- Dale R. Broadhurst's  SPALDING  RESEARCH  PROJECT -

The Dale R. Broadhurst "Spalding Papers"

Paper #08:
Structural Outline of The Oberlin Manuscript

see also: Transcript of Oberlin Spalding MS

A Structural Outline


The Oberlin Spalding Manuscript

From The Text of
the Original Holograph
on file at Oberlin College

Spalding Research Project
Working Paper No. 08

Dale R. Broadhurst
Methodist Theological School in Ohio
May 1981
Rev. 3: January 1999 (e-text)


- 1 -

A Structural Outline of
The Oberlin Spalding Manuscript


The Solomon Spalding manuscript in the Oberlin College Library offers in its pages an unfinished historical romance set amidst the "mound-builder" culture of pre-Columbian America, The work remained unfinished apparently because its author abandoned this early literary endeavor and took up some other more desenring task in its stead. The fact that it ends abruptly in the middle of an action-packed chapter, coupled with the consideration of some early reports of Spalding's various writing efforts, suggests that he may have set this manuscript aside in order to undertake writing a more orderly and well planned novel utilizing the same general theme of fictional pre-Columbian history.

The Oberlin manuscript has never been considered a laudable example of early American fiction. Its storyline, so far as Spalding developed it, suffers not only from flat characters, poorly developed motivation and florid dialogue, but also from a lack of integration of its various themes and subplots. There is a loosely evolving narrative strand which connects the various story elements, but it does so rather like a string holds together a poorly matched set of beads. The resulting episodic storyline moves from one fictional sequence to the next, seemingly with little regard for a unifying plot. Characters and settings in time and space are introduced and then set aside without development or explanation as the author transfers to paper his amateurish flow of imagination with a minimum of literary skill and only a superficial concern for the credulity of his would-be readership.

It appears that Spalding conceived his work to stand on a loftier literary plane than his execution of the story could ever realize. The author was a student of European history and the Greco-Roman classics. Like his older contemporary, James MacPherson of Scotland, Spalding was aware that his homeland lacked the ancient literary heritage provided to Greece by Homer and to Rome by Virgil. And, like MacPherson and Robert Southey, he attempted to construct something like an historical epic from whatever fragments of national tradition he could find. Spalding may have possessed the soul of a poet, but he had neither the skill nor the inclination to compose a great poetic epic for the ancient Americans. He was content to set down his ideas in a hasty, amateurish effort that relied greatly on plagiarism from other texts. His lines of prose overflow with phrases, metaphors, similes, and fragmentary cliches drawn from classical epics and histories, as well as from European writers closer to his own time.

In his own mind Spalding must have constructed a lofty narrative that dealt with heroic events and important, complex issues, but he managed to convey only a shoddy outline of his imagined American epic to his intended readers. The story comes across as a sketchy pastiche of classical works, MacPherson's Ossianic writings, and such, but a close inspection of its contents reveals more than just the author's disconnected attempts at writing satirical imitation. In his uneven American prose Spalding attempted to imitate the idea (if not the method) of Pope's mock epic writing. And, like Jonathan Swift, he attempted both to entertain his immediate audience and to satirize contemporary society at the same time. All of these intentions on Spalding's part show through the tatters of his narrative here and there, but it takes a discerning eye to separate specimens the writer's parodying from expressions of his concern with civil and religious matters in post-Colonial America.

Apart from its pervading mock epic satire, the Spalding romance has, as its foundation, two inter-connected concerns. The first of these is comprised of Spalding's reflections on how collective impiety and immorality leads to a society's overthrow and destruction. No doubt he had a genuine belief in this principle and did not just simply appropriate it as a device to explain the extinction of the mound-builders. His second concern is in pointing out what he saw as absurdities in the Christian religion. During at least some portion of his later years Spalding was a Deist or perhaps even an atheist who nevertheless wished to weld Virgilian piety with Hamiltonian democracy. He would have favored the promotion of something like a planned, artificial religion in the place of what he saw as the mindless, outworn religious beliefs of his day.

Spalding managed to weave together his satire and his two more serious concerns within the text of what was perhaps a well-intentioned (but poorly executed) parody of romantic fiction, epic narration, and social commentary. If he truly intended to pen a national epic, he failed here; the Book of Mormon comes closer to succeeding in that attempt, while Southey's Madoc and Cooper's Leatherstocking tales provide the true poetic and prose epics for early America. Had Spalding taken an opportunity to revise, integrate and complete the connective themes of this work, perhaps he might have resolved his painfully evident problems in narration and orthography to some extent. As it now stands the text of this rambling novelette does not readily lend itself to an outline overview of anything like a cohesive and coherent structure.


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In order for the student to intelligently discuss the content of Spalding's story some attempt must be made to provide that outline overview, however. Taking a more or less mechanical view of the text, it is possible, to roughly divide the work into four sequential narrative sections:
1. "The Translator's Introduction"
2. "The Roman Colony Story"
3. "Various Extracts From Ancient American Records"
4. "The Great War in Ancient America."

These four rough divisions are my own superimpositions upon the Spalding text. They are not clearly separated from one another in the manuscript; they tend to overlap somewhat in Spalding's attempt at an editorial compilation of diverse thematic elements into a single story. Divisions 2, 3 and 4 are each examples of a story-within-a-story; while Division 1 introduces and roughly encompasses all the other three. This interrelationship, accomplished through the collection of a series of editorial abridgements and the insertion of a running editorial commentary, also tends to blur the exact textual limits of the manuscript's natural divisions.

The story comprising the first two divisions is presented from a first person narrator-participant point of view, the narrators being a somewhat fictionalized Solomon Spalding in "The Translator's Introduction" and a fully fictional Fourth Century Roman official named Fabius in "The Roman Colony Story." The events and comments comprising third and fourth divisions are presented as a rather detached presentation from a first person chronicler, but one whose narration frequently reads more like that in an omniscient third person view of events. This detached narration of these latter sections is occasionly broken by editorial comments and asides aimed at the reading audience, but it is often difficult to discern whether the commentary is being supplied by Spalding himself, by the Roman Fabius, or is perhaps that of an unknown writer from Fabius' recorded sources.

The observations explanations I've offered here may now be put into a more proper perspective by my noting that at the beginning of his novel Spalding purports to translate and edit for publication a collection of ancient Latin writings on parchment. These rolls of parchment in turn purport to contain a selection of records, traditions, histories and Roman observations concerning the Ohians, Spalding's fictional designation for the extinct mound-building cultures of the Ohio Valley. These Latin writings were all presumably penned by Fabius, the inadvertent leader of a Fourth Century Roman colony which eventually settled among the Ohians, Beginning with Division 2, "The Roman Colony Story," the personal history of Fabius and his companions in a trans-Atlantic ship voyage is narrated by the Roman official. Once this colony is safely settled among the fair-skinned and civilized Ohians, the Roman writer's attention turns to the pre-Colmbian Americans themselves and almost nothing more is said about the fate of the Roman adventurers. Presumably Spalding intended to resume relating the history of the Romans and their leader at some later point in his story but his composition of this particular manuscript story was never extended to that point.


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Observations on Ohian civilization and selections from their supposed records and traditions take up the remainder of the Oberlin manuscript. It appears that Spalding himself is the intended narrator of Division 3, "Various Extracts From Ancient American Records," though such an editorial role would be necessarily dependent upon the previous activity of Fabius in collecting the Ohian materials and setting them down in Latin. Spalding hints here and there that Fabius fell heir to the records of what was primarily an oral literary tradition among the Ohians. While their religious writings and a few expositions of the learned had been set down in writing, the bulk of Fabius' source material was in the form of bardic songs and poems created and preserved by a line of professional poetics of the Ossianic mold. Spalding does not say how the tales of the Ohian bards were transferred to the Latin of Fabius' scrolls, but the reader gains the impression that Fabius himself learned the language and then set down on parchment such extracts from these songs as suited his purpose.

The fourth and final section, "The Great War in Ancient America," is the heart of Spalding's novel. Structurally it is a logical extension of the third section, since it also pirports to be an extract from the ancient records of the Ohians. At this point in the story-telling Spalding the author began to blur his mental distinction between the fictional Fabius and the semi-fictional Spalding the translator. The editorial comments which accompany the text here generally appear to have come from Fabius, but here and there are given to the reader with what may be Spaldingish glosses. Fabius-Spalding occasionly reminds his readers that the story he tells was taken from the oral traditions of the Ohian people, and a purported saga from this bardic oral history is repeated here in great detail.

In a crude imitation of the late 18th Century European romantic novel Spalding writes about a supposedly great love affair, a seduction and elopement, and the resulting war of revenge which decimates the ancient civilization at some point in time (probably just prior to the arrival of Fabius among the Ohians). The reader is spared the inevitable denouement of this mock epic "Helen of Troy" story by Spalding's sudden breaking off of the text in mid-chapter. Perhaps at this point he looked back over his Yankee Aeneid and realized that it lacked the literary merit necessary for any productive continuation. Certainly he had prematurely reached the climax of the story and was headed downhill into some kind of jumbled, bloody attempt to tie together his Ohian war and Roman history story-lines when he gave up the fruitless effort.

If some early reports about the author can be trusted, he set aside this work to compose a novel of a more substantial quality concerning an Israelite colonization of pre-Columbian America. This is not the place to advance a great deal of speculation on the validity of those reports, but even the uninformed reader of the Oberlin manuscript might wonder how that sketchy and uneven story could be the sole precursor of any better effort from Spalding's pen. There are probably to major possibilities which might be referred to in any attempt to explain this reported situation. Either Spalding was a rank amateur at writing fiction and the Oberlin story was among his very first efforts along that line, or the story was written in such great haste that Spalding's better literary talents were barely put to use in its production. His attempt at telling a love story comes across as the most awkward and amateurish episode in the romance. Perhaps Spalding was experimenting in this effort and trying his untested imagination in wedging a boy-girl interest between an adventire of exploration and a tragic tale of civil war. If such is the case, he failed in the attempt; he would probably have done better to have skipped over the love interest section totally and confined his story to the bounds of adventure alone.


