plight, 431

Pliny, 322, 492, 546

plot, 28, 81, 83, 86, 88, 198, 201, 203, 221, 272, 285, 469, 488

plural, 87, 277, 358

PMG Letter Book 'R', 475

pneumonia, 513

Pocus, 393

poems, 473
poet, 267, 430
poetry, 468

Point, 254, 266, 512, 524
point-by-point, 450

poisoned, 539
poisonous, 478

Polk, 390

Polly, 284, 422

polygamist, 471, 490, 544
polygamous, 154, 277, 361, 478
Polygamy, 550

Pomeroy, 57, 180, 191, 241, 242, 244, 322, 333, 347, 471, 490, 499, 503, 504, 515, 537, 546, 558

Pomfret, 25, 431, 451

Pond, 190

ponderous, 541

Pool, 517

poor, 27, 53, 91, 109, 124, 133, 142, 162, 168, 211, 242, 253, 259, 260, 263, 265, 291, 306, 318, 320, 354, 444, 481, 
504, 519, 532
poorly, 241, 325, 348

Popish, 18

popular, 171, 264, 287, 312, 430, 535
Popular, 486

population, 495, 508, 516, 534, 557
Port, 503

Porter, 318, 485, 546

portrait, 93, 181, 192, 364, 464
Portrait, 393, 436, 459, 477, 482, 492, 543, 549
Portraits, 478, 479, 483, 532, 543, 544, 546, 549

portray, 101, 269, 470
portrays, 510

post, 91, 132, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 142, 176, 242, 243, 302, 339, 352, 372, 375, 410, 415, 416, 423, 455, 473, 474, 
475, 476, 481, 492, 499, 535, 537, 540, 549, 551
Post, 136, 139, 399, 434, 469, 474, 475, 498, 518

postage, 91

postal, 138, 214

posterity, 14, 30, 273, 360, 367

posthumous, 526
posthumously, 281, 498, 524, 525

postmarked, 73, 253, 303, 337, 482

postmaster, 131, 134, 136, 266, 278, 432, 444, 473, 474, 475, 513
Postmasters, 475
postmistress, 176, 474

post-office, 134, 474, 551

postscript, 379, 450

Potsdam, 495

Potter, 500

Poultney, 209, 210, 217, 218, 220, 228, 385, 411, 493, 514, 518, 527, 540
Poultney/Wells/Middletown, 217

Poultneyville, 499

poverty, 144, 161, 162, 390, 488

powder, 265, 272, 274, 463

practice, 65, 223, 226, 229, 242, 252, 259, 266, 271, 367, 413, 441, 461, 466, 495, 507, 511, 514
practiced, 97, 183, 457, 469, 471, 499, 514, 524
practices, 13, 50, 211, 489, 511

practicing, 214, 217, 223, 224, 251, 487, 528
Practicing, 367
practised, 533

practitioner, 220, 355, 509

Pratt, 18, 57, 113, 155, 156, 167, 204, 205, 206, 207, 220, 221, 276, 331, 332, 342, 344, 345, 360, 361, 382, 390, 430, 
436, 442, 465, 466, 467, 479, 491, 499, 531, 532, 542, 547, 548, 551, 552
Pratts, 358

Pray, 489
prayed, 178, 189, 364
prayer, 70, 201, 234, 398
prayers, 189, 448
praying, 372
prays, 375

preach, 14, 25, 35, 58, 68, 71, 100, 101, 103, 110, 118, 123, 130, 171, 206, 286, 287, 310, 313, 319, 320, 321, 330, 331, 
342, 349, 382, 425, 449, 459, 460, 462, 468, 491, 529
preached, 13, 33, 38, 62, 68, 100, 120, 123, 153, 171, 285, 286, 287, 289, 311, 313, 328, 329, 330, 344, 356, 385, 460, 
478, 482, 533, 535

preacher, 28, 52, 63, 67, 101, 108, 110, 111, 117, 118, 120, 125, 135, 137, 190, 199, 201, 202, 205, 257, 258, 294, 312, 
323, 331, 336, 344, 345, 354, 394, 431, 438, 462, 465, 478, 519
preachers, 111, 190, 286, 428, 462, 465

preaches, 330, 331, 334, 335, 336, 338, 343, 344, 345

preaching, 13, 36, 38, 105, 110, 123, 135, 151, 153, 204, 205, 230, 286, 311, 313, 319, 327, 338, 382, 426, 431, 459, 
462, 491, 499, 544

pre-anointed, 169

preceptor, 464

Precis, 555

pre-Columbian, 17

preface, 80, 108, 124, 163, 164, 335, 352, 483
Preface, 5, 13, 539

pregnant, 214, 318, 480, 496

prehistoric, 445

prejudice, 33, 48, 201

preliminary, 43, 69, 439, 453, 522, 523, 537, 538, 539, 540
Preliminary, 378, 491, 503, 506, 536, 542

premature, 195

pre-millennial, 15

premises, 182, 186, 323, 393

pre-Mormon, 53, 172, 263

preoccupied, 312
preparation, 93, 192, 223, 229, 396
prepare, 50, 178, 248, 295, 378
prepared, 14, 80, 107, 116, 126, 144, 199, 302, 352, 359, 401, 446, 505, 545

Presbyterian, 25, 52, 104, 110, 118, 120, 152, 156, 178, 180, 251, 285, 318, 323, 329, 335, 373, 378, 381, 431, 450, 
468, 469, 471, 472, 473, 474, 477, 480, 484, 513, 535
Presbyterianism, 469
Presbyterians, 285, 398, 477, 484, 538
Presbytery, 157, 468, 469, 480, 484

preside, 272, 436, 544
presided, 205, 395, 531

Presidency, 32, 370, 532
president, 78, 198, 249, 358, 431, 434, 478, 511, 531, 535, 546
President, 13, 14, 35, 44, 154, 192, 387, 431, 441, 447, 465, 472, 498, 500, 508, 531, 543
Presidents, 507, 508
Presiding, 497, 520

press, 51, 192, 203, 226, 227, 228, 239, 241, 247, 248, 249, 254, 256, 257, 279, 325, 326, 333, 348, 465, 490, 504, 507, 
509, 510, 511, 516, 517, 518, 520, 524, 531
Press, 159, 440, 443, 455, 463, 466, 468, 474, 478, 482, 487, 488, 489, 497, 499, 504, 505, 507, 508, 510, 511, 513, 516, 
517, 519, 521, 522, 526, 531, 536, 538, 543, 550, 554

pressman's, 520

Preston, 510, 531, 551

pretend, 95, 222, 318
pretended, 58, 130, 155, 205, 219, 222, 241, 283, 301, 307, 320, 322
pretending, 110, 395

Prevail, 460, 461, 547

prevarication, 168, 355

Price, 177, 188, 381, 445, 483, 484, 552

priest, 37, 112, 434
Priest, 33, 116, 276, 467, 529, 531, 544, 545

Priestcraft, 511

priesthood, 183, 378
Priesthood, 330, 527

priests, 35, 84, 172, 173, 500
Priests, 35, 161, 288

primitive, 179, 182, 239, 259, 390, 506

Prince, 219

Princeton, 489, 537

principal, 25, 27, 41, 45, 46, 74, 109, 122, 148, 165, 174, 177, 181, 191, 247, 250, 269, 271, 360, 364, 379, 431, 457, 
470, 507, 515, 518, 544, 551

print, 28, 30, 43, 60, 62, 65, 85, 99, 103, 109, 115, 119, 122, 144, 154, 157, 160, 161, 175, 196, 197, 198, 203, 226, 228, 
229, 230, 231, 233, 237, 241, 242, 243, 246, 247, 249, 250, 252, 255, 261, 267, 268, 269, 279, 298, 314, 348, 379, 385, 
456, 466, 467, 485, 506, 507, 508, 509
printed, 40, 42, 44, 45, 64, 69, 104, 114, 116, 125, 126, 140, 157, 161, 167, 191, 202, 226, 254, 255, 256, 259, 279, 363, 
380, 386, 398, 443, 450, 451, 465, 467, 473, 495, 503, 504, 507, 511, 512, 513, 515

printer, 104, 105, 120, 121, 126, 127, 135, 138, 149, 152, 161, 203, 225, 226, 230, 237, 239, 243, 244, 245, 246, 247, 
250, 251, 253, 256, 258, 259, 266, 271, 279, 339, 352, 357, 368, 379, 380, 385, 463, 470, 478, 490, 496, 504, 505, 509, 
512, 513, 517, 518, 519, 525, 539, 541
printers, 91, 152, 192, 230, 250, 255, 258, 259, 379, 507, 511, 520
printer's, 152, 237, 239, 250, 385, 541
Printer's, 280

printing, 77, 105, 106, 108, 110, 118, 119, 120, 122, 126, 127, 130, 133, 135, 138, 139, 143, 144, 145, 149, 154, 157, 
158, 160, 161, 166, 191, 192, 224, 226, 227, 228, 230, 240, 244, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 
259, 266, 278, 279, 308, 317, 380, 381, 385, 437, 443, 455, 474, 478, 504, 506, 519, 520, 531, 541, 542, 544
printing-office, 119, 127, 154, 266

Priscilla, 451, 456, 527

prison, 302, 382

prisoner, 530

private, 25, 62, 63, 66, 153, 157, 170, 217, 315, 386, 432, 450, 461, 473, 529
privately, 402, 454, 479

privilege, 35, 121, 205, 250, 304, 491, 531

privy, 235, 303, 449

probate, 469, 495

problem, 28, 94, 105, 138, 144, 179, 207, 356, 402, 411, 454, 486, 487

process, 23, 24, 26, 39, 63, 71, 86, 95, 139, 141, 172, 175, 178, 187, 191, 197, 203, 216, 225, 227, 228, 232, 233, 234, 
247, 250, 256, 277, 296, 299, 300, 301, 306, 316, 317, 326, 358, 364, 368, 377, 378, 379, 394, 399, 404, 465, 487, 491

Procured, 398

Prof., 368, 471, 505, 521, 538

profaning, 475

profession, 54, 111, 123, 172, 178, 182, 234, 255, 298, 304, 499
Profession, 487

Professor, 187, 198, 431, 550, 552
Professor Sexias, 552
Professors, 311

Progenitors, 211, 484

Progress, 180, 244, 464, 471, 484, 485, 490, 492, 499, 502, 504, 507, 537, 539, 546

Prometheus, 445
pro-Mormon, 17, 28, 29, 31, 34, 46, 48, 49, 53, 65, 74, 75, 90, 135, 138, 139, 141, 151, 153, 155, 195, 207, 210, 287, 305, 
311, 314, 355, 356, 368, 369, 404, 450, 478, 494, 504

proof, 106, 135, 137, 138, 139, 140, 191, 246, 250, 260, 353, 367, 396, 444, 453, 549, 550
proofread, 453
proofreader, 317, 544

proofs, 398, 446

propaganda, 162, 478

Propagators, 437

Proper, 318, 543

property, 72, 110, 118, 129, 174, 182, 188, 189, 190, 234, 238, 241, 302, 320, 323, 371, 372, 375, 452, 458, 461, 463, 466, 
470, 477, 480, 481, 497, 510, 523, 530, 537, 542, 557, 558

prophecies, 193, 241, 313, 354, 483, 503, 544
prophecy, 13, 14, 52, 239, 314, 315, 316, 361, 392

prophesied, 13, 520

prophet, 13, 36, 47, 71, 75, 162, 177, 180, 181, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 193, 219, 225, 238, 290, 323, 324, 
364, 365, 454, 482, 515
Prophet, 13, 15, 17, 34, 44, 85, 155, 160, 177, 182, 192, 196, 198, 204, 211, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 243, 276, 277, 306, 
351, 356, 365, 375, 400, 430, 434, 448, 483, 484, 486, 501, 503, 506, 510, 520, 526, 530, 536, 537, 541, 542, 545, 552
prophets, 9, 84, 172, 173, 242, 354

proprietor, 191, 197, 348, 379, 439, 464, 508, 515
proprietors, 412
Proprietors, 520

proprietorship, 505

prosecute, 399, 486
prosecuted, 475
prosecution
prosecutor's, 273

proselyte, 502
proselytizing, 166, 205

pro-Spalding, 29
prospectus, 256, 279, 504

Protestant, 13, 14, 18, 511, 550
Protestantism, 16

protracted, 129, 341, 342, 397

Providence, 14, 100, 153, 230, 238, 441, 458

Provo, 159, 501, 549

proximity, 473

proxy, 277, 532

Prudence, 105

pseudonym, 492, 543

psychological, 170
psychosis, 170

Pub., 1, 431, 474

public, 15, 31, 33, 37, 43, 44, 57, 58, 63, 67, 80, 104, 106, 109, 110, 113, 121, 123, 127, 129, 134, 139, 149, 151, 165, 
170, 171, 180, 201, 206, 223, 232, 242, 246, 266, 268, 277, 315, 322, 358, 360, 361, 367, 381, 383, 428, 439, 444, 448, 
449, 468, 475, 481, 520, 555

publication, 4, 23, 28, 44, 63, 71, 73, 74, 75, 81, 89, 97, 106, 109, 124, 126, 129, 131, 136, 137, 143, 144, 147, 149, 152, 
163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 175, 177, 178, 179, 181, 195, 196, 203, 231, 241, 243, 248, 254, 255, 256, 258, 270, 281, 298, 
314, 357, 368, 387, 405, 425, 448, 453, 465, 504, 507, 509, 510, 520, 539, 549, 555

publications, 178, 255, 471
Publications, 466, 475, 489

public-house, 127, 134

publicity, 128, 386

publick, 391

publish, 18, 75, 91, 108, 113, 123, 124, 125, 147, 149, 152, 154, 156, 163, 164, 176, 231, 232, 240, 279, 348, 352, 360, 
379, 466, 470, 520

published, 15, 17, 18, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 35, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52, 57, 69, 71, 74, 75, 77, 78, 86, 96, 99, 102, 103, 104, 
114, 116, 117, 119, 124, 129, 130, 136, 142, 154, 156, 160, 164, 166, 173, 174, 177, 178, 181, 188, 191, 202, 205, 210, 
227, 229, 232, 245, 247, 248, 254, 258, 259, 261, 262, 281, 296, 300, 309, 310, 312, 321, 322, 324, 335, 344, 348, 349, 
351, 357, 368, 369, 371, 387, 393, 401, 402, 432, 435, 436, 439, 441, 442, 445, 450, 451, 453, 458, 459, 461, 465, 466, 
468, 469, 470, 471, 473, 474, 475, 476, 479, 481, 485, 486, 489, 491, 495, 503, 504, 505, 511, 512, 516, 517, 519, 525, 
526, 537, 538, 542, 543, 546, 556

publisher, 58, 90, 247, 249, 268, 281, 317, 348, 352, 379, 504
Publisher, 482, 525, 534
publisher's, 352
Publishers, 4, 442, 453, 471

publishes, 375, 379

publishing, 27, 74, 85, 89, 113, 119, 120, 124, 126, 143, 147, 148, 149, 150, 164, 175, 189, 224, 225, 226, 248, 249, 251, 
252, 256, 268, 269, 278, 317, 352, 358, 380, 390, 401, 450, 465, 467, 468, 469, 470, 474, 517

pubs., 505

Pukei, Book of (see lit. index)

pulpit, 170, 331, 431, 460

Pultney Land Co.:
 Col. John Cowdry had ties to Charles Williamson, agent of the Pultney Land Co., 217

punctuation, 191, 439

pupil, 434, 458, 474

Purchase, 241, 484, 485, 503, 505, 517, 536, 556
purchased, 42, 216, 233, 245, 249, 260, 403, 413, 416, 472, 475, 505, 508, 512, 517, 535

purchaser, 507
purchasers, 26, 556

purchasing, 26, 432

purloining, 401, 466

Purnee, 325

purported, 45, 46, 50, 78, 85, 91, 124, 125, 295, 357, 362, 369, 385, 533
purportedly, 40, 402
purporting, 43, 48, 60, 84, 152, 401, 543

pursuing, 453

pursuit, 57, 262, 278, 477


Q

Quaker, 308, 374, 523

qualifications, 127, 360

Quarter, 467

Quarterly, 519

quarters, 120, 148, 517

queer, 327

Quest, 114, 115, 443

questionable, 32, 53, 73, 178, 368, 433

Quests, 498, 508, 521, 523, 538

Quincy, 13, 113, 114, 466, 467, 476

Quinn, 491, 493, 494, 498, 502, 509, 510, 522, 526, 527, 528, 531, 536, 538, 539, 544, 546, 553

Quorum, 156, 514

quotation, 155, 369, 483, 501, 530
quotations, 4, 506

quote, 202, 476, 537

quotes, 359, 448
quoting, 464, 505, 554


R

Raccoon, 469

Rachel, 52, 53, 80, 105, 463

Racine, 511

Rahm, Martin:
 R. Patterson’s creditors in 1823 included Martin Rahm of Pittsburgh, 470

Rainbow, 497, 528

Ramage, 239, 517

Randall, 537

Randolph, 527

Rangdon (see Rigdon)

Ransom, 246

Raphael, 136

Rapids, 429

rascals, 57, 436

Rathbun, 435, 450

Ravenna, 171, 503, 552, 555

read, 15, 18, 24, 25, 37, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 48, 49, 51, 52, 58, 62, 63, 65, 68, 79, 80, 83, 84, 89, 91, 93, 97, 99, 
100, 107, 108, 111, 113, 114, 115, 117, 118, 121, 123, 124, 126, 127, 129, 130, 149, 151, 152, 154, 157, 158, 163, 164, 
183, 188, 200, 202, 205, 222, 226, 240, 245, 250, 260, 265, 294, 313, 317, 319, 320, 324, 339, 383, 392, 397, 434, 435, 
438, 440, 442, 444, 449, 450, 451, 458, 465, 481, 487, 493, 505, 506, 549, 550, 551, 555

readability, 396

reader, 12, 29, 90, 135, 245, 281, 367, 437, 481, 543, 554
readers, 78, 119, 167, 191, 199, 203, 310, 369, 371, 452, 515

reading, 42, 43, 44, 46, 52, 62, 65, 74, 79, 83, 91, 96, 97, 99, 100, 119, 123, 124, 129, 163, 175, 191, 205, 232, 245, 314, 
401, 449, 452, 466, 543
Reading, 217, 317, 319, 320, 321, 405, 550

reads, 62, 114, 198, 265, 405, 456, 462, 466, 470, 496, 506, 510, 541, 542, 552

Reaffirmations, 531, 551

Really, 1, 3, 9, 10, 12, 15, 402, 479

reappearance, 322, 347

reappeared, 261, 352

rearranged, 332

re-arrested, 266, 381, 395

reason, 10, 11, 18, 33, 34, 37, 39, 49, 50, 51, 54, 59, 81, 94, 95, 111, 113, 117, 118, 122, 126, 143, 145, 153, 155, 159, 
167, 171, 203, 225, 244, 253, 257, 270, 276, 289, 299, 301, 306, 308, 315, 322, 328, 330, 331, 349, 352, 354, 355, 357, 
358, 361, 390, 438, 445, 458, 464, 482, 497, 518, 527, 533

reasonable, 9, 10, 30, 41, 63, 74, 96, 120, 133, 141, 148, 215, 223, 249, 284, 288, 325, 342, 356, 367, 393, 426, 427, 
448, 491, 499, 520, 526

reasoning, 25, 83, 334

reasons, 25, 54, 72, 106, 108, 134, 138, 154, 171, 253, 266, 293, 316, 356, 363, 484, 508

rebaptism, 358, 531, 532, 551

re-baptisms, 509
rebaptized, 358, 531

Rebecca, 134, 137, 176, 212, 214, 215, 260, 285, 410, 413, 474, 493, 497, 535

recall, 38, 68, 89, 91, 99, 119, 135, 138, 144, 150, 154, 158, 166, 181, 218, 384, 437, 452, 539, 545
recalled, 13, 38, 47, 49, 50, 79, 83, 87, 90, 91, 104, 127, 140, 162, 163, 166, 170, 172, 175, 176, 179, 220, 255, 279, 284, 
295, 300, 305, 326, 348, 386, 395, 399, 407, 451, 452, 453, 502, 516, 537

recalling, 251, 403, 471
recalls, 91, 439, 444, 483, 490

receipt, 32, 294, 316, 376, 393, 433, 491
Receipts, 537

recitation, 47, 485
recites, 436

Recluse, 468

recognition, 61, 248, 449, 520

recognizance, 70, 72, 448

recognize, 61, 79, 247, 360
recognized, 59, 63, 107, 108, 152, 159, 166, 243, 261, 271, 356, 383, 438, 488, 489, 490, 502, 508, 551

recognizing, 223, 326, 523

recollect, 42, 45, 46, 68, 82, 107, 121, 123, 125, 129, 150, 321, 346
recollection, 34, 40, 41, 45, 105, 122, 124, 126, 127, 128, 133, 138, 139, 141, 144, 150, 156, 163, 164, 165, 218, 238, 305, 
310, 311, 325, 437, 441, 454, 476, 498, 504
recollections, 30, 50, 88, 90, 121, 135, 138, 152, 163, 164, 238, 265, 311, 334, 437, 556
Recollections, 451, 549, 552

reconsider, 117, 531

reconstruct, 26, 334, 453
reconstructed, 368, 509, 533
reconstructing, 367

reconstruction, 141, 334, 426

recopy, 541

record, 17, 18, 23, 46, 48, 54, 85, 86, 106, 120, 132, 149, 170, 176, 178, 180, 215, 222, 227, 231, 232, 240, 280, 293, 294, 
301, 308, 310, 311, 338, 340, 349, 353, 376, 407, 435, 445, 449, 459, 466, 520, 530, 539, 549
Record, 85, 227, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234, 289, 293, 295, 357, 358, 373, 374, 378, 387, 404, 411, 413, 435, 443, 445, 448, 
457, 469, 481, 483, 485, 491, 501, 505, 510, 515, 532, 538, 552, 557, 558

recorded, 58, 66, 67, 90, 101, 121, 150, 165, 178, 179, 180, 185, 214, 216, 219, 237, 243, 253, 263, 264, 278, 284, 288, 
303, 308, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343, 344, 345, 357, 445, 453, 460, 465, 499, 523, 531, 540

recorder, 516
Recorder, 85, 106, 113, 114, 116, 225, 253, 254, 440, 464, 465, 466, 474, 505, 512, 516, 517, 531, 551

recording, 4, 50, 97, 273, 339, 340, 341, 342

records, 23, 26, 32, 47, 66, 85, 92, 119, 126, 132, 133, 151, 159, 162, 167, 178, 180, 181, 216, 223, 230, 241, 249, 252, 
260, 270, 272, 287, 297, 325, 335, 338, 339, 342, 372, 373, 374, 378, 403, 406, 407, 411, 412, 413, 415, 416, 430, 431, 
435, 439, 444, 448, 451, 452, 453, 458, 460, 461, 465, 469, 473, 474, 479, 480, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 500, 505, 507, 
510, 513, 514, 521, 525, 527, 529, 531, 534, 535, 553, 556, 557
Records, 340, 401, 431, 458, 459, 461, 483, 484, 494, 499, 513, 534, 535, 547, 548, 557

recovered, 31, 107, 155, 202, 300, 377, 537

recuperating, 314

red, 120, 121, 123, 126, 143, 144, 151, 165, 166, 168, 176, 397, 445, 471, 504

red herring (deliberate distraction):
 planted by S. Rigdon in 1839 letter, 120, 121, 143, 144, 151, 165, 166, 168, 176

redacted, 263, 396

Reddick, 352

Redfield, 122, 471

red-handed, 397

Redick, 78, 90, 91, 122, 126, 127, 129, 134, 163, 164, 165, 176, 455, 471, 472, 480

rediscovery, 96, 452

Redstone, 153, 335, 460, 461, 469

Reed, 395, 472, 474, 515, 527, 550

Reexamined, 441, 451, 485, 491
Reexploring, 454

Refiner's, 219, 497, 498, 506, 514, 525, 526, 527, 528, 554
Refiner's Fire, 219, 497, 498, 506, 514, 525, 526, 527, 528, 554

reflect, 169, 196, 203, 250, 432, 454
reflected, 113, 355, 520
reflecting, 87, 490

reflection, 460
Reflections, 471, 473

Reflector, 218, 222, 492, 497, 498, 499, 502, 546

reflects, 82, 167, 452

reform, 103, 202, 335
reformed, 187, 355, 538

Reformer, 462, 482
Reformers, 538

refuge, 330, 377, 490
refugee, 498

Reg., 472

regeneration, 101, 461

regiment, 430
Regiment, 25, 472

region, 33, 108, 140, 183, 186, 191, 286, 315
Region, 437

Register, 239, 241, 426, 450, 482, 497, 498, 502, 503, 504, 523, 547, 555

Rehearsal, 402

Reid, 395, 464

re-interview, 355

relation, 26, 46, 62, 110, 163, 201, 202, 275, 315
relations, 67, 228, 253, 286, 356, 404, 405, 490

relationship, 103, 143, 144, 165, 175, 262, 277, 278, 279, 298, 361, 459, 478
relationships, 417

relative, 61, 105, 128, 304, 379, 395
Relative, 479, 483

relatively, 15, 92, 103, 166, 207, 242, 278, 384, 445, 545

relatives, 104, 131, 175, 197, 204, 216, 217, 223, 225, 230, 275, 284, 286, 356, 404, 407, 408, 413, 414, 416, 423, 430, 
495, 497, 513, 518, 554

relevant, 160, 163, 462

reliability, 9, 153, 181, 540
reliable, 32, 126, 135, 138, 140, 174, 209, 242, 349, 462, 548

relic, 430, 488
relics, 84, 107, 127, 317

religion, 10, 11, 28, 33, 75, 130, 177, 179, 183, 199, 201, 251, 294, 304, 311, 312, 336, 358, 367, 429, 471, 485, 489, 490, 533

religionists, 500

Religions, 429

religious, 16, 17, 18, 28, 40, 42, 43, 45, 47, 52, 58, 66, 67, 68, 88, 114, 115, 131, 154, 160, 170, 171, 172, 177, 178, 180, 
183, 186, 189, 193, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 212, 213, 226, 238, 239, 242, 304, 309, 325, 354, 364, 373, 383, 385, 392, 
434, 464, 470, 478, 524, 532, 551

Religious Telescope, 451

remains, 18, 28, 33, 47, 59, 87, 90, 94, 96, 124, 133, 177, 193, 210, 215, 222, 246, 249, 250, 253, 255, 258, 271, 311, 
352, 363, 368, 369, 374, 405, 406, 408, 437, 453, 467, 499, 518, 520, 527

remark, 59, 96, 128, 154, 188, 476, 554

remarkable, 96, 231, 271, 290, 386, 454, 489, 541
Remarkable, 544

remarked, 46, 96, 215, 277, 312

remarks, 14, 82, 312

remarried, 54, 469, 540

remember, 40, 46, 51, 52, 71, 79, 80, 85, 117, 123, 134, 135, 137, 138, 139, 141, 150, 157, 190, 227, 237, 328, 346, 452, 
526, 532, 546
remembered, 38, 47, 50, 52, 75, 96, 130, 140, 150, 161, 174, 196, 220, 240, 245, 251, 265, 277, 279, 289, 310, 319, 507

remembering, 117, 158, 163, 242, 349, 471

remembrance, 336, 546
remembrances, 485, 504

Reminiscences, 455, 474, 525, 537

removal, 58, 107, 126, 128, 274, 531

removed, 40, 45, 80, 93, 103, 107, 108, 124, 129, 140, 190, 213, 217, 224, 266, 284, 306, 353, 367, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 
431, 432, 442, 452, 474, 493, 501, 502, 514, 516

Remson, 502

reneged, 511

renegotiation, 557

renewed, 105, 122, 201, 294, 295, 327, 385, 471

renounced, 524, 528

Renowned, 527

Rensselaer, 161, 507

rent, 101, 127, 134, 461, 469, 477
rented, 120, 127, 129, 134, 335, 461, 477
renters, 308, 374, 523

Renunciations, 528

re-obtain, 523

reorganization, 430, 434

Reorganized, 7, 181, 334, 344, 430, 458, 482, 498, 536, 543, 548, 549, 556

repeated, 23, 55, 89, 95, 96, 108, 118, 180, 196, 231, 241, 299, 322, 327, 466, 485, 523, 529, 539

repeating, 210, 244, 348, 437, 491

repentance, 12, 204, 390

Reply, 433, 447, 451, 472, 478, 483, 553

report, 14, 15, 152, 181, 327, 328, 330, 331, 353, 354, 355, 372, 439, 457, 467, 503, 510, 533, 536, 537, 550

reportage, 528
Reportage, 326

reported, 9, 48, 126, 129, 144, 149, 160, 165, 167, 172, 213, 227, 261, 263, 270, 274, 295, 317, 334, 346, 356, 362, 365, 
382, 387, 437, 450, 465, 483, 493, 496, 498, 505, 527

reportedly, 13, 24, 27, 33, 35, 53, 87, 204, 336, 348, 355, 370, 373, 479, 488, 501

reporter, 50, 74, 155, 354, 453, 551
Reporter, 96, 122, 127, 445, 455, 460, 471, 472, 473, 474, 476

reporting, 65, 181, 215, 289, 400, 532

reports, 16, 190, 315, 341, 372, 387, 493, 495, 500, 502, 508, 516, 543, 553

Repository, 241, 247, 510, 520

repossessed, 374
repossession, 412

represent, 50, 256, 393, 537

Representative, 13, 434
Representatives, 462

representing, 64, 447
represents, 144, 179, 475, 539, 541

reprimand, 382, 395, 521, 530

reprint, 181, 520, 527
reprinted, 114, 433, 435, 443, 450, 464, 465, 466, 479, 493, 499, 508, 522, 526, 538

reprinting, 374

reprisals, 353

reproach, 36, 257, 545
reproduced, 4, 299, 439
reproduces, 387

reproductions, 386

Republican, 224, 254, 257, 258, 268, 278, 279, 453, 470, 511, 512, 513, 517, 518, 519, 524, 534, 539, 553

republish, 525

republished, 300, 463

repudiate, 54, 362
repudiated, 365

reputation, 32, 39, 53, 55, 101, 167, 171, 182, 263, 269, 278, 322, 374, 436, 482

repute, 171, 449
reputed, 34, 36, 213, 229, 245, 246, 361, 413, 531

research, 14, 15, 97, 107, 135, 168, 210, 216, 235, 290, 334, 336, 353, 368, 402, 403, 409, 443, 481, 485, 487, 493, 
496, 525
Research, 47, 139, 412, 443, 454, 458, 483, 485, 505, 525, 526, 527, 531, 546, 553

researcher, 50, 60, 68, 158, 429, 453, 454
researchers, 14, 63, 198, 402

resemblance, 60, 540
resemblances, 387, 541

resembled, 37, 84
resembling, 182, 387, 540

Reserve, 26, 28, 34, 129, 285, 311, 337, 384, 431, 437, 440, 441, 443, 444, 447, 456, 459, 465, 476, 481, 482, 485, 503, 
506, 534, 535, 536, 542, 543, 555

reside, 108, 218, 237, 297, 320, 359, 376, 413, 462, 498
resided, 49, 52, 103, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 118, 122, 130, 139, 167, 220, 222, 285, 286, 304, 305, 313, 459, 469, 499

residence, 80, 85, 90, 101, 108, 110, 118, 119, 120, 125, 141, 159, 164, 176, 182, 183, 184, 217, 218, 220, 252, 285, 338, 
345, 353, 398, 406, 436, 441, 444, 468, 472, 474, 479, 508, 514, 527, 553
residences, 469

resident, 33, 66, 97, 102, 128, 131, 181, 218, 266, 297, 399, 437, 499, 515, 517, 529
residents, 29, 33, 41, 43, 51, 131, 214, 220, 381, 458, 459, 473, 520, 531, 537, 556

residing, 108, 109, 132, 215, 408, 473, 495

respectable, 29, 57, 73, 139, 181, 199, 202, 205, 240, 243, 254, 325, 376, 491

respected, 27, 33, 69, 71, 80, 88, 104, 242, 255, 323, 439

responded, 158, 184, 359, 365

responsable, 396
response, 106, 118, 140, 147, 203, 355, 369, 509
responsible, 145, 165, 175, 196, 197, 203, 210, 214, 256, 265, 292, 362, 368, 370, 431, 450

restoration, 12, 169, 177, 281, 313, 330, 390, 460, 531

Restoration, 170, 432, 492, 503, 509, 540

restored, 35, 72, 313, 378, 379, 390

retired, 42, 165, 222, 429, 469, 472, 473, 488
Retired, 397

retirement, 107, 464, 469

retiring, 97, 431

retranslate, 322
retranslated, 233, 377
retranslation, 234, 299
re-translation, 381

retribution, 380

Return, 342, 426, 428, 510, 544, 554

Reuben, 187, 233, 234, 313, 377, 378, 458, 531, 551

reunited, 162, 352, 521

Rev., 4, 9, 13, 14, 15, 19, 25, 67, 68, 83, 85, 88, 99, 100, 101, 104, 105, 106, 107, 109, 110, 113, 116, 117, 119, 121, 122, 
126, 127, 129, 134, 135, 137, 138, 140, 144, 149, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 162, 164, 165, 170, 172, 180, 187, 
198, 213, 285, 286, 308, 328, 329, 331, 332, 335, 337, 341, 342, 353, 361, 373, 384, 389, 401, 402, 431, 432, 437, 444, 
446, 451, 453, 456, 458, 459, 460, 461, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 477, 479, 482, 
483, 484, 485, 494, 496, 507, 537, 538, 543, 545, 556

reveal, 10, 160, 184, 200, 202, 210, 266, 364, 387, 529, 557
revealed, 12, 69, 71, 75, 92, 122, 158, 161, 230, 240, 273, 310, 320, 364, 551

revealing, 54, 168, 196, 253, 269, 277, 315, 331, 359, 498, 501, 552
r
eveals, 174, 219, 252, 265, 368, 381

revelation, 160, 161, 162, 165, 177, 180, 183, 190, 204, 205, 234, 238, 239, 240, 261, 262, 265, 283, 299, 308, 313, 315, 
321, 378, 379, 380, 382, 391, 392, 482, 484, 490, 506, 545
revelations, 130, 137, 169, 177, 178, 193, 197, 259, 281, 313, 315, 323, 356, 378, 379, 380, 381, 382, 454, 520, 521, 543

Revelator, 484, 520

Revenna, 552

Revenue, 479

reverence, 453

Reverend, 112, 168, 196
Reverends, 112, 168

Review, 436, 438, 443, 454, 514, 555
reviewed, 332

revising, 152, 489
revision, 352, 405, 454, 487
revisions, 27, 485

Revisited, 481, 494, 510

revival, 177, 178, 179, 201, 287, 337, 340, 341, 342, 343, 348, 485
revivals, 178, 179, 286, 287, 342, 344, 373, 485