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The following outline is my attempt to break down the aforementioned four divisions of the manuscript into distinct and logical textual sections down to the pericope level. The unbalanced sizes of the respective four divisions makes this task of textual break-down especially frustrating in the detailed and lengthy fourth division. There I've generally broken the text into sections of the episode and scene lengths. In an extended outline the individual pericopes and passages of this section might be shown but I'll allow that task to the work of some better-experienced future critic. Spalding copied the general formulae of the European histories and novels of his day and this imitation is readily discernible in the manuscript. The story contains first person narrative, monologues, conversational dialogues, what are apparently journal entries, copies of correspondence, recorded public speeches and harangues, orations, philippics, asides to the audience, and soliloquies embedded with pleas for reason and piety. In his prosaic imitation of the Ossianic and mock epic writing styles, Spalding flooded his story with romantic sentiments, expressions of passion and floods of sensibility. In what may have been a conscious imitation of MacPherson's attempts at bardic verisimilitude, Spalding reproduces the repetitious metaphors and similes of a supposedly oral literary tradition. He combined gleanings from the classical epics and histories, contemporary poetry, and the sentimental novels with a some superficial attention to the literature of the Enlightenment, scientific discourse, philosophical reason and the Deist school of metaphysics.

Again and again he presents a polemic for the subjection of some passion (usually avarice) to the will of reason, but in his story sequences it is the relation romantic preoccupation with passion and human individuality which furnish the energy and material for character development, plot and action. As in did Livy's in writing his ancient histories, Spalding resorts to the simplistic notion that major events at the national level are the outcomes of decisions and actions at the personal level. Thus, the misguided love affair of a passionate prince brings down an entire civilization in less than a life-time. This strange mixture of purported reality and obvious fantasy generates many thematic elements which can only be indicated in the most general sense in a structural outline. But it is worth noting that these thematic oddities do flesh out the bare bones of the textual structure presented below. If they nothing else of any great import, they do provide the work with a distinct flavor which can only be termed "Spaldingish." In my constructing the outline I've listed all the textual bits and pieces, including those purposely mislocated or crossed out as deletions by Spalding. His intended deletions are indicated in the outline where they reach episode or scene length; shorter fragments are not shown. Spalding's internal break-down by chapters is not given here but that information can readily be obtained from a quick inspection of my "Working Paper No. 2" in this series. All textual designations provided in the outline are by page number and line number as reproduced from the holograph in the above mentioned working paper (which includes a transcription of the entire manuscript).


- 4n -


Revision History:

Revision 2, May, 1981
Reprinted June, 1995
Notes added Feb., 1998

Notes on the Preparation of this Outline: (Note 1)

This outline was prepared as the eighth item in a series of ten reports on my Masters' Project research into the Solomon Spalding authorship theory for the Book of Mormon. On several occasions in 1979 and 1980 I visited Oberlin College at Oberlin, Ohio and personally inspected the 167 page Solomon Spalding holograph on file in the Archives of the Library. From hand-written and tape-recorded notes taken during those inspections I produced a transcript of that manuscript.

In May of 1981 I examined the transcript of the Oberlin Spalding Manuscript and attempted to determine the contents and structural composition of the historical romance contained therein. The manuscript was left unfinished by the author after 171 pages of story-line. Four pages of the manuscript were lost at an early date, interrupting the story at two points near the end. One page in the manuscript contains no story text and another page contains deleted story material, but was retained, out of its original context These physical anomalies in the manuscript disrupt the flow of the story to a certain extent, but the content author's original romance can still be read and comprehended to a fair degree.

In breaking the story down into structural units I have followed the author's original composition of chapters and paragraphs, to the extent that I was able to discern his intent in constructing these textual segments. In some cases I have joined adjacent paragraphs or portions of paragraphs to discern larger structural units. In other cases I have subdivided lengthy paragraphs. Where I encountered clear breaks or changes in setting and/or timeline, I have used these to form the beginnings and endings of textual pericopes. Where possible I have attempted to identify the primary speaker for narration sections. The speakers in monologues and dialogues are generally readily discernible. Other than following these general guidelines, I have not made use of any particular, consistent methodology in dividing the story into smaller units. My outline might be best thought of as a preliminary offering based upon my own understanding of the story. Other critical readers may well wish to amend my efforts or discard them altogether for their own interpretations.

Notes on the Preparation of this Transcript: (Note 2)

In 1995 I prepared a computer word-processor file based upon my 1981 outline. The 1995 composition is substantially the same outline as the printing I am presenting now. It differs from the 1981 text in a few minor details, the most important of which is my elimination of the 1981 four page "Introduction."

In preparing the current print-out I have inserted the opening and closing words of each textual segment as they appear in the original story. The wording and citation numbers for these partial quotations were taken from my Jan., 1998 printing of "A Transcript of Solomon Spalding's Manuscript."

Dale R. Broadhurst
February, 1998


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A Structural Outline of

The Oberlin Spalding Manuscript




A. Discovery of the Inscribed Stone and the Artificial Cave 001:01-002:01a

Chap   Introduction 001:01
Near the west Bank of the Coneaught ...... 001:02
[[the point]] down -- & that it was abou[t] 001:24
[e]ight feet deep 002:01a

B. Spalding's Initial Exploration Within the Mound 002:01b-002:23

    -- Determined to investigate 002:01b
extra design of this extraordinary work of . . . 002:02
curiosity soon gained the assendan[cy] [[&]] 002:22
the box was taken & raised to open [[its cover]] 002:23


A. Discovery of the 28 Parchment Rolls 002:24-003:15

When I had removed the cover I f[ound] 002:24
that it contained twenty eig[ht] [[rolls]] ...... 002:25
contind in this Roll I take 003:14
the liberty to publish-- -- 003:15

B. The Fabius History Roll: Opening Comments 003:16-005:15
1. Fabius' opening quatation [deleted] 003:16-004:02

    Gentle Reader, tread lightly on 003:16
the ashes of the venerable dead -- Thou ...... 003:17
Battle hath been faught -- & heroes by thousand[s] 004:01
hav[e] been made to bite the dust, 004:02

2. Spalding's opening comments [deleted] 004:03-004:12

In the history given of these natains by 004:03
my auther you will find nothing but ...... 004:04
pretend that the whole story is fictitious or 004:11
fabulous, 004:12

3. Spalding's opening comments, revised 004:13-005:03

To publish a translation of every parti- 004:13
cular circumstance mentioned by our author ...... 004:14
sion will be excited more than my resentment 005:02
& there the contest will end. 005:03

4. Translator's entreaty to the modern reader [partly deleted] 005:04-005:15

Now Gentle Reader, the Translator who 005:04
wishes well to thy present & thy future ...... 005:05
that if thou shouldst reside in or 005:14
travil thro' any part of the country 005:15




A. Fabius and the Ocean Voyage 005:16-010:05
1. The abridger's Introduction to the Records [by Fabius?] 005:16-006:05

Chapt I 005:16
An Epitomy of some part of the Authors life & of his ...... 005:17
from a manuscript which will be deposited 006:04
with this history; 006:05

2. Fabius Tells the Story of his Life in Rome 006:06-007:01

My name was is Fabius The family name 006:06
I sustain is Fabius, being decended from ...... 006:07
to the general of our army there [ -- ] 006:25
sail in a vessel & return when she return[s.] 007:01

3. The Roman Ocean Voyage to Britain 007:02-007:06a

Preparation was made instantly & we 007:02
sailed -- The vessel laden with provisions 007:03
for the army -- cloathing, knives & othe[r] 007:04
impliments for their use had now ar[rived] 007:05
near the coasts of Britain 007:06a

4. The Unexpected Trans-Atlantic voyage 007:06b-010:05a

a. the storm and the voyagers' prayers 007:06b-008:12a

when a trem[en] 007:06b
-dous storm arose & drove us into the mids[t] ...... 007:07
not changed her point we gave the 008:11
ship full sail & let her drive -- 008:12a

b. the Romans are lost at sea 008:12b-008:24

    On the sixth 008:12b
day after, the storm wholly subsided, the sun ...... 008:13
of the poor mariners. for the loss of frie[nds,] [f]or 008:23
the loss of every thing they held most [[dear.]] 008:24

c. the divine revelation of a safe passage 008:25-009:17

At length a Mariner stept f[orward] [[into]] 008:25
the midst & proclaimed. Attend O friends ...... 009:01
& promised, by the assistance of his grace 009:16
to make ample return of gratitude. 009:17

d. divine guidance of the ship to the New World 009:18-010:05a

On the fifth day after this we came 009:18
[in] sight of Land -- we entered a spaious ...... 009:19
souls. We anchored within a small dis- 010:04
tance from shore -- 010:05a

B. The Romans Among the Deliwan Indians in the New World 010:05b-037:18

1. The Deliwan Reception for the Romans 010:05b-012:21

    -- Immediatly the natives 010:05b
ran with apparent signs of surprize & ...... 010:06
beleive that they belonged to the hum[an] spe- 012:20
cies. 012:21

2. A Temporary Roman Settlement Among the Deliwans 013:01-020:13

a. the building of the settlement 013:01-014:15a

    Chapt. II 013:01
An account of the settlement of the ...... 013:02
which was to be the habitation of the 014:14
captain & myself 014:15a

b. givernment for the settlement 014:15b-015:02a
    Having secured 014:15b
all our property we then found it neces- ...... 014:16
the natives & barter s[uc]h articles as we did 015:01
not need for necessaries. -- 015:02a

c. Christianity practiced in ancient America 015:02b-015:08
    As we all professed 015:02b
The next thing to be done was to ...... 015:03
minister to lead our devotions every morning 015:07
& evening & on the Lords day. -- 015:08

d. families and a cummunitarian order established 015:09-017:20
But now a most singular & delicate 015:09
subject presented itself for consideration ...... 015:10
propper industry and econimy were prac 017:19
-tised by all. -- 017:20

e. dialogue on inter-racial marriage and Indian conversion 017:21-020:05a
    The Capt. & myself, attended with our 017:21
fair Partners & two mariners repaired ...... 017:22
exhileration produced the greatest cheer- 020:04
fulness & hilarity. -- 020:05a

f. retirement for the night, plan for a church 020:05b-020:13

    By this time the 020:05b
sun had hid his head below the horizon ...... 020:06
ety passed a resolution to build a church in 020:12
the the midst of our vilage. 020:13


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A. Fabius' Observations Among the Deliwan Indians 020:14-029:1
1. A Description of the Deliwan 020:14-021:26

    Chap. III 020:14
Many particulars respecting the ...... 020:15
-t[ed] [a] Deliwannunk made a most terrefic 021:25
[appeara]nce. -- 021:26

2. A Deliwan Religious Festival 022:01-029:14

a. initial preparations 022:01-023:01

They held festivals at stated times, which 022:01
varied in the manner of conducting ...... 022:02
enter the circle and are tied [--------es] 022:23
The speaker then extended his hands & spoke 023:01

b. the religious speaker's address 023:02-025:02

Hail ye favorite children of the great & good 023:02
Spirit, who resides in the sun, who is ...... 023:03
He then proclaimed, let the sacred pile 025:01
be erected & the solemn sacrifice performed. 025:02

c. atonement sacramental ordinance 025:03-026:13a

Instantly about one hundred men came for- 025:03
ward with small dry wood & bundles of dry ...... 025:04
their vociferation the sound of their voices improved by tenfold con[-] 026:12
fusion. 026:13a

d. Deliwan song with translation and comments 026:13b-026:24

    Perhaps, reader you have the 026:13b
curiosity to hear the Song = I can give you ...... 026:14
'Chanepanh, lawango chapahto 026:23
'Quinebogan hamboo gowah. 026:24

e. post-festival entertainment 026:25-029:09

The solemnities are ended & in their opinion 026:25
their poor souls are compleatly whitewashed -- & ...... 026:26
shouting, rediculing -- none to give thee conso- 029:08
lation but thy loving & simpithetic partner 029:09

f. Droll Tom's comments [deleted] 029:10-029:14

in misfortune -- Upon my soul, exclaims 029:10
droll Tom -- Stern formost -- that bouncing 029:11
Lass ought to have the highest prize for drag- 029:12
ing her ship from the mud -- She was clean- 029:13
ing the filth from his face. -- 029:14

B. Fabius' Expedition to the Northwest 029:15-038:1

1. Extract from Fabius; Journal [?] 029:15-032:24

a. Fabius' lament on being lost among savages 029:15-030:17

    Chap IV A journey to the N.W. & 029:15
removall. ...... 029:16
will point out a safe road to the land 030:16
of our nativity. 030:17

b. Fabius' astronomical/geographical reasoning 030:18-031:22
    Thus I reasoned respecting the solar system 030:18
of which the earth is a part. Provided the earth ...... 030:19
sistent & highly honourable to the divine 031:21
perfections 031:22

c. refutation of Ptolemaic geographic [deleted] 031:23-032:24
But behold the other system -- The Earth 031:23
firmly fixed on a firm foundation -- perhaps as ...... 031:24
in a westerly direction, there are nations vastly 032:23
more numerous, powerful & civilized than themselves. 032:24

2. Fabius' Plan for Exploration 033:01-034:04a

The earth therefore must be of a spherical form a globe 033:01
and a westerly course will lead us to the land of our ...... 033:02
Crito & myself & a Delewan for an interpeter set 034:03
off. 034:04a

3. The Discovery of Civilized Owhahon and its People 034:04b-035:08a

a. the journel to Owhahon 034:04b-034:10

    We passed thro' a country intersperced with 034:04b
vilages, inhabited by the same kind of people as ...... 034:05
Rivers, which in conjunction produced a river 034:09
which was called Owaho deep enough, for the navigation of ships. -- 034:10

b. royal audience, mammoth procurement, and departure 034:11-035:08a

    Here was a large town or city inhabited by a 034:11
distinct race of people from any we had seen ...... 034:12
made as much expidition to return 035:07
as possible -- 035:08a

4. The Roman Emigration from the Deliwan to Owahon 035:08b-038:15

a. preparations to leave the Deliwan 035:08b-036:11

    We arrived in safety 035:08b
without any material accidents -- The ...... 035:09
& road with great convenience & 036:10
safety -- Being thus prepared & ready 036:11

b. farwell to the Romans from the Deliwan 036:12-036:22

Thus having resided among the 036:12
Deliwans two years -- & being ...... 036:13
& the most earnest wishes & p[r]ay 036:21
-erer for future prosperity & happiness 036:22

c. dialog of Fabius and Crito on the Deliwans 037:01-037:18

Having taken our final adieu I obser- 37:01
ved honest Crito sheding tears very ...... 037:02
their ignorance & unbeleife -- & reward 037:17
them for their kindness & gerosity. -- 037:18

d. the Roman colony travels to Owhahon 37:19-038:15

    We passed on -- No obsticles impeded 037:19
our journey until we came to the great River ..... 037:20
the twenty fifth day after our depar 038:14
-ture from Deliwan. -- 038:15

C. The Romans Among the Ohians (Mound-Builders) of Owhahon 038:16-055:14
1. Establishment of the Roman settlement in Owhahon 038:16-039:19

    Fatigued with a long & difficult jour 038:16
-ney, great joy & gladness were visible ...... 038:17
proceeded in peace & our affairs 039:18
prospered. -- 039:19

2. Description of the Civilized Ohians 040:01-050:07

a. Ohian physical appearance and dress 040:01-042:13

    Chap V 040:01
A discription of the Ohons ...... 040:02
share of their happiness in the bri[li]ancy 042:12
& gaudy appearance of their garments. 042:13

b. Ohian agriculture, animal husbandry, etc. 042:14-044:21

They people obtained their living generally by 042:14
by the cultivation of the land -- & the ...... 042:15
of this peop[le] -- that they observed great neetness 044:20
in their dress -- in their cookery & in their houses[.] 044:21

c. Ohian manufacture of ironware and pottery 045:01-046:14

The manufactureing of Iron & lead 045:01
was understood but was not carried on ...... 045:02
mind with the agreeable sensation 046:13
of beauty. -- 046:14

d. Ohian architecture and construction 046:15-050:07
i. their houses and public buildings 046:15-048:05

In Architecture there can be no 046:15
comparison with the civilized nati- ...... 046:16
makes a much better appearance 048:04
than the outside. 048:05

ii. dialog of Trojanus and Lucian on architecture [part deleted] 048:06-050:07

It is my opinion, says Trojanus 048:06
that this people display a taste in ...... 048:07
orninent & splendor it would cease to 050:06
please. -- 050:07

3. Observations on Ohian Communications and Records 050:08-055:14

a. Fabius' comments on learning and the history of writing 050:08-051:08a

    Chap. VI 050:08
Discription of the Learning & customs Relligion ...... 050:09
cle to prevent their production in 051:07
America as well as in Asia? -- 051:08a

b. description of Ohian use of characters for writing 051:08b-052:12

    What 051:08b
-ever may be the reasonings of some ...... 051:09
able to read with fluency & to write 052:11
with ease & accuracy -- 052:12

c. Ohian civil and religious records; scriptures; and teachers 052:13-053:13

    In their principal cities & towns the 052:13
gover[nm]ent appoint learned men to instru[ct] ...... 052:14
containing a collection of proverbs & the 053:12
wise sayings of their sages. -- 053:13

d. Ohian oral history and its preservation in poetry and drama 053:14-055:14

    But the kind of composition in which they 053:14
most excell is poetry -- In poetic numbers ...... 053:15
considerable share of knowledge & civili- 055:13
zation. 055:14


- 7 -




A. Spalding's Observations on Religion's Societal Role 055:15-056:03

  Relion. VII. 055:15
In every nation there is some kind of Relion ...... 055:16
policy of all goverments to encourage & 056:02
protect some kind of Religion. 056:03

B. Spalding's Comments on Ohian Religion 056:04-056:15a

in examining the religious sistem sentiments & precepts which 056:04
are believed & practised thro'out this exten ...... 056:05
ous cerimonies. It expresses them to this 056:14
effect. 056:15a

C. Ohian Scriptural Extracts: Theology and Anthropology 056:15b-058:03a
1. The Good and Evil Beings; Fall and Salvation of Human Beings 056:15b-057:15a

    "There is an inteligent omnipotent 056:15b
Being, who is self existant & infinitely good ...... 056:16
happy after death -- afte[r] his soul quits his body
Death desolves the connection -- 057:15a

2. Metaphysiscs: Death and the Afterlife 057:15b-058:03a

    Etherial 057:15b
Bodies are prepared for the souls of the ...... 057:16
etherial bodies & they arise quik to the abodes 058:02
of delight & glory: 058:03a

3. Various Commandments from Ohian Scripture 058:03b-061:22

a. against cruelty, theft, and lust 058:03b-058:10
    Now O man attend to thy 058:03b
duty & thou shalt escape the portion of the ...... 058:04
body from the contamination of lust -- & remem- 058:09
ber that the seduction of thy neighbors wife would be a great crime. - 058:10

b. on plural marriage and its regulation [deleted] 058:11-058:22

Let thy citizens be numbered once in two 058:11
years -- & if the young women, who are fit ...... 058:12
shall spend his time equally with each 058:21
one -- 058:22

c. on conduct among friends and in families 058:23-059:23

Be grateful for all favours & forsake not thy 058:23
friend in adversity. Treat with kindness ...... 058:24
hast an opportunity to manifest the disposi- releif will be pleasing to thy maker & an 059:22
tion of thy heart -- expression of thy gratituge 059:23

d. on retribution for the wicked and hospitality for strangers 059:24-060:10

Envious & malicious souls are almost incurably 059:24
contaminated with that hellish poison which ...... 059:25
departs he may bless the[e] & go on his way 060:09
rejoicing. -- 060:10

e. against idleness and sloth 060:11-060:21

    Industry will Say not to thyself I will 060:11
indulge in inactivity & idleness & lie upon the ...... 060:12
plenty shall suply the wants of thy family 060:20
& thy reputation shall be respectable. 060:21

f. on bodily cleanliness [partly deleted] 060:22-061:06

But I behold a being in human form, from 060:22
whom I turn away with disgust & abhorrance. ...... 060:23
But from a dirty filthy mortal 061:05
we turn with disgust & abhorrance 061:06

g. on the divine institution of the state and civil defense 061:07-061:22

As the great author of being our existence is bene- 061:07
volent to all his ofspring so it ...... 061:08
will be celebrated on the plains of 061:21
glory. -- 061:22