Revolution, 216, 403, 431, 492
Revolutionary, 25, 216, 403, 415, 474

reworked, 83, 85, 232, 339
re-worked, 358
reworking, 169, 231, 357

Reynolds, 99, 369, 434, 453, 457, 477, 552

Rhode Island, 430

Rice, 77, 80, 81, 325, 452

Rich, 161

Richard, 47, 170, 356, 364, 432, 436, 440, 459, 461, 477, 479, 482, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 509, 543, 549, 550, 551

Richards, 156, 480, 484, 532, 539, 551, 552

Richardson, 470, 482, 505, 548

Richfield, 26, 84, 141, 431, 437

Richmond, 186, 212, 241, 265, 267, 277, 521, 532, 540, 544, 554
Richmond-Arnold, 554

Riddle, 393

ride, 161, 163, 361, 518

Rider, 482

ridge, 454
Ridge, 438

Ridicule, 481

riding, 28, 312, 336

rife, 312

rifle, 488

Rangdon, 201, 202, 294, 327
Ringdon, 199, 201, 294, 327, 473
Rogdon, 122

Rigden, 132, 133, 473, 474
Rigdens, 132, 133

Rigdin, 473

Rigdon, 14, 15, 20, 28, 30, 32, 34, 37, 58, 68, 69, 71, 75, 78, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105, 108, 109, 113, 117, 118, 
119, 120, 121, 122, 124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 131, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 143, 144, 147, 148, 149, 151, 
152, 153, 154, 156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 
177, 182, 190, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 200, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 210, 211, 212, 221, 225, 230, 231, 233, 234, 
235, 241, 244, 245, 248, 263, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 294, 295, 300, 301, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 312, 313, 314, 315, 
316, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 
342, 343, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 369, 
370, 382, 384, 385, 386, 389, 390, 391, 392, 394, 396, 401, 425, 427, 428, 433, 434, 435, 436, 442, 444, 457, 458, 459, 
460, 461, 462, 463, 464, 465, 466, 467, 468, 469, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 488, 489, 
490, 491, 492, 503, 506, 509, 510, 514, 520, 521, 524, 535, 536, 540, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553, 
554, 555

Rigdon-inspired, 544

Rigdons, 103, 131, 336, 459, 474

Rigdon's, 14, 15, 58, 68, 99, 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 109, 113, 118, 119, 120, 121, 124, 128, 133, 135, 136, 137, 138, 140, 
143, 144, 149, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 158, 159, 162, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 176, 177, 
182, 195, 197, 204, 205, 206, 212, 221, 231, 233, 285, 286, 287, 295, 301, 310, 311, 313, 314, 325, 326, 329, 331, 334, 
335, 336, 338, 339, 341, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 352, 353, 354, 355, 357, 358, 360, 361, 362, 364, 385, 386, 389, 
391, 425, 444, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 465, 466, 467, 469, 475, 476, 478, 479, 482, 483, 488, 490, 491, 510, 
544, 545, 548, 549, 552

Rigdon-Spalding, 15

Rigdun, 473

Righteous, 433, 478, 548

righteousness, 10, 11, 12, 257, 258

Riley's, 515

Ring, 407

Ringdon (see Rigdon)

Ringland, 128, 129, 131, 471, 472, 473

riot, 524

Ripley, 251, 252, 278, 512, 515

Riprimand

Rise, 180, 244, 437, 464, 471, 484, 485, 490, 492, 499, 502, 504, 521, 525, 534, 537, 539, 546

rite, 501
Rite, 527, 528
rites, 268, 270

ritual, 527
rituals, 211, 268, 269

rival, 519

river, 147, 183, 185, 224, 225, 262, 263, 335, 342, 396, 407, 445, 456, 526, 555
River, 82, 101, 190, 224, 225, 246, 339, 340, 341, 384, 407, 408, 409, 438, 463, 475, 520, 526, 555

RLDS, 7, 78, 140, 317, 334, 355, 387, 430, 433, 441, 463, 479, 492, 498, 509, 515, 523, 528, 532, 533, 536, 537, 540, 
541, 544, 545, 548, 550, 555

road, 67, 191, 201, 214, 226, 239, 284, 291, 294, 305, 319, 320, 327, 339, 343, 385, 408, 412, 413, 468, 469, 480, 
486, 557
Road, 181, 222, 223, 290, 292, 319, 371, 372, 384, 468, 502, 554

roadhouse, 133

Roads, 67, 535

roadside, 326

robbers, 466
robbery, 363, 481

robbing, 481

Robert, 13, 88, 96, 104, 105, 110, 118, 119, 120, 121, 126, 128, 129, 134, 135, 137, 143, 144, 145, 149, 150, 151, 152, 
156, 158, 159, 162, 163, 164, 165, 166, 175, 176, 218, 237, 242, 257, 273, 342, 402, 412, 414, 429, 431, 454, 455, 457, 
458, 463, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 471, 474, 475, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 493, 496, 497, 498, 499, 503, 513, 525, 529, 
534, 543, 546, 548, 552, 556

Roberts, 29, 46, 68, 78, 79, 128, 155, 167, 174, 309, 343, 364, 433, 436, 437, 440, 444, 447, 448, 451, 452, 454, 466, 
472, 475, 478, 479, 480, 482, 483, 487, 491, 492, 513, 537, 542, 544, 553, 554
Roberts-Bates, 343

Robinson, 29, 126, 314, 315, 353, 373, 438, 467, 488, 489, 510, 537, 544, 554
Robison, 508

Rochester, 152, 228, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 261, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 268, 271, 273, 274, 277, 278, 279, 280, 
292, 296, 379, 418, 422, 427, 485, 494, 497, 498, 503, 504, 505, 508, 512, 513, 516, 517, 518, 519, 522, 528, 536, 
537, 543

rock, 240, 551
Rock, 246, 463

Rockport, 508

Rockwell, 318, 507, 546

rod, 182, 183, 213, 218, 220, 221, 227, 261, 263, 265, 491, 544
rods, 85, 125, 211, 220, 276, 318, 319, 321
rodsman, 220, 229, 265, 358
rods-man, 220
rodsmen, 498
rods-men, 220

rode, 287, 309, 312, 500

Rodger, 75, 441, 451, 485, 490, 491

Rogar, 62, 66, 445

Rogdon (see Rigdon)

Rogers, 75, 324

Roland, 92, 456

Rollman, 458, 459, 460

Roman, 18, 88, 187, 260, 383, 458
Romans, 11, 37, 88

romance, 13, 14, 33, 37, 40, 57, 60, 68, 80, 84, 85, 107, 109, 152, 154, 163, 244, 392, 433, 446
romances, 80, 89

romantic, 27, 46, 124

Rome, 60

Ronaldson's, 510

Rooker, 481, 510

room, 95, 113, 120, 122, 150, 163, 187, 188, 225, 231, 234, 268, 280, 289, 306, 307, 320, 335, 347, 353, 360, 391, 393, 
394, 396, 477, 488, 513
rooms, 27, 267, 276, 280, 504

Roosevelt, 441

Rooster, 222

root, 14, 219, 530
Root, 342

Rosa, Storm:
 Dr. Storm Rosa said that S. Rigdon predicted coming of Mormonism in May-June, 1830, 312, 543 n.11

Rose, 427, 498, 499, 547

Roster, 497

Roswell, 241, 407, 416, 417, 421, 508, 524

roundtrip, 426, 518

round-trip, 344, 427
route, 214, 225, 284, 287, 330, 342, 344, 426, 468, 554, 557
routes, 224, 286, 426, 547

Row, 191

Rowe, 474

Roy, 361, 419, 445, 454, 514

Royal, 265, 268, 272, 280, 416, 497, 514, 524, 525, 527, 528, 529

Royalton, 509

rucksack, 218

Rudd, 444

rude, 187, 190, 238, 371, 517

Rudolph, 313, 543

ruffian, 111, 267
ruffians, 227

Rufus, 393, 419, 494

ruins, 87, 97, 309, 542

rule, 245, 270, 338, 369, 428, 500
ruled, 7, 88, 191, 442, 455, 557

rulers, 453

rules, 228, 270, 495

rumor, 327, 328, 331, 491
rumors, 373, 466, 553

Rump, 92

rupture, 26, 123, 125

rural, 119, 136, 536
Rural, 458, 471, 473, 520

ruse, 121, 232, 307, 308, 356, 487

Rush, 217, 218, 265, 412, 413, 423, 444, 524

Russell, 268, 408, 471, 491, 535, 547, 551

rustic, 182, 396

Ruth:
 Ruth Parker md. Alden Snow, 1827, NY, 339
 Ruth Cowdery, wife of Jabez, in 1790 MA census, 406
 Ruth Franklin md. Cephus Dodd in 1801, 472 n99.

Rutland, 209, 217, 417, 493, 494, 497, 503

Ryder, 171, 482


S

S. Bowles & Co., 431

Sabbath, 135, 138, 139, 254, 305, 318, 327, 328, 330, 331, 332, 475

Sabin, 25, 54, 122, 431, 441, 442, 456
Sabine, 19, 25, 53, 55, 80, 122, 441

Sace, 527

sacraments, 459

sacred, 13, 17, 23, 106, 109, 159, 177, 178, 179, 180, 186, 188, 202, 240, 373, 471, 554

sailed, 87, 513

sailor, 201

Saint, 14, 15

Saintly, 478, 479

Saints, 4, 7, 9, 16, 17, 18, 23, 29, 31, 37, 111, 115, 162, 181, 191, 209, 330, 334, 387, 429, 430, 433, 435, 444, 448, 450, 
454, 458, 461, 478, 479, 482, 484, 488, 489, 491, 492, 498, 509, 510, 520, 521, 528, 533, 536, 537, 543, 544, 545, 548, 
549, 550, 552, 553, 554, 556

Saints', 387, 429, 435, 450, 479, 509, 528, 533, 550

Saints' Herald, 387, 429, 435, 450, 479, 509, 528, 533, 550

Salem, 26, 33, 38, 49, 51, 107, 108, 109, 314, 315, 316, 434, 435, 437, 438, 440, 444, 446, 496, 543, 544

Salisbury, 507

Sally, 184, 212, 213, 215, 223, 252, 329, 330, 410, 418, 558

Salphronius, 487

Salt, 7, 17, 23, 68, 156, 162, 317, 319, 324, 353, 354, 358, 374, 375, 389, 390, 429, 430, 433, 434, 435, 436, 440, 441, 
442, 443, 444, 450, 451, 453, 454, 455, 457, 459, 462, 466, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 483, 484, 485, 488, 490, 491, 492, 
493, 494, 500, 501, 504, 505, 509, 510, 522, 526, 527, 531, 532, 536, 537, 542, 543, 544, 549, 551, 552, 553, 554, 556

Salt Lake, 7, 17, 23, 68, 156, 162, 317, 319, 324, 353, 354, 358, 374, 375, 389, 390, 429, 430, 433, 434, 435, 436, 440, 
441, 442, 443, 444, 450, 451, 453, 454, 457, 459, 462, 466, 477, 478, 479, 480, 482, 483, 484, 485, 488, 490, 491, 492, 
493, 494, 501, 504, 505, 509, 510, 522, 526, 527, 531, 532, 536, 537, 542, 543, 544, 549, 551, 552, 553, 554, 556

Saltsburg, 104

salt-spring, 188

salvation, 10, 11, 12, 202, 364

Salvatore, 542

Sam, 291, 549

Samantha, 413

Samuel, 67, 71, 100, 104, 121, 149, 161, 165, 172, 180, 187, 234, 267, 273, 291, 292, 293, 301, 305, 307, 310, 318, 319, 
320, 347, 371, 376, 378, 381, 383, 386, 414, 420, 430, 434, 438, 439, 447, 448, 459, 460, 461, 471, 474, 475, 477, 479, 
483, 489, 492, 508, 513, 515, 525, 532, 539, 551

San Antonio, TX:
 Lyman Wight d. 1858, at Mountain Valley, TX, near San Antonio, 544 n.26

San Jacinto, CA:
Daniel Hendrix (b. 1809) gave a lengthy statement at San Jacinto, CA in 1897 (see biblio.), 549 n.111
San Marino, CA
 Huntington Library Collection, San Marino (see biblio.), 450 n.41, 493 n.15, 497 n.34, , 509 n.44, 513 n.66, 514 n.68, 
515 n.74, 516 n.76-78, 529 n.164, 534 n.1, 538 n.42, 540n.55, 557 n.3

San Francisco, CA:
 The [San Francisco] Overland Monthly (see biblio). 467 n.71,
 Genealogy (San Francisco: Stanley-Taylor Co., printers (see biblio.) 507 n.35

Sanborn, 171

sanctity, 241

sanctuary, 221

sand, 302

Sanders, 182, 183, 192

Sanderson, 120

Sandford, 328, 329, 330

Sandisfield, 405, 406

Sandra, 443

sandstone, 187, 430

Sandusky, 271, 325, 435, 450

Sandy, 433, 453, 552

Sanford, 475

Sanhedrin, 37

sanity, 441

Santa Ana, CA:
 Santa Ana, CA: Vision House (see biblio.), 402, 479 n.19

sap, 548

Sarah, 130, 133, 155, 156, 250, 258, 298, 299, 327, 336, 407, 408, 409, 457, 464, 471, 479, 495, 496, 511, 516, 532, 
535, 539

Saratoga, 525

Sartwell, 330, 427

Satanic, 264

satirical, 498

Saunders, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 295, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 331, 333, 346, 347, 349, 385, 441, 442, 498, 536, 
537, 540, 545, 550

Savage Treatment, 525

save, 11, 12, 92, 182, 229, 261, 262, 281, 362, 440
saved, 11, 18, 148, 190, 192, 257, 428, 470

Savior, 11, 12, 75, 318, 429
Savior's, 429

Sawyer, 446
Sawyers, 71, 310

Saxon, 384

Sayer, 544

Scales, 402, 479

scam, 203, 387, 478
scams, 213

scandal, 235

scapegoat, 154

Schaff-Herzog, 530

scheme, 152, 184, 213, 229, 231, 241, 268, 277, 296, 306, 308, 325, 326, 348, 354, 358, 387, 478, 481, 490
schemed, 354
scheming, 211, 269

Schenectady, 25

schism, 477

scholar, 88, 105, 110, 127, 149, 263, 264, 292, 458
scholarly, 297, 367, 429, 454, 468, 479, 527
scholars, 14, 17, 28, 29, 188, 237, 290, 291, 305, 320, 371, 377, 490, 527, 538, 539

scholarship, 15, 28, 149, 192, 360, 442

school, 25, 34, 99, 100, 152, 153, 209, 217, 218, 231, 234, 237, 244, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 295, 297, 298, 
305, 321, 323, 346, 374, 375, 378, 390, 391, 439, 444, 473, 478, 504, 506, 514, 516, 519, 532, 533, 536
School, 62, 254, 290, 293, 318, 439, 475, 511

schools, 248, 290, 465, 536

school-board, 288
schoolboy, 255
schoolhouse, 290, 292, 461
schoolmaster, 12, 231, 289, 304
schoolroom, 153, 477

schoolteacher, 218, 289

Schroeder, 29, 77, 155, 430, 433, 443, 447, 451, 455, 459, 461, 462, 471, 472, 477, 478, 480, 483, 488, 493, 547, 553

science, 87
Science, 397, 486
sciences, 40, 42, 86

Scientific, 453
scientifically, 500

scoffers, 184, 545

Scotch, 182
Scotland, 555

Scott, 103, 118, 286, 310, 335, 336, 337, 341, 342, 392, 465, 483, 501, 508, 535, 542, 548

Scott-about, 337

scoundrel, 269, 274, 306

Scoundrel, 478, 479
scoundrels, 219

scour, 532

Scovell, 239
Scovil, 444, 472, 476, 508

scrap, 66, 78, 96, 149, 387
Scrapbook, 443

Scrape, 213, 214, 220, 359, 494
scraps, 66, 130, 369

Scraps, 491

scrawled, 397

scribal, 385, 423

scribbles, 387

scribblings, 110

scribe, 210, 223, 226, 228, 229, 233, 234, 270, 279, 280, 283, 297, 300, 301, 306, 308, 377, 378, 379, 443, 450, 514

scribe-for-hire, 226

scribes, 24, 187, 233, 234, 240, 377, 378, 506

Scribner, 442, 451, 483
Scribners, 429, 490, 553
Scribner's, 442, 451

script, 233, 386, 387

scriptorium, 280

scriptural, 28, 47, 49

scripture, 11, 18, 45, 46, 60, 86, 202
Scripture, 4, 177, 552, 554
scriptures, 10, 199, 202, 244, 310, 430

scroll, 187, 360
scrolls, 442

scurrilous, 168, 436

sealed, 277, 355, 387
Sealing, 532

Seaman, 130, 131, 473
Seamans, 476

Searles, 375

Seasons, 114, 435, 442, 447, 459, 460, 465, 466, 467, 479, 482, 483, 484, 488, 521, 523, 539, 547, 552

Seaton, 163

second-class, 428
second-hand, 151, 325

Secord, 488, 551
secrecy, 172, 326, 364

secret, 37, 38, 103, 160, 173, 192, 193, 207, 229, 231, 232, 245, 268, 269, 273, 274, 277, 306, 308, 315, 328, 351, 353, 
358, 360, 362, 363, 387, 391, 467, 478, 524

secreted, 192, 299, 314
secretive, 197, 314
secretly, 301, 310, 331, 452, 526, 531, 534

secrets, 158, 159, 160, 229, 266, 269, 278, 282, 351, 353, 360, 361, 363, 510

sect, 106, 108, 199, 206, 239, 241, 490
sectarian, 11, 47, 174
Sectarian, 510
sectarians, 29
sectaries, 29

Section, 139, 382, 473, 484, 509, 542
sects, 77, 183, 199, 251, 520
secular, 15, 478

Seduced, 396, 407, 555

seduction, 35, 57, 154, 167, 436, 452

seer, 86, 232, 271, 293, 307, 374, 382, 522, 530
seer-stone-in-the-hat, 307
seer-stones, 374

self-acknowledged, 404
self-defense, 440
self-proclaimed, 13, 404

semi-biblical, 27
Semi-Centennial, 516, 517, 519
semi-clandestine, 527
semi-disreputable, 229

Seminary, 14, 335, 464, 494, 525

Senate, 13
Senator, 13

Seneca (Indian tribe, and language):
 Conneaut means “many fish” in Seneca, 445 n.22

Seneca Advertiser (see biblio):
 Cowdery involved with Tiffin (OH) Seneca Advertiser between 1842 and 1847, 249
 "Letter to the editor of the Seneca Advertiser,” April 12, 1892 (see biblio.), 511 n.53
 Seneca Advertiser, Feb. 19, 1847, extended thanks to O. Cowdery (see biblio.), 511 n.53

Seneca Beach lived in Trumbull Co., OH during 1830s, 417

Seneca Co., NY:
Col. John Cowdery Jr. (b. 1757) lived in Seneca Co., NY ca. 1818-30, 422

Seneca Co., OH:
 Shepherd Cowdry lived in Seneca Co., OH, during 1820s, 416
 History of Seneca County (see biblio), 520 n.111, 522 n.122, 523 n.126

Seneca Lake, NY:
 JS’s activities after 1823 moved south of Seneca Lake region, 183
 Peter Whitmer, Sr. farm located near Lake Seneca, 538 n.38

senility, 526, 539

senior, 7, 276, 294, 468, 496

Senior, 271, 396, 527, 555

sensational, 383

sentence, 40, 78, 95, 96, 273, 447, 505, 529
sentenced, 272, 326, 465, 528, 529
sentences, 58, 118, 528, 537

Sentinel, 57, 191, 242, 348, 373, 375, 379, 381, 442, 484, 491, 497, 498, 499, 502, 503, 504, 505, 522, 523, 524, 540, 543

Separating, 402, 448
separation, 163, 234, 381, 480, 490

sequel, 92, 322

Serenes:
 LDS Serenes Burnet, early LDS, lived in Cuyahoga Co., OH during 1830s, 552 n.18

sergeant, 497

serial, 512

sermon, 58, 71, 286, 313, 321, 328, 331, 334, 337, 344, 349, 385, 454, 482
sermons, 13, 80, 287, 313, 373, 459

servants, 84

service, 25, 33, 111, 214, 215, 216, 403, 430, 497, 504, 547
services, 67, 68, 69, 153, 222, 226, 228, 229, 242, 243, 259, 301, 305, 327, 330, 385, 423, 431, 528, 532, 540

Sessions, 272, 467

settle, 67, 89, 252, 283, 329, 435, 472, 515, 558
settled, 27, 33, 52, 66, 84, 131, 166, 182, 186, 196, 209, 210, 216, 218, 224, 225, 230, 232, 238, 285, 305, 316, 323, 353, 
404, 437, 438, 495, 499, 513, 557

settlement, 31, 42, 45, 46, 63, 67, 97, 133, 168, 217, 234, 265, 289, 344, 401, 444, 446, 468, 544, 557, 558

settler, 412, 557
settlers, 26, 40, 41, 42, 43, 48, 68, 107, 142, 183, 241, 262, 286, 309, 432, 439, 457, 460, 465, 535, 556, 557

seventh, 111, 260, 433

Seventy, 467
Sewickley, 100, 285, 432, 433, 438, 458, 469

sewn, 455, 456

sex, 31, 34, 167, 202, 436

Sexton, 322, 546
Sexton's, 546

sexual, 74, 154, 192, 435, 449

Seymour, 239, 279, 372, 487

Shadows, 488, 549

shady, 58, 175, 210, 267, 358, 362, 374, 387, 489

Shalersville, 341, 550

shamans, 540

shamelessly, 460

shanty-like, 26

Sharon, 152, 156, 182, 217

shaved, 260, 471

Shaw, 536, 547

she, 15, 29, 34, 48, 49, 53, 54, 55, 78, 80, 83, 95, 96, 105, 106, 109, 110, 113, 115, 116, 117, 122, 124, 130, 132, 133, 135, 
137, 138, 139, 140, 142, 159, 160, 163, 174, 176, 179, 188, 210, 213, 233, 234, 238, 267, 270, 280, 284, 285, 298, 299, 301, 
302, 310, 323, 324, 327, 329, 330, 331, 336, 347, 348, 349, 362, 377, 378, 392, 404, 410, 412, 442, 451, 452, 467, 474, 480, 
486, 487, 490, 494, 496, 511, 522, 529, 531, 532, 539

sheep, 120, 184, 230, 323, 460, 461, 510
sheep's, 230, 461
sheepskin, 256
sheepskins, 120

Sheer, 32

sheet, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 192, 377, 405, 443, 456, 496
sheets, 23, 91, 92, 94, 97, 123, 125, 132, 191, 455, 456, 473, 499

Sheldon, 168, 217, 241, 415, 420

Sheppard, 355

Sherer, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332
Sherer/Coburn, 330

sheriff, 154, 372, 440, 497
Sheriff, 272, 440, 470, 529, 546

Sherman, 340

Shields, 477

shiftless, 199

Shipps, 536, 550

shirt, 318, 530

shocking, 108, 438

shone, 394

Shook, 334, 342, 402, 452, 522, 536, 537, 545, 548, 550

shooting, 488

shop, 28, 30, 58, 78, 103, 104, 119, 120, 121, 138, 143, 144, 148, 175, 176, 197, 226, 228, 229, 233, 237, 243, 247, 252, 
255, 261, 267, 268, 269, 271, 276, 279, 298, 318, 352, 463, 470, 474, 477, 507, 509
shops, 28, 99, 183, 226, 242, 246, 250, 517

Short, 32, 62

shorthand, 50, 383, 386, 387

short-lived, 513, 524

shot, 361, 440

showman, 188, 442

Shreveport, 511, 550

shrewdness, 199, 526

shrouded, 446

Shuman, 500

Shute, 540

siblings, 215, 217, 252, 407

sick, 503, 541

Sid, 353

Sidney, 14, 15, 20, 28, 30, 32, 34, 37, 58, 68, 69, 71, 78, 99, 100, 101, 103, 104, 105, 108, 109, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 
122, 124, 125, 127, 131, 132, 133, 134, 137, 138, 139, 140, 143, 147, 148, 149, 151, 152, 153, 154, 157, 158, 159, 160, 
162, 164, 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 177, 181, 190, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 
204, 205, 206, 207, 210, 212, 221, 225, 230, 231, 232, 234, 235, 241, 245, 248, 285, 286, 287, 288, 294, 301, 308, 309, 
310, 312, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317, 318, 319, 321, 325, 327, 328, 329, 330, 332, 334, 335, 336, 337, 339, 345, 346, 349, 
352, 353, 354, 355, 356, 357, 358, 360, 363, 364, 365, 369, 370, 382, 384, 385, 389, 401, 425, 427, 433, 434, 435, 436, 
442, 444, 457, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 465, 466, 467, 468, 474, 475, 476, 477, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 488, 
489, 490, 492, 503, 506, 509, 514, 520, 524, 535, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553, 554

Sidney's, 100, 104, 131, 132, 133, 137, 231, 232, 294, 316, 354, 364, 365, 458, 467, 474

Siege, 340

sight, 120, 155, 172, 187, 291, 326, 459

sign, 52, 85, 106, 113, 114, 116, 189, 227, 230, 550

signal, 488

signature, 37, 51, 61, 73, 113, 117, 214, 438, 439, 441, 515, 525, 527
Signature, 436, 441, 451, 459, 477, 480, 482, 483, 485, 491, 492, 493, 494, 501, 505, 509, 536, 543, 544, 549, 552, 553
Signature/Smith, 483, 553
signatures, 29, 47, 447

signed, 29, 46, 47, 53, 61, 109, 110, 112, 115, 116, 117, 150, 156, 192, 214, 268, 317, 319, 322, 374, 406, 461, 464, 467, 
474, 475, 480, 492, 506, 511, 518, 527, 531, 535

significant, 14, 17, 31, 47, 49, 50, 74, 86, 105, 117, 159, 173, 177, 207, 210, 212, 215, 251, 252, 261, 280, 316, 348, 384, 
386, 430, 432, 433, 449, 471, 475, 484, 485, 490, 509, 520, 557

significantly, 356, 441

signing, 50, 116, 435

signs, 406, 524

Silas, 105, 120, 121, 134, 135, 137, 145, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 215, 339, 352, 355, 465, 470, 475, 502

silence, 166, 209, 259, 273, 304, 315, 316, 328, 362, 363, 399, 503, 519, 520

silent, 106, 235, 242, 273, 287, 399, 404, 463

Silhouette, 19

silver, 183, 184, 189, 211, 240, 263, 264, 315, 374, 521

silver-mine, 189

silversmith, 267, 276

Simeon:
 Simeon Tilton md. Sarah Rigden (b. 1816), 133
 Josiah Stowell’s  eldest son was named Simpson or Simeon, 263

similar, 23, 27, 28, 41, 47, 66, 75, 81, 86, 88, 101, 116, 117, 120, 147, 160, 161, 171, 172, 175, 220, 269, 310, 312, 316, 
325, 346, 357, 361, 370, 381, 386, 395, 398, 432, 441, 447, 453, 456, 458, 471, 475, 479, 484, 485, 487, 495, 530, 540
similarities, 31, 86, 481
similarity, 90, 124, 269, 442, 471, 491

Simon:
 W. J. & J. K. Simon (pub. see biblio.), 464 n.51, 543 n.11
 Simon Gratz Collection, Hist. Soc. of PA (see biblio.), 506 n.25

Simonds, 411, 413, 423, 513, 514, 558

Simpson, 263

sin, 10, 11, 12, 107
sins, 12, 48, 75, 101, 177, 310, 520

singular, 92, 107, 149, 322, 489, 518

sinners, 11, 12, 390

sired, 408

sister, 54, 101, 212, 213, 223, 247, 284, 290, 323, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 336, 347, 358, 373, 377, 384, 407, 408, 
410, 411, 423, 441, 459, 465, 481, 496, 507, 515, 527, 545, 546
sister-in-law, 101
sisters, 174, 186, 209, 212, 228, 260, 420, 423, 459, 540

six-shooter, 488

size, 58, 91, 180, 260, 367, 400, 427, 446, 455

skeptical, 367
skepticism, 550

sketch, 107, 460, 503, 547, 558
Sketch, 469, 472
Sketches, 211, 432, 437, 458, 469, 484, 487, 491, 503, 506, 522, 523, 524, 525, 529, 536, 539, 542, 544, 552

sketchy, 362
Sketh, 445

Skinner, 183, 185, 187, 507

skins, 489

Skulls, 446

slander, 312

slavery, 77, 251, 509, 524
slaves, 515

sleigh, 325, 378

slip-up, 502

slothful, 219

sly, 172, 211

smatterer, 238

Smead, 254, 516
Smeads, 252

Smelting, 68, 392

Smith, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 23, 24, 25, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 34, 35, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 51, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 
60, 62, 64, 65, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 77, 80, 86, 87, 88, 97, 99, 103, 109, 121, 123, 128, 130, 147, 148, 152, 154, 155, 
156, 157, 158, 159, 160, 161, 165, 167, 168, 169, 172, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 
190, 191, 192, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211, 212, 213, 217, 219, 220, 
221, 222, 223, 225, 226, 227, 228, 229, 230, 233, 234, 237, 238, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 246, 248, 249, 250, 
259, 260, 261, 262, 263, 264, 265, 269, 270, 271, 272, 275, 276, 277, 278, 283, 287, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 294, 
295, 296, 297, 298, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 310, 311, 314, 315, 317, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 
323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 328, 329, 330, 331, 332, 333, 334, 337, 338, 339, 342, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 349, 351, 354, 
355, 356, 357, 358, 359, 360, 361, 362, 363, 364, 365, 367, 368, 369, 370, 371, 372, 373, 375, 376, 377, 378, 379, 380, 
381, 383, 384, 385, 386, 387, 389, 392, 395, 396, 397, 398, 399, 400, 404, 407, 414, 415, 416, 417, 423, 425, 426, 427, 
428, 429, 430, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 448, 449, 450, 451, 454, 455, 
457, 458, 460, 461, 464, 465, 466, 467, 469, 476, 478, 479, 480, 481, 482, 483, 484, 485, 486, 487, 488, 489, 490, 491, 
492, 493, 495, 496, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 514, 515, 520, 
521, 522, 523, 524, 526, 527, 529, 530, 531, 532, 536, 537, 538, 539, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 
550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557

Smiths, 29, 54, 192, 204, 206, 222, 225, 227, 228, 229, 231, 232, 234, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 247, 254, 255, 258, 263, 264, 
277, 288, 291, 292, 294, 296, 297, 298, 301, 303, 304, 305, 308, 316, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 346, 357, 358, 361, 372, 373, 
374, 375, 376, 404, 480, 490, 491, 500, 522, 523, 527, 533, 537, 545, 546

Smith's, 18, 23, 26, 28, 29, 34, 35, 36, 44, 47, 53, 73, 75, 86, 88, 97, 121, 154, 155, 158, 159, 160, 161, 167, 177, 178, 179, 
180, 181, 182, 183, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192, 193, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 209, 211, 212, 
213, 217, 220, 221, 223, 225, 237, 243, 249, 259, 260, 262, 263, 264, 265, 270, 271, 277, 283, 288, 289, 290, 293, 294, 
297, 298, 300, 305, 306, 309, 310, 314, 315, 317, 318, 321, 322, 323, 326, 329, 332, 346, 347, 348, 358, 359, 360, 369, 
371, 373, 377, 384, 386, 387, 397, 404, 407, 415, 417, 425, 426, 432, 435, 436, 438, 439, 441, 442, 443, 448, 449, 450, 
451, 467, 478, 480, 482, 483, 484, 485, 488, 489, 490, 492, 497, 498, 499, 500, 501, 502, 503, 506, 507, 508, 520, 521, 
522, 523, 529, 530, 531, 538, 539, 540, 541, 549, 552, 554, 555

Smiths', 204, 263, 296, 297, 372, 373, 375, 376, 545

Smucker, 466

smuggled, 488

snakes, 275

Snow, 339

Snowden, 457

Soby, 173

social, 16, 392
Social, 440, 474

socialite, 247

society, 27, 57, 113, 192, 211, 283, 342, 382, 397, 503, 508
Society, 25, 97, 249, 266, 313, 329, 332, 337, 340, 432, 434, 436, 437, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 445, 446, 447, 451, 452, 
455, 456, 458, 459, 460, 461, 465, 468, 469, 470, 472, 473, 474, 476, 477, 481, 482, 483, 484, 489, 492, 493, 495, 504, 
506, 513, 514, 516, 532, 534, 535, 536, 544, 546, 549, 553

Sodus, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 325, 418, 499, 500

soldiers, 27, 393
Soldiers, 497

Solm., 136
Tolomon (Solomon), 136

Solomon, 4, 14, 15, 17, 19, 25, 26, 27, 28, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 51, 52, 53, 
57, 59, 60, 61, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 70, 78, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 90, 92, 96, 97, 99, 103, 107, 109, 110, 117, 118, 121, 
122, 125, 128, 129, 132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 147, 150, 153, 154, 163, 169, 174, 175, 176, 
177, 193, 197, 210, 216, 245, 299, 309, 310, 352, 357, 362, 363, 369, 401, 406, 430, 431, 432, 437, 438, 439, 441, 442, 
444, 445, 446, 448, 451, 453, 455, 456, 457, 463, 464, 465, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 476, 477, 480, 526, 541, 543, 546, 547
Solomon-of-Conneaut's, 445

Solon, 468

son, 24, 27, 30, 66, 75, 87, 100, 101, 104, 111, 113, 123, 128, 131, 132, 133, 143, 152, 163, 179, 182, 185, 186, 187, 
192, 199, 206, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 221, 224, 225, 234, 238, 240, 243, 250, 263, 266, 267, 284, 285, 290, 300, 302, 
323, 351, 353, 354, 362, 364, 372, 373, 378, 379, 381, 390, 396, 403, 405, 406, 407, 408, 409, 410, 411, 412, 413, 415, 
416, 420, 421, 430, 432, 433, 440, 444, 454, 460, 469, 472, 473, 474, 475, 477, 479, 485, 488, 489, 493, 494, 495, 496, 
498, 499, 506, 514, 516, 518, 519, 524, 541, 555, 556, 557, 558

son-in-law, 75, 113, 163, 185, 353, 474

sons, 111, 112, 182, 189, 220, 225, 249, 323, 354, 406, 407, 430, 442, 454, 468, 469, 494, 495, 496, 515, 519

soothsayer, 500

Sophia, 340, 408

sophomore, 25

Sophronia, 323, 324, 347, 377, 545

sorcerer's, 221

Sorenson, 87, 454

soul, 14, 162, 273, 345
souls, 303

source, 25, 29, 32, 48, 108, 112, 149, 161, 164, 166, 172, 226, 367, 368, 369, 402, 435, 443, 486, 494, 517, 530, 538, 
542, 548, 556
sources, 26, 30, 32, 35, 87, 177, 180, 181, 192, 214, 242, 256, 258, 269, 297, 299, 314, 329, 334, 336, 337, 342, 361, 
402, 407, 432, 433, 442, 450, 458, 459, 461, 466, 470, 484, 498, 505, 506, 510, 514, 515, 516, 525, 527, 528, 539, 
549, 558

south, 38, 40, 184, 187, 214, 217, 218, 220, 221, 224, 225, 229, 232, 233, 254, 262, 264, 286, 288, 290, 306, 317, 
323, 324, 325, 326, 343, 371, 372, 376, 385, 406, 412, 418, 427, 446, 462, 493, 498, 500, 508, 516, 528, 530, 554, 
555, 557
South, 40, 50, 159, 224, 226, 228, 229, 252, 265, 266, 278, 285, 381, 395, 413, 418, 419, 438, 454, 477, 538, 541