4. Commandments on Religious Observance and Worship 062:01-064:07

a. on the relationship between God and humankind; worship 062:01-063:02

But the vision now expands & directs 062:01
our comtemplation to fix on his attri[-] ......
therefore bound to confess our faults 063:01
& implore forgivness -- 063:02

b. on religious organization and the priesthood 063:03-063:21

Now that you may know & keep all these 063:03
things which were made known ...... 063:04
Mercy has banished them into shades 063:20
of forgetfulness. -- 063:21

c. admonition to obey the commandments and gain God's favor 063:22-064:07
Be attentive O man to the words of 063:22
truth which have been recorded & ...... 063:23
faces brighten with the cheering benign 064:06
beams of cheerfulness. -- 064:07


A. An Account of Baska (Lobaska) [deleted ?] 064:08-065:08

An Account of Baska: Chap VIII 064:08
Among the great & illustrious characters ...... 064:09
duced him to come into his country -- He re 065:07
-plied 065:08

B. The Story of Lobaska Among the Ancient Ohians 065:09-092:24

1. Spalding's introduction to the Lobaska Legends 065:09-066:21a

    Capt --- VIII 065:09
Perhaps Reader before we describe the ...... 065:10
-fine myself to facts which cannot be 066:20
contested -- 066:21a

2. The Appearance of Lobaska at Sciotan Tolanga 066:21b-068:05

    The place of his nativity is not recor- 066:21b
ded -- The first account given of him was ...... 066:22
people were very liberal in their donations, which 068:04
enabled him to support his family in affluence -- 068:05

3. Lobaska's Educational and Economic Reforms in Sciota 068:06-070:02a

a. his introduction of writing and schools 068:06-069:04a

Having thus in a short time established a character 068:06
superior with respect to wisdom & eloquence to any ...... 068:07
the improvments they had made in literature 069:03
civilization & refinement. -- 069:04a

b. his improvement of the mechanical arts; ironworking 069:04b-069:15

    He still conti- 069:04b
nued to associate among the people & was ...... 069:05
then how to build a small forge & then 069:14
refine pigs & convert them into Iron -- 069:15

c. the results of his reforms 069:16-070:02a

He had resided among the Sciotans about 069:16
three years & the happy effects of his la- ...... 069:17
provment -- & houses were built on a more 070:01
commodious & eligant construction -- 070:02a

4. Lobaska's Religious Reformation in Sciota 070:02b-071:02
a. a new scriptural religion; the pretense of divine revelation 070:02b-070:18a

    But 070:02b
not willing to stop here the benevolent mind ...... 070:03
to have with the second son of the great 070:17
& good Being -- 070:18a

b. reception of his religious fabrications 070:18b-071:02

    the people did not long 070:18b
hisitate, but received as sacred & divine ...... 070:19
which would promote the happiness of man 071:01
kind in this world. 071:02


- 8 -


C. The War of the Blue Feather and Lobaska's Intervention 071:03-081:08

1. The Kentuck Complaint Against the Sciotans 071:03-073:09

a. the Kentuck claim to the blue feather badge 071:03-072:14a

    Whilst the Siotans were thus rapid- 071:03
ly progressing in their improvments ...... 071:04
to Hadocam -- who thus proclaim 072:13
-ed -- 072:14a

b. King Bombal of Kentuck's Ultimatum Letter to Sciota 072:14b-073:09

    Thus saith Bombal, the king 072:14b
of kings & the most mighty prince ...... 072:15
the most plaintive howling, they lamented 073:08
their sad disaster & disgrace. 073:09

2. Lobaska's Stratagem in the Battle With the Kentucks 073:10-078:06a

a. the ultimatum received, Lobaska's advice 073:10-074:08

    An answer so shrewd & insulting, it was 073:10
expected would soon be followed by an invasion ...... 073:11
mathooks, & one thousand wheelbarrows -- 074:07
& one hundred axes. I will give directions how to make them -- 074:08

b. the Sciotan war preparations 074:09-075:05a

Not a moment was lost, the army was assem- 074:09
bled & impliments provided with the utmost ..... 074:10
sand more of his warriors, men of brave hearts 075:04
& valiant for the Battle -- 075:05a

c. Bombal invades Sciota with his armies 075:05b-075:22a

    The indignant king 075:05b
of the Kentucks by this time had assembled an ...... 075:05
hill -- He had a reserved core, who were pla- 075:21
ced in the rear of the main body -- 075:22a

d. Bombal's address to his troops 075:22b-076:12a

    Having 075:22b
thus arranged them for battle, he went ...... 075:23
the blue Feather & you will fight like wolvs 076:11
robed of their puppies. -- 076:12a

e. the Kentuck army trapped by Lobaska's stratagem 076:12b-078:06a

[note: deleted version of e. also found on MS p. 117]

    Hadocam had 076:12b
by this time, formed his army in order of ...... 076:13
plorable situation of his army, his haughty 078:05
soul felt the keenest anguish -- 078:06a

f. dialog between Bombal and Hadocam 078:06b-078:24a

    Where says 078:06b
he is the King of the Siotans? Here I am ...... 078:07
& amity, that shall be advantageous & honoura[-] 078:23
ble to both nations. -- 078:24a

g. the peace conference at Tolanga 078:24b-081:08
i. Bombal and Hadocam choose Lobaska as arbitrator 078:24b-079:17a

    These terms were accepted 078:24b
& the Kentucks returned in peace to their own coun ...... 079:01
Your proposal, says Bombal, is generous. 079:16
Lobaska shall be our Arbitrator -- 079:17a

ii. Lobaska's speech against war 079:17b-080:09

    Lobaska 079:17b
then rose -- Attend says he, to my words ...... 079:18
originate from as trifling causes as 080:08
the blue feather. 080:09

iii. peace treaty and provisions for schools in Kentuck 080:10-081:08

    Let this be the first article of your treaty 080:10
that any person may wear a blue feather ...... 080:09
of both parties & were ratified in the 081:07
most solem manner -- 081:08

D. Lobaska's Educational Reforms Among the Kentucks 081:09-084:21

1. Lobaska's Benevolent Scheme for Reform in Kentuck 081:09-082:13

    As Thus happy, was the termination of the war, about 081:09
the blue feather! having taken place -- ...... 081:10
which he had done at Tolanga & his success 082:12
answered his most sanguine expectations. 082:13

2. Lobaska's School Established and the Kentucks converted 082:14-094:21

a. his scholars sent to Kentuck as teachers 082:14-082:18a

The people were now prepared for the introduc- 082:14
tion of a school -- He returned back to Tolanga 082:15
& sent his second son & three of the most for[-] 082:16
ward scollars of the Sciotans to establish a school 082:17
at Gamba -- 082:18a

b. his preparations for Kentuck government reform [deleted] 082:18b-083:12

    In the mean time his intention 082:18b
was to make some amendments in the gover .... 082:19
rose -- & presented them with the following con- 083:11
stitution of govenment -- 083:12

c. his constitution for Kentuck [deleted] 083:13-083:23

    The king of Siota shall be stiled the Empe- 083:13
ror of Ohion & the king of Siota -- His crown ...... 083:14
Tolanga to make laws for the good of the 083:22
nation.-- 083:23

d. his success in Kentuck reforms 084:01-084:21

These young men having imbibed the 084:01
spirit & principles of their great ...... 084:02
what he could have received from the 084:20
reputation of being a great conqueror. 084:21

E. Ohian Politics and Lobaska's Governmental Reforms 085:01-092:24

1. Ohian Political Geography 085:01-085:22a

    Chap. IX Gover[m]ent - & money 085:01
The people who were denominated Ohians, were ...... 085:02
took place among these chiefs, which were often at- 085:21
tended with pernicious consequences. 085:22a

2. Lobaska Frames the Ohian Constitution 085:22b-086:06

    To remidy these 085:22b
evils & to facilitate & accomplish the great & benevolent plan ...... 085:23
presented by the hand of Lobaska to the respective kings 086:05
of Sciota & Kentuck -- 086:06

3. Lobaska's Constitution for Sciota 086:07-089:09

a. Sciotan Empire; rule by Lobaska's son 086:07-086:14a

The Sciotan constitution was comprised in the words. 086:07
The Country east of the great River Ohio shall form ...... 086:08
successively shall mary natives of the kingdomdom of 086:13
Sciota[:] -- & all their daughters shall mary within their own dominions. 086:14a

b. the Emperor's rights and the duties of his office 086:14b-087:10b

    He shall have four counsellors -- He with the 086:14b
advice of his councellors shall have the exclusive right ...... 086:15
quantity only that the value shall not depreciate -- 087:09
... he shall appoint the officers of his army -- except where the chiefs chus 087:10a
to to command their own subjects -- ... they shall be subject to the comand of the emperor 087:10b

c. provision for censors to represent the people 087:10c-087:16

The people in evry city, town or village shall respectively 087:10c
chuse one or more censors -- whose duty it shall be to ......
a reformation of morals in the offendors as the laws shall 087:15
direct. 087:16

d. Lobaska's fabricated priesthood established 087:17-088:08

    In order that the priests & instructors of learning may know &
perform their duty 087:17
for the benefit of civilization, morality & religion, Lam ...... 087:18
shall be denied the priviledge of their instructions -- & 088:07
shall be subjected to the ridecule & contempt of the people. -- 088:08

e. rules governing money 088:09-089:03

    For the convenience of the people & for the easy 088:09
support of the goverment, it is necessary that there ...... 088:10
This account shall be submitted to the examination 089:02
of the King of Siota & the chiefs of the empire. 089:03

f. the rights of petition 089:04-089:09

The Emperor shall always be ready to receive 089:04
the petitions & complaints of his subjects -- He ...... 089:05
neficent acts shall gain their affection & obtain 089:08
the appalation of a just, a good & gracious Prince. -- 089:09

4. the new government established in Sciota 089:10-090:17

    When Hadocam king of Sciota had received this 089:10
plan of goverment, he immediately assembled ...... 089:11
to a state of civilization knowledge & pros- 090:16
perity -- 090:17

5. the new government established in Kentuck 090:18-091:15

    Having now beheld the happy success of 090:18
his experiment at Sciota, Lobaska made ...... 090:19
ing care of the goverment became civilized 091:14
wealty & prosperous. -- 091:15

6. The Effects of Lobaska's Reforms; Lobaska Disappears 091:16-092:24

    Thus within the term of Twelve years from 091:16
the arival of Lobaska at T[o]langa, he had the satis- ...... 091:17
& benevolent princ[c]iples, which first marked 092:23
the commencement & progress of their institutions -- 092:24