Southampton, 513

southbound stage coach, 326

southeast, 290, 340, 369, 370, 412, 437, 462, 476, 536
southeastern, 407, 409

southern, 216, 218, 278, 289, 374, 375, 413, 555
Southern, 14, 489

southwest, 207, 216, 286, 344, 415, 417

Souvenir, 505, 513, 516, 517, 549
space, 91, 94, 136, 229, 233, 234, 371, 523
spaces, 446

Spalding, 1, 4, 9, 14, 15, 17, 19, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 36, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 48, 49, 50, 
51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 70, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 
88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 103, 104, 105, 106, 107, 108, 109, 113, 115, 117, 118, 120, 121, 122, 123, 
124, 125, 126, 127, 128, 131, 132, 133, 134, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 147, 148, 149, 150, 151, 153, 
154, 156, 159, 160, 161, 163, 165, 167, 169, 174, 175, 176, 177, 193, 195, 196, 197, 198, 203, 204, 207, 209, 210, 244, 
245, 269, 288, 295, 299, 306, 307, 308, 309, 311, 317, 326, 339, 349, 352, 353, 357, 358, 360, 362, 363, 364, 368, 369, 
385, 389, 390, 392, 398, 401, 402, 429, 430, 431, 432, 434, 436, 437, 438, 439, 440, 441, 442, 444, 445, 446, 448, 449, 
451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 457, 463, 464, 465, 466, 468, 469, 470, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 480, 481, 525, 
526, 541, 543, 546, 547, 554, 556

Spalding/Davison, 167, 176, 441, 451
Spalding/Davison's, 167, 441

Spalding/McKinstry, 59

Spalding-Davison, 165, 352, 480
Spalding-Davison's, 480

Spalding-Lake, 432

Spalding-related, 556

Spalding-Rigdon, 14, 15, 104

Spaldings, 26, 40, 41, 49, 61, 62, 87, 90, 122, 133, 163, 352, 401, 438

Spaniard, 185, 262
Spaniards, 184, 262, 521
Spaniard's, 262

Spanish, 229, 263

Spaulding, 4, 13, 23, 28, 31, 32, 36, 37, 47, 48, 49, 51, 58, 78, 79, 84, 85, 99, 104, 110, 114, 122, 123, 124, 125, 126, 
127, 128, 129, 130, 134, 138, 139, 152, 154, 155, 156, 157, 163, 164, 165, 244, 310, 354, 401, 430, 433, 434, 435, 436, 
437, 441, 451, 455, 462, 463, 465, 466, 467, 471, 472, 473, 477, 478, 479, 548, 554

Spaulding/Book, 47
Spaulding-Davison's, 139
Spaulding's, 31, 37, 47, 48, 49, 51, 58, 85, 99, 110, 114, 127, 128, 129, 130, 152, 156, 164, 165, 244, 310, 433, 434, 
455, 554
Spawlding, 136, 138

Spear, 474, 475

spectacles, 24, 183, 186, 187, 188, 219, 240, 306, 506

spectacular, 71, 300

Spectator, 72, 411, 449, 518

speculate, 49, 393, 402, 410, 495, 556
speculating, 441

speculation, 11, 26, 97, 117, 197, 368, 440, 501
speculations, 26, 139, 211, 212, 393

speculative, 199, 525

speculator, 217, 289, 414, 432

spell, 435
spelled, 459, 512, 535
spelling, 100, 132, 202, 320, 325, 430, 437, 439, 473, 482, 492, 496, 556
spellings, 89, 430, 445, 473, 556, 557
spells, 328, 442, 502

Spencer, 97, 431, 445

Sperry, 28, 433

spineless, 538

spirit, 9, 25, 35, 43, 65, 70, 94, 190, 219, 220, 221, 222, 227, 233, 234, 299, 301, 361, 373, 374, 375, 376, 380, 436, 502, 
503, 506, 530
spirits, 9, 27, 75, 81, 219, 239, 371
spirit's, 502

spiritual, 24, 155, 178, 227, 234, 238, 240, 313, 356, 376, 379, 506, 538, 551
Spiritualism, 392

Spokesman, 154

Sprague's, 330, 426

Spring, 221, 319, 335, 336, 337, 371, 372, 373, 485, 490, 494, 508, 526, 530, 531, 537, 546, 550, 551, 554

Springfield, 31, 40, 45, 52, 53, 64, 396, 426, 431, 438, 439, 520, 521, 544

Springville, 426

spurious, 402, 522

spy, 268, 269, 280, 526

Square, 27, 408

squash, 392

Squire, 54, 66, 71, 216, 310, 407, 408, 410, 435, 441, 444, 495, 522, 558

Squires, 184, 185, 187, 188

Sr., 90, 105, 119, 121, 122, 123, 125, 133, 149, 150, 164, 166, 175, 198, 213, 214, 216, 217, 220, 222, 284, 318, 370, 
371, 374, 376, 377, 378, 381, 403, 405, 407, 408, 409, 415, 417, 419, 420, 423, 430, 434, 447, 455, 464, 465, 468, 469, 
471, 474, 477, 493, 494, 495, 512, 523, 527, 529, 535, 544, 555, 556, 557, 558
Sr.'s, 284, 455, 469, 471, 477, 495, 527, 535, 544, 558


St., 1, 4, 11, 12, 28, 102, 120, 137, 148, 157, 158, 159, 160, 184, 227, 228, 245, 246, 247, 248, 250, 251, 255, 256, 257, 
306, 335, 371, 429, 433, 439, 453, 458, 463, 469, 470, 479, 482, 498, 507, 508, 509, 516, 527, 536, 543, 547, 549, 550, 556

St. Clair, 28, 102, 137, 335, 549

St. John, 227, 228, 245, 246, 247, 248, 250, 251, 255, 256, 257, 439, 507, 508, 509
St. John-Marsh, 246, 507

Stafford, 238, 244, 276, 281, 290, 291, 292, 293, 323, 338, 371, 372, 421, 506, 524, 530, 536

stage, 167, 212, 268, 299, 300, 325, 326, 330, 385, 426, 427
Stage, 426, 428, 536, 547

stagecoach, 53, 515, 547
Stagecoaches, 426

stake, 17, 104, 363, 391, 516

Stan:
 Stan Larson (auth. see biblio.), 443 n.4

standard, 28, 29, 32, 36, 51, 164, 214, 230, 242, 435, 455
Standard, 4, 334, 389, 402, 447, 452, 482, 507, 536, 545, 548, 550, 551
standards, 36, 50, 141, 369, 444, 490

Stanley, 489, 493, 507
Stanley-Taylor, 507

Stanton, 460, 467, 477, 478

Star, 171, 248, 249, 251, 268, 309, 433, 434, 443, 447, 449, 450, 451, 483, 484, 490, 491, 503, 510, 514, 531, 538, 542, 
543, 552, 555

Stark, 132, 133

Starrett, 469

state, 47, 52, 57, 67, 70, 84, 102, 106, 108, 129, 159, 171, 172, 186, 199, 201, 205, 206, 209, 216, 228, 292, 293, 301, 
303, 315, 325, 375, 436, 439, 453, 481, 484, 506, 516, 518, 524

State, 36, 37, 44, 49, 72, 82, 129, 130, 131, 185, 191, 199, 274, 320, 323, 359, 396, 407, 408, 412, 431, 434, 436, 438, 
440, 447, 448, 458, 459, 460, 484, 488, 494, 495, 497, 503, 504, 507, 513, 521, 525, 537, 546, 549, 555

stated, 13, 18, 33, 37, 49, 86, 104, 108, 116, 117, 122, 125, 133, 134, 137, 138, 139, 140, 164, 166, 176, 205, 210, 258, 
280, 286, 298, 302, 311, 314, 338, 346, 349, 359, 390, 427, 438, 439, 447, 450, 466, 487, 506, 516, 533, 536, 557

statement, 39, 46, 48, 51, 52, 54, 60, 61, 63, 64, 66, 68, 70, 74, 79, 83, 85, 88, 104, 106, 109, 113, 116, 117, 118, 121, 
122, 125, 127, 131, 134, 135, 137, 139, 140, 141, 142, 145, 149, 150, 151, 152, 156, 159, 160, 165, 166, 168, 176, 185, 
186, 209, 244, 247, 250, 273, 277, 278, 286, 290, 291, 292, 295, 310, 312, 314, 321, 322, 325, 331, 347, 349, 352, 391, 
394, 399, 402, 435, 436, 437, 439, 441, 442, 444, 448, 450, 452, 453, 455, 462, 464, 465, 466, 467, 471, 472, 474, 476, 
479, 480, 481, 482, 486, 487, 490, 500, 502, 504, 506, 523, 526, 535, 539, 540, 542, 543, 545, 547, 549

Statement, 65, 156, 292, 320, 430, 435, 441, 442, 452, 453, 454, 482, 535, 537, 542, 543, 549, 553

statements, 29, 30, 40, 41, 43, 44, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53, 55, 60, 69, 73, 74, 88, 90, 103, 104, 122, 143, 149, 151, 156, 
164, 167, 181, 288, 291, 310, 312, 317, 319, 332, 334, 369, 379, 438, 439, 443, 481, 498, 516, 529, 530, 533, 536, 553

states, 32, 46, 47, 137, 164, 182, 218, 245, 267, 297, 410, 439, 448, 455, 459, 491, 495, 502, 505, 517, 518, 525, 539, 
540, 545, 554, 558

Statesman, 136, 470, 474, 475, 547

stationers, 175, 470

stationery, 91, 110, 118
Stationery, 469, 470

Statute, 330, 381, 395, 397, 521, 530

steal, 391

stealing, 301, 466

Steam, 119, 451, 498, 542

steamboat, 159, 335
Steamboat, 426, 547
Steamboat, Stage, and Canal Register, 426, 547

steamer, 428, 479

steamship, 14

Stebbins, 247, 508

step-brother, 472

Stephen, 136, 137, 206, 212, 218, 223, 224, 229, 270, 340, 384, 385, 386, 412, 413, 415, 416, 418, 433, 472, 492, 494, 
496, 497, 502, 514, 528

stepmother, 423, 442, 540
step-mother, 228, 417

steps, 227, 269, 274, 314, 332, 345, 520

Stets, 475

Steuben, 421, 422, 512, 513

Steubenville-Youngstown-Warren-Cleveland, 385

Steven, 479

Stevens, 504, 508

Stevenson, 480, 537

Steward, 535

Stewart, 267, 268, 280

Stiles, 490, 502

Stillson, 519

Stillwater, 468

stitch-bound, 92
stitched, 456
stitching, 367

stitchometry, 368

Stoal, 374, 375, 376, 380, 521

Stockbridge, 251

stockholders, 459, 510

Stockholm, 306

Stockton, 91, 137, 485

Stoddard, 377, 502, 522, 523

stole, 28, 103, 125, 390
stolen, 125, 161, 182, 241, 320, 322, 323, 347, 377, 398

stone, 86, 134, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 218, 219, 222, 240, 241, 264, 271, 290, 292, 293, 307, 318, 320, 
322, 370, 371, 375, 378, 382, 393, 439, 445, 486, 493, 530, 540, 542

stone-cutters, 271

stone-in-the-hat, 264

stonemason, 267

stones, 24, 86, 186, 240, 540

store, 25, 26, 54, 61, 64, 71, 72, 79, 84, 124, 125, 129, 133, 135, 141, 163, 209, 210, 234, 239, 294, 301, 352, 376, 549
stores, 517, 530

stories, 35, 75, 79, 80, 170, 179, 193, 200, 202, 312, 333, 346, 383, 384, 385
Stories, 528, 533, 550

Storm (see Rosa, Storm)

Storrs, 113, 114, 115, 116, 467

story, 13, 15, 24, 25, 31, 36, 38, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 63, 80, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 104, 
110, 114, 118, 126, 155, 161, 164, 173, 174, 179, 180, 181, 182, 187, 191, 192, 198, 199, 202, 240, 241, 246, 259, 262, 
269, 279, 296, 298, 299, 311, 314, 318, 327, 355, 376, 384, 385, 387, 401, 454, 457, 461, 481, 485, 486, 488, 491, 503, 
506, 521, 538, 539, 544, 545, 556
Story, 31, 32, 38, 55, 57, 59, 60, 63, 64, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 99, 104, 
131, 142, 368, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 441, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 460, 461, 462, 463, 465, 466, 467, 471, 
477, 478, 505, 521, 548, 550, 552, 554

Story -- Conneaut, 31, 38, 55, 57, 59, 60, 63, 64, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 
99, 131, 368, 432, 437, 451, 452, 453, 454, 455, 456, 471, 554


Stout, 386, 531

Stowel, 530
Stowell, 189, 211, 229, 262, 263, 264, 265, 275, 293, 358, 359, 374, 375, 380, 395, 398, 501, 521, 522, 523, 530, 537

Stowes, 398

strait, 84, 87, 453
Strait, 84, 87, 88
straits, 84, 87, 142, 453, 454
Straits, 45, 50, 86, 87

Strang, 161

stranger, 106, 188, 225, 277, 297, 321, 322, 323, 324, 346, 347, 352, 387, 438, 448, 551
strangers, 391, 551

Stratford, 488, 549

Stratton, 459

street, 119, 120, 125, 133, 134, 191, 238, 244, 277, 292, 316, 362, 472, 504, 506
streets, 120, 148, 165, 470

strike-outs, 79, 293, 301, 456

Stringer, 489

strokes, 551

strong, 18, 30, 32, 33, 65, 70, 81, 157, 180, 182, 186, 189, 190, 219, 238, 270, 289, 304, 359, 363, 391, 465, 470, 476, 
523, 533
Strong, 241, 257, 259, 261, 264, 285, 343, 421, 503, 504, 518, 522

Stuart, 443

student, 14, 73, 189, 210, 387, 468
students, 431, 457

studied, 25, 202, 354, 391

studies, 445, 522
Studies, 454, 458, 481, 485, 487, 490, 494, 522, 526, 531, 537, 544, 546, 551, 552, 554

studious, 430

study, 9, 100, 101, 105, 152, 153, 159, 177, 179, 180, 204, 386, 445, 459, 472, 490, 498, 525
studying, 105, 127, 163, 514

Sturbridge, 464

Sturgeon, 469

style, 26, 37, 41, 46, 47, 49, 51, 60, 81, 82, 86, 107, 124, 126, 149, 163, 195, 202, 219, 306, 313, 386, 447, 452, 478, 481

subpoenaed, 449, 502

subscribed, 296, 325
subscribers, 252, 258, 267, 470

subscription, 43, 430, 480
subscriptions, 268, 375

subterfuge, 59, 370, 452
subterfuges, 465

subvert, 484

successor, 100, 136, 186, 459, 470, 520

suicide, 274, 509

suit, 112, 172, 302, 441

Sullivan, 110, 466, 476

sum, 42, 59, 72, 75, 150, 192, 196, 262, 294, 430, 481, 506

Sumerian, 384

Summer, 287, 336, 341, 342, 373, 376, 379, 380, 437, 474, 480, 481, 482

summers, 133, 324, 404, 469

Sumner, 483

Sun, 305, 329, 330, 331, 332, 335, 340, 341, 342, 541

Sunderland, 361

Sunstone, 552

superadded, 58

superannuated, 174

superficial, 170, 171

supernatural, 124

superstitious, 182, 202, 246

supervision, 369, 449
Supervisor, 67

surgeon, 511
Surgeon, 250
Surgeons, 439

surname, 414, 445, 492, 494, 556, 557
surnames, 494

surreptitiously, 28, 59, 232, 353, 357

survey, 26, 136, 259, 295, 529, 557
surveyed, 33, 42, 446

surveyor, 444

survive, 67, 149, 362, 518

survived, 14, 44, 60, 119, 165, 212, 360, 361, 430, 442, 453, 469, 510, 522, 535, 543

survives, 293, 377, 517

surviving, 51, 149, 248, 253, 259, 260, 265, 278, 369, 469, 488, 519, 531

Susan, 508

suspect, 393
suspected, 58, 148, 186, 352, 363, 556

suspended, 180, 295, 381, 510, 528, 538

suspends, 380

suspicion, 47, 148, 312, 322, 352, 391
suspicioned, 124, 196, 401
suspicions, 127, 391

suspicious, 34, 50, 197, 299, 360, 402

Susquehanna, 73, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 190, 191, 192, 262, 263, 372, 374, 407, 450, 486, 502, 522, 523
Susquehannah, 521