A. Ohian Military Arrangements 093:01-094:10

    Chat -- --X 093:01
Miletary forts. arangement. amusements. Custom[s]. Extent of the Empirs ..... 093:02
the most expert in shooting the Arrow or in managing 094:09
the spear & the sword. 094:10

B. Ohian Social Life 094:11-099:07

1. their social amusements 094:11-096:15

    Their Amusements were generally of the athletick 094:11
kind -- calculated to improve their agility & strength -- ...... 094:12
are admissible in company -- & absolute laciviousness would 096:14
meet the most severe reprehension. -- 096:15

2. their courtship and marriage customs 096:16-099:07

    When a young man wishes to settle himself in a fami 096:16
-ly state he proclaims it by wearing a red feather in his cap ...... 096:17
respect & reverance. -- Nor did they forsake them in old 099:06
age -- but paid provided liberally for their support -- & 099:07

3. their social/legal institutions bring felicity and 480 year peace 099:08-102:07

But we are not to suppose that in the most virtuous 099:08
age of the nation, all were virtuous -- Far from this ...... 099:09
plenty & competence of provision, as was necessary 102:06
for their comfort and happiness -- 102:07

4. their earthwork fortifications 102:08-103:17

    During the time of their rising greatness & tran 102:08
-quility, their policy led them to fortify their country ...... 102:09
when the Almighty is provoked to chastise them & to 103:16
execute his vengence in their overthrow & destruction -- 103:17


- 9 -




A. Relations Between the Ohian Imperial Families 103:18-104:07

    Chat I XI -- 03:18
As the Sciotans & the Kentucks had maintained ...... 103:19
They however claimed relationship & still continued to each 104:06
other, the appellation of our dearest & best beloved cousen. -- 104:07

B. Prince Elseon of Kentuck Visits Sciota 104:08-113:17

1. Elseon received by the Sciotans 104:08-104:20a

A cousen of this discription, who was the eldest son of Ham- 104:08
-boon the Emperor of Kentuck arived at the city of Talan- ...... 104:09
goverment -- in viewing curiosities, & in the assemblies of the 104:19
first class of young citizens who met for recreation. -- 104:20a

2. Eleson's infatuation with Princess Lamesa 104:20b-107:05

    Elseon, for 104:20b
this was the name of the young Prince, was, soon after his ari- ...... 04:21
that Elseon should make known to the Emperor their mu 107:04
tual desire to be joined in wedlock. 107:05

3. Elseon's attempt to arrange a marriage with Lamesa 107:06-109:17

a. his letter to Emperor Rambock of Sciota 107:06-108:05

The next day he wrote to the Emperor as follows -- 107:06
May it please your most excellent Majesty. Permit ...... 107:07
to my request. 108:04
    Signed. Elseon, Prince of Kentuck. 108:05

b. Rambock's consideration of the letter 108:06-108:31

This letter was presented to the Emperor, by Helicon an 108:06
intimate friend of Elseon. -- The Emperor read it -- assumed ...... 108:07
This produced great debate, altercation & confusion thro' the 108:30
city -- All were anxious to know the Emperors descision -- 108:31

c. Rambock's negative reply to Elseon 109:01-109:17

On the tenth day the Emperor transmitted to the prince the 109:01
following answer to his Letter -- ...... 109:02
with your request. 109:16
    Signed Hambock Emperor of Sciota 109:17

4. Eleson's secret plan of elopement 109:18-113:17

a. the lovers consider Rambock's decision 109:18-110:19

As Elseon had been informed of the complexion which his 109:18
affair had assumed in the court & thro' the city he was ...... 109:19
mand me to plunge a dagger into my heart -- I can not indure 110:18
that supercilious bundle of pride & affectation. 110:19

b. Rambock commands Lamesa to marry King Sambal 110:20-110:31

    At this moment her Maid ... gave her a Letter. 110:20
I received this Letter ... from your Brother, who told me it was from ..... 110:21
readiness & yield a cheerful compliance with our will. -- 110:30
    Signed, Rambock, Emr -- of Sciota. 110:31

c. the lovers plan an elopement 110:32-111:24a

    Had the Lightning flashed ... & peirced her heart, 110:32
it could not have produced a more instantaneous effect -- She fell ..... 110:33
share with you the worst of fortune, rather than fall into the hands 111:23
of this haughty Sambal. 111:24a

d. Elseon departs from Sciota [deleted] 111:24b-112:10

    What could she say more[,] to express 111:24b
the feelings of a heart strugling under ... different pas ...... 111:25
on his journey about twenty miles -- They all tarryed at a vili- 112:09
age over night -- ---------------------------------------------- 112:10

e. Elseon departs Sciota, escorted by Lamesa and friends 112:11-113:17

    Immagination alone can paint the pleasant & happy 112:11
scene -- Elseon was transported with joy -- He prest her to his ...... 112:12
exchanged by the whole company -- & even tears were seen 113:16
to drop from evry eye. 113:17

C. The Elopement of Elseon and Lamesa 113:18-115:14

1. Elseon escorted towards his Kentuck homeland 113:18-113:32a

As the whole of this parade indicates no flight, of Elseon 113:18
& Lamesa, we must now view them, with their select company ..... 113:19
& friendly offices -- They then clasped each others hands, & bowing 113:31
very low took an affectionate farewell -- 113:32a

2. Eleson and Lamesa flee to Kentuck 113:32b-114:19

    But where are 113:32b
Lamesa & her friend -- During these cerimonies their horses move ... 114:01
with uncommon swiftness -- her heart palpitates with an appre-
Their movement is no slow thro' the remaining part of the 114:18
journey. -- They at length arive at the great city of Gamba. 114:19

3. The Lovers are Received in Kentuck and are Married 114:20-115:14

We may now contemplate them as having new scenes to 114:20
pass trough. Not to delineate the parade which was made ...... 114:21
spent the remaining part of the day & evening in 115:13
convrsation, singing & rereation. -- 115:14

D. The Sciotans Seek Revenge and the Recovery of Lamesa 115:15-131:29

1. Sciotan Emperor Rambock is Informed of the Elopement 115:15-116:30

    Chap XII. -- 15:15
The Reader will recollect that Elseon & his friends ...... 115:16
possible for you to be so deceived by that artful prince, 116:29
was it possible to disobey the command of your indulgent father. 116:30

[out of place] first draft of 076:12b ff. 117:01-117:23

as they steped on the covering top of the 117:01
canal, the thin peices of timber broke ...... 117:02
Prince was humbled. -- Not a drop of blood 117:22
was shed to accomplish the whole -- 117:23

[continuation and conclusion of 116:30] 117:24

& bring upon our family such wretchedness & dishonour. 117:24

2. King Sambal Hears of the Elopement and Seeks Revenge 118:01-119:16

Fame with Her thousand tongues commenced her pleasing employ- 118:01
-ment -- & as swift as the wings of Time she wafted the enteligence ....118:02
his parlor, & walked forth to consult his principal officers on 119:15
the best plan to obtain revenge -- 119:16

3. Rambock Attempts to Regain Lamesa by Peaceful Means 119:17-122:05

a. Rambock consults with his councilors 119:17-119:27a

    In the mean time, the Emperor less haughty & indig- 119:17
nant, & possessed of sentiments more humane & benevolent, ...... 119:18
demand in addition ten Mammouth ... an adequate compensa- 119:26
tion -- But they all depricated the horrors of war. 119:27a

b. Sambal demands the return of Lamesa 119:27b-120:23

    In the midst
of 119:27b their debates which were managed with great coolness & impartia- ...119:28
-- their towns shall be laid in ruins, & carnage shall glut 120:22
our indignant Swords. -- 120:23

c. Rambock sends a letter to Kentuck demanding Lamesa's return 120:24-122:05

i. the decision to dispatch a letter to Emperor Hamboon 120:24-120:27

    When further deliberation had taken place, the Emperor & 120:24
two of his counsellors adopted the advice of Sambal to demand 120:25
Lamesa -- & an Envoy was immediately despatched to the Em- 120:26
peror of Kentuck with the following Letter. 120:27

ii. Rambock's letter to Emperor Hamboon of Kentuck 120:28-122:05
May it please your most gracious Majesty. 20:28
    Nothing could have given us more pleasure ...... 120:29
of war. -- 122:04
    Signed[,] Rambock, Emperor of Sciota. 122:05

4. The Kentuck Emperor Attempts Negotiation 122:06-124:27

a. Hamboon meets with his councilors 122:06-122:28a

When Hamboon had received this Letter, he immediately invited 122:06
his councellors to attend him, ... & as it was a subject of ...... 122:07
capable of an act so unjust & inhuman -- so base & disgrace 122:27
-ful? 122:28a

b. Prince Eleson advises preparations for war with Sciota 122:28b-123:25a

    As the debates were proceeding, Elseon rose -- 122:28b
May I says he claim your attention a moment. -- ...... 122:29
immediate preparation to meet their threatned vengence with 123:24
fortitude & courage. 123:25a

c. Hamboon sends a letter of refusal to Rambock 123:25b-124:27

i. the decision to dispatch a letter to Emperor Rambock 123:25b-123:30
This speach of the young prince united the 123:25b
whole council & they ... agreed to reject the demand of the ...... 123:26
He precipitated his journey to the court of Rambock & when 123:29
he arrived he delivered him the following Letter. 123:30

ii. Rambock's letter to Emperor Hamboon of Kentuck 124:01-124:27

May it please your most excellent Majesty. -- 124:01
Next to the welfare & prosperity of our Empire ...... 124:02
substitute for the object what you have demanded. -- 124:26
    Signed Hamboon Emperor of Kentuck. 124:27

5. The Sciotans Move Towards War 124:28-131:29

a. Sambal uses prophets and seers to stir up war sentiment 124:28-126:39

The mind of Rambock was not formed for the perpetual 124:28
exercise of Resentment & malice. -- And having co[n-] ...... 124:29
peror replies that they should soon be assembled -- But as to war 126:38
it was a subject which required great consideration. -- 126:39

b. Rambock's council discusses the merits of war 127:01-131:29

i. the council reviews Hamboon's letter 127:01-127:07
Early on the next day his councellors, priests & principal officers all 127:01
meet him in the council Room -- He laid before them the Letter ..... 127:02
any sum as a reparation for our injury. -- The council sat silent 127:06
for some time. -- at length the venerable Boakim arose -- 127:07

ii. Boakim's speech against war 127:08-128:31

I must beg, says he, the indulgence of your Majesty & this ho- 127:08
nourable council a few moments -- Never did I rise with such im-...... 127:09
pires are nearly equal as to numbers & resources I will ventur[e] 128:30
to predict their eventual overthrow & destruction. 128:31

iii. Hamkol's speech favoring war 129:01-129:21
Boakim would have proceeded, -- but Hamkol rose. & 129:01
interrupted -- It was impudence in the extreme -- but he had ...... 129:02
& tribe from the River to the Lakes will pour forth their 129:20
warriors -- anxious to revenge our country's wrongs. -- 129:21

iv. Lakoonrod's speech demanding a holy war 129:22-130:25a

Scarce had he done speaking -- And Lakoon[rod] the 129:22
High Priest arose -- He was in the interest of Sambal & ...... 129:23
-ly receive etherial Bodies -- & shall arise quickly to the abodes 130:24
of increasing delight & glory -- 130:25a

v. war is declared upon the Kentucks 130:25b-131:29
    He said no more -- he had dis- 130:25b
charged ... his malice against Elseon for saing, that the ...... 130:26
of the declaration of War. -- 131:28
& there made known all the proceedings of the Sciotan goverment. 131:29

[MS p. 132 is devoid of narrative]


- 10 -



A. Rambock Prepares an Invasion Army for the War 133:01-138:28
[break in the story due to loss of MS pp. 133-134]

1. The Sciotan Kings Assemble Their Armies at Tolanga 133:01-136:21

a. [assumed] King Sambal leads his troops 13?:??-13?:??
b. [assumed] King Rankoff leads his troops 13?:??-13?:??
c. [assumed] King Sabamah leads his troops 13?:??-13?:??

d. King Habolan leads his army to Tolanga 135:01-135:16

Habolan, King of Chiauga was the next proud chief who ap- 135:01
peared at Talanga with a chosen band of warriors. He had fif- ...... 135:02
where heroes fell beneath his conquering sword, his ambition was 135:15
gratified & he acquired the highest martial glory. 135:16

e. King Ulipoon leads his army to Tolanga 135:17-135:32

Ulipoon King of Michegan received the orders of the Em- 135:17
peror with with great joy -- War suited his nigardly & avari- ...... 135:18
cious soul -- as he was in hopes to obtain great riches from 135:19
appearance intitled them to a command[e]r of more generosity 135:31
& valour, than the nigardly & treacherous Ulipoon. 135:32

f. King Nunapon leads his army to Tolanga 135:33-136:11

N[un]apon, the King of Catara[n]ngus made no was prompt to com 135:33
-ply with the imperial Requistion. -- Tho' he prefered the scenes ...... 135:34
of a select Band of sixteen Thousand men, all compleatly armed 136:10
& anxious to meet the foe he marched to join the grand army. 136:11

g. King Ramock leads his troops to Tolanga 136:12-136:21

Not far behind appeared ... the King of Geneseo = With Furious 136:12
& resolute, he had made the utmost expedition to collect his ...... 136:13
yet he anticipated, distinguished h laurels of glory -- not less 136:20
than what would be obtained by their first commander[s]. 136:21

2. Rambock Addresses his Assembled Kings and Warriors 136:22-138:13a

When these Kings with their forces had all arrived 36:22a
at Talanga, the Emperor Rambock 136:22b
commanded ordered them to parade .... They obeyed & and ...... 136:23
Long live the Emperor -- We swear that he shall never find us 138:12
cowards & poltroons. 138:13a

3. Rambock Leads His Grand Army to Invade Kentuck 138:13b-138:28

    The Emperor then ordered them to 138:13b
march by divisions & each King to lead on his own subjects ...... 138:14
And here we will leave them for the present & take a view of the 138:27
proceedings in Kentuck. -- 138:28

B. Hamboon Prepares a Defense Army for the War 138:29-142:20

1. Hamboon Assembles His Army at Gamba 138:29-139:05a

When Labanco had presented to Hamboon the Emperor 138:39
of Kentuck the declaration of war & related the proceedings ...... 138:30
Their army assembled and paraded on a great plain before 139:04
the city -- 139:05a

2. Hamboon Addresses His Assembled Troops 139:05b-140:25a

Hamboon, attended by his two sons, Elseon & Hanock 139:05b
& by his councellors & three of his principal Priests walked out ...... 139:06
Haveing thus spoken = The whole army, with a loud voice replied -- Victory 140:24
or death -- Lead us on to victory. 140:25a

3. Hamboon Leads His Army to Defend Kentuck 140:25b-140:30

    At the head of this 140:25b
army, which consisted of one hundred & fifty thous- ...... 140:26
ly emplyed in making preparation to cross the 140:29
River. -- 40:30

4. Lamesa Visits the Kentuck Encampment 140:31-142:20

a. romantic reunion of Elseon and Lamesa 140:31-141:08a

The Empress -- the princis Lamesa, & the Emperors daughters 140:31
attended by a few friends ... arived at the place where ...... 140:32
The tears ran down her cheeks -- for a moment she was silent -- She 141:07
raised her head & replied -- 141:08a

b. the lovers justify their conduct 141:08b-141:27

    O Elseon were it not for you I should be the 141:08b
most wretched being ... & yet my love for you has been the cause ......141:09
cause -- They alone are responsible for their crimes -- & have 141:26
reason for unhappy reflections. -- 141:27

c. Elseon promises to spare Lamesa's family 141:28-142:14a

But how can I endure says she, to behold my dearest friends, be- 141:28
come each others implacable enimy? To see them mutually en- ...... 141:29
Their lives says he are safe from my sword -- But hark -- there is 142:13
an alarm = 142:14a

d. Elseon leaves to fight the invading Sciotans 142:14b-142:20

    An express arived & informed him, that the 142:14b
Scitan Army had found means to get their Boats down the River ...... 142:15
nour call, I must obey. -- He left her in tears imploring heaven 142:19
to protect him -- & he runing swiftly to the army, he took his station. 142:20


A. Hamboon Prepares the Kentuck Defense 142:21-145:08a

1. Hamboon Calls His Troops to Their Battle Stations 142:21-142:33a

    Chap -- XIV I -- 142:21
Hamboon mounted on an eligant Horse richly caparosened, ...... 142:22
enimies - & to have an opportunity of displaying their valour in their 142:32
destruction. 142:33a

2. Hamboon's Battle Council With His Officers 142:33b-145:08a

  Hamboon then commanded his principal officers to assem 142:33b
ble around him -- When they were collected which was in front of 142:34
the army, he then addressed them - I wish for your opinions, my brave 142:35

[break in the story due to loss of MS pp. 143-144]

& heroic commanders, had each a chosen band of warri- ...... 145:01
to Elseon, Labanko, Hanock, & two counsellors of the 145:07
Emperor Hamul & Taboon. == 145:08a

B. The First Hostile Engagement 145:08b-149:31

1. Description of the Armies Being Readied for the Attack 145:08b-146:07

    The momentous period had 145:08b
arived -- Each grand army were now ready -- were anxious ...... 145:09
destruction. -- The Musick again played & both ar- 146:06
-mies gave a tremendous shout -- Spears & swords 146:07

2. The Sciotan Charge Upon the Kentucks 146:08-147:18a

When the Sciotans had advanced, with a firm & moderate 146:08
step, within a small distance of Hamboons Army ...... 146:09
not distinguished by office, were compeled to receive 147:17
deadly wounds & to bite the dust. -- 147:18a

3. Elseon Counter-charges Rankoff and Hamkol 147:18b-148:14

a. his arrack upon the Sciotans 147:18b-147:22a

    It was Elseon['s] 147:18b
fortune to attack the division led by the va- 147:19
liant Rancoff -- He broke his ranks & killed 147:20
many warriors -- while driving them furiously 147:21
before him -- 147:22a

b. his single combat with Hamkol; Elseon kills Hamkol 147:22b-048:14

    he met Hamkol at the head of many 147:22b
thousand Sciotans -- Hamkol beheld the young ...... 147:23
heart -- Hamkol he knashed his teeth together & with a 148:13
groan & tumbling headlong, with a groan expired. -- 148:14

4. Labanco Counter-charges Sambal 148:15-149:05a

a. he kills two Sciotan chiefs 148:15-148:18a

The Battle raged -- Labanko attacked the division of 148:15
Sambal -- His conquering Sword had kiled two daring 148:16
chiefs -- & his Band performed the most brilliant 148:17
exploits -- 148:18a

b. Sambal kills Labanko dishonorably 148:18b-148:21a

    Sambal met him & like an indignant 148:18b
panther, he sprang upon him, & while Labanko was 148:19
engaged in combat with another chief, Sambal thrust 148:20
his sword into his side -- 148:21a

c. Labanco's Eulogy 148:21b-148:29a

    Thus Labanko fell lamented 148:21b
& beloved by the subjects of the empire of Kentuck ...... 148:22
grief & lamentation -- & excited in the minds of the Kentucks 148:28
a more ardent thirst for revenge. -- 148:29a

5. Hanock Battles Habelain; Thousands Slaughtered 148:29b-149:14a

    The officers of his phalanx 148:29b
exclaimed revenge the death of Labanco -- Even lightning could .... 148:30
heroes, bismeared with blood, which was spread thick on every 148:13
side. -- 149:14a

6. Hamul Battles Sabamah; An Immence Slaughter 149:14b-149:22

    In the mean time Hamul & Taboon who led on 149:14b
the other reserved bands of the Kentucks were fircely enga- ...... 149:15
emence & each party boasted of the most brilliant atchiev- 149:21
ments. -- 149:22

7. Taboon Attacks Hamelick and Rameck 149:23-149:31

Taboon made his attack on the division of Ulipoon com- 149:23
-manded by Hamelick -- Their Sciotan ranks were broken & they ...... 149:24
human blood -- Hamelick himself was slain -- But not 149:30
until after his sword was crimsoned with the blood of enimies. 149:31


- 11 -


C. The Sciotan Retreat 149:32-151:02a

1. Rambock's Troops Fall Back Despite Encouragement 149:32-150:10a

But The dubious war appeared at last determined -- Hambock 149:32
beheld his army giving ground on every part -- He rode ...... 149:33
slaughter they had begun. But how often are the most san- 150:09
guine expectations disappointed by the decrees of Heaven? -- 150:10a