Sussex, 463

Suthen Cowdery, 497

Sutton, 447, 459, 472, 482, 542, 555

Swan, 513, 518

Swift, 25, 469, 507

swindler, 276

sword, 72, 219, 222
Sword, 227, 556
swords, 456

swore, 72, 111, 186, 302, 347, 395, 399, 500
sworn, 160, 244, 272, 286, 291, 292, 302, 320, 321, 322, 324, 325, 349, 369, 398, 464, 466, 528, 530, 534, 535

sycophants, 515

Sylvester, 438

Sylvia, 291

symbol, 396
symbols, 233, 270, 384, 385, 386, 387, 455

Symonds, 171

sympathies, 391

Syracuse, 330, 375, 426, 487, 509, 512, 513, 517, 548, 557
Syracuse-Binghamton-Colesville, 330

system, 4, 86, 97, 390, 489

systematically, 75, 234, 355, 432, 480

systems, 390


T

tabernacle, 190
Tabernacle, 443, 498, 500

table, 291, 321, 400, 486

tablets, 14, 24, 320

tabloid, 441

Tacoma, 528

tale, 24, 32, 41, 88, 111, 112, 153, 231, 437, 487, 523, 539, 545
tales, 54, 75, 192, 200, 232, 239, 321, 346, 361, 537

Talmage, 429

Taneur, 392

Tanner, 338, 433, 443, 556

tannery, 102, 120, 135, 139, 212, 336
tanning, 462

tatter-demallions, 219

taught, 101, 110, 153, 173, 192, 209, 245, 288, 289, 290, 291, 292, 293, 295, 323, 355, 390, 468, 478, 514, 533

tavern, 123, 125, 129, 134, 214, 230, 268, 427, 473, 504, 530, 555, 556

Taves, 445

tax, 372, 412, 415, 416, 458, 495, 534, 557
Tax, 181, 222, 223, 372, 431, 437, 444, 445, 458, 502, 534, 558

Taylor, 156, 469, 488, 507, 554

teach, 11, 230, 290, 293, 304, 323, 532

teacher, 11, 125, 129, 171, 198, 201, 244, 291, 292, 390, 506
teachers, 84, 292, 336

teaches, 10, 11, 456

teaching, 11, 101, 152, 210, 234, 290, 298, 378, 461, 473, 516, 519, 540

team, 328
teams, 353

tear, 520
tears, 108, 438

technicality, 381, 395, 521

technique, 264, 522
techniques, 523

teen, 457
teenage, 105, 143, 464

Telegraph, 39, 44, 60, 71, 75, 77, 96, 97, 228, 256, 257, 314, 330, 339, 345, 426, 427, 432, 438, 439, 448, 451, 455, 457, 
472, 482, 489, 491, 497, 499, 508, 512, 513, 517, 518, 519, 522, 543, 548

telephone, 50

teller, 198, 199, 222, 327, 361, 396 (sp. teler), 499, 500

telling, 45, 52, 71, 140, 273, 297, 316, 332, 351, 375, 381, 386, 483, 503, 519, 522, 532, 545

temperance, 251, 524
Temperance, 513

Templar, 524
Templars, 266

Temple, 159, 277, 362, 369, 509, 532, 554

temporal, 283, 533

tenants, 26, 535

tended, 133, 537

tenements, 372

Tennessee, 267

tent, 230, 286, 287, 337, 485

Terre Haute, IN:
 276, 531

terribly, 275

terrific, 281

terrorist, 531

Terryl, 369, 554

test, 9, 35, 83, 139, 369, 450, 545

Testament, 107, 163, 551
Testaments, 33, 432

testified, 72, 74, 89, 156, 302, 319, 400, 443, 449, 530
testifies, 58, 89, 375

testify, 71, 72, 111, 151, 272, 275, 401, 448, 505
testifying, 37, 44, 53, 66, 72, 359

testimonial, 48, 115
testimonials, 48

testimonies, 60, 64, 242, 529

testimony, 28, 29, 30, 33, 35, 39, 41, 46, 48, 54, 58, 62, 64, 65, 68, 73, 79, 81, 104, 105, 106, 109, 110, 111, 116, 117, 
128, 130, 139, 151, 153, 154, 156, 157, 162, 187, 204, 237, 242, 273, 274, 275, 278, 280, 289, 290, 302, 303, 317, 355, 
385, 389, 447, 448, 475, 506, 529, 530, 532, 536, 546
Testimony, 32, 69, 81, 263, 317, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 327, 375, 429, 433, 457, 532

Tex., 544
Texas, 315, 316, 317, 544

text, 17, 27, 30, 33, 62, 64, 83, 85, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 109, 114, 121, 130, 148, 156, 195, 196, 233, 251, 253, 295, 311, 
328, 331, 333, 346, 352, 360, 383, 385, 395, 396, 402, 404, 411, 412, 432, 433, 436, 437, 443, 453, 456, 466, 467, 477, 
485, 487, 505, 507, 509, 514, 517, 519, 520, 524, 540, 541, 548, 555
texts, 367

textual, 54
Textual, 432, 509

Thaddeus, 471, 472

Thankful, 204, 491

Thayer's, 294, 376

The Newspaper, 279

theocracy, 15, 16

Theodore, 29, 77, 155, 430, 433, 441, 447, 451, 472, 478, 483, 488, 553

theological, 11, 12, 196, 341, 465
theology, 14, 101, 193, 472

theophany, 404

theories, 488, 526
theory, 14, 15, 23, 29, 31, 32, 39, 47, 77, 90, 103, 155, 187, 398
Theory, 433, 453, 455, 456, 471

Theron, 338, 504

thesis, 14, 447, 475, 480, 481, 506

Thetford, 518

thieves, 466, 510

Thomas, 13, 67, 100, 111, 125, 128, 131, 153, 189, 267, 285, 288, 291, 295, 312, 322, 324, 338, 344, 394, 402, 414, 432, 
443, 451, 457, 458, 459, 462, 466, 472, 474, 500, 507, 513, 521, 522, 534, 535, 536, 537, 543
Thos., 123, 513

Thompson, 131, 436, 473, 524, 525, 526, 531, 532
Thomson, 130

Thorne, 550

Thorp, 330, 426

thriftless, 200

Thum Moroni (see also Moroni):
JS reportedly at first referred to his angel visitor as Thum Moroni, 484 n.24

thumb, 320

Thurlow, 228, 256, 257, 261, 522, 525, 526

Thurston, 158, 454, 455, 479

Tiba, 132, 473
Tibba, 132

ticket, 304, 524

Tiffany's, 538, 552

Tiffin, 249, 256, 260, 263, 271, 402, 511, 550

Tilton, 133

timber, 189, 323, 557

Times, 114, 249, 435, 442, 443, 447, 459, 460, 465, 466, 467, 478, 479, 482, 483, 484, 488, 508, 510, 521, 523, 539, 
547, 549, 552

Timothy, 241, 438, 503, 522

tin, 491

Tioga, 407

title, 29, 31, 68, 77, 80, 82, 83, 85, 107, 108, 111, 114, 124, 125, 164, 199, 216, 219, 244, 261, 325, 348, 352, 379, 434, 
437, 443, 445, 451, 465, 485, 505, 515, 517, 518
titles, 281, 468, 491

toad, 219

Toland, 408

Tolomon (see Solomon)

tombstone, 128, 445, 493

tomes, 281

Tonawanda, 268

tongue, 34, 100, 199, 508
tongue-in-cheek, 508
tongues, 34, 273

Toronto, 267

Tower, 24, 267
Tower's, 267

town, 33, 44, 70, 81, 84, 97, 99, 100, 103, 107, 116, 119, 120, 134, 144, 148, 175, 182, 185, 200, 207, 209, 216, 218, 219, 
222, 225, 226, 230, 238, 241, 246, 255, 262, 263, 264, 268, 275, 286, 294, 296, 297, 298, 304, 320, 324, 326, 331, 335, 
339, 340, 341, 342, 379, 397, 405, 406, 415, 434, 443, 451, 457, 462, 468, 493, 496, 497, 498, 499, 509, 511, 513, 514, 
522, 524, 527, 530, 535, 552, 556
towns, 226, 246, 348, 524

Townsend, 489, 490, 502

township, 46, 49, 66, 131, 218, 252, 285, 323, 344, 413, 415, 434, 440, 444, 461, 493, 499, 535, 553
Township, 28, 68, 100, 101, 102, 131, 132, 133, 137, 161, 168, 225, 260, 285, 286, 289, 325, 335, 340, 342, 344, 371, 
372, 374, 406, 408, 409, 410, 411, 414, 415, 416, 417, 419, 421, 432, 433, 434, 437, 457, 458, 459, 462, 471, 472, 473, 
476, 494, 495, 496, 499, 500, 534, 535, 549, 557, 558
Twp., 426, 458

townspeople, 474

track, 197, 394, 397

tract, 42, 104, 225, 416, 432, 435, 457, 466, 557
tracts, 26, 84, 156, 226, 385, 423, 470, 556

Tracy, 279

trade, 91, 124, 147, 182, 200, 226, 250, 260, 267, 285, 385, 475, 509, 556

tradition, 15, 314, 462
traditions, 11, 181
Traditions, 526

traditional, 23, 242, 287, 305, 449
traditionally, 74, 99, 426

tragedies (of Wm. Morgan), 268

tragic assassination of President James A. Garfield, 447 n.35

tragically, 215, 406

trail, 359, 450, 531

train, 190, 226, 246, 460
trained, 251, 495
training, 100, 175, 217, 223, 228, 248, 250, 255, 368, 457, 514
trains, 216, 404

traitor, 475
traitors, 230, 489

tramp, 227, 244

trample, 360

transactions, 157, 222, 319, 412, 453
Transactions, 535

transcribe, 299, 300, 506
transcribed, 24, 497, 513, 545, 549

transcript, 97, 124, 386, 435

Transcript Printing Co., 520

transcription, 60, 61, 117, 442, 481

transform, 30, 368

transformation, 325

transformed, 27, 63, 81, 177, 197, 363, 369

translate, 24, 86, 180, 186, 233, 307, 377, 387, 399, 486, 487, 538
translated, 37, 60, 186, 188, 233, 234, 307, 359, 378, 399, 400, 454, 486, 500, 540, 541
translates, 43, 65

translating, 178, 187, 232, 233, 234, 262, 295, 377, 378, 379, 380, 400, 431, 442, 486, 555
translating-room, 187

translation, 85, 149, 158, 159, 178, 187, 188, 230, 233, 234, 259, 297, 299, 300, 301, 306, 311, 357, 358, 377, 378, 381, 
387, 442, 488, 506, 539
translations, 203, 360
Translations, 484

translator, 24
translators, 430

transparent, 24, 186, 264

trashy, 255

travel, 35, 53, 215, 217, 221, 224, 225, 285, 287, 302, 305, 330, 331, 339, 340, 341, 342, 344, 346, 360, 374, 377, 378, 
382, 404, 407, 411, 425, 426, 427, 428, 445, 449, 547

traveled, 40, 54, 82, 206, 223, 273, 287, 346, 384, 385, 404, 415, 419, 423, 427, 428, 448, 536, 540

traveler, 426

traveling, 37, 224, 226, 228, 259, 305, 309, 404, 442, 448, 449, 467, 527, 555

travels, 45, 242, 345, 378, 381, 405, 412, 415

Treadwell, 122, 471

treasure, 54, 73, 75, 182, 184, 185, 186, 202, 227, 229, 232, 239, 262, 263, 265, 295, 314, 315, 316, 317, 358, 359, 371, 
374, 375, 376, 377, 395, 484, 486, 490, 500, 502, 522, 523, 537, 554

Treasure Searching, 544

treasures, 75, 182, 185, 189, 222, 314, 315, 320, 359, 371, 375, 530

treasure-seeking, 73

treatise, 29

treaty, 511

tree, 132, 198, 430, 492, 530
trees, 178, 201, 548

trek, 410

tremens, 275

Trento, 542

trial, 59, 70, 71, 72, 159, 191, 272, 300, 302, 355, 375, 381, 395, 397, 398, 440, 443, 448, 449, 450, 456, 505, 528, 529, 
530, 541, 553

Trial of Elder Rigdon, 483, 552

trials, 395, 460, 502, 521, 528, 530

triangle, 397, 468

tribe, 24, 27, 67, 202, 446
tribes, 23, 24, 27, 40, 41, 43, 44, 47, 48, 49, 50, 84, 89, 91, 97, 124, 126, 157, 180, 312, 446, 472

Tribune, 353, 374, 389, 443, 478, 483, 522, 543, 549

trick, 155, 181, 189, 202, 308, 356
tricks, 226, 361

trip, 34, 41, 53, 55, 70, 71, 96, 203, 206, 214, 224, 225, 231, 234, 249, 293, 296, 297, 301, 305, 307, 311, 315, 316, 330, 
335, 338, 339, 341, 342, 344, 346, 358, 361, 377, 378, 380, 385, 413, 415, 425, 426, 427, 428, 460, 531, 557

Tripoli, 511

trips, 300, 348, 358, 379, 425, 485

trouble, 55, 149, 170, 230, 268, 301, 303, 316, 370, 501, 517
troubles, 153, 329, 440, 460

troublesome, 14, 109, 134, 308

Troy, 410, 411

Trumbull, 101, 174, 225, 230, 284, 285, 286, 289, 324, 363, 384, 410, 413, 414 (msp Trunbull), 415, 416, 417, 418, 421, 
457, 459, 460, 461, 462, 483, 534, 535, 537, 558

trumpet, 116, 323

trunk, 31, 54, 55, 59, 60, 77, 78, 80, 90, 163, 198, 352, 398, 452

trust, 174, 238
trusted, 229, 292

trustee, 68, 290, 434
trustees, 292, 293, 305, 473

truth, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 32, 33, 37, 50, 73, 74, 110, 111, 112, 113, 116, 130, 140, 149, 155, 160, 168, 173, 196, 202, 203, 
205, 206, 210, 233, 234, 242, 249, 269, 296, 297, 303, 310, 322, 328, 351, 355, 356, 362, 367, 368, 387, 392, 436, 439, 
448, 449, 450, 458, 483, 516, 532, 542, 551

Truth Will Prevail, 460, 461, 547

truthful, 39, 117, 128, 167, 273, 353
truthfully, 234

truthfulness, 126, 242

Truths, 399, 435, 440, 441, 443, 448, 450, 452, 477, 479, 489, 506, 507, 535, 536, 539, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 
548, 549, 553

tubercular, 260
tuberculosis, 212

Tuchman, 367

Tucker, 57, 180, 181, 191, 241, 242, 244, 322, 333, 347, 471, 485, 490, 499, 502, 503, 504, 528, 533, 537, 539, 546, 550

tuition, 220

Tunbridge, 216, 217, 218, 224, 250, 372, 384, 405, 406, 407, 413, 415, 419, 495, 499, 512, 514, 518

Turhand, 289

turky, 318

Turner, 209, 211, 225, 226, 227, 228, 237, 241, 242, 243, 244, 245, 247, 249, 250, 251, 254, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259, 267, 
271, 272, 273, 279, 292, 299, 300, 301, 310, 325, 326, 333, 344, 348, 395, 396, 398, 407, 471, 485, 492, 493, 503, 504, 
505, 506, 509, 513, 516, 517, 519, 520, 521, 528, 536, 539, 546, 556

Turney, 556

turnips, 238, 503

turns, 24, 89, 118, 120, 174, 219, 245, 253, 254, 284, 289, 389, 435

tutelage, 217, 241

tutor, 468

Tuttle, 342, 493, 503, 530

Twelve, 32, 156, 173, 479, 531

twins, 336
Twins, 552

type, 73, 92, 220, 227, 228, 229, 247, 249, 250, 251, 256, 257, 260, 266, 298, 512, 515, 517, 541
typed, 470, 475, 492, 546

type-form, 256

types, 46, 92, 279, 468, 510

typescript, 454, 458, 509, 549

typeset, 398
typesetter, 250, 298, 317, 379
typesetting, 380

Typo, 257, 512, 516

typographical, 93, 262, 342, 444, 465, 504


U

U. S., 67, 139, 198, 409, 431, 432, 434, 473, 474, 494, 496, 497, 511, 513, 516, 521, 534, 535, 543
U.S., 44, 219, 249, 266, 415, 473, 495, 496, 509, 527, 557
U.S.A, 431

unattributed, 441

unbelieving, 288, 361

unbiased, 334

unchristian, 35, 36, 167
unchristianlike, 32

unclaimed, 132, 242, 537

uncle, 55, 131, 132, 164, 188, 213, 214, 217, 241, 270, 284, 290, 306, 314, 323, 384, 385, 386, 393, 415, 416, 422, 424, 
444, 445, 463, 480, 496, 516, 558
uncle/father-in-law, 558

unclear, 33, 66, 133, 154, 216, 241, 246, 306, 445, 539

Unconfirmed, 337, 338

uncover, 39, 63, 180, 471

undated, 443, 501, 519, 523

underground, 375, 395

undermines, 476

unearthed, 358, 384

unfinished, 80, 86, 90, 92, 93, 94, 95, 131, 179, 453, 520

unidentified, 39, 40, 85, 241, 258, 454, 515

uninhabited, 262

unintelligible, 222

uninvestigated, 488

Union, 390, 431, 464, 466, 509, 519, 557
United, 4, 13, 99, 153, 192, 256, 281, 431, 450, 465, 471, 472, 475, 482, 513, 518, 524, 529

uniting, 201, 294, 327

universal, 364

Universalist, 238, 327
Universalists, 398, 532

Univ., 550
UNIVERISITY, 393
University, 68, 332, 368, 377, 434, 440, 441, 443, 447, 454, 455, 458, 459, 460, 461, 462, 463, 468, 471, 477, 478, 480, 
481, 484, 487, 489, 493, 494, 497, 498, 505, 506, 531, 536, 537, 546, 547, 554

unmarried, 284, 406, 447, 545

unmasked, 361

unmistakably, 59, 61, 331, 450, 481

unnamed, 87, 172, 279, 298, 454, 515, 517

unnoticed, 404

unnumbered, 517, 529

unobserved, 392

unpublished, 179, 213, 448, 453, 454, 461, 474, 480, 522, 558

unraveled, 387

unread, 74, 450

unreasonable, 223, 239, 295, 402

unrecorded, 551

unregenerate, 545

unreliable, 139, 151, 170, 174, 207, 269, 532

unreported, 133, 270, 555

unresolved, 14, 94, 406

unscrupulous, 432, 524

unsigned, 61, 64, 65, 450, 501
Unsigned, 65, 79

unsolved, 209, 520

unsophisticated, 182

unstable, 171, 242, 269, 353, 488, 538

unsteady, 447

unsubstantiated, 135, 155

unsuspecting, 46, 193, 331

untimely, 196, 475

untitled, 443, 448

untold, 387, 489
Unvailed, 38, 39, 77, 109, 195, 196, 347, 369, 437, 438, 439, 443, 444, 452, 453, 454, 464, 473, 476, 478, 480, 482, 486, 
489, 493, 502, 523, 530, 536, 537, 539, 540, 542, 545

unveil, 196
unveiled, 430, 437
Unveiled, 51, 393, 552

unwelcome, 189, 329, 532

unwitting, 206, 360, 361, 363, 432, 556

unworthily, 325
Upper, 468, 472

upstate, 198
Upstick, 482

Urania, 444

Urbana, 478, 487, 536, 550

Urim and Thummim (biblical divining lots): 
 JS’s odd instrument (breastplate & stones) later claimed as  biblical Urim & Thummim, 24, 183, 186, 227, 306, 
430 n.3, 540 n.65
 Rev. Ethan Smith said the Indians had a device like the Urim & Thummim), 540 n.65