2. A Thunderstorm Saves the Sciotans From Pursuit 150:10b-150:24a

At 150:10a
this auful period -- whilst the atmosphere was replete with the ...... 150:11
since the great & good Being had miraculously interposed 150:23
in their behalf. 150:24a

3. The Kentucks and Sciotans Disengage; the Battle Ends 150:24b-151:02a

    The Kentuck Army were were unable to 150:24b
continue the conflict. -- They were obliged in their turn, to re- ...... 150:25
was strewed thick with the slain. -- Thus ended the great battle 151:01
on the plains of Geheno. -- 151:02a

D. Aftermath of the Great Battle 151:02b-153:19

1. The Soldiers Encamp for the Night 151:02b-151:12a

    Both There they encamped -- 151:02b
and as the storm ... subsided both armies proceeded to make ...... 151:03
rest & sleep -- Next morning they arose with renovated 151:11
vigor. 151:12a

2. Description of the Carnage-covered Battlefield 151:12b-151:19a

a. spirits of the slain rise to their heavenly rewards 151:12b-151:16a

   Their tho'ts were immediately turned to the sanguin 151:12b
field -- Many warriors say ... pierced with mortal wounds 151:13
& covered with with blood -- Their spirets have assumed 151:14
etheriel bodies & they are now receiving the rewards assign 151:15
-ed to the brave on the plains of glory -- 151:16a

b. the dead bodies are in danger of desecration 151:16b-151:19a

    but they demand 151:16b
of us that we should secure their remains from the voraci- 151:17
-ous jaws of carniverous animals Beasts by intering them in 151:18
the earth. 151:19a

3. The Armistice For the Interment of the Dead 151:19b-153:19a

a. Hamboon Arranges a Two Day Truce 151:19b-151:25

    But how can this be done unless both armies 151:19b
will mutually agree to lay down their arms during ...... 151:20
thousand men might be employed from each army 151:24
in burying the dead. -- 151:25

b. neither Army is Victorious; 100,000 lie dead 151:26-152:11

It was indeed a meloncolly day. -- The contest was 151:26
not desided -- Neither army had gained a victory or had ..... 151:27
only served to encrease their malice & their thirst for re- 152:10
venge. -- 152:11

c. burial of the battlefield dead [deleted] 152:12-152:30

Ten thousand men from each army, without arms, marh- 152:12
ed to the field were the battle was faught -- & having selected ......152:13
armistice had expired, the hostile Emperors must 152:29
now determine on their further plans of operation. 152:30

d. burial of the dead warriors 153:01-153:19

i. description of the dead warriors 153:01-153:07
The field was widely strewed, & in many places thickly covered 153:01
with human bodies -- extended .... -- on their sides ...... 153:02
forms & dreadful to behold! Such objects exicted horror & all the 153:06
sympethetic & compassionate feelings of the human heart. -- 153:07

ii. 20,000 soldiers bury the dead in earthen mounds 153:08-153:14a
As both Emperors had agreed to the suspension of arms for 153:08
the purpose of burying ... those of the heroic warriors ..... 153:09
In these they deposited the bodies of their deceased heroes & then 153:13
raised over them large mounds of earth -- 153:14a
iii. the dead chiefs returned; burials in great mounds 153:14b-153:19
    The bodies of the Chiefs 153:14b
who had fallen were carried to their respective armies & buried, ...... 153:15
ments to commemorate the valiant feats of these heroes & the 153:18
great Battle of Geheno. -- 153:19


A. The Stand-off Between the Two Armies 153:20-155:37
1. The Two Armies Occupy Hills and Encamp 153:20-153:31

After the funeral Rites were finished -- & the armistice had ex- 153:20
-pired, ... Emperors must now determine on further plans of ...... 153:21
hill in plain view of the Sciotans & there encamped with 153:30
his whole army. 153:31

2. Sciotan Plunderers Ravage the Kentuck Countryside 153:32-154:07

As the Sciotans sallied out in parties to plunder & to ravage the 153:32
country, these were pursued, overtaken or met by parties of the ..... 153:33
had a further object in view ... to provoke Hamboon to attack 154:06
the main army, whilst posted in an advantageous situation. -- 154:07

3. Kentuck Defense Measures 154:08-154:12

But it was Hamboon's policy by placing garrisons in different 154:08
stations & by patroling parties to prevent the sciotans from 154:09
plundering & destroying his towns -- & from geting provisons 154:10
from his country -- & in this way to compel them to cross the 154:11
River or to attack his army in the position he had taken. -- 154:12

B. A Daring Kentuck Exploit 154:13-155:37
1. Description of the Kentuck Warriors, Hamko and Kelsock 154:13-154:26a

While the Two Emperors were thus manoevering -- & seeking 154:13
by various arts & stratigems to gain advantage over each ...... 154:14
of the same cup -- & in all their excursions they attended each other 154:25
& walked hand in hand. -- 154:26a

2. The Two Kentucks Plan a Night-time Stratagem 154:26b-154:38

    As these two friends were seting 154:26b
in their tent one evening -- Kelsock[---] who was the oldest, says ..... 154:27
enterprize or perish in the attempt. Perhaps we may atcheive 154:37
a glorious deliverance ... by destroying our cruel enimie[s. 154:38

3. The Night-time Raid on the Sciotan Camp 155:01-155:37

a. the two Kentucks sneak into the midst of the sleeping enemy 155:01-155:11a

They both taking their swords ... repaired towards the camp of the Sciotans 155:01
in order to reconoiter ... where they could enter & not be perceived ..... 155:02
when they lay down that the vigelence of their guards would 155:10
secure them from surprize, they slept with unusial soundness, 155:11a

b. they spend the night killings hundreds of sleeping warriors 155:11b-155:16a

  but 155:11
their vigelence could not prevent an unsuspected destruction. The 155:12
Tomehauks ... of these daring youth, soon caused hundreds 155:13
to sleep in eternal slumbers -- & so anxious were they to finish the 155:14
destruction of their enimies, that the day began to dawn before they 155:15
had cleared themselvs from their camp of their enimies -- 155:16a

c. they are discovered and pursued by indignant Sciotans 155:16b-155:19

    Scarce how- 155:16b
-ever had they past the last centinal, & the alarm was given -- 155:17
The Sciotans beheld a most terrible slaughter ... & being 155:18
fired with indignation sallied forth in parties in every direction -- 155:19

4. Kelsock and Hamko are killed by the Pursuing Sciotans 155:20-155:37

a. Hamko is overtaken by the enemy 155:20-155:25a

Kelsock & Hamko[;] had nearly gained the encampment of the Ken- 155:20
tucks & Haloon with a party of Sciotans had overtaken ...... 155:21
seize his friend, who was attempting to defend himself against 155:24
the party -- 155:25a

b. Kelsock pleads for his friend's life 155:25b-155:29a

    Kelsock turned instantly, & runing furiously back 155:25b
cried, spare O spare the youth, he is innocent -- I alone con- 155:26
trived the slaughter of the Sciotans. -- too much love to his friend 155:27
induced him to join me in the enterprize -- Here is my bosom -- 155:28
here take your revenge -- 155:29a

c. the two Kentucks are killed; their eulogy 155:29b-155:37

    Scarce had he spoken & Haloon plun- 155:29b
ged his sword into the heart of Hamko. -- The young hero fell -- & ... 155:30
-ed again -- Ah heric youths in friendship ye lived -- & in life 155:36
& death ye were joined. -- 155:37


- 12 -



A. The Sciotans Attack and Sack Gamba, the Kentuck Capital 156:01-158:26

1. The Sciotans March on Gamba 156:01-156:24a

a. Sambal and Ulipoon plan a stratagem for revenge 156:01-156:12a

Forty days had now expired since the two armies had taken 156:01
their different positions -- Each received large reinforcements ...... 156:02
their revenge, provided that it should even produce the annihilation 156:11
of their Army. -- 156:12a

b. the Sciotans break camp by night 156:12b-156:16a

    As soon as darkness had overspread the earth at 156:12b
night -- Rambock marched his whole army towards the city 156:13
of Gamba -- & such was the stillness of their movments that 156:14
they were not perceived -- nor was it known by Hamboon that 156:15
they had marched until the morning light. -- 156:16a

c. the Kentucks soon pursue the marching Sciotans 156:16b-156:20

    As soon as 156:16b
the Kentucks per[c]eived that the Sciotans had abandoned the 156:17
place of their encampment & found the direction they had gone[,] 156:18
they immediately pursued them with with the utmost expediton. -- 156:19
But too late to prevent the intended slaughter & devastation. 156:20

d. the Sciotans ravage villages on way to Gamba 156:21-156:24a

The Sciotans without delaying their march by attacking any forts 156:21
in their way, merely entered the vilages, killing the inha- 156:22
bitants who had not made their escape & burning their 156:23
houses -- 156:24a

2. the Sciotans Attack the City of Gamba 156:24b-157:27

a. Lamack prepares the defense of Gamba 156:24b-156:32a

    They arived before the City of Gamba -- Great in- 156:24b
deed was the surprize, the consternation & terror of the citi- ...... 156:25
the blood of his cruel enimies. He posted his warriors in 156:31
a narrow passage which led to the city. -- 156:32a

b. Sciotan Prince Moonrod attacks the Kentuck defenders 156:32b-157:21a

    The Sciotan 156:32b
Emperor immediately formed his plan of attack -- A large host ...... 156:33
They could no longer maintain the bloody contest against 157:20
such a mighty host. 157:21a

c. the Kentuck defenders retreat to the fort at Gamba 157:21b-157:32

    Lamoch then commanded the survi- 157:21a
vors of his little Band to break thro' the ranks of his ...... 157:22
which prevented an emence slaughter of citizens -- As the greatest 157:31
part had opportunity by this meins to gained the fort. -- 157:32

3. Ulipoon Sacks and Fires the City of Gamba 158:01-158:26

As soon as all resistance was over come & had subsided, the Sciotans 158:01
lost no time -- but marched into the city & commenced a general ...... 158:02
anxiety lest Hamboon should not arive in season to pre- 158:25
vent the storming of the fort. -- But their anxiety soon vanished. 158:26