UT, 436
Utah, 7, 17, 162, 354, 360, 386, 390, 429, 430, 433, 442, 453, 454, 471, 479, 480, 488, 490, 501, 506, 526, 527, 531, 
532, 548, 549, 551, 552, 554, 556

Utica, 426, 427, 525, 552
Utica-Rochester, 427
Utica-Schenectedy, 427


V

vagabond, 219, 222, 499
vagabonds, 219

Vagrant, 382, 397
Vagrants, 397

Valley, 25, 53, 55, 80, 107, 122, 129, 190, 344, 393, 416, 431, 441, 446, 513, 534, 535, 544
valleys, 446
Valleys, 344

Valparaiso, 87, 453

van, 68, 131, 198, 249, 459, 473, 476, 485, 489, 490, 511
Van, 13, 130, 170, 191, 192, 345, 361, 364, 430, 436, 459, 460, 461, 462, 477, 479, 482, 483, 488, 489, 492, 506, 507, 
509, 543, 544, 547, 548, 549, 551, 552, 553

van Buren, 198, 249, 489, 490, 511
Van Buren, 13, 361, 430, 552

van Meter, 459

Vanderhoof, 273, 524, 525, 528, 544, 545

Vandruver, 485

Vanduzer, 180, 181

Vaneman, 472

Vantage, 484, 544

variance, 486

variant, 27, 325, 445, 556

variation, 432, 486
variations, 180, 447, 455, 493, 529

varies, 542, 556

variety, 9, 33, 79, 94, 106, 119, 155, 200, 201, 228, 334, 352, 468, 470, 471, 535, 557

vengeance, 46, 165, 167, 353, 488

Vennem, 472
Vennum, 472
Venom, 123, 472

Venus, 502

verbatim, 45, 60, 61, 62, 158, 280, 299, 487

verdict, 72, 302, 481

verified, 59, 498

Veritas, 458

VT, 405, 406, 407, 409, 411, 412, 415, 494, 497
Vt., 384, 385, 405, 406, 407, 408, 411, 413, 415, 419, 493, 494, 496, 497, 499, 503, 504, 512, 514, 518, 527, 528, 
540, 557, 558
VT/NY, 412

Vermont, 34, 182, 209, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 228, 237, 241, 242, 250, 255, 257, 284, 
313, 359, 372, 384, 385, 396, 405, 407, 409, 411, 413, 415, 418, 419, 439, 474, 493, 494, 495, 497, 498, 499, 501, 503, 
514, 518, 519, 527, 555

Vernal, 454

Vernon, 285, 344, 410, 414, 415, 417, 421, 534, 536, 558

verse, 187, 542
versed, 244, 250, 368, 458
verses, 27, 542, 544

Vershire, 499

version, 31, 32, 39, 48, 65, 76, 81, 85, 92, 177, 178, 179, 216, 233, 240, 244, 265, 305, 329, 335, 363, 368, 369, 382, 
441, 454, 484, 485, 486, 487, 499, 521, 537, 539, 540, 542, 543, 549
versions, 432, 433, 441, 485

vessel, 511

veteran, 104, 467, 471, 517

vice, 248, 447
vices, 453

vicinity, 31, 183, 185, 188, 190, 191, 204, 205, 219, 221, 246, 275, 323, 328, 391, 448, 557

vicious, 29, 75, 238

victim, 170, 239
victims, 364

Victor, 525
Vienna, 239

view, 29, 40, 47, 59, 73, 126, 127, 130, 141, 143, 162, 200, 223, 302, 326, 391, 448, 494, 498, 544, 549, 551

View of the Hebrews, 540

views, 84, 170, 179, 520

Vigo, 531

vile, 46, 108, 438

vilify, 166, 176, 278, 514

village, 34, 36, 67, 91, 124, 125, 127, 134, 186, 190, 199, 238, 239, 240, 243, 275, 276, 279, 290, 317, 323, 325, 427, 
444, 504, 516, 517, 518, 533, 553
Village, 33, 469, 507, 508, 557
villages, 202, 226, 246
Villages, 517

villain, 364

Vinamin, 472

vindicated, 139, 140, 334

vindictive, 30, 159, 196

vintage, 436

violate, 70, 273

violence, 160, 192, 440, 443, 476

violent, 534

Virgil (first name):
Virgil D. White (ed. see biblio), 474 n.109

Virgin, 27

VA, 461, 482
Va., 342, 494, 512, 515, 547
Virginia, 127, 267, 342, 453, 480, 515

virulent, 156, 281

Vision, 177, 179, 180, 402, 479, 485, 550

visionary, 169, 170, 490

visit, 38, 40, 49, 53, 54, 57, 58, 64, 70, 74, 79, 80, 84, 85, 106, 113, 140, 141, 142, 143, 149, 160, 163, 175, 179, 206, 
214, 217, 218, 224, 225, 226, 227, 228, 230, 232, 234, 254, 265, 271, 287, 288, 296, 309, 316, 317, 326, 327, 330, 376, 
377, 378, 384, 386, 423, 439, 440, 451, 465, 476, 479, 504, 518, 530, 551, 554, 555

visitations, 193, 230, 460

visited, 23, 27, 30, 64, 67, 70, 83, 141, 142, 153, 159, 162, 163, 176, 181, 184, 187, 204, 205, 227, 228, 231, 246, 249, 
276, 288, 289, 295, 327, 328, 331, 332, 349, 373, 381, 409, 425, 446, 460, 485, 497, 532, 536, 540

visiting, 13, 31, 49, 133, 142, 150, 218, 222, 224, 226, 232, 279, 317, 321, 324, 326, 327, 347, 356, 440, 516, 528

visitor, 187, 220, 250, 297

visits, 141, 183, 203, 220, 245, 310, 321, 322, 326, 329, 341, 345, 346, 372, 373, 375, 378, 379, 381, 382, 393, 485

Vital, 499

Viz, 314

vocabulary, 481

vocal, 441

Vogel, 498, 508, 521, 523, 538, 552

voice, 134, 169, 171, 362, 364, 431

Voice of One Crying, 462, 482

Vol., 212, 334, 454, 474, 511, 523, 548, 558
volume, 4, 15, 17, 25, 69, 92, 175, 180, 209, 223, 237, 258, 270, 281, 337, 356, 367, 368, 369, 402, 449, 456, 468, 493, 
512, 527, 541, 549
volumes, 73, 144, 237, 273

von, 172, 454, 483, 532, 543, 544, 546

von Humboldt's, 187, 454

von Wymetal, 172, 483, 532, 543, 544, 546

vote, 524
Voters, 547
votes, 336, 341, 362

voyage, 86, 484


W

Wagnalls, 441, 451, 471

wagon, 142, 216, 232, 253, 266, 332, 376, 377, 404, 557

Wagoner, 170, 345, 364, 436, 459, 460, 461, 462, 477, 479, 482, 483, 488, 489, 492, 506, 509, 543, 544, 547, 548, 
549, 551, 553

wagonloads, 284
wagons, 191, 230, 254, 284, 285

Wait, 340
Waite, 343

waiting, 15, 142, 159, 161, 188, 372, 375, 376, 410, 411, 498, 499, 518, 522, 535, 537

waked, 391

Wakefield, 438

wakened, 391

Walden, 453

walk, 75, 119, 169, 175, 187, 189, 190, 192, 218, 227, 231, 260, 283, 416, 427, 428, 446, 468
walked, 169, 242, 273, 495, 500

Walker, 291, 468, 495, 558

walking, 268, 286, 290, 295, 296, 326, 385, 410, 413, 415, 488

Wall, 472, 488, 549

Waller, 527

Walnut, 469

Walter, 4, 103, 118, 218, 219, 220, 221, 222, 227, 228, 232, 286, 310, 335, 336, 337, 341, 342, 354, 392, 465, 485, 497, 
499, 500, 502, 537, 542, 548

Walter(s), 218, 221, 222, 227, 228, 232, 497, 499, 500

Walters, 4, 178, 179, 180, 219, 222, 485, 494, 497, 499, 500, 505, 510, 521, 523, 528, 530, 546, 550

Walton, 552

Walworth, 249, 256, 271, 511

Wandall, 525

wandering, 202, 259
wanderlust, 228, 403, 495

war, 24, 26, 82, 85, 86, 89, 147, 440, 456, 457, 500
War, 26, 85, 121, 216, 246, 251, 267, 384, 403, 411, 413, 415, 431, 432, 464, 471, 472, 474, 496, 497, 557

Ward, 260, 471, 513, 521

Warden, 527

Ware, 419

warfare, 309, 357

Warner, 286, 337, 482, 494

warrant, 29, 58, 305, 381, 395, 448, 530

Warren, 44, 100, 101, 212, 217, 223, 224, 226, 228, 229, 248, 249, 252, 253, 254, 265, 266, 268, 270, 275, 278, 279, 283, 
285, 286, 287, 336, 340, 341, 343, 344, 347, 385, 411, 412, 413, 414, 418, 420, 423, 438, 453, 458, 459, 460, 462, 467, 
480, 492, 493, 494, 495, 496, 497, 502, 506, 509, 510, 513, 514, 515, 516, 524, 525, 528, 529, 535, 537, 554
Warren's, 223, 229, 252, 253, 278, 286, 411, 413, 495, 514, 515, 516, 524

Warrensville, 342

warrent, 315

warriors, 457

wars, 40, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 104, 126, 454

Warsaw, 241

WA, 528
Washington, 4, 13, 25, 108, 118, 127, 132, 163, 276, 335, 408, 419, 432, 433, 442, 444, 452, 455, 458, 459, 460, 463, 464, 
468, 471, 472, 473, 474, 475, 476, 477, 480, 482, 495, 503, 505, 518, 543, 549, 554

Wasson, 186

watches, 276, 376

watchmaking, 474

Watchman, 443, 552

water, 45, 182, 183, 184, 189, 190, 193, 226, 497

Waterloo, 422, 538, 546

Waterman, 338

watermarked, 92, 456
watermarks, 456

Waters, 500

water-witch, 182
water-witching, 226

Watson, 531

Waugh, 468

Wayne, 1, 4, 57, 180, 181, 182, 191, 204, 214, 220, 242, 243, 318, 320, 321, 325, 348, 373, 375, 379, 381, 412, 419, 421, 
442, 479, 480, 484, 485, 491, 493, 494, 496, 497, 498, 499, 502, 504, 518, 522, 523, 524, 540, 543

Waynesboro, 474
Waynesburgh, 476

wealth, 80, 222, 239, 315, 373
wealthy, 16, 54, 144, 165, 229, 247, 296, 404, 469

weather, 161, 228, 229, 305, 324, 333, 343, 346, 347, 348, 378, 409, 426, 548

Weathersfield, 462

Weaver, 453

web, 300, 429, 453
web-host, 429
website, 481

Webster's, 390

wedding, 19, 67, 72, 101, 218, 285, 287, 337, 339, 340, 343, 375, 460, 463, 481, 499, 508, 537

Weed, 228, 256, 257, 261, 517, 519, 522, 525, 526, 534
Weed's, 228, 256, 257, 522

week, 44, 68, 102, 116, 122, 148, 153, 224, 239, 254, 288, 291, 295, 296, 306, 311, 329, 331, 332, 340, 341, 346, 390, 
391, 392, 427, 470, 491, 518, 541
Weekly, 96, 97, 432, 457, 481, 491, 497
weeks, 95, 97, 101, 103, 123, 150, 168, 201, 206, 224, 225, 229, 231, 233, 252, 254, 258, 261, 264, 287, 289, 294, 300, 
304, 311, 312, 327, 340, 344, 345, 348, 349, 374, 379, 380, 383, 396, 427, 478, 518, 521, 541, 548

Weeks, 518, 531

weight, 260, 355, 427, 519

Weirton, 342

Welch, 454, 536, 550

welfare, 219, 268, 453

well, 9, 15, 16, 25, 26, 28, 29, 39, 40, 44, 45, 46, 52, 59, 63, 64, 67, 73, 81, 82, 83, 85, 86, 91, 93, 96, 97, 100, 101, 107, 
108, 112, 118, 119, 120, 123, 125, 131, 132, 134, 135, 137, 138, 139, 140, 142, 143, 144, 145, 149, 151, 152, 156, 157, 
158, 159, 160, 162, 163, 165, 166, 168, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178, 181, 182, 187, 190, 193, 195, 197, 198, 202, 210, 212, 
213, 215, 216, 221, 222, 223, 224, 226, 229, 232, 235, 237, 240, 243, 244, 247, 248, 250, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 260, 
262, 267, 272, 273, 278, 279, 281, 284, 285, 286, 287, 288, 289, 291, 292, 296, 297, 299, 307, 308, 311, 312, 315, 317, 
318, 319, 321, 322, 324, 325, 329, 347, 348, 351, 355, 357, 361, 363, 364, 365, 368, 370, 371, 386, 387, 396, 398, 401, 
402, 404, 423, 427, 430, 432, 433, 437, 440, 444, 450, 452, 458, 463, 466, 467, 468, 469, 476, 480, 484, 486, 488, 490, 
494, 495, 497, 499, 500, 509, 513, 518, 521, 531, 550, 552, 556, 557

well-being, 363
well-educated, 25, 252, 440
well-known, 15, 28, 29, 67, 86, 151, 198, 226, 247, 248, 286, 307, 490, 556
well-orchestrated, 361
well-publicized, 484
well-reasoned, 494

Wellington, 477

Wells, 122, 206, 207, 212, 213, 217, 218, 220, 228, 237, 242, 265, 267, 376, 471, 491, 492, 493, 494, 496, 497, 498, 499, 503
Wellses, 207, 492

Wellsville, 513

Welsh, 100

Werner, 492

Wesley, 4, 69, 178, 179, 267, 485, 494, 497, 505, 510, 521, 528, 530, 550

west, 25, 26, 34, 67, 85, 125, 137, 147, 166, 175, 183, 187, 190, 204, 207, 216, 218, 225, 227, 241, 265, 284, 286, 290, 
343, 344, 384, 404, 431, 469, 472, 473, 496, 508
West, 53, 127, 205, 216, 253, 276, 284, 317, 322, 342, 405, 406, 407, 436, 438, 480, 481, 491, 510, 515, 516, 520, 531, 
546, 552, 555

WV, 122
West Virginia, 128, 432, 480 n.34, 515 n.74,

Westel, 439

Westergen, 552

western, 26, 28, 34, 57, 99, 126, 177, 198, 201, 202, 216, 217, 218, 224, 226, 227, 237, 246, 247, 249, 250, 251, 264, 
267, 270, 273, 284, 294, 325, 327, 384, 386, 401, 404, 417, 436, 468, 472, 490, 496, 506, 510, 511, 515, 518, 526, 527, 
537, 557
Western, 26, 28, 34, 129, 152, 199, 201, 241, 251, 258, 268, 285, 311, 337, 384, 411, 412, 426, 427, 431, 437, 440, 441, 
443, 444, 447, 456, 459, 464, 465, 468, 469, 470, 472, 476, 477, 481, 482, 484, 497, 503, 504, 506, 511, 517, 518, 524, 
525, 526, 534, 535, 536, 542, 543, 544, 555, 556

Westfield, 426

Westminster, 494, 521, 530

westward, 67, 132, 133, 190, 218, 285, 309, 384, 404, 430, 495, 557

Wheeler, 71, 168, 434, 446

Wheeling, 122, 125, 126, 515

Whig, 114, 454, 466, 467, 476

White, 49, 86, 343, 440, 474

Whiteside, 457

Whitewood, 201

Whiting, 344, 461, 478

Whitmer, 186, 204, 212, 233, 248, 296, 297, 298, 305, 315, 329, 332, 355, 360, 379, 381, 382, 386, 447, 493, 520, 521, 
538, 540, 541, 544, 547, 549, 551, 552, 554
Whitmers, 298, 331, 358, 360, 380, 382, 538
Whitmer's, 297, 386, 520, 521, 538, 549
Whitmers', 382

Whitney, 48, 71, 161, 162, 172, 271, 272, 273, 274, 277, 278, 310, 439, 440, 448, 479, 484, 507, 528, 529, 537

Whitsett, 548
Whitsitt, 14, 15

Who Really Wrote The Book of Mormon?, 1, 9, 10, 12, 15

wicked, 18, 37, 84, 108, 299, 433, 448, 452, 500, 539
wickedest, 500
wickedly, 13, 102, 238, 401
wickedness, 55, 109

Wickham, 507, 508

widely-circulated, 540

widow, 13, 30, 34, 49, 53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 78, 79, 82, 105, 113, 118, 121, 122, 126, 132, 133, 152, 164, 184, 186, 189, 
203, 206, 224, 229, 261, 274, 277, 285, 314, 315, 335, 352, 358, 415, 419, 438, 441, 451, 462, 464, 469, 483, 488, 522, 
535, 540, 554
widowe, 61, 79

widowed, 214
widowers, 215
widows, 360

wife, 14, 26, 40, 44, 52, 53, 78, 83, 96, 101, 102, 110, 111, 112, 121, 123, 125, 128, 129, 132, 140, 141, 142, 162, 163, 
174, 185, 186, 188, 192, 196, 198, 202, 204, 206, 214, 216, 229, 231, 233, 234, 251, 254, 257, 258, 264, 267, 274, 276, 
277, 284, 285, 287, 289, 293, 298, 299, 301, 338, 352, 353, 358, 362, 377, 380, 381, 390, 392, 405, 406, 433, 437, 438, 
439, 444, 445, 446, 451, 452, 456, 459, 469, 472, 474, 480, 481, 486, 487, 490, 493, 495, 497, 499, 501, 502, 506, 509, 
512, 514, 515, 518, 533, 535, 546
wife's, 174, 439, 456, 459

Wight, 156, 315, 316, 317, 342, 343, 344, 345, 394, 544

Wilbur, 105, 212, 463, 503, 505, 517

Wilcox, 290, 323, 524

Wild, 216, 544
Wild Ram, 544

wilderness, 67, 82, 169, 183, 190, 214, 251, 298, 364
Wilderness, 462, 482

wildest, 391, 553

wilds, 495
Wilds, 401

Wilford, 156

Wilhelm, 172, 478, 483, 543

Will, 316, 460, 461, 547

Willard, 156, 180, 186, 251, 322, 359, 371, 376, 486, 537, 539

Willers, 498, 538

Willes, 508

Wm., 55, 102, 317, 411, 453, 493, 513, 525

William, 14, 15, 53, 54, 58, 69, 80, 91, 102, 122, 131, 132, 134, 137, 154, 156, 160, 161, 180, 181, 188, 191, 198, 212, 
213, 214, 215, 217, 220, 221, 229, 230, 231, 248, 260, 261, 263, 265, 266, 267, 269, 270, 271, 272, 275, 276, 277, 279, 
281, 283, 284, 288, 289, 291, 326, 336, 338, 342, 353, 355, 358, 362, 363, 376, 387, 402, 410, 411, 415, 416, 417, 419, 
420, 430, 433, 441, 442, 444, 453, 455, 457, 460, 461, 462, 464, 466, 467, 473, 474, 475, 477, 478, 479, 485, 490, 492, 
493, 494, 495, 496, 498, 499, 501, 503, 505, 507, 509, 513, 514, 516, 517, 520, 522, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 
532, 533, 534, 536, 537, 542, 543, 548, 549, 550, 552, 553, 557, 558

William's, 132, 214, 215, 457, 494, 499

Williams, 121, 149, 150, 165, 172, 248, 337, 369, 370, 432, 434, 438, 439, 440, 441, 445, 446, 449, 454, 459, 461, 471, 
477, 482, 483, 509, 510, 520, 525, 534

Williamson, 214, 217, 218, 406, 410, 411, 422, 494, 496, 497, 514, 557

Williamsville, 246

Willimantic, 453

Willis, 508

Willoughby, 325, 439, 507

Willson, 502
Wilson, 156, 157, 158, 273, 341, 438, 453, 474, 478, 508, 553

Wimmer, 481, 510

Win., 475

Winchel, 213, 498
Winchell, 213, 220, 221, 222, 226, 227, 228, 494, 498

Winchell, N. H. (auth. see biblio), 498 n.39

Winchester, 31, 32, 36, 38, 39, 40, 53, 85, 104, 149, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 441, 448, 463, 466, 467, 477

Winchester's, 32, 38, 39, 104, 149, 433, 437, 477

Windham, 25, 311, 453

Windsor, 161, 185, 508

wine, 391

Wines, 198, 430, 490

Wingate, 213, 336, 494, 498
Wingate-Winget, 494

Winter, 152, 153, 154, 156, 177, 197, 377, 378, 380, 381, 457, 458, 461, 477, 483, 494, 552

Winwood, 47, 440

WI, 249, 511
Wis., 471, 476, 511
Wisconsin, 256, 270, 271, 304, 443, 447, 455, 459, 461, 462, 471, 477, 480, 493, 511, 515, 528, 547

wisdom, 315, 369, 387, 542

wise, 9, 109, 172, 503

witchcraft, 182, 219

witches, 314, 538

witness, 29, 49, 63, 66, 71, 72, 87, 89, 100, 127, 128, 138, 139, 140, 153, 156, 167, 272, 302, 303, 307, 327, 349, 359, 
391, 397, 400, 437, 447, 480, 488, 521, 524, 530, 532, 541, 542, 550

witnessed, 53, 87, 104, 176, 214, 243, 380, 391, 406, 435, 438, 444, 462, 492, 506, 534, 535

witnesses, 28, 29, 30, 33, 40, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 54, 59, 60, 63, 64, 65, 69, 70, 73, 74, 75, 85, 88, 89, 92, 93, 
112, 122, 128, 141, 142, 143, 151, 152, 155, 161, 162, 167, 174, 176, 178, 181, 184, 186, 190, 212, 213, 272, 302, 303, 
312, 317, 332, 334, 346, 349, 355, 365, 370, 391, 437, 442, 447, 464, 502, 531, 550, 551

wits, 197, 198, 199, 200, 260, 327
witted, 318

wives, 103, 154, 219, 358, 404, 417, 435, 497

Wolcott, 418, 497

wolf, 230, 461
wolves, 214

woman, 12, 53, 108, 109, 117, 135, 139, 162, 163, 238, 246, 318, 396, 407, 412, 435, 436, 449, 465, 555

women, 35, 36, 72, 162, 167, 450, 464, 465
women's, 464

wonder, 97, 116, 134, 149, 165, 180, 360, 365, 369, 370, 466, 467

wonderful, 13, 82, 126, 183, 188, 230, 310

wonders, 211, 212, 221, 222, 391

wood, 189, 239, 276, 522

Wood, 148, 213, 214, 220, 345, 359, 431, 463, 470, 477, 493, 494

Wood Scrape, 213, 214, 220, 359, 494

Woodbury, 71, 168, 447

woodchuck, 400

wooden, 129, 186, 228, 279, 469

Woodruff, 156

woods, 186, 188, 239, 306, 516

Woodstock, 495, 504

Woodworth, 372

wool-carding, 515

Woolworth, 372

Wooster, 472, 516

word, 29, 37, 63, 117, 118, 150, 164, 201, 202, 231, 232, 233, 267, 286, 294, 302, 316, 320, 322, 327, 358, 399, 400, 435, 
447, 450, 465, 478, 486, 492, 542

wording, 118, 258, 262, 265, 433, 439, 506, 521, 539

words, 14, 24, 28, 31, 34, 35, 37, 38, 39, 45, 50, 54, 60, 69, 74, 78, 80, 81, 88, 113, 117, 118, 139, 150, 158, 161, 167, 171, 
180, 187, 191, 203, 233, 251, 253, 254, 261, 262, 263, 265, 269, 272, 273, 280, 281, 297, 298, 299, 301, 305, 306, 309, 314, 
315, 328, 329, 331, 353, 356, 365, 368, 370, 436, 437, 440, 453, 479, 488, 501, 506, 509, 517, 537, 544, 555

work, 4, 10, 11, 12, 15, 27, 28, 30, 31, 33, 37, 38, 42, 46, 49, 50, 58, 59, 63, 73, 78, 79, 81, 82, 83, 85, 87, 89, 90, 92, 93, 94, 
95, 100, 101, 107, 108, 109, 111, 126, 147, 148, 149, 167, 169, 172, 174, 177, 178, 180, 181, 184, 185, 186, 187, 191, 192, 
193, 195, 199, 200, 201, 203, 206, 209, 219, 224, 226, 228, 229, 230, 231, 233, 234, 238, 240, 245, 247, 248, 250, 257, 258, 
261, 262, 264, 274, 281, 289, 294, 296, 299, 301, 303, 307, 322, 323, 327, 348, 357, 358, 364, 367, 368, 373, 376, 379, 390, 
401, 402, 405, 430, 433, 437, 438, 452, 453, 463, 468, 478, 481, 485, 487, 493, 497, 501, 503, 504, 509, 519, 520, 521, 525, 
532, 533, 539, 540, 549, 555

worked, 38, 86, 104, 181, 182, 184, 185, 207, 217, 226, 228, 251, 267, 307, 317, 323, 357, 358, 365, 370, 391, 404, 496, 508, 
512, 518, 549

working, 38, 61, 78, 83, 142, 169, 175, 191, 199, 201, 227, 230, 239, 243, 251, 255, 258, 261, 265, 267, 271, 279, 280, 293, 
297, 298, 308, 352, 375, 376, 378, 412, 456, 511, 515, 520

work-in-progress, 405

workmanship, 273

works, 11, 18, 31, 68, 86, 129, 202, 228, 231, 247, 262, 360, 374, 376, 392, 402, 468, 491, 541

world, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 17, 18, 37, 39, 42, 73, 100, 107, 116, 125, 154, 170, 193, 197, 199, 202, 213, 231, 238, 240, 263, 
278, 308, 312, 351, 354, 355, 359, 360, 364, 399, 400, 486, 506, 545, 553

worship, 139, 180, 309, 431
worshiped, 364

Worshipful, 528

worshippers, 84

worthless, 249, 292, 510

worthy, 60, 66, 81, 109, 111, 239, 463, 464

wrath, 159, 375, 545

wreckage, 192, 520

wrecked, 67, 101, 490

Wright, 33, 43, 48, 50, 51, 52, 53, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 79, 83, 109, 277, 392, 435, 444, 445, 446, 447, 450
Wright's, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66, 67, 68, 277, 435, 445, 447, 450

writ, 58, 59, 69, 443, 447, 542
writ of ejectment, 542

write, 14, 37, 39, 73, 74, 81, 82, 84, 94, 95, 101, 105, 107, 110, 112, 114, 116, 124, 125, 163, 165, 187, 226, 256, 268, 291, 
293, 304, 306, 316, 351, 393, 396, 398, 435, 443, 450, 456, 487, 518, 520, 532, 533, 550

writer, 28, 47, 61, 62, 87, 92, 95, 96, 147, 152, 172, 181, 245, 441, 447, 503, 504, 505, 519, 525

Writer/historian, 435

writers, 15, 24, 31, 46, 48, 49, 53, 59, 65, 70, 74, 75, 86, 90, 135, 138, 141, 151, 153, 155, 162, 195, 197, 203, 210, 269, 280, 
292, 311, 314, 352, 355, 367, 368, 369, 387, 404, 485, 491, 537

writes, 11, 152, 206, 243, 331, 332, 335, 379, 380, 460, 463, 498, 523, 529, 543

writing, 15, 27, 37, 38, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 48, 49, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 68, 79, 81, 82, 86, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 107, 118, 119, 
124, 125, 126, 128, 130, 140, 142, 150, 152, 155, 159, 163, 203, 218, 226, 244, 245, 248, 250, 255, 259, 262, 263, 266, 283, 
288, 291, 295, 315, 319, 321, 346, 362, 383, 384, 386, 396, 436, 444, 448, 450, 454, 492, 498, 505, 506, 541, 554

writings, 13, 33, 40, 41, 42, 43, 45, 49, 52, 54, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 79, 80, 82, 97, 108, 110, 118, 128, 130, 152, 188, 197, 210, 
255, 401, 432, 445, 449, 520, 539

written, 4, 14, 15, 24, 25, 27, 29, 30, 31, 34, 37, 42, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 60, 61, 62, 63, 66, 68, 69, 78, 79, 
80, 81, 82, 85, 86, 90, 91, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 101, 103, 107, 108, 113, 114, 115, 116, 123, 124, 126, 128, 131, 142, 147, 150, 
154, 156, 159, 161, 163, 178, 181, 187, 192, 196, 203, 207, 213, 232, 243, 244, 253, 259, 262, 265, 267, 268, 280, 293, 303, 
305, 306, 310, 332, 351, 354, 359, 362, 363, 368, 383, 384, 386, 389, 392, 395, 396, 399, 401, 402, 429, 435, 441, 444, 449, 
450, 455, 456, 467, 471, 473, 490, 494, 501, 507, 510, 515, 521, 523, 524, 525, 526, 529, 530, 532, 538, 540, 541, 544, 550

wrong, 15, 70, 79, 143, 150, 172, 179, 180, 289, 300, 311, 313, 442, 449, 532, 533

wronged, 364

wrote, 4, 11, 13, 15, 31, 32, 37, 40, 42, 43, 47, 61, 62, 64, 65, 78, 79, 80, 82, 89, 90, 91, 92, 96, 99, 110, 113, 114, 115, 116, 
122, 123, 127, 128, 140, 157, 158, 159, 160, 165, 168, 171, 174, 187, 195, 206, 211, 220, 226, 237, 243, 253, 263, 265, 273, 
275, 288, 295, 297, 304, 305, 315, 319, 332, 347, 351, 355, 360, 399, 400, 439, 444, 445, 447, 450, 451, 455, 462, 466, 478, 
486, 497, 510, 550
 
www.solomonspalding.com, 429, 453, 481

Wycliffe, 30, 457, 458, 459, 461, 549

Wyl, 172, 478, 479, 483, 532, 543, 544, 546, 549

Wylie, 475

Wymetal, 172, 483, 532, 543, 544, 546

Wyndham, 80, 86

Wyngate, 213

Wyo., 494, 534
Wyoming, 420


Y

Yale, 431

Yan, 34

Yankee, 129, 199, 454, 473, 476

yarns, 463

Yates, 34, 500
Yates-Ontario, 500

yoke, 112

Yonge, 267

York, 13, 23, 25, 26, 29, 31, 34, 44, 48, 53, 54, 57, 58, 60, 67, 71, 72, 77, 78, 80, 82, 84, 107, 122, 126, 129, 130, 141, 155, 
160, 167, 175, 177, 180, 181, 183, 185, 186, 188, 197, 198, 199, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206, 207, 209, 210, 211, 214, 216, 
217, 218, 220, 221, 223, 224, 225, 226, 227, 231, 233, 237, 241, 243, 246, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251, 257, 264, 265, 267, 270, 
272, 273, 284, 287, 288, 291, 292, 293, 295, 296, 301, 304, 306, 311, 315, 317, 318, 320, 323, 324, 325, 327, 331, 332, 334, 
336, 339, 344, 345, 346, 347, 349, 353, 355, 357, 358, 359, 361, 362, 367, 374, 375, 377, 379, 382, 383, 385, 386, 389, 390, 
391, 400, 404, 408, 409, 411, 412, 415, 417, 419, 421, 422, 423, 425, 426, 429, 431, 434, 436, 440, 441, 442, 443, 444, 451, 
455, 458, 465, 466, 467, 469, 471, 474, 476, 477, 478, 480, 483, 484, 485, 486, 488, 489, 490, 491, 492, 493, 495, 496, 497, 
499, 503, 504, 505, 506, 507, 508, 509, 510, 511, 512, 513, 515, 516, 517, 518, 519, 521, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 529, 534, 
537, 538, 543, 544, 546, 547, 549, 550, 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557

Yorker, 458

Young, 154, 156, 158, 159, 160, 162, 172, 175, 189, 198, 199, 209, 212, 241, 265, 353, 358, 360, 364, 430, 432, 433, 434, 454, 
458, 466, 467, 479, 480, 488, 492, 498, 500, 501, 505, 506, 516, 523, 531, 544, 551
Young's, 358, 551

younger, 25, 26, 38, 100, 105, 119, 121, 137, 140, 154, 160, 164, 176, 199, 209, 212, 214, 228, 260, 291, 301, 307, 323, 347, 
405, 408, 409, 458, 464, 465, 467, 469, 492, 503, 515

youngest, 24, 215, 216, 247, 403, 420, 439, 444

Youngstown, 224, 285, 288, 385, 410, 413, 416, 417, 418, 460, 534, 535, 536, 537, 554

Ypsilanti, 253


Z

Zacchariah, 405, 406, 408

Zadoc, 475

zeal, 9, 115, 175, 219

zealots, 201

zealous, 50, 172, 201

Zebedee, 435, 448

Zebulon, 543

Zephaniah, 25

Ziba, 131, 132, 204, 473, 474

Zimmermann, 544

Zion (LDS designation for land of promise in the Americas):
  192, 198, 360, 391, 520 n.113

Zion's Camp (1834 LDS military expedition), 467 n.65

Zion (Zion’s Camp), Jackson Co., MO:
 generalization for LDS “Mt. Zion” at Independence, MO, 1831-33, 520 n.113, 542 n.70, 546 n.43

Zion’s Watchman:
Mormonism Unveiled: Zion's Watchman Unmasked (see biblio.), 552 n.23

Zion's Literary Firm:
 Established at Kirtland, OH, in 1832, 248

Zion's Printing & Publishing Co. (pub. see biblio), 436 n.45, 514 n.68

Zondervan, 429

Zophar, 421




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