B. The Kentuck Army Relieves the Siege of Gamba 158:27-162:32

1. Hamboon's Kentuck Army Arrives to Relieve Gamba 158:27-159:14a

a. the worried Kentucks approach burning Gamba 158:27-159:07a

When the shades of evening began to overspread 158:27
the earth, Hamboon and his Army had arrived within ...... 158:28
They made ... utmost expedition -- determined if they found 159:06
their enimy to take ample vengence. 159:07a

b. they find the remainder of the citizens are safe in the fort 159:07b-159:11

    But when they arrived &
159:07b found that the greatest part of the citizens were safe in the fort 159:08
this afforded no small aleviation to their anxiety & grief -- But 159:09
their thirst for revenge & their ardent desire to engage the enimy 159:10
in battle did not in the least abate. 159:11

c. they prepare to attack the Sciotans at dawn 159:12-159:14a

Determined that the Sciotans should have no chance to improve 159:12
the darkness of ... night to make their escape -- every preparation 159:13
was made to attack them the next morning. -- 159:14a

2. Hanock Destroys Ulipoon's Division 159:14b-162:32

a. Hamboon sends out Hanock's division 159:14b-159:25

    This was expected 159:14b
who were wishing for another opportunity to mea- .....159:15
Army & to lie in ambush in their rear in order to surprize 159:24
them with an attack after the battle should commence. 159:25

b. Ulipoon does not attack the fort, but flees with his division 159:26-160:31

As the two armies were paraded in fair view of each 159:26
other the expectation was that a most bloody en- ...... 159:27
then ordered them to turn their course towards the great 160:30
River -- to the place where the left their Boats. -- 160:31

c. Hanock pursues and surrounds Ulipoon's division 161:01-161:22

In this direction they had not proceeded far when they were 161:01
seen by a number of pioneirs, whom Hanock had sent ...... 161:02
to appear, to rush into Ulipoon's encampment & to 161:21
massecre his warriors without discremination. -- 161:22

d. Ulipoon and his troops are destroyed 161:23-162:32
i. the Kentucks decimate Ulipoon's division 161:23-162:08a

The fatal moment had arived, & punctual at the very 161:23
instant of time the attack was began on every part ...... 161:24
dize & nigardly & avaricious dispostion of their comman- 162:07
-der. But only three thousand made their escape. 162:08a

ii. Hanock observes Ulipoon's death 162:08b-162:18
    As for 162:08b
Ulipoon he was mortally wounded & laid prostrate on the ...... 162:09
wealth & agrandizement, are justly turned upon my own 162:17
head -- He spoke & deeply groaning, he breathed no more 162:18

iii. the dead are buried 162:19-162:23
The galant Hanock, droped a tear -- & feeling no enmity 162:19
towards the lifeless remains of those, who had been his 162:20
enimies, he ordered three hundred men to bury remain 162:21
on the ground & commit their bodies to the Dust -- This 162:22
says he is the will of him whose compassion is infinite. 162:23

iv. the Sciotan fugitives are pursued and attacked 162:24-162:32
He then directed Co[nc]o his chief captain to pursue the sur- 162:24
vivors of Ulipoon's Army & to destroy them if possible. -- ...... 162:25
inteligence of Ulipoon[']s distruction. -- 162:31
Great were the amasement & consternation of Rambock & 162:32

C. The Sciotan Attack Upon the Fort at Gamba 163:01-165:13a

1. Sambal Plans to Attack the Kentuck Fort 163:01-163:29a

a. Sambal is granted approval for the attack 163:01-163:18a

They now beheld their situation to be extremely 163:01
critical & dangerous & saw the necessity of the most vigorous & ......163:02
the Emperor; "Nothing says he can save our army from 163:17
destruction, but the most daring atcheivments. 163:18a

b. Rambock moves his camp; Sambal's division is sent out 163:18b-163-29a

    That they
163:18b might gain the fort without being perceived by the Kentucks ...... 163:19
the fort -- whilst he, as soon as the light should appear, would 163:28
attack Hanock -- 163:29a
2. Sambal Attacks the Fort 163:29b-164:16a

a. Sambal attack's Lamack's band of defenders 163:29b-164:14a

Sambal was highly pleased with this com- 163:29b
mand -- as a victory would ensure him the capture of Lamesa -- ..... 163:30
band to withstand the strength of such a mighty 164:13
army -- 164:14a
b. the Sciotans storm the fort -- massacre of the Kentucks 164:14b-164:17a

    They broke down part of the palasadaes & enter- 164:14b
ed the fort thro' the breach == And immediately began 164:15
the massacre of the defenceless multitude without regard to age 164:16
or sex -- 164:17a

3. Sambal Discovers Lamesa 164:17b-165:13a

a. Sambal enters the blockhouse in the fort 164:17b-164:21a

    Sambal being anxious to find Lamesa 164:17b rushed forward with a small band & surrounded a small block 164:18
-house -- He then broke down the doar & entered -- Here he 164:19
beheld all the ladies of the imperial family & many 164:20
other Ladies of distinction -- 164:21a

b. he slays Lamesa's friend Heliza 164:21b-164:27a

    He instantly sprang towards 164:21b
Lamesa in order to seize her -- but was prevented by ...... 164:22
his sword in her bosom & she fell lifeless before the eyes 164:26
of her dearest friend -- 164:27a

c. his advances are refused by Lamesa 164:27b-165:13a

    Lamesa gave a scream, & looking 164:27b
fiercely on Sambal she exclaimed. Thou monster of ...... 164:28
ved Elseon -- his head shall soon saciate my revenge 165:12
& then you shall be the Queen of Sciota -- 165:13a


- 12 -


D. Elseon Destroys Sambal's Division & Regains the Fort 165:13b-171:22

1. Sambal Abandons the Fort 165:13b-166:04a

a. he leaves Lamesa under guard in the blockhouse 165:13b-165:19a

    At this 165:13b
Instant a loud voice was heard -- The Kentucks ...... 165:14
not permit any of them to escape -- for says he I must 165:18
go & destroy that army of Kentucks. 165:19a

b. he moves his troops outside the fort to engage Elseon 165:19b-166-04a

    Great alrea- 165:19b
dy had been the slaughter which the sciotans had made ...... 165:20
formed & marched out of the fort & paraded in proper order -- 166:03
for battle. -- 166:04a

2. Elseon Attacks Sambal's Division 166:04b-167:25a

a. Elseon's battle speech to his warriors 166:04b-166:27a

    Elseon observing this, commanded his to 166:04b
men to halt, & made his arangements to rush for- ...... 166:05
brave warriors -- & let your motto be victory or 166:26
death. 166:27a

b. the two opposing divisions attack each other 166:27b-167:05a

    Not a moment, when his warriors were 166:27b
st[e]mulated for the combat did Elseon tarry -- but marched ...... 166:28
divisions were met by others of equal strength & 167:04
valour. -- 167:05a

c. Helicon is killed in single combat with Sambal 167:05b-167:15

    Helicon the intimate friend of Elseon be- 167:05b
held Sambal -- who was encouraging his warriors to ...... 167:06
fell the brave, the amiable youth whose thirst for glory 167:14
impeled him to attempt an exploit too rash & daring -- 167:15

d. Elseon is informed of Helicon's death 167:16-167:25a

Warriors fell on every side & the field was covered with 167:16
dead & dying heroes -- A messenger ran & told Elseon ...... 167:17
a brother -- Heaven demands that I should revenge 167:24
thy cruel death. 167:25a

3. Elseon Slays Sambal in Single Combat 167:25b-169:10

a. he marches to locate Sambal 167:25b-167:28a

    He instantly selected a small band 167:25b
& marched, with the utmost speed to the left wing of his 167:26
army -- He ralied his retreating warriors & inga- 167:27
ged in the conflict with tenfold fury -- 167:28a

b. he and Sambal excgange insults 167:28b-168:18a

    Soon he be- 167:28b
held the mighty Sambal whose sword was crimson- ...... 167:29
heart & cut of that head, which has ploted the ruin of my 168:17
country --- 168:18a

c. the two engage in a sword fight 168:18b-169:06a

    Sambal eager for revenge, could hear no more, 168:18b
He sprang forward & aimed a thurst of his sword at Elseon's .....168:19
Stone had fallen upon his back & had not recovered -- Terror 169:05
now seized his mind -- 169:06a

d. the defeated Sambal pleads for his life 169:06b-169:09

    Spare, O Spare my life says he 169:06b
& I will restore peace to Kentuck & you may en- 169:07
joy Lamesa. -- No peace sais Elseon do I desire with 169:08
a Man, whose sword is red with the blood of my friends 169:09

e. Elseon slays Sambal 169:10

He spoke & plunged his sword into Sambals heart. -- 169:10

4. The Fort is Regained and Lamesa is Rescued 169:11-171:22

a. Sambal's division flees and is decimated by Elseon 169:11-169:21a

The Sciotans beheld the huge body of their King 169:11
pale & lifeless -- Consternation & terror seized their minds ...... 169:12
to assertain the extent of the massacre that Sambal & 169:20
his Army had made. -- 169:21a

b. the scene of death blunts the Kentuck victory 169:21b-169:29a

    After pursuing the Sciotans 169:21b
about six miles Elseon ... returned in great haste & entered the ...... 169:22
on the vast number of citizens & of Elseon's warriors, who 169:28
had fallen by the sword of the Sciotans. -- 169:29a

c. eulogy for Helicon and Heliza 169:29b-170:19

    But No death 169:29b
produced such universal regret & sorrow as those of Helecon ......169:30
beautiful flowers & delicious fruits -- & where the singing 170:18
of musical Birds would charm them with their melody. -- 170:19

d. Elseon and Lamesa are reunited 170:20-171:05

When Elseon had entered the fort, he found that Lamock 170:20
with the survivors of his little band of warriors had ...... 170:21
... comply with every request. which will promote your happiness. 171:04
He embraced her & bid her adue. -- 171:05

e. Elseon leaves a garrison at the fort and returns to Hamboon 171:06-171:22
As the situation of Hamboon's army might require his imme- 171:06
diate return, he lost no time to regulate matters in the ...... 171:07
... the joyful news of his victory, the Kentucks were all
171:21 anxious for an immediate Battle. 171:22

[the story ends abruptly in the middle of MS page 171]

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